1990 Commonwealth Games

The 1990 Commonwealth Games (Māori: 1990 Taumāhekeheke Commonwealth) were held in Auckland, New Zealand from 24 January – 3 February 1990. It was the 14th Commonwealth Games, and part of New Zealand's 1990 sesquicentennial celebrations. Participants competed in ten sports: athletics, aquatics, badminton, boxing, cycling, gymnastics, judo, lawn bowls, shooting and weightlifting. Netball[1] and the Triathlon were demonstration events.

XIV Commonwealth Games
Auckland 1990 Logo.png
Host cityAuckland, New Zealand
MottoThis is the Moment (Māori: Ko te moma tenei)
Events213 events in 10 sports
Opening24 January 1990
Closing3 February 1990
Opened byPrince Edward
Closed byElizabeth II
Queen's Baton Final RunnerMark Todd and Peter Snell
Main venueMount Smart Stadium
XV →

The main venue was the Mount Smart Stadium.

Host selectionEdit

The Games were awarded to Auckland on 27 July 1984 at the Los Angeles Summer Olympics in the US. Perth, Australia, had withdrawn from the bid contest leaving New Delhi, India, as the sole opponent to Auckland's bid. New Delhi lost the hosting rights to Auckland by a margin of 1 vote, which made it the closest host selection vote in the history of Commonwealth Games

1990 Commonwealth Games bidding results
City Round 1
  Auckland 20
  New Delhi 19

Opening ceremonyEdit

The opening of the games comprised a variety of events, including the arrival of The Queen's representative The Prince Edward (her youngest son), the arrival of the Queen's Baton, and many Māori ceremonial stories. The Queens Baton was carried across the Auckland Harbour by the vessel "Ceduna".

Queen's Baton's from the 1990 Commonwealth Games.

The opening ceremony itself started off with the Auckland Commonwealth Games Choir singing the Song of Welcome. Upon the arrival of The Prince Edward, the Māori in attendance, gave him a Challenge of a welcome. This is conducted by a Māori placing a wooden baton on the ground. To see if the visitor comes in peace or not, the visitor must pick it up.

The New Zealand national anthem "God Defend New Zealand" was sung during a ceremonial fourteen gun salute from nearby One Tree Hill. This was followed by the New Zealand Army Guard Commander allowing The Prince Edward to inspect the guard of honour. After which was the introduction of the participating countries of the Commonwealth, Scotland entering first as the hosts of the previous games, and New Zealand entering last as hosts. During the introduction of the countries, the choir would display the flag of the announced country with boards.

When all the athletes finally sat down, the main Māori ceremonies began. First of the Māori ceremonies was all the Māori women performing a "Song of Welcome" for the athletes with the use of Poi. The Māori women then gave some of the athletes a Hongi. Next was the Māori story of how New Zealand was formed according to legend; it a narration of how the Polynesians found their way to what was to become New Zealand, and how New Zealand was formed between Rangi and Papa, the sky father and earth mother. The story then moved on to the coming of religion and European migration. This was demonstrated with a formation of the Union Jack, to show the colonisation by the British. Dame Whina Cooper then made a speech about the Treaty of Waitangi signed in 1840 that brought about peace and stability of modern New Zealand.

Introduction of the European communities was next with music and native dancing from European countries such as Italy, Poland, Greece, Netherlands, Scotland, Ireland, Austria, Wales and England, and music and native dancing also from Asian countries such as China, Sri Lanka and India. From here, many of the neighbouring Pacific Islanders made their entrance with the rhythmic tempo of the Pacific Island drum beat. This was to show the then complete migration of people to New Zealand.

Howard Morrison then lead New Zealand in singing the folk song Tukua-a-hau. After Morrison, the Queen's Baton arrived at the stadium where Prince Edward announced the opening of the games which was followed by the Athletes Pledge.

Fireworks followed and was capped off with a night time flyover by nine A-4 Skyhawk jets of the Royal New Zealand Air Forces 75 Squadron. The ceremony was concluded by the singing of the game's motto "This is the moment" as performers and athletes exited the stadium.

Closing ceremonyEdit

A more relaxed affair was held for the 14th Commonwealth Games closing ceremony, reflecting that of Christchurch in 1974. Attended by HM The Queen of New Zealand, formality and respect played their due part in the beginning with formal salute and the acceptance of the Commonwealth Games flag to the next host city, Victoria, Canada. This was followed by a First Nations and modern Canadian dancing display.

Next,thousands of children entered the stadium with a mass skipping rope demonstration, followed by the athletes. The Queen then made the traditional closing speech and called for all the Commonwealth's athletes to assemble in four years time in Victoria. As the evening wore on, opera singer Dame Kiri Te Kanawa sang "Now is the Hour", a favourite New Zealand hymn, as the Royal New Zealand Air Force's A4 Skyhawks made one final swooping flyover of Mount Smart Stadium followed by fireworks. The Queen, Duke of Edinburgh, and Prince Edward then exited the stadium standing in open top vehicles.


Goldie the Kiwi bird – the Games' mascot

The mascot of the games was Goldie, representing New Zealand's national symbol the kiwi bird.

Participating teamsEdit

Participating countries

55 teams were represented at the 1990 Games.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).

Participating Commonwealth countries and territories
Debuting Commonwealth countries and territories

Medals by countryEdit

This is the full table of the medal count of the 1990 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

Figures from Commonwealth Games Foundation website.[2]

  *   Host nation (New Zealand)

1  Australia (AUS)525456162
2  England (ENG)464042128
3  Canada (CAN)354137113
4  New Zealand (NZL)*17142758
5  India (IND)1381132
6  Wales (WAL)1031225
7  Kenya (KEN)69318
8  Nigeria (NGR)513725
9  Scotland (SCO)571022
10  Malaysia (MAS)2204
11  Jamaica (JAM)2024
  Uganda (UGA)2024
13  Northern Ireland (NIR)1359
14  Nauru (NRU)1203
15  Hong Kong (HKG)1135
16  Cyprus (CYP)1102
17  Bangladesh (BAN)1012
  Jersey (JEY)1012
19  Bermuda (BER)1001
  Guernsey (GUE)1001
  Papua New Guinea (PNG)1001
22  Zimbabwe (ZIM)0213
23  Ghana (GHA)0202
24  Tanzania (TAN)0123
25  Zambia (ZAM)0033
26  Bahamas (BAH)0022
  Western Samoa (WSM)0022
28  Guyana (GUY)0011
  Malta (MLT)0011
Totals (29 entries)204203231638

Medals by eventEdit






Event Gold Silver Bronze
Light Flyweight   Justin Juuko (UGA)   Abdurahaman Ramadhani (KEN)   Domenic Figliomeni (CAN)
  Dharmendar Yadav (IND)
Flyweight   Wayne McCullough (NIR)   Nokuthula Tshabangu (ZIM)   Born Siwakwi (ZAM)
  Maurice Maina (KEN)
Bantamweight   Mohammed Sabo (NGR)   Geronimo Bie (CAN)   Justin Chikwanda (ZAM)
  Wesley Christmas (GUY)
Featherweight   John Irwin (ENG)   Haji Ally (TAN)   David Gakuha (KEN)
  James Nicolson (AUS)
Lightweight   Godfrey Nyakana (UGA)   Justin Rowsell (AUS)   Bakari Mambeya (TAN)
  David Anderson (SCO)
Light Welterweight   Charlie Kane (SCO)   Nicodemus Odore (KEN)   Stefan Scriggins (AUS)
  Duke Chinyadza (ZIM)
Welterweight   David Defiagbon (NGR)   Greg Johnson (CAN)   Anthony Mwamba (ZAM)
  Grahame Cheney (AUS)
Light Middleweight   Richie Woodhall (ENG)   Ray Downey (CAN)   Sililo Figota (SAM)
  Andy Creary (NZL)
Middleweight   Chris Johnson (CAN)   Joseph Laryea (GHA)   Charles Matata (UGA)
  Mark Edwards (ENG)
Light Heavyweight   Joseph Akhasamba (KEN)   Dale Brown (CAN)   Nigel Anderson (NZL)
  Abdu Kaddu (UGA)
Heavyweight   George Onyango (KEN)   Pat Jordan (CAN)   Kevin Onwuka (NGR)
  Emerio Fainuulua (SAM)
Super Heavyweight   Michael Kenny (NZL)   Liadi Alhassan (GHA)   Vernon Linklater (CAN)
  Paul Douglas (NIR)



Event Gold Silver Bronze
Time Trial   Martin Vinnicombe (AUS) 00:01:06   Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:01:07   Jon Andrews (NZL) 00:01:07
Sprint   Gary Neiwand (AUS)   Curt Harnett (CAN)   Jon Andrews (NZL)
Individual Pursuit   Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:04:45   Mark Kingsland (AUS) 00:04:53   Darren Winter (AUS) 00:04:52
Team Pursuit   New Zealand
Gary Anderson
Nigel Donnelly
Glenn McLeay
Stuart Williams
00:04:23   Australia
Brett Aitken
Steve McGlede
Shaun O'Brien
Darren Winter
00:04:26   England
Chris Boardman
Simon Lillistone
Bryan Steel
Glen Sword
10 Miles Scratch   Gary Anderson (NZL) 00:19:44   Shaun O'Brien (AUS) 00:19:44   Steve McGlede (AUS) 00:19:44
Points Race   Robert Burns (AUS) 81   Craig Connell (NZL) 72   Alistair Irvine (NIR) 39
Sprint   Louise Jones (WAL)   Julie Speight (AUS)   Sue Golder (NZL)
Individual Pursuit   Madonna Harris (NZL) 00:03:55   Kathy Watt (AUS) 00:03:55   Kelly-Ann Way (CAN) 00:04:00


Event Gold Silver Bronze
Road Race   Graeme Miller (NZL) 04:34:00   Brian Fowler (NZL) 04:34:00   Scott Goguen (CAN) 04:34:05
Team Time Trial   New Zealand
Brian Fowler
Gavin Stevens
Graeme Miller
Ian Richards
02:06:47   Canada
Christopher Koberstein
David Spears
Peter Verhesen
Sean Way
02:09:20   England
Chris Boardman
Peter Longbottom
Ben Luckwell
Wayne Randle
Road Race   Kathryn Watt (AUS) 01:55:11.60   Lisa Brambani (ENG) 1:55:11.88   Kathleen Shannon (AUS) 1:55:12.06



Event Gold Silver Bronze
All-Around   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 57.95   Alan Nolet (CAN) 57.8   James May (ENG) 57.4
Team   Canada
Alan Nolet
Claude Latendrese
Curtis Hibbert
Lorne Bobkin
171.8   England
David Cox
James May
Neil Thomas
Terence Bartlett
170.45   Australia
Brennon Dowrick
Kenneth Meredith
Peter Hogan
Tim Lees
Horizontal Bar   Curtis Hibbert (CAN)
  Alan Nolet (CAN)
9.85   Brennon Dowrick (AUS) 9.8
Parallel Bars   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.8   Ken Meredith (AUS) 9.675   Peter Hogan (AUS) 9.6
Vault   James May (ENG) 9.625   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.575   Tim Lees (AUS) 9.25
Pommel Horse   Brennon Dowrick (AUS) 9.825   Tim Lees (AUS) 9.725   James May (ENG) 9.7
Rings   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.775   James May (ENG) 9.75   Ken Meredith (AUS) 9.725
Floor   Neil Thomas (ENG) 9.75   Alan Nolet (CAN) 9.675   Curtis Hibbert (CAN) 9.6
All-Around   Lori Strong (CAN) 38.912   Monique Allen (AUS) 38.687   Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 38.499
Team   Canada
Janet Morin
Larissa Lowing
Lori Strong
Stella Umeh
116.784   Australia
Kylie Shadbolt
Lisa Read
Michelle Telfer
Monique Allen
115.272   England
Lisa Elliott
Lisa Grayson
Lorna Mainwaring
Louise Redding
Asymmetric Bars   Monique Allen (AUS) 9.875   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.85   Michelle Telfer (AUS) 9.737
Beam   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.85   Larissa Lowing (CAN) 9.762   Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 9.7
Vault   Nikki Jenkins (NZL) 9.712   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.643   Monique Allen (AUS) 9.506
Floor   Lori Strong (CAN) 9.887   Larissa Lowing (CAN) 9.762   Kylie Shadbolt (AUS) 9.675


Event Gold Silver Bronze
All-Around   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 37.65   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 37.25   Angela Walker (NZL) 36.9
Ball   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.45   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4   Angela Walker (NZL) 9.25
Hoop   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.2   Raewyn Jack (NZL)
  Alitia Sands (ENG)
  Viva Seifert (ENG)
Ribbon   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.4   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.3   Raewyn Jack (NZL)
  Viva Seifert (ENG)
  Angela Walker (NZL)
Rope   Angela Walker (NZL) 9.3   Madonna Gimotea (CAN) 9.275   Mary Fuzesi (CAN) 9.25




Event Gold Silver Bronze
50m Free Pistol   Phil Adams (AUS) 554   Bengt Sandstrom (AUS) 549   Gilbert U (HKG) 549
50m Free Pistol - Pairs   Australia
Phil Adams
Bengt Sandström
1106   New Zealand
Brian Read
Greg Yelavich
1084   Bangladesh
Ateequr Rahman
Abdus Sattar
25m Centre-Fire Pistol   Ashok Pandit (IND) 583   Surinder Marwah (IND) 577   Bruce Quick (AUS) 576
25m Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs   Australia
Phil Adams
Bruce Quick
1155   New Zealand
Barry O'Neale
Greg Yelavich
1144   India
Ashok Pandit
Surinder Marwah
25m Rapid-Fire Pistol   Adrian Breton (GGY) 583   Pat Murray (AUS) 582   Michael Jay (WAL) 579
25m Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs   Australia
Bruce Favell
Pat Murray
1153   Canada
Stanley Wills
Mark Howkins
1138   England
Brian Girling
John Rolfe
10m Air Pistol   Bengt Sandström (AUS) 580   Phil Adams (AUS) 574   David Lowe (ENG) 574
10m Air Pistol - Pairs   Bangladesh
Ateequr Rahman
Abdus Sattar
1138   Australia
Phil Adams
Bengt Sandström
1138   New Zealand
Julian Lawton
Greg Yelavich


Event Gold Silver Bronze
50m Rifle Prone   Roger Harvey (NZL) 591   Stephen Petterson (NZL) 590   Philip Scanlan (ENG) 590
50m Rifle Prone - Pairs   New Zealand
Stephen Petterson
Roger Harvey
1185   Canada
Barry Sutherland
Michael Ashcroft
1184   England
Bob Jarvis
Philip Scanlan
50m Rifle Three Positions   Mart Klepp (CAN) 1157   Malcolm Cooper (ENG) 1154   Soma Dutta (IND) 1143
50m Small Bore Rifle Three Positions - Pairs   Canada
Jean-François Sénécal
Mart Klepp
2272   England
Malcolm Cooper
Robert Smith
2268   Scotland
William Murray
Robert Law
Full Bore Rifle   Colin Mallett (JER) 394   Andrew Tucker (ENG) 390   James Corbett (AUS) 390
Full Bore Rifle - Pairs   England
Simon Belither
Andrew Tucker
580   Australia
James Corbett
Barry Wood
565   Jersey
Clifford Mallett
Colin Mallett
10m Air Rifle   Guy Lorion (CAN) 583   Chris Hector (ENG) 578   Mart Klepp (CAN) 577
10m Air Rifle - Pairs   Canada
Guy Lorion
Mart Klepp
1163   England
Chris Hector
Robert Smith
1155   India
Soma Dutta
Bhagirath Samai
10m Running Target   Colin Robertson (AUS) 539   John Maddison (ENG) 539   Tony Clarke (NZL) 535
10m Running Target - Pairs   New Zealand
Paul Carmine
Tony Clarke
1091   Canada
David Lee
Mark Bedlington
1070   England
David Chapman
John Maddison[3]


Event Gold Silver Bronze
Trap   John Maxwell (AUS) 184   Kevin Gill (ENG) 183   Ian Peel (ENG) 179
Trap - Pairs   England
Kevin Gill
Ian Peel
181   Wales
Colin Evans
James Birkett-Evans
178   Australia
Russell Mark
John Maxwell
Skeet   Ken Harman (ENG) 187   Georgios Sakellis (CYP) 187   Andy Austin (ENG) 184
Skeet - Pairs   Scotland
Ian Marsden
James Dunlop
189   England
Andy Austin
Ken Harman
185   New Zealand
Tim Dodds
John Woolley


Event Gold Silver Bronze
Flyweight - Snatch   Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 105   Velu Govindraj (IND) 95   Greg Hayman (AUS) 90
Flyweight - Clean and Jerk   Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 127.5   Greg Hayman (AUS) 117.5   Velu Govindraj (IND) 117.5
Flyweight - Overall   Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND) 232.5   Velu Govindraj (IND) 212.5   Greg Hayman (AUS) 207.5
Bantamweight - Snatch   Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 110   Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 107.5   Denis Aumais (CAN) 102.5
Bantamweight - Clean and Jerk   Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 137.5   Gopal Maruthachelam (IND) 125   Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 122.5
Bantamweight - Overall   Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND) 247.5   Alan Ogilvie (SCO) 230   Gopal Maruthachelam (IND) 227.5
Featherweight - Snatch   Marcus Stephen (NRU) 112.5   Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND) 112.5   Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 110
Featherweight - Clean and Jerk   Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND) 145   Marcus Stephen (NRU) 142.5   Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 142.5
Featherweight - Overall   Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND) 257.5   Marcus Stephen (NRU) 255   Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND) 252.5
Lightweight - Snatch   Paramjit Sharma (IND) 130   Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 130   Mark Blair (AUS) 127.5
Lightweight - Clean and Jerk   Paramjit Sharma (IND) 165   Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 160   Mark Roach (WAL) 155
Lightweight - Overall   Paramjit Sharma (IND) 295   Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR) 290   Mark Roach (WAL) 280
Middleweight - Snatch   Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 135   Karl Jones (WAL) 135   Ron Laycock (AUS) 132.5
Middleweight - Clean and Jerk   Ron Laycock (AUS) 177.5   Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 170   Damian Brown (AUS) 167.5
Middleweight - Overall   Ron Laycock (AUS) 310   Karnadhar Mondal (IND) 305   Benoît Gagné (CAN) 292.5
Light Heavyweight - Snatch   David Morgan (WAL) 155   Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 152.5   Sylvain Leblanc (CAN) 145
Light Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   David Morgan (WAL) 192.5   Soronomathu Ramaswamy (IND) 182.5   Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 180
Light Heavyweight - Overall   David Morgan (WAL) 347.5   Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR) 332.5   Andy Callard (ENG) 317.5
Middle Heavyweight - Snatch   Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 162.5   Keith Boxell (ENG) 152.5   Harvey Goodman (AUS) 150
Middle Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 195   Keith Boxell (ENG) 192.5   Harvey Goodman (AUS) 190
Middle Heavyweight - Overall   Duncan Dawkins (ENG) 357.5   Keith Boxell (ENG) 345   Harvey Goodman (AUS) 340
Sub Heavyweight - Snatch   Andrew Saxton (ENG) 165   Peter May (ENG) 145   Guy Greavette (CAN) 140
Sub Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Andrew Saxton (ENG) 197.5   Peter May (ENG) 175   Guy Greavette (CAN) 175
Sub Heavyweight - Overall   Andrew Saxton (ENG) 362.5   Peter May (ENG) 320   Guy Greavette (CAN) 315
Heavyweight - Snatch   Mark Thomas (ENG) 160   Jason Roberts (AUS) 152.5   Steve Wilson (WAL) 152.5
Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Mark Thomas (ENG) 197.5   Jason Roberts (AUS) 192.5   Aled Arnold (WAL) 187.5
Heavyweight - Overall   Mark Thomas (ENG) 357.5   Jason Roberts (AUS) 345   Aled Arnold (WAL) 335
Super Heavyweight - Snatch   Andrew Davies (WAL) 180   Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 177.5   Steven Kettner (AUS) 172.5
Super Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk   Andrew Davies (WAL) 222.5   Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 222.5   Steven Kettner (AUS) 205
Super Heavyweight - Overall   Andrew Davies (WAL) 402.5   Aduche Ojadi (NGR) 400   Steven Kettner (AUS) 377.5


The Bateman New Zealand Encyclopedia

  1. ^ "NETBALL HISTORY: 1990 Commonwealth Games Demonstration event (Auckland)". Netball Scoop. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  2. ^ Past Commonwealth Games Archived 15 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine Commonwealth Games Federation
  3. ^ No bronze medal awarded as not enough pairs took part - The Complete Book of the Commonwealth Games (Graham Groom -2017)

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Commonwealth Games
XIV Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by