Australian Institute of Sport
The Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) is a sports training institution in Australia. The Institute's headquarters were opened in 1981 and are situated in Canberra (the capital city of Australia). The 66-hectare site campus is in the northern suburb of Bruce. The AIS is a division of the Australian Sports Commission.
|Australian Sports Commission|
Two reports were the basis for developing the AIS: The Role, Scope and Development of Recreation in Australia (1973) by John Bloomfield and Report of the Australian Sports Institute Study Group (1975) (group chaired by Allan Coles). The need for the AIS was compounded in 1976 when the Australian Olympic team failed to win a gold medal at the Montreal Olympics, which was regarded as a national embarrassment for Australia. The Institute's well-funded programs (and more generally the generous funding for elite sporting programs by Australian and State Governments) have been regarded as a major reason for Australia's recent success in international sporting competitions.
A brief overview of the history of the AIS follows.
|1980||Establishment of the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) announced by Hon. Robert Ellicott, the Minister for Home Affairs and the Environment, on 25 January|
|1981||AIS officially opened by the Prime Minister Rt. Hon. Malcolm Fraser on 26 January (Australia Day).|
|Don Talbot appointed inaugural Director of the AIS and Kevan Gosper Chairman of the AIS Board.|
|Eight founding sports were basketball, gymnastics, netball, swimming, tennis, track and field, football, and weightlifting|
|1982||Commonwealth Games, Brisbane, Australia - 37 current and former AIS athletes competed three sports and won 12 gold, 12 silver and 7 bronze medals. Australia won 107 medals.|
|1983||Facility development - Gymnastics training hall, indoor and outdoor tennis courts, and swimming complex completed|
|1984||Facility development - Frank Stewart Training Centre for netball, basketball and weightlifting completed|
|Diving program in Brisbane and hockey program in Perth established|
|Dr John Cheffers appointed Director of the AIS|
|Olympic Games, Los Angeles, United States - 33 current and former competed in four sports and won 5 silver and 2 bronze medals. Australia won 24 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Karen Phillips (Swimming)|
|1985||Squash program in Brisbane and men's water polo and rowing in Canberra established|
|Facility development - Sports Science and Sports Medicine, Halls of Residence and administration buildings completed|
|Professor John Bloomfield replaces Kevan Gosper as AIS Chairman.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Michele Pearson (Swimming)|
|1986||Men's cricket program in Adelaide established|
|Commonwealth Games, Edinburgh, Scotland - 75 current and former AIS athletes competed in five sports and won 19 gold, 16 silver and 17 bronze medals. Australia won 121 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - James Galloway (Rowing)|
|1987||Cycling program in Adelaide established|
|Announcement of the merger of Australian Sports Commission and AIS.|
|Ronald Harvey appointed Director of the AIS|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Kerry Saxby (Track and field)|
|1988||Rugby Union program in Brisbane, Sydney and Canberra established|
|Olympic Games, Seoul, South Korea - 118 current and former athletes competing in thirteen sports and won 1 gold, 2 silver, 3 bronze medals. Australia won 14 medals.|
|Paralympic Games, Seoul, South Korea - 1 current athlete and won 2 gold medals. Australia won 96 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Kerry Saxby (Track and field)|
|1989||Facility development - AIS canoe facility opened on the Gold Coast|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Kerry Saxby (Track and field)|
|1990||Men's volleyball program in Sydney established|
|Robert de Castella appointed Director of the AIS|
|National Sport Information Centre launched|
|Commonwealth Games, Auckland, New Zealand - 87 current and former AIS athletes competed in six sports and won 25 gold, 25 silver and 27 bronze medals. Australia won 162 medals|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Steve McGlede (Track cycling)|
|1991||Oceania Olympic Training Centre established in Canberra|
|Men's Road Cycling program established in Canberra|
|Lifeskills for Elite Athletes Program (LEAP) commenced|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Linley Frame (Swimming)|
|1992||Olympic Games Barcelona - 139 current and former athletes competed in thirteen sports and won 3 gold, 5 silver and 6 bronze medals. Australia won 27 medals.|
|Golf program in Melbourne program established|
|Paralympic Games Barcelona - 12 current and former athletes competed in two sports and won 10 gold, 8 silver and 6 bronze medals. Australia won 76 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Clint Robinson (Flatwater canoeing)|
|1993||Women's Road Cycling in Canberra and Women's Softball in Brisbane programs established|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - World Junior Female Basketball Team and Men's Track Cycling Pursuit Team|
|1994||Commonwealth Games Victoria - 87 current and former AIS athletes competed in five sports and won 35 gold, 16 silver and 15 bronze medals. Australia won 184 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Australian Women's Hockey Team|
|1995||Mountain Biking program in Canberra established|
|John Boultbee appointed as AIS Director|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Shane Kelly (Track cycling)|
|1996||Atlanta Olympic Games - 207 current and former AIS athletes competed in thirteen sports and won 4 gold, 7 silver and 17 bronze medals. Australia won 41 medals.|
|Atlanta Paralympic Games - 26 current and former AIS athletes competed in seven sports and won 22 gold, 22 silver and 5 bronze medals. Australia won 106 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Megan Still and Kate Slatter (Rowing)|
|1997||Boxing, Wrestling, Archery, Shooting in Canberra and Australian Football in Melbourne programs established.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year - Louise Sauvage (Track and field)|
|1998||Commonwealth Games Kuala Lumpur - 138 current and former AIS athletes competed in twelve sports and won 34 gold, 29 silver and 21 bronze medals. Australia won 200 medals.|
|Winter Olympic Games Nagano - 8 athletes competed in three sports and won 1 bronze medal for Australia.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Michael Klim (Swimming)|
|1999||AIS Athlete of the Year – Michael Klim (Swimming)|
|2000||Olympic Games Sydney - 319 current and former athletes competed in nineteen sports and won 8 gold, 11 silver and 13 bronze medals. Australia won 58 medals.|
|Paralympic Games Sydney - 54 current and former athletes won 29 gold, 17 silver and 15 bronze medals. Australia won 149 medals.|
|Sailing and Slalom Canoeing in Sydney, and camps based Women's Cricket and triathlon programs established.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Simon Fairweather ( Archery)|
|2001||Michael Scott appointed Director of the AIS|
|Rugby league (decentralised) and Alpine Skiing for Athletes with Disabilities Programs established.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Petria Thomas (Swimming)and Philippe Rizzo (Gymnastics)|
|2002||Winter Olympics Salt Lake City - 23 current and former athletes competed in five sports and won 2 gold medals. Australia won 2 medals.|
|Winter Paralympics Salt Lake City - 6 current and former athletes competed in one sport and won 6 gold and 1 silver medal. Australia won 7 medals.|
|Commonwealth Games Manchester - 168 current and former athletes competed in fifteen sports and won 45 gold, 23 silver and 34 bronze medals. Australia won 207 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Petria Thomas (Swimming)|
|2003||Facility development – Archery Centre and AIS Rowing Centre extension opened. AIS Golf facility located at Moonah Links, near Rye on Victoria's Mornington Peninsula opened.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Nathan Baggaley (Flatwater canoeing)|
|2004||Olympic Games Athens - 289 current and former athletes competed in twenty sports and won 10 gold, 10 silver and 12 bronze medals. Australia won 49 medals.|
|Paralympic Games Athens - 47 current and former athletes won 13 gold, 27 silver and 23 bronze medals. Australia won 100 medals.|
|The Cricket Academy moves to Brisbane.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Petria Thomas (Swimming) and Ryan Bayley (Track cycling)|
|2005||Professor Peter Fricker appointed Director of the AIS|
|Facility development - New extension to the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) Diving dry land training facility at the Sleeman Centre in Chandler, Queensland opened.|
|AIS/AVF Beach Volleyball National Centre of Excellence launched|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Peter Robertson (Triathlon) and Robin Bell (slalom canoeing)|
|2006||Facility development – New $17million Aquatics Training and Recovery Centre was constructed. The 50M training pool has a range of high-tech performance analysis devices and biomechanical systems including instrumented start blocks and turn walls, timing gates, strategically placed cameras, filming dolly and tracks.|
|Winter Olympics Torino - 23 current and former athletes competed in six sports and won 1 gold and 1 bronze medal. Australia won 3 medals.|
|Winter Paralympics Torino - 9 current and former athletes competed in one sport and won 1 silver and 1 bronze medal. Australia won 2 medals.|
|Commonwealth Games Melbourne - 177 current and former athletes competed in thirteen sports and won 42 gold, 34 silver and 34 bronze medals. Australia won 222 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Philippe Rizzo (Gymnastics)|
|2007||Facility development - AIS Hub opened. The AIS hub features a 110-metre indoor running track (with jumping pit), new physiology laboratories and an enhanced strength and conditioning gymnasium. New AIS Athlete Residences opened.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Nathan Deakes (Track and field) and Anna Meares (Track cycling)|
|2008||Olympic Games Beijing - 263 current and former AIS athletes won 7 gold, 9 silver and 7 bronze medals. Australia won 46 medals.|
|Paralympic Games Beijing - 47 current and former AIS athletes won 18 gold, 12 silver and 13 bronze medals. Australia won 79 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Ken Wallace (Flatwater canoeing) and Heath Francis (Track and field)|
|2009||AIS Athlete of the Year – Brenton Rickard (Swimming) and Emma Moffatt (Triathlon)|
|2010||Olympic Winter Games Vancouver - 22 current and former AIS athletes won 1 gold, and 1 silver medal|
|Paralympic Winter Games Vancouver - 9 current AIS athletes won 1 silver and 3 bronze medals. Australia won a total of 4 medals.|
|Commonwealth Games New Delhi - 158 current and former (including Paralympic scholarship holders) competed in 12 sports and won 88 medals; 41 gold, 23 silver and 24 bronze. Australia won a total of 177 medals.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Lydia Lassila (Freestyle skiing)|
|2011||-European Training Centre opened in Varese, Italy|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Anna Meares (Track cycling)|
|2012||Matt Favier commenced as Director of the AIS in March.|
|Australia's Winning Edge strategy provides a new leadership direction for the AIS, with national sports organisations taking full responsibility for AIS sports programs at the end of 2013.|
|AIS Athlete of the Year – Alicia Coutts (Swimming) and Tom Slingsby (Sailing)|
|2013||AIS Athlete of the Year - Caroline Buchanan (Cycling) and Kim Crow (Rowing) |
|2014||Australian Institute of Sport launched a new brand and logo |
|Annual awards renamed AIS Sport Performance Awards. Athlete of the Year -Jessica Fox (slalom canoeing) .|
|2015||Athlete of the Year: Female - Emily Seebohm (swimming) ; Male - Jason Day (golf)|
|2016||Athlete of the Year: Female - Kim Brennan (rowing) ; Male - Kyle Chalmers (swimming)|
|2017||Matt Favier resigns as AIS Director in June.|
|Peter Conde appointed ninth AIS Director in August.|
|Athlete of the Year: Female - Sally Pearson (athletics) ; Male - Scott James (winter sport) |
The AIS employs a number of staff who primarily work in Sports Science and Sports Medicine, which includes disciplines such as sports nutrition, performance analysis, skill acquisition, physiology, recovery, biomechanics, athlete career education, strength and conditioning, psychology, physical therapies, talent identification, and applied performance research.
There are a number of sculptures located throughout the Bruce Campus, such as 'Acrobats', 'Gymnast', 'Pole Vaulter' and 'Soccer Players' by John Robinson and the 'Swimmer' by Guy Boyd. After the Sydney 2000 Olympics, two of the three sculptures - ' Gymnast' and 'Wheelchair Basketballer' - that were located on the Sydney Tower Eye prior to the Olympics were installed at the AIS.
The AIS Arena is a 5,200 capacity indoor stadium which has been used for sports such as basketball, gymnastics and volleyball as well as music concerts. Directly adjacent to, but not strictly part of the Institute is the 25,000 capacity outdoor Canberra Stadium which has hosted matches of all the major forms of football played in Australia.
In 2005, 2009, and 2010 the Institute won awards at the prestigious Canberra and Capital Region Tourism Awards. These awards were given in recognition of the daily public tours that are available. Each tour, which takes in several different buildings of the Institute as well as the arena and the Sportex zone, is led by an athlete currently training there.
Shortly after its inception in 1981, the AIS held a competition for a symbol that would depict the AIS aim of "achieving supremacy in sport". Over 500 designs were submitted. The winner was a design student from Bendigo in Victoria, Rose-Marie Derrico. Her design showed an athlete with hands clasped above the head in recognition of victory. The colours of the logo were red, white and blue, which are the same colours as the Australian flag.
On 3 February 2014, the AIS launched a new logo in line with its new direction as outlined in its Winning Edge program that was launched in 2012. Landor Associates designed the new brand and logo. The gold in the brand representing Australia's pursuit of gold.
National Training CentresEdit
From 2014, as a result of Australia's Winning Edge 2012-2022 strategy, the AIS no longer directly offered scholarships to athletes. As a result of the strategy, many national sporting organisations are utilizing the AIS facilities and services on an ongoing or regular basis. Several national sports organisations have located their national centres for excellence at the AIS. These include: Basketball Australia Centre for Excellence, Netball Australia Centre for Excellence Football Federation of Australia Centre of Excellence, Rowing Australia National Training Centre, Volleyball Australia Centre of Excellence and Swimming Australia National Training Centre.
The AIS does continue to support other athletes in other sports however they are self funded and not under the National Training Centre banner.
Former Sports ProgramsEdit
Up until 2013, the AIS offered scholarships to athletes across 36 programs in 26 different sports:
- Artistic gymnastics, athletes with disabilities - swimming, athletics and winter sports, basketball, netball, rowing, football (men & women), tennis, swimming, track and field, volleyball (men) and water polo (women) administered from Canberra
- Diving, squash, softball and cricket (men & women) administered from Brisbane
- Sailing and slalom canoeing administered from Sydney
- Hockey administered from Perth
- Sprint canoeing, triathlon and BMX administered from the Gold Coast
- Road cycling, track cycling and beach volleyball administered from Adelaide
- Australian rules football, rugby union and rugby league are camps based programs
- Winter sports (in partnership with the Olympic Winter Institute of Australia) administered from Melbourne
Sports that previously had an AIS program but were discontinued prior to 2013 included: weightlifting, water polo (men), volleyball (women), wrestling, shooting, archery, boxing (1997 - 2010) and golf. .
The head coach for the AIS boxing program from 1997 to 2010 was Bodo Andreass.
Many prominent Australian athletes have taken up AIS scholarships. In 2001, the AIS established the Best of the Best Award to recognise highly performed AIS athletes. As of 2011, the following athletes have been recognised - Alisa Camplin, Robert De Castella, John Eales, Simon Fairweather, Neil Fuller, Bridgette Gusterson, Rechelle Hawkes, Shane Kelly, Luc Longley, Michelle Martin, Glenn McGrath, Michael Klim, Michael Milton, Clint Robinson, Louise Sauvage, Kate Slatter, Zali Steggall, Mark Viduka, Vicki Wilson, Todd Woodbridge, Lauren Jackson, Chantelle Newbery, Petria Thomas, Kerry Saxby-Junna, Jamie Dwyer, Anna Meares, Malcolm Page, Ricky Ponting, Oenone Wood and Matthew Cowdrey. In August 2013, Stuart O'Grady was indefinitely suspended from the 'Best of the Best' due to his admission to doping in 1998.
The Australian Institute of Sport Alumni highlights the many prominent Australian athletes that the AIS has assisted.
AIS was established to provide high level coaching to Australian athletes. Since its establishment in 1981, the AIS has employed highly credentialed Australian and international coaches. Original coaches were - Bill Sweetenham and Dennis Pursley (swimming), Wilma Shakespear in netball, Adrian Hurley and Patrick Hunt (basketball), Peter Lloyd and Kazuyu Honda (gymnastics), Jimmy Shoulder (football), Ray Ruffels and Helen Gourlay (tennis), Kelvin Giles, Gary Knoke and Merv Kemp (track and field), and Lyn Jones (weightlifting).
Sports Medicine and Sport ScienceEdit
AIS established sports medicine and sports science services and research programs when established in 1981. Dr Dick Telford was its first Co-ordinator of Sports Science and Medicine. Other notable staff have included: Dr Peter Fricker, Professor Allan Hahn and Dr Bruce Mason.
Olympic Winter Institute of AustraliaEdit
The AIS and the Australian Olympic Committee formed the Australian Institute of Winter Sports after the 1998 Winter Olympics. The organisation was renamed to the Olympic Winter Institute of Australia on 1 July 2001. It provides training in alpine skiing, freestyle skiing (including aerial and mogul), snowboarding, short track speed skating and figure skating. It is also a partner with the AIS in skeleton (toboganning).
The AIS Men's Basketball Program played in the South East Australian Basketball League (SEABL) between 1982 and 2010. The team was coached by Patrick Hunt from 1982 to 1992, then Gordie McLeod (1993–97), Frank Arsego (1998–2002), and Marty Clarke (2003–10). They made the playoffs just six times, but behind coach Arsego and future NBA champion Andrew Bogut, the AIS won the 2002 East Conference championship. They went on to lose 98–93 to the Hobart Chargers in the 2002 National Championship game. Following the 2010 season, the program had a change of direction and withdrew from the SEABL. In 2014, after Basketball Australia assumed responsibility of the AIS basketball program, the program returned to the SEABL under a new moniker, the Basketball Australia National Centre of Excellence (BA CoE) Men's Team.
The AIS women's team originally played in the WNBL from 1983 to 2012, before being resurrected in 2014 alongside the men's Basketball Australia National Centre of Excellence team, thus entering the SEABL for the first time.
Both teams were ineligible for the playoffs between 2014 and 2017 due to not playing full seasons. With a change to playing full seasons in 2018, both teams became eligible for the playoffs for the first time.
- "Peter Conde appointed new Australian Institute of Sport Director" (Press release). Australian Sports Commission. 29 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "What is the AIS?". ausport.gov.au. Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- "The role, scope and development of recreation in Australia / [by] John Bloomfield". Trove.
- Tourism, Australia Dept of; Group, Recreation Sports Institute Study (9 September 1975). "Report of the Australian Sports Institute Study Group". Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service – via Trove.
- AIS Website Timeline Archived 19 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Tuxworth, Jon (1 April 2012). "Favier plots formula for success". Canberra Times. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- Mulvey, Paul (30 November 2012). "ASC to overhaul sports". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- Dutton, Chris (17 November 2012). "Slingsby shares top gong with Coutts". Canberra Times. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
- Gaskin, Lee (15 November 2013). "Caroline Buchanan and Kim Crow dominate AIS awards". Canberra Times. Archived from the original on 16 November 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- Tuxworth, Jon (4 February 2014). "AIS chief says new branding will help raise funds for athletes". Canberra Times. Retrieved 3 February 2014.
- "Rabbitohs, Fearnley, Fox win top ASPAS". Australian Sporrts Commission News, 11 February 2015. Archived from the original on 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "Seebohm our Female Athlete of the Year". Australian Sports Commission News, 24 Feb 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "AIS Director Matt Favier appointed Hockey Australia CEO". Australian Sports Commission website. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
- "Matildas and Kerr Australia's fan favourites at AIS awards". Australian Sports Commission website. Archived from the original on 13 December 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
- "2016 Award Winners - Canberra Region Tourism Awards". canberratourismawards.com.au.
- Tour Information from the Institute's website Archived 22 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Landor sees gold for AIS". B & T. 5 February 2005. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- "Centre of Excellence". Basketball Australia. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "Centre for Excellence". Netball Australia. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- Commission, Australian Sports Commission; jurisdiction=Commonwealth of Australia; corporateName=Australian Sports. "What is the AIS?". www.ausport.gov.au.
- AIS 'Best of the Best' Award Archived 17 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- "AIS dumps O'Grady from 'Best of the Best' honour roll". SBS Cycling Centreal News. 1 August 2013. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2015.
- "COE MEN'S TEAM READY FOR SEABL CHALLENGE". australia.basketball. 21 March 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "2018 SEABL Media Guide" (PDF). seabl.com.au. p. 13. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "BOOMERS AND OPALS IN THEIR SEABL DAYS". australia.basketball. 6 August 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "SEABL REMEMBERS… COACHES RATE THEIR TOP 5 TEAMS OF ALL-TIME". SEABL.com.au. 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
- "ABA National Champions". SportsTG.com. 26 May 2008. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "AIS to sit out next two SEABL seasons". hoops.com.au. 28 October 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "BA COE WOMEN'S TEAM READY FOR SEABL SEASON". australia.basketball. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- "2018 SEASON PREVIEW: BASKETBALL AUSTRALIA'S CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE". seabl.com.au. 20 March 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
- Daly, John, Quest for Excellence : the Australian Institute of Sport, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1991
- Australian Sports Commission, Excellence : the Australian Institute of Sport. 2nd ed. Canberra, Australian Sports Commission, 2002.
- Bloomfield, John, Australia's sporting success : the inside story, UNSW Press, Sydney, 2003
- Ferguson, Jim, More than sunshine and vegemite : success the Australian way, Halstead Press, Sydney, 2007
- Official website
- Experience AIS Twitter
- Australian Sports Commission Twitter
- Australian Institute of Sport Annual Report 1981-1988
- Australian Sports Commission Annual Reports include AIS activities since 1988.
- Sports funding: federal balancing act –Detailed summary of Australian Government funding and policies related to sport