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The 1990 Commonwealth Games were held in Auckland, New Zealand from 24 January – 3 February 1990. It was the 14th Commonwealth Games, and part of New Zealand's 1990 sesquicentennial celebrations. Participants competed in ten sports: athletics, aquatics, badminton, boxing, cycling, gymnastics, judo, lawn bowls, shooting and weightlifting. The Triathlon was a demonstration event.

14th Commonwealth Games
14th Commonwealth Games- Auckland 1990.png
Host city Auckland, New Zealand
Motto This is the Moment
Nations participating 55
Athletes participating 2,074
Events 213 events in 10 sports
Opening ceremony 24 January 1990
Closing ceremony 3 February 1990
Officially opened by Prince Edward
Officially closed by Elizabeth II
Queen's Baton Final Runner Mark Todd and Peter Snell
Main venue Mount Smart Stadium
XIII XV  >

The main venue was the Mount Smart Stadium. The Games were awarded to Auckland 27 July 1984 at the Los Angeles Summer Olympics. Perth, Australia, had withdrawn from the bid contest leaving New Delhi, India, as the sole opponent to Auckland's bid.

Contents

Bidding processEdit

1990 Commonwealth Games bidding results
City Round 1
  Auckland 20
  New Delhi 19

Opening ceremonyEdit

The opening of the games comprised a variety of events, including the arrival of The Queen's representative The Prince Edward (her youngest son), the arrival of the Queen's Baton and many Māori ceremonial stories.

The opening ceremony itself started off with the Auckland Commonwealth Games Choir singing the Song of Welcome. Upon the arrival of The Prince Edward, the Māori in attendance, gave him a Challenge of a welcome. This is conducted by a Māori placing a wooden batton on the ground. To see if the visitor comes in peace or not, the visitor must pick it up.

The New Zealand national anthem "God Defend New Zealand" was sung during a ceremonial fourteen gun salute from nearby One Tree Hill. This was followed by the New Zealand Army Guard Commander allowing The Prince Edward to inspect the guard of honour. After which was the introduction of the participating countries of the Commonwealth. During the introduction of the countries, the choir at attendance would display the flag of the announced country with boards.

When all the athletes finally sat down, the main Māori ceremonies began. First of the Māori ceremonies was all the Māori women performing a "Song of Welcome" for the athletes with the use of Poi. The Māori women then gave some of the athletes a Hongi. Next was the Māori story of how New Zealand was formed, performed by many New Zealanders and organised by Logan Brewer. It involved a narration of how the Polynesians found their way to what was to become New Zealand. In the middle of the performance, a re-enactment was performed of how New Zealand was formed between Rangi and Papa (the sky father and earth mother). The story then moved on to the coming of religion and European migration. This was demonstrated with a formation of the Union Jack, to show the colonisation by the British. Dame Whina Cooper then made a speech about the Treaty of Waitangi signed in 1840 that brought about peace and stability of modern New Zealand.

Introduction of the European communities was next with music and native European dancing from Scotland, Ireland, Austria, Wales and England. From here, many of the neighbouring Pacific Islanders made their entrance with the rhythmic tempo of the Pacific Island drum beat. This was to show the then complete migration of people to New Zealand.

New Zealand performer Howard Morrison then lead New Zealand in singing the folk song Tukua-a-hau. After Howard Morrison, the Queen's Baton arrived at the stadium where The Prince Edward announced the opening of the games which was followed by the Athletes Pledge.

Fireworks followed and was capped off with a night time flyover by nine A-4 Skyhawk jets of the Royal New Zealand Air Forces 75 Squadron. The ceremony was concluded by the singing of the game's motto "This is the moment" as performers and athletes exited the stadium.

Closing ceremonyEdit

A more relaxed affair was held for the 14th Commonwealth Games closing ceremony, reflecting that of Christchurch in 1974. Attended by HM The Queen of New Zealand, formality and respect played their due part in the beginning with formal salute and the acceptance of the Commonwealth Games flag to the next host city, Victoria, Canada. This was followed by a First Nations and modern Canadian dancing display.

Then the fun began with thousands of children entering the stadium with a mass jumprope demonstration, followed by the athletes themselves. The Queen then made the traditional closing speech and called for all the Commonwealth's athletes to assemble in four years time in Victoria. As the evening wore on, opera singer Dame Kiri Te Kanawa sang "Now is the Hour", a favorite New Zealand hymn, as the Royal New Zealand Air Force's A4 Skyhawks made one final swooping flyover of Mount Smart Stadium followed by fireworks. The Queen, Duke of Edinburgh, and Prince Edward then exited the stadium standing in open top vehicles.

MascotEdit

 
Goldie the Kiwi bird – the Games' mascot

The mascot of the games was Goldie, representing New Zealand's national symbol the kiwi bird.

Participating teamsEdit

 
Participating countries

55 teams were represented at the 1990 Games.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).

Medals by countryEdit

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1990 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

Figures from Commonwealth Games Foundation website.[1]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   Australia 52 54 58 164
2   England 46 40 42 128
3   Canada 36 42 38 116
4   New Zealand 17 14 27 58
5   India 13 8 11 32
6   Wales 10 3 12 25
7   Kenya 6 9 3 18
8   Nigeria 5 13 7 25
9   Scotland 5 7 10 22
10   Malaysia 2 2 0 4
11   Jamaica 2 0 2 4
  Uganda 2 0 2 4
13   Northern Ireland 1 3 5 9
14   Nauru 1 2 0 3
15   Hong Kong 1 1 3 5
16   Cyprus 1 1 0 2
17   Bangladesh 1 0 1 2
  Jersey 1 0 1 2
19   Bermuda 1 0 0 1
  Guernsey 1 0 0 1
  Papua New Guinea 1 0 0 1
22   Zimbabwe 0 2 1 3
23   Ghana 0 2 0 2
24   Tanzania 0 1 2 3
25   Zambia 0 0 3 3
26   Bahamas 0 0 2 2
  Western Samoa 0 0 2 2
28   Guyana 0 0 1 1
  Malta 0 0 1 1
Total 205 204 234 643

Medals by eventEdit

AquaticsEdit

AthleticsEdit

BadmintonEdit

BowlsEdit

BoxingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Light Flyweight   Justin Juuko (UGA)   Abdurahaman Ramadhani (KEN)   Domenic Figliomeni (CAN)
  Dharmendar Yadav (IND)
Flyweight   Wayne McCullough (NIR)   Nokuthula Tshabangu (ZIM)   Born Siwakwi (ZAM)
  Maurice Maina (KEN)
Bantamweight   Mohammed Sabo (NGR)   Geronimo Bie (CAN)   Justin Chikwanda (ZAM)
  Wesley Christmas (GUY)
Featherweight   John Irwin (ENG)   Haji Ally (TAN)   David Gakuha (KEN)
  James Nicolson (AUS)
Lightweight   Godfrey Nyakana (UGA)   Justin Rowsell (AUS)   B. Mambeya (TAN)
  David Anderson (SCO)
Light Welterweight   Charlie Kane (SCO)   Nicodemus Odore (KEN)   Stefan Scriggins (AUS)
  Duke Chinyadza (ZIM)
Welterweight   David Defiagbon (NGR)   Greg Johnson (CAN)   Anthony Mwaba (ZAM)
  Grahame Cheney (AUS)
Light Middleweight   Richie Woodhall (ENG)   Ray Downey (CAN)   Sililo Figota (SAM)
  Andy Creary (NZL)
Middleweight   Chris Johnson (CAN)   Ashiao Joseph Laryea (GHA)   Charles Matata (UGA)
  Mark Edwards (ENG)
Light Heavyweight   Joseph Akhasamba (KEN)   Dale Brown (CAN)   Nigel Anderson (NZL)
  Abdu Kaddu (UGA)
Heavyweight   George Onyango (KEN)   Pat Jordan (CAN)   Kevin Onwuka (NGR)
  Emerio Fainuulua (SAM)
Super Heavyweight   Michael Kenny (NZL)   Liadi Alhassan (GHA)   Vernon Linklater (CAN)
  Paul Douglas (NIR)

CyclingEdit

TrackEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Time Trial   Martin Vinnicombe (AUS) 00:01:06   Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:01:07   Jon Andrews (NZL) 00:01:07
Sprint   Gary Neiwand (AUS)   Curt Harnett (CAN)   Jon Andrews (NZL)
Individual Pursuit   Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:04:45   Mark Kingsland (AUS) 00:04:53   Darren Winter (AUS) 00:04:52
Team Pursuit   New Zealand
Gary Anderson
Nigel Donnelly
Glenn McLeay
Stu Williams
00:04:23   Australia
Brett Aitken
Steve McGlede
Shaun O'Brien
Darren Winter
00:04:26   England
Chris Boardman
Simon Lillistone
Bryan Steel
Glen Sword
00:04:27
10 Miles Scratch   Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:19:44   Shaun O'Brien (AUS) 00:19:44   Steve McGlede (AUS) 00:19:44
Points Race   Robert Burns (AUS) 81   Craig Connell (NZL) 72   Alistair Irvine (NIR) 39
Women
Sprint   Louise Jones (WAL)   Julie Speight (AUS)   Sue Golder (NZL)
Individual Pursuit   Madonna Harris (NZL) 00:03:55   Kathy Watt (AUS) 00:03:55   Kelly-Ann Way (CAN) 00:04:00

RoadEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Road Race   Graeme Miller (NZL) 04:34:00   Brian Fowler (NZL) 04:34:00   Scott Goguen (CAN) 04:34:05
Team Time Trial   New Zealand
Brian Fowler
Gavin Stevens
Graeme Miller
Ian Richards
02:06:47   Canada
Christopher Koberstein
David Spears
Peter Verhesen
Sean Way
02:09:20   England
Chris Boardman
Peter Longbottom
Ben Luckwell
Wayne Randle
02:09:33
Women
Road Race   Kathryn Watt (AUS) 01:55:11.60   Lisa Brambani (ENG) 1:55:11.88   Kathleen Shannon (AUS) 1:55:12.06

GymnasticsEdit

ArtisticEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
All-Around   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 57.95   Alan Nolet (CAN) 57.8   James May (ENG) 57.4
Team   Canada
Alan Nolet
Claude Latendrese
Curtis Hibbert
Lorne Bobkin
171.8   England
David Cox
James May
Neil Thomas
Terence Bartlett
170.45   Australia
Brennon Dowrick
Kenneth Meredith
Peter Hogan
Tim Lees
169.5
Horizontal Bar   Curtis Hibbert (CAN)
  Alan Nolet (CAN)
9.85   Brennon Dowrick (AUS) 9.8
Parallel Bars   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.8   Ken Meredith (AUS) 9.675   Peter Hogan (AUS) 9.6
Vault   James May (ENG) 9.625   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.575   Tim Lees (AUS) 9.25
Pommel Horse   Brennon Dowrick (AUS) 9.825   Tim Lees (AUS) 9.725   James May (ENG) 9.7
Rings   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.775   James May (ENG) 9.75   Ken Meredith (AUS) 9.725
Floor   Neil Thomas (ENG) 9.75   Alan Nolet (CAN) 9.675   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.6
Women
All-Around   Lori Strong (CAN) 38.912   Monique Allen (AUS) 38.687   Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 38.499
Team   Canada
Janet Morin
Larissa Lowing
Lori Strong
Stella Umeh
116.784   Australia
Kylie Shadbolt
Lisa Read
Michelle Telfer
Monique Allen
115.272   England
Lisa Elliott
Lisa Grayson
Lorna Mainwaring
Louise Redding
114.046
Asymmetric Bars   Monique Allen (AUS) 9.875   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.85   Michelle Telfer (AUS) 9.737
Beam   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.85   Larissa Lowing (CAN) 9.762   Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 9.7
Vault   Nikki Jenkins (NZL) 9.712   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.643   Monique Allen (AUS) 9.506
Floor   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.887   Larissa Lowing (CAN) 9.762   Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 9.675

RhythmicEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Women
All-Around   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 37.65   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 37.25   Angela Walker (NZL) 36.9
Ball   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.45   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4   Angela Walker (NZL) 9.25
Hoop   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.2   Raewyn Jack (NZL)
  Alitia Sands (ENG)
  Viva Seifert (ENG)
9.1
Ribbon   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.3   Raewyn Jack (NZL)
  Viva Seifert (ENG)
  Angela Walker (NZL)
9.2
Rope   Angela Walker (NZL) 9.3   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.275   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.25

JudoEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Extra Lightweight   Carl Finney (ENG)   Kevin West (CAN)   James Charles (WAL)
  Narender Singh (IND)
Half Lightweight   Brent Cooper (NZL)   Mark Preston (SCO)   Mark Adshead (ENG)
  Jean-Pierre Cantin (CAN)
Lightweight   Roy Stone (ENG)   Majemite Omagbaluwaje (NGR)   William Cusack (SCO)
  Colin Savage (NIR)
Half Middleweight   David Southby (ENG)   Graeme Spinks (NZL)   Gavin Kelly (AUS)
Middleweight   Densign White (ENG)   Winston Sweatman (SCO)   Chris Bacon (AUS)
  Rajinder Dhanger (IND)
Half Heavyweight   Ray Stevens (ENG)   Dean Lampkin (AUS)   Graham Campbell (SCO)
  James Kendrick (CAN)
Heavyweight   Elvis Gordon (ENG)   Tom Greenway (CAN)   Wayne Watson (NZL)
Open   Elvis Gordon (ENG)   Mario Laroche (CAN)   Graham Campbell (SCO)
  Majemite Omagbaluwaje (NGR)
Women
Extra Lightweight   Karen Briggs (ENG)   Helen Duston (WAL)   Julie Reardon (AUS)
  Donna Robertson (SCO)
Half Lightweight   Sharon Rendle (ENG)   Claire Shiach (SCO)   Catherine Grainger (AUS)
  Lisa Griffiths (WAL)
Lightweight   Loretta Cusack (SCO)   Suzanne Williams (AUS)   Ann Hughes (ENG)
  Moira Sutton (WAL)
Half Middleweight   Diane Bell (ENG)   Donna Guy-Halkyard (NZL)   Mandy Clayton (CAN)
  Laurie Pace (MLT)
Middleweight   Sharon Mills (ENG)   Karen Hayde (CAN)   Narelle Hill (AUS)
  Joyce Malley (NIR)
Half Heavyweight   Jane Morris (ENG)   Alison Webb (CAN)   Phillipa Knowles (WAL)
  Christy Obekpa (NGR)
Heavyweight   Sharon Lee (ENG)   Geraldine Dekker (AUS)   Ruth Vondy (IOM)
  Linda Konkol (CAN)
Open   Sharon Lee (ENG)   Jane Patterson (CAN)   Geraldine Dekker (AUS)
  Nicola Morris (NZL)

ShootingEdit

PistolEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men/Open
Free Pistol   Phil Adams (AUS) 554   Bengt Sandstrom (AUS) 549   Gilbert U (HKG) 549
Free Pistol - Pairs   Australia
Phil Adams
Bengt Sandström
1106   New Zealand
Brian Read
Greg Yelavich
1084   Bangladesh
Ateequr Rahman
Abdus Sattar
1078
Centre-Fire Pistol   Ashok Pandit (IND) 583   Surinder Marwah (IND) 577   Bruce Quick (AUS) 576
Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs   Australia
Phil Adams
Bruce Quick
1155   New Zealand
Barry O'Neale
Greg Yelavich
1144   India
Ashok Pandit
Surinder Marwah
1142
Rapid-Fire Pistol   Adrian Breton (GGY) 583   Pat Murray (AUS) 582   Michael Jay (WAL) 579
Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs   Australia
Bruce Favell
Pat Murray
1153   Canada
Stanley Wills
Mark Howkins
1138   England
Brian Girling
John Rolfe
1133
Air Pistol   Bengt Sandström (AUS) 580   Phil Adams (AUS) 574   David Lowe (ENG) 574
Air Pistol - Pairs   Bangladesh
Ateequr Rahman
Abdus Sattar
1138   Australia
Phil Adams
Bengt Sandström
1138   New Zealand
Julian Lawton
Greg Yelavich
1137

RifleEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men/Open
Small Bore Rifle, Prone   Roger Harvey (NZL) 591   Stephen Petterson (NZL) 590   Philip Scanlan (ENG) 590
Small Bore Rifle, Prone - Pairs   New Zealand
Stephen Petterson
Roger Harvey
1185   Canada
Barry Sutherland
Michael Ashcroft
1184   England
Bob Jarvis
Philip Scanlan
1180
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions   Mart Klepp (CAN) 1157   Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1154   Soma Dutta (IND) 1143
Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - Pairs   Canada
Jean-François Sénécal
Mart Klepp
2272   England
Malcolm Cooper
Robert Smith
2268   Scotland
William Murray
Robert Law
2258
Full Bore Rifle   Colin Mallett (JER) 394   Andrew Tucker (ENG) 390   James Corbett (AUS) 390
Full Bore Rifle - Pairs   England
Simon Belither
Andrew Tucker
580   Australia
James Corbett
Barry Wood
565   Jersey
Clifford Mallett
Colin Mallett
564
Air Rifle   Guy Lorion (CAN) 583   Chris Hector (ENG) 578   Mart Klepp (CAN) 577
Air Rifle - Pairs   Canada
Guy Lorion
Mart Klepp
1163   England
Chris Hector
Robert Smith
1155   India
Soma Dutta
Bhagirath Samai
1148
Running Target   Colin Robertson (AUS) 539   John Maddison (ENG) 539   Tony Clarke (NZL) 535
Running Target - Pairs   New Zealand
Paul Carmine
Tony Clarke
1091   Canada
David Lee
Mark Bedlington
1070   England
David Chapman
John Maddison
1064

ShotgunEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men/Open
Trap   John Maxwell (AUS) 184   Kevin Gill (ENG) 183   Ian Peel (ENG) 179
Trap - Pairs   England
Kevin Gill
Ian Peel
181   Wales
Colin Evans
James Birkett-Evans
178   Australia
Russell Mark
John Maxwell
178
Skeet   Ken Harman (ENG) 187   Georgios Sakellis (CYP) 187   Andy Austin (ENG) 184
Skeet - Pairs   Scotland
Ian Marsden
James Dunlop
189   England
Andy Austin
Ken Harman
185   New Zealand
Tim Dodds
John Woolley
183

WeightliftingEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men
Flyweight - Snatch   Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 105   Velu Govindraj (IND) 95   Greg Hayman (AUS) 90
Flyweight - Clean and Jerk   Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 127.5   Greg Hayman (AUS) 117.5   Velu Govindraj (IND) 117.5
Flyweight - Overall   Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 232.5   Velu Govindraj (IND) 212.5   Greg Hayman (AUS) 207.5
Bantamweight - Snatch   Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 110   Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 107.5   Denis Aumais (CAN) 102.5
Bantamweight - Clean and Jerk   Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 137.5   Gopal Maruthachelam (IND) 125   Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 122.5
Bantamweight - Overall   Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 247.5   Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 230   Gopal Maruthachelam (IND) 227.5
Featherweight - Snatch   Marcus Stephen (NRU) 112.5   Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND) 112.5   Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 110
Featherweight - Clean and Jerk   Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND) 145   Marcus Stephen (NRU) 142.5   Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 142.5
Featherweight - Overall   Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND) 257.5   Marcus Stephen (NRU) 255   Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 252.5
Lightweight - Snatch   Paramjit Sharma (IND) 130   Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 130   Mark Blair (AUS) 127.5
Lightweight - Clean and Jerk   Paramjit Sharma (IND) 165   Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 160   Mark Roach (WAL) 155
Lightweight - Overall   Paramjit Sharma (IND) 295   Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 290   Mark Roach (WAL) 280
Middleweight - Snatch   Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 135   Karl Jones (WAL) 135   Ron Laycock (AUS) 132.5
Middleweight - Clean and Jerk   Ron Laycock (AUS) 177.5   Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 170   Damian Brown (AUS) 167.5
Middleweight - Overall   Ron Laycock (AUS) 310   Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 305   Benoît Gagné (CAN) 292.5
Light Heavyweight - Snatch   David Morgan (WAL) 155   Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 152.5   Sylvain Leblanc (CAN) 145
Light Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   David Morgan (WAL) 192.5   Soronomathu Ramaswamy (IND) 182.5   Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 180
Light Heavyweight - Overall   David Morgan (WAL) 347.5   Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 332.5   Andy Callard (ENG) 317.5
Middle Heavyweight - Snatch   Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 162.5   Keith Boxell (ENG) 152.5   Harvey Goodman (AUS) 150
Middle Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 195   Keith Boxell (ENG) 192.5   Harvey Goodman (AUS) 190
Middle Heavyweight - Overall   Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 357.5   Keith Boxell (ENG) 345   Harvey Goodman (AUS) 340
Sub Heavyweight - Snatch   Andrew Saxton (ENG) 165   Peter May (ENG) 145   Guy Greavette (CAN) 140
Sub Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Andrew Saxton (ENG) 197.5   Peter May (ENG) 175   Guy Greavette (CAN) 175
Sub Heavyweight - Overall   Andrew Saxton (ENG) 362.5   Peter May (ENG) 320   Guy Greavette (CAN) 315
Heavyweight - Snatch   Mark Thomas (ENG) 160   Jason Roberts (AUS) 152.5   Steve Wilson (WAL) 152.5
Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Mark Thomas (ENG) 197.5   Jason Roberts (AUS) 192.5   Aled Arnold (WAL) 187.5
Heavyweight - Overall   Mark Thomas (ENG) 357.5   Jason Roberts (AUS) 345   Aled Arnold (WAL) 335
Super Heavyweight - Snatch   Andrew Davies (WAL) 180   Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 177.5   Steven Kettner (AUS) 172.5
Super Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Andrew Davies (WAL) 222.5   Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 222.5   Steven Kettner (AUS) 205
Super Heavyweight - Overall   Andrew Davies (WAL) 402.5   Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 400   Steven Kettner (AUS) 377.5

ReferencesEdit

The Bateman New Zealand Encyclopedia

  1. ^ Past Commonwealth Games Commonwealth Games Federation

External linksEdit


Preceded by
Edinburgh
Commonwealth Games
Auckland
XIV Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Victoria