Abheri (pronounced ābhēri) is a raga in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a Janya raga (derived scale), whose Melakarta raga (parent, also known as janaka) is Kharaharapriya, 22nd in the 72 Melakarta raga system.
|Arohanam||S G₂ M₁ P N₂ Ṡ|
|Avarohanam||Ṡ N₂ D₂ P M₁ G₂ R₂ S|
Structure and LakshanaEdit
The swaras in this scale are Chathusruthi Rishabham, Sadharana Gandharam, Suddha Madhyamam, Chathusruthi Dhaivatham and Kaisiki Nishadham.
There are some differing views on swaras in the scale of Abheri. It is considered a Bhashanga raga (scale has an anya swara, that is, a note which is not in the parent melakarta raga, in this case Kharaharapriya raga), with introduction of Suddha Dhiavatham (D1) in some phrases of the raga. A different view is that this raga is a janya of Natabhairavi (which has D1, suddha dhaivatham, in place of D2), with D2 being the anya swara (external note).
A very popular composition in Abheri raga is Nagumomu Ganaleni, a kriti by Thyagaraja, one of the three eminent composers in Carnatic music. Another well known composition is Bhajare Re Manasa, a kriti composed by Mysore Vasudevachar Gokula-nilaya krupalaya is also composed by Mysore Vasudevacharya in the same raga. Ancient Tamil Sangam period poetry, Veral Veli by Kapilar was set to Abheri raga in Sandham: Symphony Meets Classical Tamil by Composer Rajan. Muthuswami Dikshitar has composed Vinabheri in this raga. However, the scale used by Mudduswamy Deekshitar is different from the scale used in Abheri today.
There are many thukadas (or short songs, that are sung towards end of a Carnatic concert) composed in this raga of which Vellai Thamarai penned by Subramanya Bharathi is noteworthy. This raga has been extensively used in movie songs/ movie music. The most popular movie song in this raga is Aakaasa veedhilo from the old Telugu classic movie Malliswari (1951) sung by Ghantasala and Bhanumati.
|Song||Language||Album||Composer||Lyricist||Singer||Audio Label / Licence to|
|Veral Veli||Tamil||Sandham||Rajan Somasundaram||Kapilar (Kuruntokai 18)||Bombay Jayashri||Rajan Somasundaram|
|Suvakshoja Kumbham||Sanskrit||Sharada Bhujangam||Mahesh Mahadev||Adi Shankaracharya||Priyadarshini||PM Audios|
|Palisennanu Sri Mahalakshmi||Kannada||Palisennanu Sri Mahalakshmi||Mahesh Mahadev||Purandara Dasa||Priyadarshini||PM Audios|
Popular Classical Albums on this RaagamEdit
An excellent rendition of this Raaga can be found in one of L. Shankar Albums Raga Aberi. He received a Grammy Nomination for this composition.
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.
Abheri's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields 3 other janya rāgams, namely, Mohanakalyani, Kedaragaula and Arabhi (if we consider the Kharaharapriya-based scale). Graha bhedam is the step taken in keeping the relative note frequencies same, while shifting the Shadjam to the next note in the rāgam. In case of Janya ragams, only notes that occur in both ascending and descending scale are taken for this change. For further details and an illustration of Graha bhedam refer Graha bhedam on Sankarabharanam. Abheri has close resemblance to Karnatakadevagandhari and Bhimpalasi. Whether they are essentially same is a matter of debate among the musicologists.
- Alternate notations:
- Hindustani: S G̱ M P Ṉ Ṡ
- Western: C E♭ F G B♭ C
- Alternate notations:
- Hindustani: Ṡ Ṉ D P M G̱ R S
- Western: C B♭ A G F E♭ D C
- Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
- Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras