Andhra Bank was a medium-sized public sector bank (PSB) of India, with a network of 2885 branches, 4 extension counters, 38 satellite offices and 3798 automated teller machines (ATMs) as of 31 March 2019.[2] During 2011–12, the bank entered the states of Tripura and Himachal Pradesh. It operated in 25 states and three union territories. It had its headquarters in Hyderabad, Telangana, India. Along with Corporation Bank, Andhra Bank was merged with Union Bank of India in April 2020.

Andhra Bank
BSE: 532418
Financial services
Founded28 November 1923; 99 years ago (1923-11-28)
FounderBhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya
Defunct1 April 2020; 3 years ago (2020-04-01)
FateMerged with Union Bank of India
SuccessorUnion Bank of India
Areas served
Key people
J. Packirisamy
(MD & CEO)
ProductsConsumer banking, Credit cards, corporate banking, finance and insurance, private banking, wealth management, Agricultural Loans
RevenueIncrease20,977.26 crore (US$2.6 billion) (2018-19)[1]
Decrease5,023.12 crore (US$630 million) (2018-19))[1]
Increase−2,786.13 crore (US$−350 million) (2018-19)[1]
Total assetsIncrease 249,311.41 crore (US$31 billion) (2018-19)[1]
Number of employees
20,346 (2018-19)[1]
Capital ratio13.68% (2018-19)[1]

The government of India owned 90.85% of its share capital as on 31 March 2019. The state owned Life Insurance Corporation held 7.80% of the shares. The bank had done a total business of 3,106 billion (US$39 billion) and has earned a net profit of 5.40 billion (US$68 million) for the financial year 2015–16.[citation needed]

History Edit

Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya, founder of Andhra Bank

Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya founded Andhra Bank in 1923 in Machilipatnam, Madras Presidency (present-day Andhra Pradesh).[3] Raja Yarlagadda Sivarama Prasad was the individual who committed the financial resources for starting the institution.[3] The bank was registered on 20 November 1923 and commenced business on 28 November 1923 with a paid up capital of 100,000 (US$1,300) and an authorised capital of 1 million (US$13,000). In 1956, linguistic division of States was promulgated and Hyderabad was made the capital of Andhra Pradesh. The registered office of the bank was subsequently shifted to Andhra Bank Buildings, Sultan Bazar, Hyderabad. In the second phase of nationalisation of commercial banks commenced in April 1980, the bank became a wholly Government-owned. In 1964, the bank merged with Bharat Lakshmi Bank and further consolidated its position in Andhra Pradesh.[Note 1]

IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company is a life insurance company in India. It is a joint venture between two of India's public sector banks – Bank of Baroda (44%) and Andhra Bank (30%), and UK's financial and investment company Legal & General (26%). It was incorporated in November 2009. It has its headquarters in Mumbai. India First Life made more than 2 billion (US$25 million) in turnover in just four and half months since the insurance company became operational. India First Life insurance company is headquartered in Mumbai. India First is the first life insurance company to be recommended for ISO certification within 7 months of inception.[citation needed]

On 30 August 2019, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank would be merged into Union Bank of India. The proposed merger would make Union Bank of India the fifth largest public sector bank in the country with assets of 14.59 lakh crore (US$180 billion) and 9,609 branches.[4][5] The Board of Directors of Andhra Bank approved the merger on 13 September.[6][7] The Union Cabinet approved the merger on 4 March, and it was completed on 1 April 2020.[8]

Products and services Edit

Andhra Bank at Koti, Hyderabad
Andhra Bank Complex at Dwaraka Nagar, Visakhapatnam

Andhra Bank introduced Internet Banking Facility (AB INFI-net) to all customers of cluster linked branches. Rail Ticket Booking Facility is made available to all debit card holders as well as to internet banking customers through IRCTC Website through a separate gateway. Corporate Website is available in English, Hindi and Telugu Languages communicating Bank's image and information. Bank has been given 'BEST BANK AWARD' a banking technology award by IDRBT, Hyderabad for extensive use of IT in Semi Urban and Rural Areas on 2 September 2006.[9] IBA Jointly with TFCI has conferred the Joint Runner-up Award to the Bank in the Best Payments initiative category[10] in recognition of outstanding achievement of the Bank in promoting ATM Channel.[citation needed]

International expansion Edit

Andhra Bank opened a representative office in Dubai in May 2006 and another at Jersey City, New Jersey, in June 2009.

In 2010 Malaysia awarded a commercial banking license to a locally incorporated bank to be jointly owned by Bank of Baroda, Indian Overseas Bank and Andhra Bank. The new bank, India International Bank (Malaysia), is based in Kuala Lumpur. Andhra Bank will hold a 25% stake in the joint-venture. Bank of Baroda will own 40% and IOB the remaining 35%.

Andhra Bank entered MoU with Bank of Baroda and Legal & General Group of UK to form a joint venture life insurance company IndiaFirst Life Insurance Company. The shareholders' agreement has already been signed and necessary formalities are being completed for setting up of the company. The JV Company is already incorporated in June'08 and is in the process of filing for approvals from IRDA etc. IndiaFirst has commenced operations.

Community involvement Edit

Andhra Bank, along with A P State Government, NABARD, Canara Bank, Indian Bank, IOB and SBH sponsored the Andhra Pradesh Banker's Institute of Entrepreneurship Development, which will offer training to unemployed youth for improving their skills in Andhra Pradesh.

Andhra Bank adopted Gundugolanu village, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh – the birthplace of its founder, Dr. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya. A comprehensive budget with an outlay of 55.5 million (US$700,000) was finalised for improving health, sanitation, education and social service facilities in the village.

See also Edit

Notes Edit

  1. ^ Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya had founded Bharat Lakshmi Bank in 1920 at Bezawada. At the time of the take-over Bharat Lakshmi Bank had 16 branches, including one each in Delhi and New Delhi.[citation needed]

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Balance Sheet 31.03.2019".
  2. ^ "FY 2015-16 Press Release" (PDF). Andhra Bank. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b Damodaran, H. (25 June 2008). India's New Capitalists: Caste, Business, and Industry in a Modern Nation. Springer. p. 99. ISBN 9780230594128.
  4. ^ "Government unveils mega bank merger to revive growth from 5-year low". The Times of India. 30 August 2019. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  5. ^ Staff Writer (30 August 2019). "10 public sector banks to be merged into four". Mint. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Andhra Bank board okays merger with UBI". The Hindu. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  7. ^ "Andhra Bank board okays merger with Union Bank of India". The Economic Times. 13 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  8. ^ Ghosh, Shayan (5 March 2020). "Three banks announce merger ratios". Livemint. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  9. ^ "IDRBT - Banking Technology Excellence Awards". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 April 2007. Retrieved 2015-07-14.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links Edit