WTAM (1100 AM) – branded Newsradio WTAM 1100 – is a commercial news/talk radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio. Owned by iHeartMedia, Inc., WTAM is a clear-channel station with extended nighttime range. WTAM serves as the Cleveland affiliate for ABC News Radio, The Glenn Beck Program, The Rush Limbaugh Show, and Coast to Coast AM; the AM flagship station for the Cleveland Cavaliers and Cleveland Indians radio networks; and the home of radio personality Mike Trivisonno. The WTAM studios are located in the Cleveland suburb of Independence, while the station transmitter resides in nearby Brecksville. Besides its main analog transmission, WTAM simulcasts over low-power analog Cleveland translator W295DE (106.9 FM), and streams online via iHeartRadio.
|Broadcast area||Greater Cleveland|
|Branding||Newsradio WTAM 1100|
|Translator(s)||W295DE/Cleveland, 106.9 MHz|
|First air date||September 26, 1923|
|Power||50,000 watts (unlimited)|
|Callsign meaning||AM band|
|Former callsigns||WTAM (1923–56)|
|Former frequencies||750 kHz (1923–26)|
770 kHz (1926–27)
1070 kHz (1927–41)
|Affiliations||ABC News Radio|
City Club of Cleveland
Cleveland Cavaliers Radio Network
Cleveland Indians Radio Network
Fox Sports Radio
Total Traffic and Weather Network
|Owner||iHeartMedia, Inc. |
(Citicasters Licenses, Inc.)
|Sister stations||WAKS, WAKS-HD2, WGAR-FM, WHLK, WMJI, WMMS, WMMS-HD2|
The station first carried the WTAM call letters from 1923 to 1956; assigned sequentially by the U.S. Department of Commerce, the letters were later treated as a backronym for "Where The Artisans Meet." The station re-adopted the same call letters in 1996 to reinforce the station's position on the AM band; station management considered the historical tie "a nice bonus, but... more incidental than anything else."
WTAM began broadcast operations on September 26, 1923. It was one of several stations that started between 1922 and 1923 with a call sign assigned sequentially by the Commerce Department with "W" as the first letter and "A" as the third. It was originally owned by S.E. Lawrence and Theodore Willard, in the name of the Willard Storage Battery Company. Initially the station only offered three hours of nightly programming, but soon expanded its on-air lineup. Studios were located in the Willard factory on Taft Avenue at East 131st Street. By June 30, 1924, WTAM was broadcasting with 1,000 watts and sharing the 770 kHz frequency with WJAX.
WJAX had signed on earlier in 1922, owned by the Union Trust Co. In 1924 it was known as the "Wave from Lake Erie." The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company purchased WJAX in 1925 and changed to the callsign to WEAR. Finally, Willard Battery purchased WEAR to have control of shared frequency allocation.
WTAM was the first radio station to broadcast coverage of a political convention when it covered the 1924 Republican National Convention at Cleveland's Public Auditorium from June 10–12, 1924. The station's power increased to 2,500 watts in 1925 and to 3,500 watts in 1926, as the studios moved to the Union Trust Building (now The 925 Building). By June 30, 1927, WTAM and WEAR broadcast on 750 kHz with WTAM broadcasting with 3,500 watts. The January 31, 1928 Radio Service Bulletin of the Commerce Department listed WTAM broadcasting with 3,500 watts at night and 5,000 watts during the day.
After Willard Battery threatened to close the station, WTAM and WEAR were purchased by the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company (now part of FirstEnergy) and the Van Sweringen brothers on May 31, 1928. In a statement announcing the purchase, the new owners declared, "Recognizing the fact that this radio station is a civic asset to the Greater Cleveland district and that the cessation of its operation would be a real loss, the Van Sweringen interests and the Illuminating Co. entered into arrangements to continue it. Every effort will be made to maintain the station on a plane which will make it of maximum value to the community."
When the new Federal Radio Commission instituted General Order 40 after the passage of the Radio Act of 1927, WTAM along with sister station WEAR (at that point absorbed into WTAM entirely) claimed the clear channel frequency allocated to Cleveland, and on November 11, 1928 it began broadcasting at 1070 kHz with WTAM broadcasting at 50,000 watts. In 1929 the station built two broadcast towers in Brecksville, Ohio, each 200 feet high.
The NBC yearsEdit
With its national prominence as a clear channel giant established, WTAM became a valuable radio property. NBC purchased WTAM on October 16, 1930, and the studios were moved to the Auditorium Building. The station became a major link in the NBC Red Network, contributing some programming to the network. Around 1930, Gene Carroll and Glenn Rowell brought their vaudeville humor to WTAM with the Gene and Glenn show. The duo became famous for their characters "Jake & Lena". WTAM originated the program for nationwide broadcast on the NBC Red Network, and it aired six days a week for five years. WTAM also originated the venerable Lum and Abner show on the NBC Red Network five days a week during one year of its run from May 22, 1933 to March 30, 1934, sponsored by the Ford Dealers of America.
NBC began to make substantial investments to station facilities in the 1930s. In 1937 a new tower was built in Brecksville which was 480 feet tall. That tower is still in use today by WTAM and FM stations WAKS, a WTAM sister station, and WZAK. In 1937 or 1938, the station moved to 815 Superior Avenue, and the building was renamed the NBC building. (The building is known today as the Superior Building.) On March 29, 1941, with the implementation of NARBA, WTAM moved its broadcast frequency from 1070 to 1100 kHz, maintaining its clear-channel status.
During the 1940s, the station continued to contribute some programming to the NBC radio network. On March 19, 1946 Bob Hope brought his Tuesday night 10 pm Pepsodent radio show to Cleveland along with Jerry Colonna, Frances Langford and the Skinnay Ennis Orchestra for a broadcast on the NBC radio network. Guests included Ohio Governor Frank Lausche. Recordings of this program are still available from collectors of old radio programs.
WTAM also broadcast the 1948 World Series games of the Cleveland Indians against the Boston Braves, with announcers Jim Britt and Mel Allen. In 1951, WTAM originated an NBC Radio Network broadcast of the Cleveland Orchestra.
NBC also expanded its broadcasting interests in Cleveland beyond AM radio. On October 31, 1948, NBC launched a sister television outlet, WNBK, on channel 4 (now WKYC on channel 3). A few weeks later, on December 6, 1948, sister station WTAM-FM (now WMJI) began broadcasting on 105.7 MHz, simulcasting the AM programming.
The broadcast tower for WTAM AM-FM and WNBK was moved to Parma, Ohio in the early 1950s. The AM radio outlet continued to use the Parma tower until 1974, when transmissions were moved back to the original broadcast tower in Brecksville.
KYW: The Westinghouse yearsEdit
In late 1955, NBC persuaded Westinghouse to trade its Philadelphia stations, KYW radio and WPTZ television (now KYW-TV) in return for NBC's Cleveland properties and $3 million in cash compensation. NBC had long wanted to own a station in Philadelphia, the nation's third-largest market at the time. The swap went into effect on January 22, 1956.
Westinghouse wanted to keep the historic KYW callsign, which had been Chicago's oldest radio facility before being transferred to Philadelphia on December 3, 1934. Therefore, on February 13, 1956, the Cleveland stations became KYW-AM-FM-TV; the Philadelphia stations became WRCV-AM-TV. The WTAM callsign was later picked up by WGLS in Atlanta, Georgia.
In the early 1960s, under program director Ken Draper, KYW, known on-air as "KY11," became a full service - Top 40 powerhouse with disc jockeys Jim Runyon (the "weeeellll" voice of the Chickenman series), Jim Stagg, Jay Lawrence, Jerry G., and the morning duo of Harry Martin and Specs Howard. Its main Top 40 rival in the Cleveland market was "Color Channel 14" WHK, at 1420 AM.
Almost immediately after the trade was finalized, Westinghouse complained to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the Justice Department about NBC's coercion. It was discovered that Westinghouse only agreed to the trade when NBC made implications that it would pull its television programming from WPTZ and Westinghouse's other NBC affiliate, WBZ-TV in Boston. In 1964, after a protracted legal battle, the FCC ordered the swap of stations reversed without NBC realizing any profit on the deal. NBC regained control of the Cleveland stations on June 19, 1965 and changed their call letters to WKYC-AM-FM-TV, which kept the popular "KY" slogan and identity Westinghouse brought into Cleveland.
To this day, the KYW stations insist that they "moved" to Cleveland in 1956 and "returned" to Philadelphia in 1965. However, the two stations' facilities remained the same.
WKYC continued as a Top 40 outlet–the only such-formatted station under NBC ownership-with DJs Harry Martin, Specs Howard, Jay Lawrence and Jerry G holding over from KYW/Westinghouse. When Program Director Ken Draper left for Chicago's WCFL in early 1965 (prior to the ownership change), both Jim Stagg and Jim Runyon wasted no time following him. Bill Winters came in about this time. Jim LaBarbara was wooed away from a 3-day stint at WIXY to do evening prime time. Chuck Dann and KLIF's morning duo Charlie and Harrigan signed on. Jim Gallant was doing overnights.
In late 1966, popular afternoon DJ Jerry G (Jerry Ghan) also decided to follow Draper to WCFL. He was replaced by WIXY's evening man Jack Armstrong, who then decided to call himself Big Jack. LaBarbara was moved to overnight to accommodate Armstrong's installation as the evening jock.
In early 1967, the on air staff consisted of: LaBarbara, overnight; Charlie and Harrigan, morning drive; Bob Cole, late morning; Jay Lawrence, mid afternoons; Chuck Dann, afternoon drive; and Big Jack in the prime time slot.
WKYC "Radio 11" was a large record-selling influence as far away as New York City and Miami. However, its main local competition in those days was WIXY 1260 "Super Radio". Unlike WIXY, WKYC – being an NBC owned-and-operated station in a situation not unlike WRC in Washington – was obligated to carry all NBC Radio programming such as the weekend Monitor, as well as all top-of-the-hour NBC Radio newscasts. The NBC Radio afternoon daily network news feed was also based from WKYC's studios and anchored by Virgil Dominic, who also served as WKYC-TV's lead news anchor.
On February 1, 1968, at 3:05 pm, following an NBC Radio newscast, the station altered its presentation to "Power Radio", a derivative of the Drake-Chenault-created "Boss Radio" Top-40 format, programmed for WKYC by Hal Moore. The new sound emphasized "more music" with less chatter between songs and a tighter playlist. Personalities at that time included Charlie & Harrigan (Jack Woods and Paul Menard), Bob Shannon, Chuck Dunaway, Lee 'Baby' Sims, Fred Winston, and Buddy Harrison.
It remained a Top 40 station until early 1969, when WKYC went, for a short time, to "Heavy 11" which focused on acid rock artists Iron Butterfly, The Jimi Hendrix Experience, Janis Joplin, and the like – an oddity for a powerful AM station. In short while, WKYC eventually went back to a more adult-friendly MOR format. The FM station at 105.7 varied between automated easy-listening formats of the time.
By 1972, NBC left radio in Cleveland again – this time for good – by selling WKYC-AM-FM to Ohio Communications, owned by sports franchiser Nick Mileti and broadcasters Jim and Tom Embrescia.; NBC ended up retaining ownership of WKYC-TV until 1991.
The AM radio station's call letters were changed to WWWE (for Embrescia, though Mileti was 1100's majority owner) and WKYC-FM became WWWM (for Mileti, though Embrescia was 105.7's majority owner), both on November 7, 1972. The FM station later took the "M105" on-air persona, going from beautiful music to album rock, while the AM station adopted the "3WE" brand. Mileti also owned both the Cleveland Indians and Cleveland Cavaliers; the radio broadcasts for both teams were moved from WERE (1300 AM) to WWWE.
Pete Franklin also moved from WERE and took over an evening sports call-in show called Sportsline. The program aired from 7 pm to 12 midnight every weeknight, and followed the Indians and Cavaliers games. Franklin became a legend, bragging that his station’s nighttime signal could be heard "over 38 states and half of Canada" (a claim still stated on-air by hosts on WTAM to this day), and he soon developed a listenership throughout the country. Franklin stayed with the station until 1987, when he left for WFAN in New York.
In addition to Franklin, the daytime lineup included at one time or another, Jim Runyon, Larry Morrow, Phil McLean, Al James, Jim Davis, Jack Reynolds, Tony Matthews, Jeff Elliot, Johnny Andrews, Lanny Wheeler, Lee Andrews, Ted Alexander and Bill King. During the 1970s and 1980s, formats included AC, oldies, country, and MOR. Ownership of "3WE" also changed hands numerous times, having a succession of owners. In 1977, the station was sold to the Pacific & Southern Co. (where it again dropped its NBC network affiliation) and the Gannett Co. (ironically, the current owners of WKYC-TV).
The station had a new generation of listeners who only knew it as "3WE," while the historic WTAM callsign ended up being used by the 102.3 facility in Gulfport, Mississippi. WWWM passed over into separate ownership in 1975, and was paired with WBBG in the late 1970s. "M105" changed to "Majic 105.7" as WMJI with a soft AC format in 1982.
Lake Erie Broadcasting (owned by Art Modell and Al Lerner) purchased the station in 1985. The station became "Radio 11 WWWE" with a news/talk format, adopting a popular news/talk format from the former WJW, which Lake Erie had sold to buy WWWE (and became WRMR in the process). Talent on the "new" WWWE included news director John O'Day, and news staffers Ed Coury, Lisa Meyer, Bruce Kamp, Jim Bellis, and talk hosts Merle Pollis, Joel Rose, John McCullough, among others.
WWWE was sold to the Independent Group Ltd. (owned by Tom Embrescia, Tom Wilson and Larry Pollock) on November 30, 1987, where it once again became "3WE" – the home to popular local "shock jock" Gary Dee in afternoon drive. However, the station continued to go through numerous talent turnover regardless. At one point or another, Fig Newton, ""Dancin" Danny Wright", Beth Fisher, Renee Mills, Bob Henderson, Lee Kirk, Geoff Sindelar and Bruce Drennan would all appear on WWWE during this time.
In 1990, WWWE was purchased by Booth American Co., based out of Detroit. WWWE became affiliated with ABC Radio, and its news department was taken to a 24-hour operation. Studios were moved to the Western Reserve Building on West Ninth Street overlooking the Flats. Ed Coury, former newsman, was brought in from Washington, D.C. to host the morning news program, and later, to be the station's News Director. WWWE added both Paul Harvey (dropped from WGAR-FM) and Rush Limbaugh (dropped from WERE) to its schedule, but ended its radio contract with the Cleveland Indians following the 1991 season. After ending its contract with the Indians, WWWE signed Craig Carton an evening sports-talk host, paired with local sports journalist Mike Snyder. Carton would later gain fame as co-host of the morning show on WFAN in New York, while Snyder would become the station's sports director (a position he holds to this day at WTAM) and studio host for the Cleveland Cavaliers Radio Network.
In April 1994, Booth merged with Broadcast Alchemy to form Secret Communications LP, which owned the station through the remainder of its tenure as WWWE. It was at this time Gary Bruce was hired away from WIOD in Miami as program director, and soon began making sweeping changes to the lineup.
Two new hosts were brought in from WIOD; first Chuck Meyer for morning drive, followed by "shock-jock" Jaz McKay from 9 am to noon. The former WMMS morning team of "Jeff 'n Flash" (Jeff Kinzbach and Ed "Flash" Ferenc) were reunited in afternoon-drive with "Rock 'n Roll Talk Radio," and former "Sportsline" caller Mike Trivisonno – dubbed "Mr. Know It All" derisively by Pete Franklin – took over as host of "Sportsline" in the 6 pm–11 p.m. slot.
Eventually, Rich Michaels joined WWWE in May 1995 in the midday position, and Jaz McKay moved to the 11 pm to 2 am slot. Unfortunately, WWWE itself would make news on January 23, 1996, when its traffic plane hit a cellular phone tower and crashed in Highland Hills. Traffic reporter James Endsley (who was known on-air as Fred Wesley) and pilot James McVeigh were killed.
In 1996, ownership decided to replace the WWWE call letters. The station was temporarily branded as "Newsradio AM 1100" during this time, and in searching for a new "AM"-related callsign, it found that the original WTAM call was available. On July 26, 1996, the station once again became WTAM, forty years after having dropped the call letters. The WWWE call sign was later assigned to a 5000 watt daytime station in Atlanta (which coincidentally also broadcasts on 1100 kHz).
On April 25, 1997, Jacor Communications announced the purchase of WTAM along with WLTF from Secret Communications LP. Then on August 19, Jacor also announced the purchase of WKNR from Cablevision Systems Corp. WKNR had the rights to Cleveland Indians baseball, which Jacor moved to WTAM beginning with the 1998 season. Jacor then was forced to swap WKNR with Capstar Broadcasting’s WTAE in Pittsburgh that August as part of the Justice Department settlement when Jacor purchased Nationwide Communications. WTAE was then quickly spun off to ABC Radio. In May 1999, iHeartMedia (then known as Clear Channel Communications) completed its $6.5 billion purchase of Jacor and its 454 stations, including WTAM (reuniting the station with its former 105.7 FM counterpart, now named WMJI).
As the Indians flagship station, and picking up some popular nationally syndicated talk shows, such as Dr. Laura Schlessinger (who replaced Rich Michaels) and Coast to Coast AM, WTAM began to build – and sustain – an audience. Unlikely success was found with Mike Trivisonno in 1996 after he was moved into the afternoon-drive shift and eventually became a lead-in to the Indians and Cavaliers broadcasts.
In 1998, Bill Wills was brought in from sister station WLW in Cincinnati and was paired with long-time Cleveland radio veterans John Webster and Casey Coleman to host Wills, Webster and Coleman in the Morning – a morning drive news show patterned after Wills' show on WLW. (Webster retired in 2001, and the morning shows' title was shortened to Wills and Coleman).
Glenn Beck replaced Dr. Laura Schlessinger in the 9 a.m. – 12 p.m. daypart, which she aired from 1997 to 2001, following the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Then, Beck was replaced in March 2005 with Jerry Springer's mid-morning show. On March 2006, WTAM replaced Springer with a local program hosted by Bob Frantz, coming over from Clear Channel sister station WSPD in Toledo. Beck's show was then brought back on November 3, 2008, bumping Frantz to evenings (Frantz has since left the station).
Studios for all of Clear Channel's Cleveland stations, including WTAM, were consolidated into a new facility in Independence, Ohio by July 2002. WTAM canceled its fifteen-year affiliation with ABC Radio in August 2005, picking up Fox News Radio in a nationwide deal that involved other Clear Channel talk stations, but continued to run ABC Radio's Paul Harvey until August 12, 2006.
On November 27, 2006, Casey Coleman, who was co-host of the popular Wills and Coleman morning show, and sideline reporter on the station's coverage of the Cleveland Browns, died following a fifteen-month bout with pancreatic cancer at the age of 55. Sports director Mike Snyder was brought into the morning slot to succeed Casey, and the program was renamed Wills and Snyder.
The station was one of 10 stations awarded the 2007 Crystal Radio Award for public service awarded by the National Association of Broadcasters. Winners were honored at the Radio Luncheon on April 17, 2007, during the NAB Show in Las Vegas, Nevada.
On September 22, 2018, WTAM announced that reporter, author, attorney and talk show host Geraldo Rivera would join the station for a daily one-hour show, Geraldo in Cleveland, in addition to a weekly podcast on the parent iHeartRadio app, effective September 24.
As of September 6, 2018, WTAM simulcasts over low-power Cleveland FM translator W295DE (106.9 FM).
|Callsign||Frequency||City of license||Facility ID||ERP||HAAT||Class||Transmitter coordinates|
|W295DE||106.9 MHz||Cleveland||147802||195 watts||0 meters||D|
WTAM personalities Bill Wills and Mike Snyder host the weekday morning show, followed by a local program hosted by Geraldo Rivera. Conservative talk shows The Glenn Beck Program and The Rush Limbaugh Show each air middays, both of which are syndicated via Premiere Networks. WTAM personality Mike Trivisonno hosts the weekday afternoon show, which has been ranked among Talkers Magazine "Heavy Hundred". Local sports talk programming airs evenings when there's no Cavaliers or Indians games. Paranormal/conspiracy theory oriented programs Ground Zero with Clyde Lewis, and Coast to Coast AM with George Noory air late evenings through the overnight hours, both via Premiere. WTAM also airs hourly weather updates via WKYC.
WTAM airs several weekend talk programs, including syndicated shows hosted by Gary Sullivan and Bill Cunningham. In addition, George Knapp and Ian Punnett host weekend editions of Coast to Coast AM, alongside reruns of Art Bell billed as Somewhere in Time. and satisfies public affairs programming on Sunday mornings with the City Club of Cleveland's Friday Forum. WTAM also airs Fox Sports Radio programming on weekends.
Seasonal local weekend programming includes a Sunday morning golf show, a Saturday morning gardening show during spring and summer, and during football season WTAM airs local pregame and postgame shows before and after Cleveland Browns games.
WTAM has served as the AM flagship station for the Cleveland Cavaliers Radio Network since 2014, sharing network flagship status with FM sister station WMMS. WTAM previously served as the sole network flagship from 1973 to 1981; from 1984 to 1988; and from 1990 to 2014. On-site, play-by-play announcer John Michael calls games alongside color analyst Jim Chones, a former Cavaliers center. In studio, WTAM sports director Mike Snyder hosts The Tip-Off Show, The Halftime Report, and The Nightcap Recap – the network pregame, halftime, and postgame shows, respectively. WTAM airs all additional network programming, including: Cavs HQ, a weekly year-round show simulcast on Fox Sports Ohio; and Cavaliers Update, a daily drive time segment. WTAM also airs supplementary local programming, including: Cavs Now, a station pregame show which precedes the network pregame show. Play-by-play itself is limited to the over-the-air AM broadcast (& FM translator simulcast); due to league restrictions, the WTAM webcast on iHeartRadio does not stream play-by-play coverage online.
WTAM has also served as the AM flagship station for the Cleveland Indians Radio Network since 2013, again sharing network flagship status with FM sister station WMMS. WTAM previously served as the sole network flagship from 1973 to 1991; and again from 1998 to 2013. Play-by-play announcers Tom Hamilton and Jim Rosenhaus call games on-site. Rosenhaus hosts Indians Warm-Up, the network pregame show; and Hamilton hosts Indians Wrap-Up, the network postgame show. WTAM airs all additional network programming, including: Tribe Talk, a weekly year-round show; Indians Update, a daily drive time segment; and Hot Stove Weekly, an off-season show. WTAM also airs supplementary local programming, including: Tribe Insider, a station pregame show which precedes the network pregame show; and Extra Innings, a station postgame call-in show which follows the network postgame show. In addition, play-by-play is again limited to the over-the-air AM broadcast (& FM translator simulcast); due to league restrictions, the WTAM webcast on iHeartRadio does not stream play-by-play coverage online.
- Brown, Roger (July 19, 1996). "WWWE to change call letters to WTAM". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 1, 2007. Note that "WZAM" and "WUAM" were also considered; both of those callsigns were rejected because of their similarities to WZAK and WUAB, respectively.
- "A Storage Battery Broadcasting Station", Radio Broadcast, December 1923, page 97.
- WTAM History, Cleveland Broadcast Radio Archives Project. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- White, Thomas H. (January 1, 2006). "Dawn of the Four Letter Calls", from Mystique of the Three-Letter Callsigns. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- Van Tassel, David D.; John J. Grabowski, eds. (1996). The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History (2nd ed.). Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 1060–61. ISBN 0-253-33056-4. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
- U.S. Radio Stations as of June 30, 1924, from U.S. Department of Commerce publication. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- WJAX History, Cleveland Broadcast Radio Archives Project. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- U.S. Radio Stations as of June 30, 1927, from U.S. Department of Commerce publication. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- U.S. Department of Commerce (January 31, 1928). Radio Service Bulletin No. 130 Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, p. 25. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- Cormack, George, ed. (1999). Memories of a Lifetime–Volume 1. Berea, Ohio: Instant Concepts, Inc. p. F51. ISBN 1-882171-19-5.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Durenberger, Mark (2000). Behind the Clear-Channel Matter Retrieved January 1, 2007.
- "Gene Carroll". Cleveland Association of Broadcasters. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- "Gene Carroll Dies; Host of TV's Longest Show". Youngstown Vindicator. March 6, 1972. Retrieved April 16, 2013.
- Fybush, Scott (February 12, 2004). Cleveland's Parma/Brecksville/Seven Hills Tower Farm, Tower Site of the Week. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- "Heritage Radio Catalog, p. 5, No. 215". Archived from the original on June 15, 2006. Retrieved December 27, 2006.
- Jerry Haendiges Vintage Radio Logs (August 10, 2003).
- "The Leading Radio Crazy Site on the Net". radiocrazy.com. Archived from the original on January 6, 2006. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- "The voices of Browns games past". The Plain Dealer. The Plain Dealer Publishing Co. November 10, 2002. p. J6 – Sunday Arts.
- "NBC, WBC trade properties in Cleveland, Philadelphia", Broadcasting, May 23, 1955, pages 65, 66, 68.
- "NBC, Westinghouse complete exchange", Broadcasting, January 30, 1956, page 59.
- "NBC, WBC outlets change calls today", Broadcasting, February 13, 1956, page 98.
- Harry Martin's own account of how he and Howard saved the 1964 Beatles concert from being cancelled
- Harry Martin relates what KYW was like in the mid 1960's
- Adams, Deanna R., ed. (2002), Rock 'N' Roll and the Cleveland Connection, Kent State University Press, p. 624, ISBN 0-87338-691-4, retrieved August 1, 2010
- "NBC-Westinghouse swap approved; FCC stirs Justice Dept. interest", Broadcasting, January 2, 1956, page 58.
- "Justice Dept. hauls NBC into court", Broadcasting - Telecasting, December 10, 1956, pages 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32.
- WebMasters, Mike Olszewski (March 4, 2002). "Cleveland, Ohio Broadcast Radio Archives Project". Cleve-radio.com. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "Philadelphia circle is complete," and "Nine-year history of that trade in Philadelphia", Broadcasting, August 3, 1964, pages 23, 24, 25.
- "The great swap takes place June 19; Westinghouse, NBC return to original properties", Broadcasting, June 14, 1965, page 83.
- Cleveland Classic Media transcript of Bill Barrett (Cleveland Press) column of June 18, 1965 re: call letters switch
- KYW Newsradio Station History Archived January 7, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, which details the evolution of the station from Chicago, to Philadelphia, to Cleveland and back to Philadelphia.
- Billboard March 13, 1965-Vox Jox-Jim Stagg, KYW radio top-rated afternoon DJ, exits station suddenly-page 73
- WCFL Takes First Step Toward Format Change. Billboard. April 15, 1965. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- Smith, Ron, ed. (2007), WCFL Chicago Top 40 Charts 1965–1976, iUniverse, pp. Front Matter Introduction, ISBN 0-595-43180-1, retrieved April 2, 2010
- WebMasters, Mike Olszewski (March 4, 2002). "Cleveland, Ohio Broadcast Radio Archives Project". Cleve-radio.com. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- Chicago Television Alumni Club-Talkin' With Jerry G-2002 interview
- "First NBC radio properties go", Broadcasting, January 17, 1972, page 38.
- Dyer, Bob (June 12, 1985). "Dial's on Radio Changes". Akron Beacon Journal. pp. C7. Retrieved April 29, 2007.
- Dyer, Bob (August 5, 1987). "Modell Reaps Tidy Profit on Radio Stations". Akron Beacon Journal. pp. C8. Retrieved March 19, 2007.
- Rauzi, Robin (August 23, 1994). "Imus Show Out, Meyer Show in at WWWE". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2007.
- Santiago, Roberto (September 13, 1994). "WWWE deejay, He's a Shocker". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved January 4, 2007.
- WWWE History from Cleveland Broadcast Radio Archives. Retrieved on January 1, 2007.
- Call Sign History for WTAM Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, from FCC's AM station database. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
- "Jacor buys four more". Cincinnati Business Courier. April 25, 1997. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
- "Jacor: Acquires Sports Leader WKNR, Cleveland" (Press release). Jacor Communications, Inc. August 19, 1997. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
- "Justice Department Requires Jacor to Sell Eight Radio Stations as Part of Nationwide Communications Inc. Acquisition" (Press release). U.S. Department of Justice. August 10, 1998. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
- "How Clear Channel became the biggest". The Cincinnati Enquirer. March 19, 2000. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
- Washington, Julie E. (October 22, 2008). "Glenn Beck heading back to WTAM". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
- "Longtime Cleveland broadcaster Casey Coleman dies at 55". Associated Press Sports. November 27, 2006. Retrieved November 28, 2006.[dead link]
- "NAB Announces Crystal Radio Awards Winners". National Association of Broadcasters. April 17, 2007. Archived from the original on November 7, 2015. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
- Press release (September 22, 2018). "Geraldo Rivera Joins WTAM". WTAM.com (Press release). iHeartMedia, Inc. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- Press release (September 6, 2018). "Newsradio WTAM 1100 Now Also on FM 106.9". WTAM.com (Press release). iHeartMedia, Inc. Archived from the original on September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
- https://twitter.com/The SpewWTAM
- "TALKERS Heavy Hundred". Talkers.Com. Retrieved May 31, 2014.[permanent dead link]
- WTAM schedule - WTAM.com Archived May 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- FSR Ohio affiliates - Fox Sports Radio.com Archived November 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- Cavs.com (October 8, 2014). "Cavaliers and iHeartMedia Announce AM/FM Simulcast". Cavs.com (Press release). NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Cavs.com (October 5, 2017). "Cavs and Monsters Announce Multi-Year Extensions of Radio Broadcast Agreements". Cavs.com (Press release). NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Archived from the original on October 6, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Newsradio WTAM 1100 [@wtam1100] (May 19, 2017). "As a reminder, we cannot stream @Cavs or @Indians on the Internet or via the @iHeartRadio app..." (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 22, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Newsradio WTAM 1100 [@wtam1100] (October 15, 2014). "The NBA prohibits us from streaming games on iHeartRadio" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 22, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Cleveland Cavaliers [@Cavs] (October 8, 2014). "Nope - you'll want to grab the exclusive NBA Game Time app for that" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 22, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Cleveland Cavaliers [@Cavs] (October 15, 2014). "No, but you can listen free online w/ NBA Audio League Pass or paid w/ the NBA League Pass app" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 22, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Hoynes, Paul (January 29, 2013). "Cleveland Indians, WTAM AM/1100 reach 5-year deal to broadcast games". Cleveland.com. Advance Ohio. Archived from the original on February 26, 2013. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Hoynes, Paul (September 14, 2017). "Cleveland Indians, WTAM, WMMS reach multiyear deal to carry games through (at least) 2023". Cleveland.com. Advance Ohio. Archived from the original on September 15, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- Newsradio WTAM 1100 [@wtam1100] (May 18, 2013). "Indians baseball is on the air at 1100 AM, but @MLB does not allow WTAM to stream games online" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 22, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Newsradio WTAM 1100 [@wtam1100] (September 14, 2017). "Per MLB rules, we are not permitted to stream games on iHeartRadio app" (Tweet). Archived from the original on July 22, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Cleveland Indians [@Indians] (September 7, 2016). "MLB At Bat app only for streaming audio" (Tweet). Archived from the original on May 1, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Cleveland Indians [@Indians] (September 14, 2017). "Streaming? No. At Bat only for streaming" (Tweet). Archived from the original on May 1, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Cleveland Indians [@Indians] (October 9, 2017). "iHeart does not stream Indians games. MLB At Bat" (Tweet). Archived from the original on May 1, 2018 – via Twitter.
- Inside Radio (March 5, 2018). "Play-By-Play Streaming Rights: 'The Goal Posts Are Moving.' ". InsideRadio.com. Inside Radio. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
'The MLB doesn’t allow you to stream your local radio broadcast.' ... The MLB retains streaming rights for their own premium MLB At Bat service.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to WTAM.|
- Official website
- Query the FCC's AM station database for WTAM
- Radio-Locator Information on WTAM
- Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WTAM
- FM translator