South African Reserve Bank

The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) is the central bank of South Africa. It was established in 1921 after Parliament passed an act, the "Currency and Bank Act of 10 August 1920", as a direct result of the abnormal monetary and financial conditions which World War I had brought. The SARB was only the fourth central bank established outside the United Kingdom and Europe, the others being the Federal Reserve, Bank of Japan and Bank of Java. The earliest suggestions for the establishment of the Central Bank in South Africa date back to 1879. A select committee, of ten members of Parliament, was established on 31 March 1920 to examine the benefits to the national interest of the establishing of the central bank.[3]

South African Reserve Bank
10 other official names
  • Suid-Afrikaanse Reserwebank (Afrikaans)
  • iBulungelo-mali eliKhulu leSewula Afrika (Southern Ndebele)
  • iBhanki enguVimba yoMzantsi Afrika (Xhosa)
  • iBhange-ngodla laseNingizimu Afrika (Zulu)
  • liBhangi lesiLulu leNingizimu Afrika (Swazi)
  • Panka ya Resefe ya Afrika Borwa (Northern Sotho)
  • Banka ya Sesiu ya Afrika Borwa (Sotho)
  • Banka-kgolo ya Aforika Borwa (Tswana)
  • Bangikulu ya Afrika-Dzonga (Tsonga)
  • Bannga ya Vhukati ya Afurika Tshipembe (Venda)
HeadquartersPretoria, Gauteng
Established30 June 1921; 102 years ago (1921-06-30)
OwnershipPrivately owned[1]
GovernorLesetja Kganyago
Central bank ofSouth Africa
ZAR (ISO 4217)
Reserves38 920 million USD[2]
Bank rate3.75%
Preceded byBank of England

Following on the recommendations of the committee, the South African Reserve Bank opened for business on 30 June 1921, making it the oldest central bank in Africa. The first banknotes were issued to the public by the Bank on 19 April 1922. Set of ZAR notes 2012 to present R 104 000 000 000.00 and Set of ZAR notes 2018 to present 400 000 000 print.

Unlike the Bank of England, which provided the model for establishing the SARB, the SARB is privately owned.[1]

Functions of the South African Reserve Bank Edit

  • Formulating and implementing monetary policy;
  • Issuing banknotes and coin;
  • Supervising the banking system;
  • Ensuring the effective functioning of the national payment system (NPS);
  • Managing official gold and foreign-exchange reserves;
  • Acting as banker to the government – but not owned by South African Government.
  • Administering the country's remaining exchange controls; and
  • Acting as lender of last resort in exceptional circumstances.

Organisational structure Edit

Board of directors Edit

South African Reserve Bank head offices in Pretoria. The site is planned to be renovated, including the addition of a Reserve Bank museum[4].

SARB has a board of directors consisting of a Governor Lesetja Kganyago three Deputy Governors, and eleven Directors. The Governor, and Deputy governors are appointed for five-year terms by the President of South Africa in consultation with the Minister of Finance. Four of the directors are also appointed by the President for terms of three years. The remaining seven directors are appointed by the Shareholders of the Bank, also for a three-year term.[5]

Ownership Edit

The Reserve Bank, with 2 million issued shares, is one of eight reserve banks worldwide that have shareholders other than the governments of their respective countries (the others being Belgium, Greece, Italy, Japan, Switzerland, Türkiye and the USA).[1] The only limitation on shareholding is that no single shareholder may own more than 10,000 shares individually. Currently there are 696 shareholders, as of the shareholders index report of 31 August 2018, owning shares in the South African Reserve Bank.

Shareholders are entitled a dividend of not more than 10 South African cents per share per annum (the total maximum dividend is therefore 200,000 South African Rand or a maximum of 1,000 South African Rand for any individual shareholder), with the remaining profits being paid to the South African government.[3]

The South African government has announced that it plans to nationalise the Reserve Bank.[1]

List of governors of the South African Reserve Bank Edit

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c d "'Havoc' for rand amid plans to nationalise Reserve Bank". Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  2. ^ Weidner, Jan (2017). "The Organisation and Structure of Central Banks" (PDF). Katalog der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
  3. ^ a b "Reserve Bank shares - South African Reserve Bank".
  4. ^ "Head Office Renovation project". South African Reserve Bank. Retrieved 9 August 2023.
  5. ^ "South Africa Reserve Bank – Board of Directors".
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Previous Governors - South African Reserve Bank". Archived from the original on 10 April 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2021.

External links Edit

25°44′43″S 28°11′46″E / 25.74528°S 28.19611°E / -25.74528; 28.19611