Bank of Baroda (BOB or BoB) is an Indian Multinational public sector bank headquartered in Vadodara, Gujarat. It is the second largest public sector bank in India after State Bank of India, with 153 million customers, a total business of US$218 billion, and a global presence of 100 overseas offices. Based on 2023 data, it is ranked 586 on the Forbes Global 2000 list.[5][6][7]

Bank of Baroda Ltd.
Company typePublic
ISININE028A01039
Industry
Predecessor
Founded20 July 1908; 115 years ago (1908-07-20)
FounderSayajirao Gaekwad III
Headquarters,
India[1]
Number of locations
9,693 Branches
10,033+ ATMs (March 2023)
Area served
India & Worldwide
Key people
Products
RevenueIncrease 110,777.98 crore (US$14 billion) (2023)
Increase 20,564.54 crore (US$2.6 billion) (2023)
Increase 14,905.20 crore (US$1.9 billion) (2023)
Total assetsIncrease 1,525,878.97 crore (US$190 billion) (2023)
Total equityIncrease 106,049.30 crore (US$13 billion) (2023)
OwnerGovernment of India (63.97%)
Number of employees
79,806 (2022)
Capital ratio14.99%
Websitewww.bankofbaroda.in
Footnotes / references
[3][4]

The Maharaja of Baroda, Sayajirao Gaekwad III, founded the bank on 20 July 1908 in the princely state of Baroda, in Gujarat.[8] The Government of India nationalized the Bank of Baroda, along with 13 other major commercial banks of India, on 19 July 1969 and the bank was designated as a profit-making public sector undertaking (PSU).

History edit

 
Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the founder of Bank of Baroda
 
Bank of Baroda International Banking Branch at MG Road, Bengaluru formerly Vijaya Bank Head Office

In 1908, Sayajirao Gaekwad III, set up the Bank of Baroda (BoB),[9] with other stalwarts of industry such as Sampatrao Gaekwad, Ralph Whitenack, Vithaldas Thakersey, Lallubhai Samaldas, Tulsidas Kilachand and NM Chokshi.[10] Two years later, BoB established its first branch in Ahmedabad. The bank grew domestically until after World War II. Then in 1953 it crossed the Indian Ocean to serve the communities of Indians in Kenya and Indians in Uganda by establishing a branch each in Mombasa and Kampala. The next year it opened a second branch in Kenya, in Nairobi, and in 1956 it opened a branch in Tanzania at Dar-es-Salaam. Then in 1957, BoB took a big step abroad by establishing a branch in London. London was the center of the British Commonwealth and the most important international banking center. In 1958 BoB acquired Hind Bank (Calcutta; est. 1943), which became BoB's first domestic acquisition.[citation needed]

1960s edit

In 1961, BoB acquired New Citizen Bank of India. This merger helped it increase its branch network in Maharashtra. BoB also opened a branch in Fiji. The next year it opened a branch in Mauritius

In 1963, BoB acquired Surat Banking Corporation in Surat, Gujarat. The next year BoB acquired two banks: Umbergaon People's Bank in southern Gujarat and Tamil Nadu Central Bank in Tamil Nadu state.

In 1965, BoB opened a branch in Guyana. That same year BoB lost its branch in Narayanganj (East Pakistan) due to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. It is unclear when BoB had opened the branch. In 1967 it suffered a second loss of branches when the Tanzanian government nationalised BoB's three branches there at (Dar es Salaam, Mwanga, and Moshi), and transferred their operations to the Tanzanian government-owned National Banking Corporation.

In 1969, the Indian government nationalised 14 top banks including BoB. BoB incorporated its operations in Uganda as a 51% subsidiary, with the government owning the rest.

1970s edit

In 1972, BoB acquired Bank of India's operations in Uganda. Two years later, BoB opened a branch each in Dubai and Abu Dhabi.

Back in India, in 1975, BoB acquired the majority shareholding and management control of Bareilly Corporation Bank (est. 1954) and Nainital Bank (est. in 1922), both in Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand respectively. Since then, Nainital Bank has expanded to Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Delhi state. Right now BoB have 99% shareholding in Nainital Bank.

International expansion continued in 1976 with the opening of a branch in Oman and another in Brussels. The Brussels branch was aimed at Indian firms from Mumbai (Bombay) engaged in diamond cutting and jewellery having business in Antwerp, a major center for diamond cutting.

Two years later, BoB opened a branch in New York and another in the Seychelles. Then in 1979, BoB opened a branch in Nassau, the Bahamas.

1980s edit

In 1980, BoB opened a branch in Bahrain and a representative office in Sydney, Australia. BoB, Union Bank of India and Indian Bank established IUB International Finance, a licensed deposit taker, in Hong Kong. Each of the three banks took an equal share. Eventually (in 1999), BoB would buy out its partners.

A second consortium or joint-venture bank followed in 1985. BoB (20%), Bank of India (20%), Central Bank of India (20%) and ZIMCO (Zambian government; 40%) established Indo-Zambia Bank in Lusaka. That same year BoB also opened an Offshore Banking Unit (OBU) in Bahrain (Gulf).

Back in India, in 1988, BoB amalgamated Traders Bank (established 1947 in Delhi), that had a network of 34 branches in Delhi. The Reserve Bank had mandated the amalgamation.

1990s edit

In 1992, BoB opened an OBU in Mauritius, but closed its representative office in Sydney. The next year BoB took over the London branches of Union Bank of India and Punjab & Sind Bank (P&S). P&S's branch had been established before 1970 and Union Bank's after 1980. The Reserve Bank of India ordered the takeover of the two following the banks' involvement in the Sethia fraud in 1987 and subsequent losses.

 
A Bank of Baroda branch at Dubai Creek.

In 1996, BoB Bank entered the capital market in December with an initial public offering (IPO). The government of India is still the largest shareholder, owning 66% of the bank's equity.

In 1997, BoB opened a branch in Durban. The next year BoB bought out its partners in IUB International Finance in Hong Kong. Apparently this was a response to regulatory changes following Hong Kong's reversion to the People's Republic of China. The now wholly owned subsidiary became Bank of Baroda (Hong Kong), a restricted license bank. BoB also acquired Punjab Cooperative Bank in a rescue. BoB incorporate a wholly–owned subsidiary, BOB Capital Markets, for broking business.

In 1999, BoB merged in Bareilly Corporation Bank in another rescue. At the time, Bareilly had 64 branches, including four in Delhi. In Guyana, BoB incorporated its branch as a subsidiary, Bank of Baroda Guyana. BoB added a branch in Mauritius and closed its Harrow Branch in London.

2000s edit

In 2000 BoB established Bank of Baroda (Botswana). The bank has three banking offices, two in Gaborone and one in Francistown. In 2002, BoB converted its subsidiary in Hong Kong from deposit taking company to a Restricted License Bank.[citation needed]

In 2002 BoB acquired Benares State Bank (BSB) at the Reserve Bank of India's request. BSB had been established in 1946 but traced its origins back to 1871 and its function as the treasury office of the Benares state. In 1964 BSB had acquired Bareilly Bank (est. 1934), with seven branches in western districts of Uttar Pradesh; BSB also had taken over Lucknow Bank in 1968. The acquisition of BSB brought BoB 105 new branches. Lucknow Bank, a unit bank with its only office in Aminabad, had been established in 1913. Also in 2002, BoB listed Bank of Baroda (Uganda) on the Uganda Securities Exchange (USE). The next year BoB opened an OBU in Mumbai.[citation needed]

In 2004 BoB acquired the failed south Gujarat Local Area Bank. BoB also returned to Tanzania by establishing a subsidiary in Dar-es-Salaam. BoB also opened a representative office each in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Guangdong, China.[citation needed]

In 2005 BoB built a Global Data Centre (DC) in Mumbai for running its centralised banking solution (CBS) and other applications in more than 1,900 branches across India and 20 other counties where the bank operates. BoB also opened a representative office in Thailand.[citation needed]

In 2006 BoB established an Offshore Banking Unit (OBU) in Singapore.[citation needed]

In 2007, its centenary year, BoB's total business crossed 2.09 trillion (short scale), its branches crossed 2000, and its global customer base 29 million people. In Hong Kong, Bank got Full Fledged Banking license and business of its Restricted License Banking subsidiary was taken over Bank of Baroda branch in Hong Kong w.e.f.01.04.2007.[citation needed]

In 2008 BoB opened a branch in Guangzhou, China (02/08/2008) and in Kenton, Harrow United Kingdom. BoB opened a joint venture life insurance company with Andhra Bank and Legal & General (UK) called IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company.[citation needed]

In 2009 Bank of Baroda (New Zealand) was registered.[11] As of 2017 BoB (NZ) has 3 branches: two in Auckland, one in Wellington.[12]

2010s edit

In 2010 Malaysia awarded a commercial banking licence to a locally incorporated bank to be jointly owned by Bank of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank and Andhra Bank.[citation needed]

In 2011 BoB opened an Electronic Banking Service Unit (EBSU) at Hamriya Free Zone, Sharjah (UAE). It also opened four new branches in existing operations in Uganda, Kenya (2), and Guyana. BoB closed its representative office in Malaysia in anticipation of the opening of its consortium bank there. BoB received 'In Principle' approval for the upgrading of its representative office in Australia to a branch. Bob also acquired Mumbai-based Memon Cooperative Bank, which had 225 employees and 15 branches in Maharashtra and three in Gujarat. It had to suspend operations in May 2009 due to its precarious financial condition.[citation needed]

The Malaysian consortium bank, India International Bank Malaysia (IIBM), finally opened in Kuala Lumpur, which has a large population of Indians. BOB owns 40%, Andhra Bank owns 25%, and IOB the remaining 35% of the share capital. IIBM seeks to open five branches within its first year of operations in Malaysia, and intends to grow to 15 branches within the next three years.[citation needed]

On 17 September 2018, the government of India proposed the merger of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank with the Bank of Baroda, pending approval from the boards of the three banks, effectively creating the third largest lender in the country.[13] The merger was approved by the Union Cabinet and the boards of the banks on 2 January 2019. Under the terms of the merger, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank shareholders received 110 and 402 equity shares of the Bank of Baroda, respectively, of face value 2 for every 1,000 shares they held. The merger came into effect on 1 April 2019.[14] Post-merger, the Bank of Baroda is the third largest bank in India, after State Bank of India and HDFC Bank. The consolidated entity has over 9,500 branches,[15] 13,400 ATMs, 85,000 employees and serves 120 million customers.[16] The amalgamation is the first-ever three-way consolidation of banks in the country, with a combined business of Rs14.82 trillion (short scale), making it the third largest bank after State Bank of India (SBI) and ICICI Bank.[17] Post-merger effective 1 April 2019, the bank has become the India's third largest lender behind SBI and ICICI Bank.[18]

Bank of Baroda announced in May 2019 that it would either close or rationalise 800–900 branches to increase operational efficiency and reduce duplication post-merger. The regional and zonal offices of the merged companies would also be closed. PTI quoted an unnamed senior bank official as stating that Bank of Baroda would look to expand in eastern India as it already had a strong presence in the other regions.[19]

Subsidiaries edit

Domestic subsidiaries edit

Source:[20][21]

  1. BOB Capital Markets Ltd.: A wholly owned subsidiary of Bank of Baroda,[22] it is a SEBI-registered investment banking company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra.[23] Its financial services portfolio includes initial public offerings, private placement of debts, corporate restructuring, business valuation, mergers and acquisition, project appraisal, loan syndication, institutional equity research, and brokerage.
  2. Nainital Bank Ltd. (98.57%): Established in the year 1922 with the objective of catering to the banking needs of Nainital, Uttarakhand. In the year 1973, RBI directed Bank of Baroda to manage the affairs of this bank.
  3. Baroda Global Shared Services Ltd.
  4. IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company Ltd.
  5. Baroda BNP Paribas Asset Management India Private Ltd.
  6. Baroda BNP Paribas Trustee India Private Ltd.
  7. BarodaSun Technologies Ltd.

Joint ventures edit

Source:[20]

  1. India Infradebt Ltd.
  2. India International Bank Malaysia Berhad

Regional Rural Banks edit

Source:[21]

  1. Baroda Uttar Pradesh Gramin Bank
  2. Baroda Rajasthan Gramin Bank
  3. Baroda Gujarat Gramin Bank

Overseas subsidiaries edit

Source:[20]

  1. Bank of Baroda Botswana Ltd.
  2. Bank of Baroda (Kenya) Ltd.
  3. Bank of Baroda (Uganda) Ltd.
  4. Bank of Baroda (Guyana) Inc.
  5. Bank of Baroda (New Zealand) Ltd.
  6. Bank of Baroda (Tanzania) Ltd.

Overseas associate edit

Source:[20]

  1. Bank Indo-Zambia Bank Ltd. (Lusaka)

Shareholding edit

The shareholding structure of the bank as of 5 March 2024 [1]is as follows:

Shareholders Shareholding %
Government of India 62.93%
Mutual Funds 5.21%
Foreign Holding 11.21%
Indian Public 11.55%
Others 9.1%

International presence edit

 
Bank of Baroda's worldwide operations.
 
Bank of Baroda, Manchester

The bank has 107 branches/offices in 24 countries (excluding India) including 61 branches/offices of the bank, 38 branches of its 8 subsidiaries and 1 representative office in Thailand. The Bank of Baroda has a joint venture in Zambia with 16 branches.[24]

Among the Bank of Baroda's overseas branches are ones in the world's major financial centres (e.g., New York, London, Dubai, Hong Kong, Brussels and Singapore), as well as a number in other countries. The bank is engaged in retail banking via the branches of subsidiaries in Botswana, Guyana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. The bank plans has recently upgraded its representative office in Australia to a branch and set up a joint venture commercial bank in Malaysia. It has a large presence in Mauritius with about nine branches spread out in the country.[25]

The Bank of Baroda has received permission or in-principle approval from host country regulators to open new offices in Trinidad and Tobago and Ghana, where it seeks to establish joint ventures or subsidiaries. The bank has received Reserve Bank of India approval to open offices in the Maldives, and New Zealand. It is seeking approval for operations in Bahrain, South Africa, Kuwait, Mozambique, and Qatar, and is establishing offices in Canada, New Zealand, Sri Lanka, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Russia. It also has plans to extend its existing operations in the United Kingdom, the United Arab Emirates, and Botswana.[citation needed]

The tagline of Bank of Baroda is "India's International Bank".[citation needed]

Affiliates edit

IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company is a joint venture between Bank of Baroda (44%) and fellow Indian state-owned bank Andhra Bank (30%), and UK's financial and investment company Legal & General (26%).[26] It was incorporated in November, 2009 and has its headquarters in Mumbai.[26] The company started strongly, achieving a turnover in excess of 2 billion in its first four and half months.[27][28][29]

Recent developments edit

  • Bank of Baroda acquired the semi naming rights of Sikanderpur metro station in Gurugram. This is the first time that a public sector bank has bagged the naming right of a metro station.[30] They followed a similar approach with Mumbai Metro where Andheri metro station has been named as Bank of Baroda Andheri[31]
  • Bank of Baroda sealed a 3-year principal sponsorship contract with Olympics 2016 Women's badminton silver medalist P. V. Sindhu and India's No 1 ranked Men's Badminton player Srikanth Kidambi.[32]
  • Bank of Baroda became the first National Supporter (Indian sponsor) of the FIFA U-17 World Cup India 2017, the first football World Cup to be hosted in India[33]

South Africa corruption controversy edit

On the 4 September 2017 the South Africa Financial Intelligence Centre fined Bank of Baroda 11 million (equivalent to US$837,000) for flouting anti-corruption laws in transactions on accounts owned by the Gupta family.[34] Following the flagging of 36 suspicious transactions through Gupta-family-owned accounts over a ten-month period valued at 4.2 billion, the bank tried to close the accounts.[35] The Gupta family has filed an interdict against the bank to prevent it from closing their accounts.[36] During February 2018, it was announced that the Bank of Baroda has given notification to the South African Reserve Bank that it will be exiting the country.[37]

The bank played a crucial role in the Gupta family's business dealings.[38] According to a report by the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP), the Bank of Baroda allowed the Gupta family to move millions of dollars in alleged corrupt business transactions to offshore accounts.[39] Although the Bank of Baroda denies the illicit behavior, the documents report that the bank's South African branch issued unapproved loan guarantees, ignored internal compliance efforts, and averted regulators from learning about suspicious transactions in a way that benefited the Guptas’ network.[38] Around 4.5m Rand has circulated around a handful of Gupta-associated companies between 2007 and 2017.[39] Due to the volume of Gupta owned accounts, the majority of the bank's transactions in Johannesburg involved Gupta family funds.[38]

Reports reveal that inter-company loans provided an untraceable and inexplicable technique used by the Gupta brothers to transfer money from the Bank to various Gupta-owned companies like Trillion Financial Advisory and Centaur Mining. The suspicious activity reports (SARs) filed by workers at the Bank of Baroda related to Gupta transactions were often voided by managers and higher-level bank officials.[39] Most SARs failed to reach the South African Financial Intelligence Centre as a result.[citation needed]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Contact Us". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Govt appoints Debadatta Chand as Managing Director of Bank of Baroda". Business Today Desk. Retrieved 29 April 2023.
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2020-21" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 December 2021. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Subsidiaries & Joint Ventures". bankofbaroda.in. Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 17 November 2023.
  5. ^ "Bank of Baroda". Forbes. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Resilience to help Bank of Baroda stay a step ahead of peers". Economictimes. 30 July 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  7. ^ "Bank of Baroda becomes second public sector lender to hit ₹1 lakh crore market cap". Business Insider. Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  8. ^ "About us - The Heritage". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Bank of Baroda - India's International Bank - About Us - The Heritage". bankofbaroda.com. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  10. ^ "The Heroes". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  11. ^ "About Us". Bank of Baroda New Zealand Ltd. Archived from the original on 14 October 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Bank of Baroda Branches - New Zealand". Banks in New Zealand. 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank to be merged". The Economic Times. 18 September 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  14. ^ "Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank merger with BoB to be effective from April 1; here's the share exchange plan". Business Today. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  15. ^ "Amalgamation of Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank". bankofbaroda.com. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Bank of Baroda is now third largest lender as Dena, Vijaya merger take effect". Livemint. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  17. ^ "Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank, Dena Bank send merger proposal for govt nod". Economic Times. 9 October 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  18. ^ Agarwal, Nikhil (31 March 2019). "Dena Bank, Vijaya Bank merges with Bank of Baroda: 10 things to know". Mint. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Merger impact: Bank of Baroda looks to rationalise 800-900 branches". Mint. 19 May 2019. Retrieved 19 May 2019.
  20. ^ a b c d "Subsidiaries & Joint Ventures". bankofbaroda.in. Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 17 November 2023.
  21. ^ a b "Revised Details of Business - 2019" (PDF). bankofbaroda.in. Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 17 November 2023.
  22. ^ "BOB Capital to begin e-broking by March-end". Business-standard.com. 9 September 2008. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  23. ^ "Contact Us". BOB Capital Markets Ltd. Archived from the original on 26 February 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  24. ^ "India's International Bank - International". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  25. ^ "India's International Bank - Branch Locator - Overseas Branches - Mauritius". Bank of Baroda. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  26. ^ a b anurag. "IndiaFirst Life Insurance becomes the 23rd life insurer in India". Banknet India. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  27. ^ "IndiaFirst new business premium crosses Rs 200 crore-Finance-Banking/Finance-News By Industry-News-". The Economic Times. 5 April 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2010. IndiaFirst Life today said it has collected first year premium of over Rs 200 crore in just four and half months since the insurance company became operational.
  28. ^ "IndiaFirst Life Insurance to begin operations by Dec". The Hindu BusinessLine. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  29. ^ "IndiaFirst Life eyes Rs 100 crore". dnaindia.com. 26 December 2009. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  30. ^ "Bank of Baroda gets semi-naming rights for Sikanderpur metro station". Business Line.
  31. ^ "Andheri Metro station renamed to Bank of Baroda Andheri Metro station". Freepressjournal : Latest Indian news, Live updates. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
  32. ^ "Bank of Baroda endorses PV Sindhu, K Srikanth". The Economic Times.
  33. ^ "Bank of Baroda becomes first national supporter for the FIFA U-17 World Cup India 2017". FIFA. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016.
  34. ^ "FIC fines Bank of Baroda for flouting anti-corruption laws". Moneyweb. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  35. ^ Marrian, Natasha (11 September 2017). "How Bank of Baroda was overwhelmed by suspicious Gupta-linked accounts". Business Day. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  36. ^ Cowan, Kyle (8 September 2017). "Judgment day for Guptas' Baroda bank accounts". Sunday Times. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  37. ^ "Bank of Baroda is leaving South Africa".
  38. ^ a b c Joseph, Josy. "India's Bank of Baroda Played a Key Role in South Africa's Gupta Scandal". The Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project.
  39. ^ a b c "BANK OF BARODA PLAYED KEY ROLE IN SA'S GUPTA SCANDAL". Corruption Watch. Retrieved 24 April 2018.

Further reading edit

External links edit