1994 Commonwealth Games
Logo of 1994 Commonwealth Games
|Motto||Catch The Spirit|
|Events||events in 10 sports|
|Opening ceremony||18 August 1994|
|Closing ceremony||28 August 1994|
|Officially opened by||Elizabeth II|
|Officially closed by||Prince Edward|
|Queen's Baton Final Runner||Myriam Bédard|
The XV Commonwealth Games (French: XVéme Jeux du Commonwealth) marked South Africa's return to the Commonwealth Games following the apartheid era, and over 30 years since the country last competed in the Games in 1958. Namibia participated in its first Games after gaining independence from South Africa in 1990, and the Caribbean island of Montserrat also made their Games debut. It was also Hong Kong's last appearance at the Games before the transfer of sovereignty from Britain to China.
The official mascot of the Games was an anthropomorphic killer whale named "Klee Wyck". "Klee Wyck", meaning "the laughing one", was a nickname given to Canadian painter and sculptor Emily Carr by the Ucluelet First Nation.
Three bids for the 1994 Commonwealth Games were submitted. Victoria, New Delhi, and Cardiff were the bidding cities. On 15 September 1988, the Commonwealth Games Federation voted to award Victoria the 1994 Commonwealth Games.
|1994 Commonwealth Games bidding results|
Victoria 1994 was considered by many in the Commonwealth movement to be a minimalistic version of the games. After the high memories of Auckland's games four years previously, many considered Victoria to be a mild let-down. Some facilities were old and decrepit such as Victoria Memorial Arena. Other venues were temporary; none more so than the large scaffolding-built stands that totally transformed the University of Victoria's Centennial Stadium.
Overall the games were successful, proving that smaller cities could manage hosting large events such as the Commonwealth Games.
Final "Original Games"Edit
The 1994 games was the last time team sports were excluded. The Commonwealth Games Federation deemed the original setup of ten sports to be obsolete. Beginning with the 1998 games, team sports such as Rugby sevens, Basketball, and Field hockey were added. The decision was taken to encourage more revenue streams from television by making the games more attractive to viewing audiences.
A simple friendly atmosphere was the theme to the Opening Ceremonies. In the presence of HRH Prince Edward, the Athletes had a long march past to their seated area (an idea created four years previously and emulated since at the 2014 Games in Glasgow). Welcome speeches and flag raisings were followed by a precision horse riding display by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. A visual and theatrical display by the Four Nations Tribes culminated in a massive Thunderbird symbol covering the entire inner field. This was followed by a flypast by the "Snowbirds" Canadian Forces aerobatic display team.
There were 63 participating nations at the 1994 Commonwealth Games.
|Participating Commonwealth Countries & Territories|
|Debuting Commonwealth Countries and Territories|
There were events in 14 disciplines across 10 sports for the 1994 Commonwealth Games.
The following table shows a summary of the competition schedule.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Event finals||CC||Closing ceremony|
This is a full table of the medal count of the 1994 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.
This was the first time since the commencement of the British Empire Games (in 1930) that England did not achieve a medal ranking in the top two.
|20||Papua New Guinea||0||1||0||1|
|Trinidad and Tobago||0||0||2||2|
|Totals (33 nations)||221||221||251||693|
Medals by eventEdit
|Time Trial||Shane Kelly (AUS)||00:01:05||Darryn Hill (AUS)||00:01:06||Tim O'Shannessey (AUS)||00:01:07|
|Sprint||Gary Neiwand (AUS)||Curt Harnett (CAN)||Darryn Hill (AUS)|
|Individual Pursuit||Brad McGee (AUS)||00:04:31||Shaun Wallace (ENG)||00:04:35||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||00:04:35|
|Team Pursuit|| Australia (AUS)
|00:04:10|| England (ENG)
|caught|| New Zealand (NZL)
|10 Miles Scratch||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||00:18:51||Glenn McLeay (NZL)||00:18:51||Brian Walton (CAN)||00:18:51|
|Points Race||Brett Aitken (AUS)||38||Stuart O'Grady (AUS)||37||Dean Woods (AUS)||23|
|Sprint||Tanya Dubnicoff (CAN)||Michelle Ferris (AUS)||Donna Wynd (NZL)|
|Individual Pursuit||Kathy Watt (AUS)||00:03:49||Sarah Ulmer (NZL)||00:03:51||Jacqui Nelson (NZL)||00:03:55|
|Points Race||Yvonne McGregor (ENG)||5||Jacqui Nelson (NZL)||1+32||Sally Hodge (WAL)||1+28|
|Road Race||Mark Rendell (NZL)||04:46:08||Brian Fowler (NZL)||04:48:10||Willem Engelbrecht (RSA)||04:48:10|
|Team Time Trial|| Australia (AUS)
|01:53:19|| England (ENG)
|01:56:41|| New Zealand (NZL)
|Road Race||Kathy Watt (AUS)||02:48:05||Linda Jackson (CAN)||02:48:35||Alison Sydor (CAN)||02:50:17|
|Team Time Trial|| Australia (AUS)
Rachel Marianne Victor
|01:04:03|| Canada (CAN)
Lesley A Tomlinson
|01:04:19|| England (ENG)
|All-Around||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||36.85||Camille Martens (CAN)||36.6|| Debbie Southwick (ENG)
Joanne Walker (SCO)
|Team|| Canada (CAN)
|106.9|| Australia (AUS)
|105.3|| England (ENG)
|Ball||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.2||Camille Martens (CAN)||9|| Aicha McKenzie (ENG)
Gretchen McLennan (CAN)
|Clubs||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.4||Camille Martens (CAN)||9.15||Leigh Marning (AUS)||9|
|Hoop||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.3||Lindsay Richards (CAN)||9.05||Aicha McKenzie (ENG)||8.9|
|Ribbon||Kasumi Takahashi (AUS)||9.2||Camille Martens (CAN)||9.05||Gretchen McLennan (CAN)||9|
|Trap||Mansher Singh (IND)||141||George Leary (CAN)||140||Andreas Angelou (CYP)||137|
|Trap – Pairs|| Tom Hewitt
Samuel Allen (NIR)
|188|| Ron Bonotto
George Leary (CAN)
|187|| Bob Borsley
John Grice (ENG)
|Skeet||Ian Hale (AUS)||144||Christos Kourtellas (CYP)||143||Andy Austin (ENG)||143|
|Skeet – Pairs|| Antonakis Andreou
Christos Kourtellas (CYP)
|189|| Brian Thomson
Geoffrey Jukes (NZL)
|186|| Michael Thomson
Ian Marsden (SCO)
|Flyweight||Snatch||Murgesan Veerasamy (IND)||105||Badathala Adisekhar (IND)||105||François Lagacé (CAN)||105|
|Clean and Jerk||Badathala Adisekhar (IND)||132.5||Matin Guntali (MAS)||130||Murgesan Veerasamy (IND)||127.5|
|Overall||Badathala Adisekhar (IND)||237.5||Murgesan Veerasamy (IND)||232.5||François Lagacé (CAN)||227.5|
|Bantamweight||Snatch||Marcus Stephen (NRU)||115||Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND)||110||Denis Aumais (CAN)||107.5|
|Clean and Jerk||Marcus Stephen (NRU)||147.5||Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND)||145||Ben Devonshire (ENG)||132.5|
|Overall||Marcus Stephen (NRU)||262.5||Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND)||255||Denis Aumais (CAN)||237.5|
|Featherweight||Snatch||Najite Ogbogu (NGR)||125||Sevdalin Marinov (AUS)||125||Oliver Toby (NGR)||120|
|Clean and Jerk||Oliver Toby (NGR)||152.5||Sevdalin Marinov (AUS)||152.5||Najite Ogbogu (NGR)||150|
|Overall||Sevdalin Marinov (AUS)||277.5||Najite Ogbogu (NGR)||275||Oliver Toby (NGR)||272.5|
|Lightweight||Snatch||Lawal Riliwan (NGR)||132.5||Stewart Cruikshank (ENG)||132.5||Moji Oluwa (NGR)||130|
|Clean and Jerk||Moji Oluwa (NGR)||165||Satish Rai (IND)||165||Stewart Cruikshank (ENG)||160|
|Overall||Moji Oluwa (NGR)||295||Satish Rai (IND)||292.5||Stewart Cruikshank (ENG)||292.5|
|Middleweight||Snatch||David Morgan (WAL)||147.5||Serge Trembley (CAN)||145||Damian Brown (AUS)||142.5|
|Clean and Jerk||Damian Brown (AUS)||182.5||David Morgan (WAL)||180||Serge Trembley (CAN)||172.5|
|Overall||David Morgan (WAL)||327.5||Damian Brown (AUS)||325||Serge Trembley (CAN)||317.5|
|Light Heavyweight||Snatch||Kiril Kounev (AUS)||152.5||Stephen Ward (ENG)||147.5||Jim Dan Corbett (CAN)||147.5|
|Clean and Jerk||Kiril Kounev (AUS)||200||Stephen Ward (ENG)||187.5||Jim Dan Corbett (CAN)||182.5|
|Overall||Kiril Kounev (AUS)||352.5||Stephen Ward (ENG)||335||Jim Dan Corbett (CAN)||330|
|Middle Heavyweight||Snatch||Harvey Goodman (AUS)||162.5||Peter May (ENG)||155||Collins Okoth (KEN)||120|
|Clean and Jerk||Harvey Goodman (AUS)||200||Peter May (ENG)||190||Collins Okoth (KEN)||120|
|Overall||Harvey Goodman (AUS)||362.5||Peter May (ENG)||345||Collins Okoth (KEN)||240|
|Sub Heavyweight||Snatch||Christopher Onyezie (NGR)||155||Andrew Saxton (AUS)||155||Phillip Christou (AUS)||152.5|
|Clean and Jerk||Andy Callard (ENG)||197.5||Andrew Saxton (AUS)||192.5||Christopher Onyezie (NGR)||190|
|Overall||Andy Callard (ENG)||347.5||Andrew Saxton (AUS)||347.5||Christopher Onyezie (NGR)||345|
|Heavyweight||Snatch||Nicu Vlad (AUS)||185||Innocent Chika (NGR)||160||Gareth Hives (WAL)||130|
|Clean and Jerk||Nicu Vlad (AUS)||220||Innocent Chika (NGR)||200||Gareth Hives (WAL)||160|
|Overall||Nicu Vlad (AUS)||405||Innocent Chika (NGR)||360||Gareth Hives (WAL)||290|
|Super Heavyweight||Snatch||Steven Kettner (AUS)||165||Stefan Botev (AUS)||160||Victor Edem (NGR)||155|
|Clean and Jerk||Stefan Botev (AUS)||200||Steven Kettner (AUS)||195||Victor Edem (NGR)||190|
|Overall||Stefan Botev (AUS)||360||Steven Kettner (AUS)||360||Victor Edem (NGR)||345|
|Light Flyweight||Jacob Isaac (NGR)||Paul Ragusa (CAN)||Ramesh Kumar (IND)|
|Flyweight||Selwyn Tam (CAN)||Andrew Hutchinson (ENG)||Kirpa Shankar (IND)|
|Bantamweight||Robert Dawson (CAN)||Ashok Kumar (IND)||Cory O'Brien (AUS)|
|Featherweight||Marty Calder (CAN)||John Melling (ENG)||Aroutioun Barseguian (CYP)|
|Lightweight||Chris Wilson (CAN)||Ibo Oziti (NGR)||Muhammad Umar (PAK)|
|Welterweight||David Hohl (CAN)||Rein Ozoline (AUS)||Calum McNeil (SCO)|
|Middleweight||Justin Abdou (CAN)||Randhir Singh (IND)||Muhammad Bhola (PAK)|
|Light Heavyweight||Scott Bianco (CAN)||Victor Kodei (NGR)||Graeme English (SCO)|
|Heavyweight||Greg Edgelow (CAN)||Noel Loban (ENG)||Subhash Verma (IND)|
|Super Heavyweight||Andrew Borodow (CAN)||Bidei Jackson (NGR)||Amerjit Singh (ENG)|
In preparation for 1994 Commonwealth Games, a boxing committee was formed in 1989. The chairperson of the boxing committee was Hassan Sunderani, and the initial members were Brian Zelley, Glyn Jones and Mike Sartori.
In the initial stages, of the committee one of the immediate tasks was to prepare a guide as to what was expected at the Games, and to document some history of amateur boxing in the Greater Victoria area. The primary work was done by chairperson Sunderani while the local boxing history was assigned to committee member Zelley, a previous news editor for the British Columbia Amateur Boxing Association in the mid-1980s and a contributor of boxing news to various news outlets in the 1970s and 80s.
The next order of business was to start the process of organising volunteers. The first formal public meeting to begin this process took place in Victoria in the boardroom of the Victoria Commonwealth Games Society on 21 April 1990. The meeting included three of the committee members, a VCHS official, and seven potential volunteers including two former Vancouver Island Amateur Boxing commissioners – Bert Wilkinson and Rick Brough.
The primary decision was to arrange a bigger meeting and consider reviving the Greater Victoria Amateur Boxing Association on a formal or informal basis and to have former experienced persons with some background in the sport of amateur boxing. That meeting took place on 13 May 1990 with twenty three persons in attendance and was listed as the "Greater Victoria Amateur Boxing Association Founding Meeting", and took place at the Princess Mary restaurant. This would become an important meeting to begin the real work in preparation of volunteers; having a representative attend the 1990 Seattle Goodwill Games to observe; and plan and prepare for a test event in 1993. Preliminary coverage of the 13 May meeting included a piece a couple of days earlier titled Approaching Games to lift amateur boxing's profile. The reporter Jeff Rud interviewed Games official John Stothart and boxing committee members Mike Sartori and Brian Zelley.
The 1993 test event was held in August and would include some top Canadian boxers such as Dale Brown of Calgary. Brown was highlighted in the local paper with the headlines Brown building impressive ring career; at the end of the tournament the local newspaper reported "Tournament was a perfect dry run" by Jeff Rud, 29 August 1993.
Interim boxing chairmanEdit
During 1991 Hassan Sunderani resigned as the chairman and committee member Brian Zelley stepped-in for a one-year period as the acting chairman of the committee. During this period, the primary role was to attend Sports Committee meetings while the local boxing community started to organise for potential boxing club activity. In 1992, Sunderani resumed his position and steps were taken to prepare for the pre-Commonwealth Games event in 1993. Also, some new members were appointed to the boxing committee such as Tom Black.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 June 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Victoria wins 1994 Games". New Straits Times. 16 September 1988. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- No silver medal awarded as not enough pairs took part - The Complete Book of the Commonwealth Games (Graham Groom -2017)
- No bronze medal awarded as not enough pairs took part - The Complete Book of the Commonwealth Games (Graham Groom -2017)
- "Times-Colonist. Jeff Rud, 11 May 1990.
- "Times-Colonist", 27 August 1993.
- "Times-Colonist, 29 August 1993.
- Victoria Commonwealth Games Society, Sports Committee Meetings during 1991.
- Times-Colonist, 17 May 1993
- 21 April 1990, Minutes of a Meeting of Victoria Boxing Enthusiasts
- 13 May 1990, Minutes of Greater Victoria Amateur Boxing Association Founding Meeting