2016 World Series
The 2016 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 2016 season. The 112th edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff between the National League (NL) champion Chicago Cubs and the American League (AL) champion Cleveland Indians, the first meeting of those franchises in postseason history. The series was played between October 25 and November 3. The Indians had home-field advantage because the AL had won the 2016 All-Star Game. It was also the last World Series to have home-field advantage determined by the All-Star Game results; since 2017, home-field advantage has been awarded to the team with the better record.
The Cubs defeated the Indians when they won 4 games to 3 to win their first World Series since 1908. Game 7, an 8–7 victory in extra innings, marked the fifth time that a Game 7 had gone past nine innings and the first since 1997 (which, coincidentally, also featured the Indians). It was also the first to have a rain delay which occurred as the tenth inning was about to start. The Cubs became the sixth team to come back from a 3-1 deficit to win a best-of-seven World Series, following the 1925 Pittsburgh Pirates, the 1958 New York Yankees, the 1968 Detroit Tigers, the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates, and the 1985 Kansas City Royals.
The Cubs, playing in their eleventh World Series and their first since 1945, won their third championship and first since 1908, ending the longest world championship drought in North American professional sports history. It was the Indians' sixth appearance in the World Series and their first since 1997, with their last Series win having come in 1948. The two teams entered their matchup as the two franchises with the longest World Series title droughts, a combined 176 years without a championship. Cleveland manager Terry Francona, who had previously won World Series titles with the Boston Red Sox in 2004 and 2007, fell short in his bid to become the third manager, and the first non-Yankees manager, to win his first three trips to the Fall Classic, after Casey Stengel and Joe Torre.
The Cubs made their eleventh appearance in the World Series; their only previous two championships were in 1907 and 1908, both against the Detroit Tigers. They lost their eight other appearances, in 1906 against the Chicago White Sox, in 1910 against the Philadelphia Athletics, in 1918 against the Boston Red Sox, in 1929 against the Athletics, in 1932 against the New York Yankees, in 1935 against the Tigers, in 1938 against the Yankees, and in 1945 against the Tigers.
The Cubs qualified for the postseason by winning the National League Central, ending the regular season with the best record in the major leagues (103–58) for the first time since 1945; they also posted their highest winning percentage since 1935, and won their most games since 1910. The division title was their sixth since division play began in 1969, and their first since 2008. The Cubs entered the postseason as the overall #1 seed, and they defeated the 5th-seeded San Francisco Giants in four games of the NL Division Series before clinching their first NL pennant since 1945 with a sixth-game victory over the 3rd-seeded Los Angeles Dodgers in the NL Championship Series.
For Cubs manager Joe Maddon, it was his second appearance in the World Series as manager – in 2008, he managed the Tampa Bay Rays when they beat the Boston Red Sox in seven games to win the AL pennant, then were defeated in five games by the Philadelphia Phillies in the World Series. It was also Maddon's third World Series appearance overall – in 2002, he was bench coach with the Anaheim Angels when they won the World Series in seven games.
The Indians made their sixth appearance in the World Series. They won their first two championships in 1920 against the Brooklyn Robins and in 1948 against the Boston Braves. They lost their three most recent appearances in the Fall Classic, losing to the New York Giants in 1954, the Atlanta Braves in 1995, and the Florida Marlins in 1997.
The Indians qualified for the postseason by winning the American League Central, their eighth division title and their first since 2007. The Indians were the #2 seed in the American League, and they defeated the 3rd-seeded Boston Red Sox in three games of the AL Division Series before clinching the pennant with a five-game victory over the 4th-seeded Toronto Blue Jays in the AL Championship Series.
For Indians manager Terry Francona, it was his third appearance in the World Series, which he entered carrying an unbeaten 8–0 record from past games in the Fall Classic. Francona has won two World Series championships, in 2004 and 2007, both with the Red Sox.
Chicago won the series, 4–3.
|1||October 25||Chicago Cubs – 0, Cleveland Indians – 6||Progressive Field||3:37||38,091|
|2||October 26||Chicago Cubs – 5, Cleveland Indians – 1||Progressive Field||4:04||38,172|
|3||October 28||Cleveland Indians – 1, Chicago Cubs – 0||Wrigley Field||3:33||41,703|
|4||October 29||Cleveland Indians – 7, Chicago Cubs – 2||Wrigley Field||3:16||41,706|
|5||October 30||Cleveland Indians – 2, Chicago Cubs – 3||Wrigley Field||3:27||41,711|
|6||November 1||Chicago Cubs – 9, Cleveland Indians – 3||Progressive Field||3:29||38,116|
|7||November 2||Chicago Cubs – 8, Cleveland Indians – 7 (10)||Progressive Field||4:28 (0:17 delay)||38,104|
|WP: Corey Kluber (1–0) LP: Jon Lester (0–1)|
CLE: Roberto Pérez 2 (2)
Former Indians and Cubs player Kenny Lofton threw the ceremonial first pitch before Game 1. Corey Kluber started for the Indians, and Jon Lester started for the Cubs. Kyle Schwarber, who had missed nearly all of the 2016 season after tearing ligaments in his leg in the season's fourth game, was added to the Cubs' World Series roster and started as their designated hitter. Schwarber struck out twice, but also doubled and drew a walk. The double made Schwarber the first non-pitcher to get his first hit of the season in the World Series.
Kluber made World Series history by striking out eight hitters in the first three innings. Roberto Pérez became the first ever ninth-place hitter with two homers in a World Series game, the first Indians player to hit two homers in a Series game, and the first Puerto Rican-born player to hit two homers in a World Series game. In the first, the Indians loaded the bases off Lester on a single and two walks before José Ramirez's single drove in a run, then Lester hit Brandon Guyer with a pitch to force in another. Perez's home run in the fourth made it 3−0 Indians. In the eighth, Justin Grimm walked Guyer with two outs and allowed a single to Lonnie Chisenhall, then Hector Rondon allowed Perez's second home run of the night. Andrew Miller and Cody Allen finished the victory for the Indians despite Miller having to pitch out of a bases-loaded jam in the seventh, and the Indians took Game 1 of the series 6–0. Francona's World Series winning streak reached nine with this victory.
|WP: Jake Arrieta (1–0) LP: Trevor Bauer (0–1)|
Former Indians player Carlos Baerga threw the ceremonial first pitch before Game 2. The start time for the game was moved up an hour, because of the possibility of heavy rain in the forecast. Looking to tie the series at one game apiece, the Cubs sent Jake Arrieta to the mound against the Indians' Trevor Bauer. The Cubs also featured six players under age 25 in the starting lineup, a postseason record. The Cubs started things off early as Kris Bryant singled in the first inning and Anthony Rizzo doubled to score Bryant and give the Cubs an early 1–0 lead. Arrieta started well too, retiring the first two batters before walking back-to-back batters in the bottom of the first. However, Arrieta got a flyout to end the inning. The Cubs struck again in the third following a two-out walk by Rizzo and a single by Ben Zobrist. A single by Kyle Schwarber scored Rizzo from second and pushed the Cubs' lead to 2–0. Bauer was forced from the game in the fourth, and the Cubs struck again in the fifth. Rizzo walked again off Zach McAllister, and Zobrist tripled to plate Rizzo. Another run-scoring single by Schwarber off Bryan Shaw and a bases-loaded walk by Addison Russell pushed the lead to 5–0.
Arrieta continued to pitch well, walking three batters but holding the Indians without a hit into the sixth inning. In the sixth, a double by Jason Kipnis ended the no-hitter, moved to third on a groundout and scored the lone Indians run of the game on a wild pitch by Arrieta. Arrieta allowed another single and was lifted for reliever Mike Montgomery. Both teams threatened in the seventh but could not score and, following a single by Mike Napoli in the bottom of the eighth, Aroldis Chapman entered to finish the game for the Cubs. The win marked the Cubs' first World Series game victory since 1945 and tied up the series at one game all. The game marked Indians manager Terry Francona's first loss in ten World Series games.
|WP: Andrew Miller (1–0) LP: Carl Edwards Jr. (0–1) Sv: Cody Allen (1)|
For Game 3, former Cubs player Billy Williams threw the ceremonial first pitch before the start of the game, and Bill Murray sang "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" during the seventh-inning stretch, to mark the Cubs' first World Series night game at home. Chicago pitcher Kyle Hendricks started against Cleveland pitcher Josh Tomlin.
The game's only run came off a Coco Crisp single that scored Michael Martínez from third in the seventh inning. Josh Tomlin, Andrew Miller, Bryan Shaw, and Cody Allen combined to shut out the Cubs. Allen earned his sixth postseason save as Javier Báez struck out swinging to end the game, leaving the tying and winning runs in scoring position. It was the fourth time in which the Cubs had lost in a shutout during the 2016 postseason.
|WP: Corey Kluber (2–0) LP: John Lackey (0–1)|
CLE: Carlos Santana (1), Jason Kipnis (1)
CHC: Dexter Fowler (1)
For Game 4, former Cubs pitchers Greg Maddux and Ferguson Jenkins threw the ceremonial first pitches before the start of the game, and actor Vince Vaughn sang "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" during the seventh-inning stretch.
The Cubs struck first when Dexter Fowler doubled to lead off the first and scored on Anthony Rizzo's one-out single, but Kluber held them to that one run through six innings before Francona turned it over to the bullpen. In the second, Carlos Santana's leadoff home run off Lackey tied the game; then, with two on, Kluber's RBI single put the Indians up 2−1. Kris Bryant committed two errors in that inning. Next inning, Jason Kipnis hit a leadoff double and scored on Francisco Lindor's single. In the sixth, Lonnie Chisenhall's sacrifice fly with two on off Mike Montgomery made it 4–1 Indians. Next inning, Justin Grimm allowed a leadoff double and one-out hit-by-pitch before being relieved by Travis Wood, who gave up a three-run home run to Kipnis put to the Indians ahead 7–1. The Cubs got one run back in the eighth, on a Dexter Fowler home run off Andrew Miller, which was the first run he gave up in the post-season. With the victory, the Indians were just one win away from a World Series championship.
|WP: Jon Lester (1–1) LP: Trevor Bauer (0–2) Sv: Aroldis Chapman (1)|
CLE: José Ramírez (1)
CHC: Kris Bryant (1)
For Game 5, former Cubs star and Hall of Fame member Ryne Sandberg threw the ceremonial first pitch before the start of the game, and Eddie Vedder sang "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" during the seventh-inning stretch. José Ramírez hit a home run for Cleveland in the second inning off Jon Lester, but the Cubs, facing elimination, scored three runs in the fourth inning off Trevor Bauer. Kris Bryant led off the inning with a home run. After Bryant's home run, Anthony Rizzo doubled and Ben Zobrist singled. Addison Russell's RBI single put the Cubs up 2−1. After Jason Heyward struck out, Javier Baez's bunt single moved Zobrist to third before David Ross's sacrifice fly made it 3–1 Cubs. The Indians cut their deficit to 3−2 off Lester in the sixth on Francisco Lindor's RBI single that scored Rajai Davis from second base. With the tying run on second base in the seventh inning, Maddon brought in Aroldis Chapman, who threw 2 2⁄3 scoreless innings, earning his first save of the series and fourth overall in the postseason.
|WP: Jake Arrieta (2–0) LP: Josh Tomlin (0–1)|
CHC: Kris Bryant (2), Addison Russell (1), Anthony Rizzo (1)
CLE: Jason Kipnis (2)
The last living member of Cleveland's 1948 World Series championship team, Eddie Robinson, attended Game 6 at Progressive Field. Former Indians pitcher Dennis Martínez threw out the ceremonial first pitch before the game.
The Cubs scored three runs in the first inning, all with two outs, on a Kris Bryant home run and a two-run double by Addison Russell after two singles off Josh Tomlin. In the third inning, the Cubs loaded the bases on a walk and two singles off Tomlin, who was relieved by Dan Otero. Following the pitching change, Russell hit a grand slam to extend the Cubs lead to 7–0. Russell's grand slam was the first in a World Series game since Paul Konerko of the crosstown Chicago White Sox in 2005, as well as the first by a visiting player since Lonnie Smith in 1992. In the bottom of the fourth, Mike Napoli drove in Jason Kipnis, who doubled to lead off, with an RBI single to cut the deficit to 7–1. In the bottom of the fifth, Kipnis drove a ball over the left field wall for a home run to make it a 7–2 game. In the top of the ninth with a runner on and two outs, Anthony Rizzo hit a two-run home run to right to make it 9–2. In the bottom of the inning, Aroldis Chapman allowed a leadoff walk to Brandon Guyer and was relieved by Pedro Strop, who threw a wild pitch to move Guyer to second and Roberto Perez's RBI single made it 9−3 Cubs with Perez thrown out at second for the second out. After Carlos Santana walked, Travis Wood relieved Strop and got Jason Kipnis to pop out to short to end the game and force a Game 7.
|WP: Aroldis Chapman (1–0) LP: Bryan Shaw (0–1) Sv: Mike Montgomery (1)|
CHC: Dexter Fowler (2), Javier Báez (1), David Ross (1)
CLE: Rajai Davis (1)
Game 7 of the series would go down as a classic, with some calling it the greatest Game 7 in World Series history, comparing it to 1960, 1991 and 2001 for its drama and tension. Former Indians player Jim Thome threw the ceremonial first pitch before the game. The pitching matchup was between MLB earned run average (ERA) champion Kyle Hendricks, who had started Game 3 for the Cubs, and Corey Kluber, who had won games 1 and 4 and was pitching on three days' rest. Kluber came into the game 4–1 in the postseason with a 0.89 ERA.
Dexter Fowler led off the game with a home run for Chicago off Kluber, becoming the first player ever to hit a lead-off home run in a World Series Game 7. The Indians tied the game in the bottom of the third inning with an RBI single by Carlos Santana, but the Cubs scored two runs in the fourth inning with a sacrifice fly by Addison Russell (Kris Bryant running aggressively to tag up from third on the short fly ball and slide under the tag at home) and a double by Willson Contreras. To start the fifth inning, Javier Báez hit a home run to center making it 4-1 on the first pitch he saw to knock Kluber out of the game. ALCS MVP Andrew Miller came on in relief and gave up a walk to Bryant and RBI single to Anthony Rizzo to push the lead to 5–1 (Bryant's aggressiveness again instrumental as he was attempting to steal second on the hit, allowing him to score all the way from first). In the bottom of the fifth inning, Hendricks retired the first two batters. A two-out walk to Santana persuaded Joe Maddon to relieve his starter. This move, along with others throughout the series, would be highly criticized afterward, as it appeared to some that Hendricks was pulled out too soon. (Maddon also drew criticism for having Javier Báez attempt a squeeze bunt with two strikes and Jason Heyward on third base in the 9th inning—Báez bunted the pitch foul for Strike 3.)
Jon Lester, who had started Games 1 and 5, came on in relief for the first time since the 2007 ALCS, coincidentally also against the Indians. David Ross committed a throwing error that allowed Jason Kipnis to reach base and put runners on second and third. A wild pitch that ricocheted off Ross's helmet allowed Santana and Kipnis to score, narrowing the Cubs' lead to 5–3. To atone for his blunders, the 39-year-old Ross hit a home run to center, in his last official at-bat of his career, in the top of the sixth to make it a 6–3 game, becoming the oldest player to hit a home run in a World Series Game 7.
Lester retired the first two batters in the eighth inning, but was pulled after a José Ramírez single. Maddon opted to use Aroldis Chapman, who had thrown 42 pitches in Game 5 and was used in Game 6 despite the fact that the Cubs had already built a large lead. Brandon Guyer promptly hit a run-scoring double off Chapman, making the score 6–4. The next batter was Indians center fielder Rajai Davis, who had hit 55 career home runs in 11 seasons entering this game, and who was hitting .132 in the postseason up to that point. Davis hit a dramatic 2-run home run off Chapman, just barely clearing the left field wall and the left field foul pole, scoring Guyer and tying the game, making the score 6-6. Davis's home run was the latest-occurring game-tying home run in World Series Game 7 history.
The Cubs squandered a scoring chance in the top of the 9th. Jason Heyward was on first and stole second, advancing to third on a throw to second by Yan Gomes that got away from Kipnis. Javier Baez attempted a bunt with two strikes, fouling it off. Dexter Fowler would eventually ground out to end the top of the ninth. Aroldis Chapman returned to the mound for the bottom of the ninth and promptly retired the Indians in order, facing Carlos Santana, Jason Kipnis, and Francisco Lindor, the Indians 1, 2, and 3 hitters.
With the game tied 6-6 after nine innings, a sudden cloudburst resulted in a 17-minute rain delay. During the delay, Cubs right fielder Jason Heyward called his teammates into a weight room behind Chicago's dugout and told them, "We're the best team in baseball. . . for a reason. . . Stick together and we're going to win this game."
When play resumed in the top of the tenth, Kyle Schwarber led off with a single off Bryan Shaw to right and was replaced by pinch runner Albert Almora. Kris Bryant then hit a deep fly ball to center, and Almora tagged up to second base, in what was called the "savviest baserunning play of the season." After an intentional walk to Anthony Rizzo, Ben Zobrist stepped up to the plate. Zobrist delivered a clutch RBI double into the left field corner, scoring Almora, and breaking the tie, making the score 7-6. Zobrist later said, "I was just battling, grinding up there. Fortunately, that last one he left over the plate and up to where I could just slap it down the line, and that was all I was trying to do."
Carl Edwards Jr. was called on to finish off the Indians in the bottom of the tenth, but after retiring the first two hitters, he walked Brandon Guyer, who took second base on defensive indifference. Rajai Davis, following up on his eighth-inning heroics, lined a single to center, making it a one-run game, and the score 8-7. Maddon called on Mike Montgomery, who had zero career saves. Montgomery retired Michael Martinez with an infield grounder fielded by Bryant, who threw to Rizzo. This ended the game and the World Series, with the Cubs winning the series and ending their 108-year World Series championship drought. Zobrist was awarded the World Series MVP award after hitting .357 in the series and delivering the go-ahead hit.
After Game 7Edit
Rizzo called the rain delay "the most important thing to happen to the Chicago Cubs in the past 100 years. I don't think there's any way we win the game without it." Cubs president Theo Epstein said that when he heard about the meeting called by Heyward, "Right then I thought, 'We're winning this game.'"
The Cubs became the first team to come back from a 3–1 deficit to win the Series since the 1985 Kansas City Royals. They were also the first since the 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates to do so while winning Games 6 and 7 on the road, and the second team since the 1979 Pirates to win Game 7 as the visiting team, with the 2014 San Francisco Giants also having achieved that feat in Kansas City; almost one year later, the 2017 Houston Astros did the same thing in Los Angeles. With the Game 7 victory, Joe Maddon is 3-0 in postseason series against Terry Francona, having also won the 2008 ALCS and the 2013 Wild Card Game against him. Game 7 was the 60th extra inning game in World Series history as well as the first extra inning Game 7 won by the road team. In the previous four times in 1912, 1924, 1991 and 1997, the home team won all four extra inning Game 7s.
Composite line scoreEdit
CHC: Kris Bryant (2), Dexter Fowler (2), Javier Baez (1), Anthony Rizzo (1), David Ross (1), Addison Russell (1)
CLE: Jason Kipnis (2), Roberto Pérez (2), Rajai Davis (1), José Ramirez (1), Carlos Santana (1)
Total attendance: 277,603 Average attendance: 39,658
Winning player's share: $368,871.59 Losing player's share: $261,804.65
Fox televised the series in the United States, under contract with Major League Baseball giving it exclusive rights to the World Series through 2021. Joe Buck was the network's play-by-play announcer, with John Smoltz as color commentator and Ken Rosenthal and Tom Verducci as field reporters. Fox Deportes also aired the Series and provided a Spanish-language simulcast over-the-air via Fox's SAP audio, with Carlos Álvarez and Duaner Sánchez announcing.
Sportsnet in English and RDS in French televised the series in Canada. Sportsnet used the MLB International feed produced by the MLB Network; Matt Vasgersian was MLB International's play-by-play announcer with the Toronto Blue Jays' play-by-play announcer Buck Martinez as their color analyst and MLB Network correspondent Lauren Shehadi and analyst Mark DeRosa as field reporters. Alain Usereau and former Montreal Expos player Marc Griffin handled the French-language telecast for RDS. BT Sport televised the series live in the United Kingdom and Ireland. WAPA-TV transmitted the series to Puerto Rico, with Rafael Bracero at the helm of the station's sports commentary of the series.
Initial reports often utilize "fast national" ratings, which are subject to revision. Game 7 had over 40 million viewers, the largest audience for a baseball game since Game 7 of the 1991 World Series, while the series as a whole was the first to average double-digit ratings nationally since 2009.
ESPN Radio's national network covered the World Series through affiliated stations, with Dan Shulman providing the play-by-play and Aaron Boone serving as color analyst. Tampa Bay Rays pitcher Chris Archer appeared as a guest analyst for select innings of Games 1 and 2.
Locally, the teams' flagship stations broadcast the series with their regular announcers. In Cleveland, WTAM (1100) and WMMS (100.7) carried the Indians' play-by-play with Tom Hamilton and Jim Rosenhaus, while in Chicago, WSCR (670) carried the Cubs' play-by-play with Pat Hughes, Ron Coomer, and Len Kasper. The affiliate stations of the teams' regional radio networks were contractually obligated to carry the national ESPN Radio feed; even so, since both WSCR and WTAM are clear-channel stations, most of the eastern and midwestern United States was able to hear the local broadcasts.
Following the team's win in Game 7, Cubs fans congregated outside of Wrigley Field and the surrounding Wrigleyville neighborhood to celebrate the championship. On November 4, the team's victory parade began at Wrigley Field and headed down Lake Shore Drive and Michigan Avenue at downtown for a noon rally at Grant Park. Country singer Brett Eldredge sang a cover of "Go, Cubs, Go" during the rally. The city of Chicago estimated that over five million people attended the World Series parade and rally celebration, which would make it one of the largest human gatherings in history. After the season, the Cubs chose to make two traditional White House visits during then-President (and White Sox fan), Barack Obama's final week in office on January 16, 2017, and during President Donald Trump's tenure on June 28, 2017.
- "2016 World Series Umpires Features Retiring Hirschbeck". Close Call Sports. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Blum, Ronald. "MVP Hosmer, Perez lift AL to All-Star win, Series home field". San Diego. Associated Press. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- Newman, Mark (August 24, 2016). "To the races: MLB postseason schedule Announced". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
- Normandin, Marc. "2016 MLB playoff schedule released". SBNation.com. Retrieved August 23, 2016.
- Rosenthal, Phil (October 24, 2016). "How Chicago, the world — and the Cubs — have changed since 1945". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "Chicago Cubs clinch NL Central Division title". Sports Illustrated. September 15, 2016. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- Ortiz, Jorge (October 23, 2016). "World Series, first glance: Cubs and Indians battle each other – and history". USA Today. Chicago. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- Sherlock, Ruth (October 23, 2016). "Chicago Cubs finally shake off 'curse of the Billy Goat' after 71 years with historic baseball win". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- Graham, Bryan (October 23, 2016). "Cubs blank Dodgers to advance to first World Series in 75 years". The Guardian. Chicago. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- Meisel, Zack (October 23, 2016). "Cleveland Indians owner Paul Dolan will fly all team employees to a World Series road game". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland: Advance Publications. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- Trister, Noah (September 27, 2016). "Indians clinch AL Central crown with 7–4 win over Tigers". Detroit. Associated Press. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "Terry Francona". Retrosheet. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- "Chicago Cubs Host First World Series Games in 71 Years". Voice of America. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- "Boxscore: Chicago vs. Cleveland, Game 1". Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "Boxscore: Chicago vs. Cleveland, Game 2". Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- "Boxscore: Cleveland vs. Chicago, Game 3". Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- "Boxscore: Cleveland vs. Chicago, Game 4". Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- "Boxscore: Cleveland vs. Chicago, Game 5". Major League Baseball. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- "Boxscore: Chicago vs. Cleveland, Game 6". Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- "Boxscore: Chicago vs. Cleveland, Game 7". Major League Baseball. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Meisel, Zack (October 25, 2016). "'95 reunion: Kenny Lofton, Carlos Baerga to throw out ceremonial first pitches before World Series games in Cleveland". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland: Advance Publications. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Assenheimer, Chris (October 24, 2016). "World Series notes: Cy Young candidates Corey Kluber and Jon Lester set to square off in Game 1". The Chronicle-Telegram. Cleveland: Elyria-Lorain Broadcasting Co. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- D'Onofrio, Jessica; Elgas, Rob; Horng, Eric; Jordan, Karen; Nagy, Liz (October 25, 2016). "Cleveland Indians defeat Chicago Cubs 6–0 in World Series Game 1". ABC 7 Chicago. Cleveland: ABC, Inc. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- McGraw, Daniel (October 25, 2016). "Indians win World Series Game 1 against Cubs as Kluber sets strikeout record". The Guardian. Cleveland. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Reiter, Ben (October 26, 2016). "Kyle Schwarber's successful return a silver lining for Cubs in Game 1 loss". Sports Illustrated. Cleveland. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Snyder, Matt (October 26, 2016). "Cubs-Indians 2016 World Series: Kyle Schwarber's return, at least, was a success". Cleveland: CBSSports.com. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Marchand, Andrew (October 26, 2016). "Corey Kluber sets World Series record with 8 K's in first 3 innings". Cleveland: ESPN. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Berg, Ted (October 26, 2016). "Indians catcher Roberto Perez has as many homers this October as he had all season". USA Today. Cleveland. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Nightengale, Bob (October 26, 2016). "Magic formula: Corey Kluber, Andrew Miller dominant in Game 1 World Series win over Cubs". USA Today. Cleveland. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- "Dexter Fowler 1st African-American Chicago Cub to start in Game 1 of World Series". WGN-TV. October 24, 2016. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- Breen, Justin (October 24, 2016). "Dexter Fowler Would Be The First Black Cubs Player In The World Series". DNAinfo Chicago. Archived from the original on May 22, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
- Footer, Alyson; McCalvy, Adam. "Game 2 bumped up to 7 ET tonight on FOX". MLB.com. Cleveland: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- Anderson, R.J. (October 26, 2016). "Cubs-Indians World Series Game 2: Final score, things to know as Cubs even series". CBSSports.com. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Doolittle, Bradford (October 27, 2016). "Next stop: Chicago! Cubs trounce Tribe, even World Series". Cleveland: ESPN. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Graves, Will (October 27, 2016). "Rizzo, Zobrist lead Cubs' offensive outburst in Game 2". Cleveland. Associated Press. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Nightengale, Bob (October 27, 2016). "Kyle Schwarber defying odds, leads Cubs offense in Game 2 of World Series". USA Today. Cleveland. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Wagner, James (October 27, 2016). "Cubs Pull Even in World Series as Indians' Play Proves Sloppier Than the Weather". The New York Times. Cleveland. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Reiter, Bill (October 27, 2016). "World Series Game 2: Cubs' Arrieta finds greatness when his team needs it most". Cleveland: CBSSports.com. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- Martin, Jill (October 27, 2016). "Cubs level World Series with first Fall Classic win since 1945". CNN. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
- De Luca, Chris (October 28, 2016). "Billy Williams, Bill Murray part of historic World Series Game 3". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- Mather, Victor; Waldstein, David (October 28, 2016). "World Series: Here's What Happened in Game 3". The New York Times. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- Bastian, Jordan; Muskat, Carrie (October 29, 2016). "Blank you very much! Tribe 1–0 W epic". MLB.com. Chicago: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- Anderson, R.J. (October 29, 2016). "Indians-Cubs World Series 2016: Maddux, Jenkins to throw out Game 4 first pitch". CBSSports.com. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- Bannon, Tim (October 29, 2016). "Vince Vaughn will sing 7th-inning stretch at World Series Game 4". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- Waldstein, David (October 29, 2016). "Indians Defeat Sloppy Cubs to Take a 3–1 World Series Lead". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- Bastian, Jordan; Muskat, Carrie (October 29, 2016). "3 Won! Tribe blowout has Cubs on brink". MLB.com. Chicago: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- Axisa, Mike (October 30, 2016). "Indians-Cubs World Series 2016: Sandberg to throw out Game 5 first pitch". CBSSports.com. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Castrovince, Anthony (October 31, 2016). "Ramirez's 1st postseason HR gets Indians started". MLB.com. Chicago: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Muskat, Carrie (October 31, 2016). "Bryant's blast sparks Cubs' winning rally". MLB.com. Chicago: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Bastian, Jordan; Muskat, Carrie (October 31, 2016). "Chappy Halloween! Cubs' trick? 6 for heat". MLB.com. Chicago: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Muskat, Carrie (November 1, 2016). "Slam from Russell the Cubs' first in Series history". MLB.com. Cleveland: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Doolittle, Bradford (November 2, 2016). "Addison Russell ties World Series record with 6 RBIs in one game". ESPN. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- "The Latest: Francona unsure of left fielder for Game 6". USA Today. Cleveland. Associated Press. October 31, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Stevenson, Stefan (October 31, 2016). "Eddie Robinson, last link to Indians' 1948 glory, going to Game 6". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- Meisel, Zack (November 1, 2016). "A presidential pitch: Former Cleveland Indians hurler Dennis Martinez, El Presidente, to throw out first pitch at Game 6". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland: Advance Publications. Retrieved November 1, 2016.
- McCalvy, Adam (November 1, 2016). "Bryant's HR ignites Cubs' first-inning frenzy". MLB.com. Cleveland: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Carpenter, Les (November 2, 2016). "Cubs crush Indians to set up historic World Series final". The Guardian. Cleveland. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Christopher Kamka [@@ckamka] (November 1, 2016). "Jake Arrieta first National League pitcher with 2 road wins as a starter in single #WorldSeries since Bob Gibson in 1967 #Cubs" (Tweet). Retrieved November 2, 2016 – via Twitter.
- Foster, Jason. "The 10 most memorable Game 7s in World Series history, ranked". Chicago: Sporting News. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Armour, Nancy. "Why Cubs, Indians just gave us greatest World Series Game 7 ever". Chicago: USA Today. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Meisel, Zack. "Jim Thome to throw out ceremonial first pitch prior to Game 7 of the World Series". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland: Advance Publications. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- "Corey Kluber Postseason Statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- McCalvy, Adam (November 2, 2016). "Fowler makes history with leadoff HR". MLB.com. Cleveland: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- DiComo, Anthony. "Baez's homer chases Kluber in Game 7". MLB.com. Cleveland: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Hirsch, Sheldon. "Maddon's Over-Thinking Nearly Cost Cubs". Cleveland: RealClearSports. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Stankevitz, JJ. "Jon Lester ready if needed to pitch out of bullpen in games 6 or 7 of World Series". Chicago: CSN Chicago. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Williams, Cody (November 2, 2016). "World Series 2016: Indians score two on wild pitch, pull closer at 5–3". Fansided. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Smith, Alex (November 2, 2016). "Former SEC star David Ross makes World Series history in final career game". SEC Country. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Spector, Jesse (November 3, 2016). "World Series 2016: Rajai Davis' HR becomes footnote to Cubs' epic victory". Cleveland: SportingNews.com. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- Ariel Cheung; Ed Komenda; David Matthews; Evan F. Moore (November 2, 2016). "Game 7 Of The World Series Is In A Rain Delay In Extra Innings". DNA Info. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Verducci, Tom (November 14, 2016). "WORLD SERIES It Happened". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
- Rosenbloom, Steve. "Do you really appreciate what Albert Almora Jr. did in Game 7?". Cleveland: Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Kepner, Tyler (November 3, 2016). "With a Cure-Breaking Hit, Ben Zobrist lives a dream he never expected". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Graves, Will (November 3, 2016). "Zobrist's big hit gives Cubs newcomer World Series MVP". Cleveland. Associated Press. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- Bastian, Jordan; Muskat, Carrie (November 2, 2016). "Cubs are heavy wait champions!". MLB.com. Cleveland: MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- Sullivan, Paul (November 3, 2016). "Chicago Cubs win World Series championship with 8-7 victory over Cleveland Indians". Chicago Tribune. Cleveland. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- Trezza, Joe (November 2, 2016). "Zobrist's heroics net MVP honors". MLB.com. MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- Berg, Ted (November 3, 2016). "World Series MVP Ben Zobrist: Game 7 was 'an epic battle'". USA Today. Cleveland. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- Stephen, Eric (October 22, 2016). "2016 World Series schedule: Cubs vs. Indians". SBNation.com. Retrieved October 25, 2016.
- "FOX Sports Embarks on 'Hunt for October' with Announcement of MLB Postseason Broadcaster Lineup". Fox Sports. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- "This is how the world watched and listened to the Cubs' win the World Series". For The Win. 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2017-02-24.
- "RDS présente la SÉRIE MONDIALE en exclusivité francophone du 25 octobre au 2 novembre". Bell Media Press Room (in French). October 24, 2016. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- "Cleveland Indians v Chicago Cubs: How to watch the World Series". BT Sport. October 26, 2016. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- "Báez y Lindor cruzan caminos nuevamente". WAPA. Retrieved October 26, 2016.
- "Frequently Asked Questions About Nielsen Ratings". The Futon Critic. September 19, 2010. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Flint, Joe (November 3, 2016). "Chicago Cubs Victory in World Series Game 7 Draws 40 Million Viewers". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- O'Connell, Michael (November 3, 2016). "TV Ratings: World Series Climax Tops 40 Million Viewers, Biggest Game in 25 Years". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- "FOX, FOX Deportes & FOX Sports GO Combine to Deliver Most-Watched World Series Game 1 Since 2004". Fox Sports. October 26, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- "World Series Game 2 Draws 17.8 Million Viewers for FOX Sports". Fox Sports. October 27, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- "Indians vs. Cubs Game 3 Is Most-Watched World Series Game 3 Since 2004". Fox Sports. October 29, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- "FOX, FOX Deportes, FOX Sports GO Combine To Deliver 17 Million Viewers For World Series Game 4". Fox Sports. October 30, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- "Indians vs. Cubs Sunday Night is Most-Watched World Series Game 5 Since 1997". Fox Sports. October 31, 2016. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- "World Series Game 6 is Most-Watched Game 6 Since 1997". Fox Sports. November 2, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- "World Series Game 7 Averages Over 40 Million Viewers". Fox Sports. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
- Skarka, Michael (October 24, 2016). "ESPN Provides Extensive On-SIte Coverage from the 112th World Series" (Press release). ESPN MediaZone.
- Lucia, Joe (October 25, 2016). "Your 2016 World Series announcing schedule". Awful Announcing.
- Kane, Dan (October 26, 2016). "Tom Hamilton not heard on Indians' local radio affiliates during World Series". The Repository.
- "World Series baseball: Chicago Cubs end 108-year wait for win". BBC Sport. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Tsuji, Alysha (3 November 2016). "Wrigleyville goes wild as Chicago Cubs win the World Series". For the Win USAToday. Gannett Satellite Information Network, LLC. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "Watch Chicago Get the World Series Parade It's Waited 108 Years For". Time. November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- "Watch: Brett Eldridge leads Cubs fans in 'Go Cubs Go'". Comcast SportsNet Chicago. NBC Universal. November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 7, 2016.
- Flosi, Nic. "Cubs World Series celebration ranks as 7th largest gathering in human history". fox32chicago.com. Fox32. Retrieved November 6, 2016.
- "President Trump Welcomes the Chicago Cubs to the White House". WhiteHouse.gov. June 29, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2018.