Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Croatian: Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine or HDZ BiH) is a Christian democratic, nationalist political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina representing the Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP). Its headquarters is in Mostar.

Croatian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hrvatska demokratska zajednica Bosne i Hercegovine
PresidentDragan Čović
Deputy PresidentBorjana Krišto
FounderStjepan Kljuić
Founded18 August 1990 (1990-08-18)
HeadquartersKneza Domagoja bb, Mostar
Membership (2014)35,000
Ideology
Political positionCentre-right[2] to right-wing[3]
National affiliationCroatian National Assembly
European affiliationEuropean People's Party (observer)
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union
House of Representatives of BiH
5 / 42
House of Peoples of BiH
4 / 15
House of Representatives of the FBiH
16 / 98
House of Peoples of the FBiH
14 / 58
National Assembly of RS
0 / 83
Website
hdzbih.org

HistoryEdit

The party was formed on 18 August 1990, with the first party convention held in Sarajevo. It has participated in all multiparty elections held in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1991. It regularly won the support of the Croat electorate up to 2000 and took part in forming the government. It returned to power in 2002, where it remained until 2010. Since 2014, the party has once again been in power.

In the October 2002 general elections the party was part of the "Croatian Coalition" (Hrvatska koalicija) which won 9.5% of the popular vote and five out of 42 seats in the House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 16 out of 98 seats in the House of Representatives of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

In 2006, the party joined the Croatian National Assembly, an alliance of Bosnian Croat political parties, along with the Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Croat People's Union.

Throughout its history, HDZ BiH has had nine presidents, the current one being Dragan Čović since 5 June 2005.[4] Four of the six Croat members of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina have come from the party, the most recent one also being Čović, serving in office from 2014 until 2018.[4]

In the 2018 general elections, the party was in a coalition with three other Bosnian Croat parties (Croatian Peasant Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatian Party of Rights of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatian Christian Democratic Union of Bosnia and Herzegovina), winning 149,872 or 9.05% of the votes, five out of 42 seats in the national House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina and 16 out of 98 in the Federal one.[5]

List of presidentsEdit

# Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of Office
1 Davorin Perinović
(b. 1949)
  18 August 1990 7 September 1990
2 Stjepan Kljuić
(b. 1939)
  7 September 1990 2 February 1992
3 Milenko Brkić
(1944–2017)
  2 February 1992 14 November 1992
4 Mate Boban
(1940–1997)
  14 November 1992 10 July 1994
5 Dario Kordić
(b. 1960)
  10 July 1994 2 December 1995
6 Božo Rajić
(b. 1943)
  2 December 1995 17 May 1998
7 Ante Jelavić
(b. 1963)
  17 May 1998 4 May 2002
8 Bariša Čolak
(b. 1956)
  4 May 2002 5 June 2005
9 Dragan Čović
(b. 1956)
  5 June 2005 present

ElectionsEdit

Parliamentary electionsEdit

Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Year # Popular vote Seats won Government
1990 3rd 362,855
44 / 240
government
Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Year # Popular vote HoR Seat change HoP Seat change Government
1996 3rd 338,440
8 / 42
 
5 / 15
  government
1998 2nd 200,092
6 / 42
  2
4 / 15
  1 government
2000 4th 169,821
5 / 42
  1
0 / 15
  4 opposition
2002 3rd 114,207
5 / 42
 
4 / 15
  4 government
2006 5th 69,333
3 / 42
  2
3 / 15
  1 government
2010 6th 114,476
3 / 42
 
2 / 15
  1 opposition
2014 6th 123,023
4 / 42
  1
3 / 15
  1 government
2018 5th 149,872
5 / 42
  1
4 / 15
  1 government

Presidency electionsEdit

Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Election year # Candidate Votes % Representing Elected?
1996 1st Krešimir Zubak 330,477 88.7% Croats Yes
1998 1st Ante Jelavić 189,438 52,9% Croats Yes
2002 1st Dragan Čović 114,606 61.5% Croats Yes
2006 2nd Ivo Miro Jović 76,681 26.1% Croats No
2010 2nd Borjana Krišto 109,758 19.74% Croats No
2014 1st Dragan Čović 128,053 52.20% Croats Yes
2018 2nd Dragan Čović 154,819 36.14% Croats No

Cantonal election resultsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Bosnia-Herzegovina". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  2. ^ Nardelli, Alberto; Dzidic, Denis; Jukic, Elvira (8 October 2014). "Bosnia and Herzegovina: the world's most complicated system of government?". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  3. ^ Arnautović, Suad (2018). "The Presidentialisation of Political Parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Mitigated Presidentialism". In Passarelli, Gianluca (ed.). The Presidentialisation of Political Parties in the Western Balkans. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 87. ISBN 978-3-319-97352-4.
  4. ^ a b Official biography Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine;accessed 8 September 2018.
  5. ^ "2018 general elections—Confirmed results". Central Election Commission Bosnia and Herzegovina.

External linksEdit