2016 Serbian parliamentary election
Parliamentary elections were held in Serbia on 24 April 2016. They were originally due to be held by March 2018, but on 17 January 2016 Prime Minister Aleksandar Vučić called for a snap election claiming Serbia "needs four more years of stability so that it is ready to join the European Union". The elections were held simultaneously with provincial elections in Vojvodina and nationwide local elections.
All 250 seats in the National Assembly
126 seats needed for a majority
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Election results by district
The total turnout was 56%. Vučić's Serbian Progressive Party-led coalition retained its majority, winning 131 of the 250 seats. In contrast to the 2014 elections, a record-breaking seven non-minority lists passed the 5% threshold. Several parties returned to the National Assembly, including the Serbian Radical Party, the Liberal Democratic Party and the Democratic Party of Serbia, while three parties entered for the first time; the liberal Enough is Enough, the conservative Dveri (in coalition with the Democratic Party of Serbia) and the Green Party (as a Slovak ethnic minority list).
Vučić announced formation of the new government by early June. He stated that the Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians were the only certain partners in the cabinet, and remained ambiguous about the future cooperation with the Socialist Party of Serbia, the coalition partners in the previous government. After a two-month delay, Vučić announced the new cabinet on 8 August, consisting of eight old and eight new ministers, retaining the coalition with the Socialist Party. The government was approved by the National Assembly on 10 August.
The 250 members of the National Assembly are elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency with a 5% electoral threshold (with the percentages calculated including the invalid and blank votes cast), although the threshold is disregarded for coalitions representing ethnic minorities. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method.
DS, SDS and the LDP agreed to form a coalition called "Democratic Serbia - DS-LDP-SDS", with Dragoljub Mićunović as the leader. However, on 28 February DS leader Bojan Pajtić said that his party would not join the SDS and the LDP in a pre-election coalition.
The Republic Electoral Commission (RIK) published an official list of competing parties and coalitions.
M — National minority list
|Serbia is Winning (SNS–SDPS–PUPS–NS–SPO–PS–PSS–NSS–SNP)||1,823,147||48.25||131||–39|
|Serbian Radical Party||306,052||8.10||22||+22|
|Enough is Enough||227,626||6.02||16||+16|
|For a Just Serbia (DS–NS–RS–DSHV–ZZS–ZZŠ)||227,589||6.02||16||–5|
|Alliance for a Better Serbia (LDP–LSV–SDS)||189,564||5.02||13||–2|
|Serbia for All of Us (PLS–PZP–NUPS–SDU)||35,710||0.94||0||New|
|Bosniak Democratic Union of Sandžak||32,526||0.86||2||+2|
|Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak||30,092||0.80||2||–1|
|For A Free Serbia – Oathkeepers||27,690||0.73||0||New|
|Out of spite – United for Serbia – National Alliance||17,528||0.46||0||New|
|Party for Democratic Action||16,262||0.43||1||–1|
|Citizen's Group – For Serb Revival||13,260||0.35||0||New|
|Dialogue – Youth with a Stance||7,744||0.20||0||New|
This election resulted in a Gallagher index of 5.44, which measures disproportionality of votes received and seats allocated to each party.
After the polls closed, it soon became clear that the Serbian Progressive Party would maintain its absolute majority in the Assembly, albeit with a smaller number of MPs, and that their partners, the Socialist Party of Serbia, would maintain their standing. However, the Republic Electoral Commission (RIK) and organizations monitoring the election (such as CeSID) were cautious about the results of most other lists, as they hovered around the 5% threshold. For a while, it looked as if all seven main contestants would pass the threshold, but as the Commission published the final results on Thursday 28 April, the DSS-Dveri coalition ended up a single vote short. Tensions ran high, as the participants started to accuse each other and the Commission of fraud, which along with demolition of Savamala resulted in start of protests. Still, there were additional 18,000 votes to share, as voting had to be repeated at 15 polling stations due to irregularities. In the re-run held on 4 May, DSS–Dveri comfortably won the required number of votes and ended up with 5.03% of the electorate. The Electoral Commission released the final results of the election on Thursday 5 May.
Vučić announced formation of the new government by early June. He stated that the Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians were the only certain partners in the cabinet, and remained ambiguous about the future cooperation with the Socialist Party of Serbia, the coalition partners in the previous government, hinting that he will "certainly not form a government with someone who can't wait to stab him in the back."
Constitutive session of the new parliament was held on 3 June. Maja Gojković of Serbian Progressive Party was re-elected president, and six vice-presidents from major parliamentary clubs were elected. The seventh vice-presidential seat, reserved for Enough is Enough, was left unfilled after the movement refused to propose their candidate despite previous agreement.
Formation of the new government, however, took much longer than announced. On July 23, PM-designate Aleksandar Vučić said he was not ruling out the possibility that Serbia's government could be "formed by somebody else at his proposal", stating that "we have problems, this is not about some kind of whim", but without elaborating the details. Fueled by hints from Vučić and statements made by his associates, media started speculating on external pressures, pointing at Western and Russian attempts to influence personal solutions in the new cabinet. President Nikolić expressed "full understanding" that the government had not been formed yet, and stated that the only important thing is that the constitutional deadlines [three months from constitution of the Assembly] are met.
Vučić announced the new cabinet on 8 August, consisting of eight old and eight new ministers, retaining a coalition with the Socialist Party. The government was approved by the National Assembly on August 10.
- "Nikolić raspisao izbore: Želim da pobedi SNS". B92. 4 March 2016.
- "Vučić najavio formiranje vlade u junu". 25 April 2016.
- "Vucic says he won't form government with "backstabbers"". B92. 29 April 2016.
- "Objavljen sastav nove Vlade, osam novih imena". N1. 8 August 2016.
- "New Serbian government gets parliament approval". Reuters. 11 August 2016.
- Electoral system IPU
- DSS i Dveri formirali patriotski blok RTS, 18 November 2014
- Uz DSS i Dveri sada i PULS i SLS Blic, 30 January 2015
- Pensioner party leaves coalition with Socialists B92, 19 February 2016
- SNS IDE NA IZBORE SA SDPS Blic, 25 January 2016
- Dogovor opozicije - na izbore na jednoj listi B92, 27 Feb 2016
- Opposition parties won't form single list for elections B92, 29 Feb 2016
- "Изборне листе" (in Serbian). RIK. 5 March 2016. Archived from the original on 27 April 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
- Proglašena prva lista Mondo/Tanjug, 06.03.2016
- Proglašena lista "Za pravednu Srbiju" - Demokratska stranka Blic, 06.03.2016
- Koalicija oko SPS predala RIK-u izbornu listu B92, 08.03.2016
- Četvrti na glasačkom listiću Kurir, 10.03.2016
- RIK proglasila izbornu listu DSS-a i Dveri N1, 11.03.2016
- RIK proglasio izbornu listu SVM - I. Pastor RTV, 12.03.2016
- Proglašena lista koalicije LDP-LSV-SDS Blic, 14.03.2016
- Proglašene još tri liste, prošao i Ugljanin Mondo, 18.03.2016
- Proglašena izborna lista Za Slobodnu Srbiju - Zavetnici Večernje Novosti, 28.03.2016
- RIK proglasio Izbornu listu Ruska stranka B92, 05.04.2016
- RIK proglasio izbornu listu Republikanska stranka B92, 06.04.2016
- Proglašena lista Srpsko ruski pokret B92, 07.04.2016
- Borislav Stefanović i Janko Veselinović na zajedničkoj listi RTS, 16.03.2016
- Proglašena i lista "Dijalog" Mondo, 09.04.2016
- RIK: Proglašeno 18 izbornih lista B92, 09.04.2016
- PDD, jedina manjinska partija Albanaca na izborima B92, 12.04.2016
- RIK proglasio 21. listu, odbačena "Tolerancija" B92, 12.04.2016
- Saša Dragojlo (5 May 2016). "Serbian Right-Wingers Win Seats in Poll Re-Run". Balkan Insight.
- "IGRA ŽIVACA: DSS-Dveri ispod cenzusa za JEDAN GLAS" [Game of nerves: DSS-Dveri below the threshold for one vote]. Blic. 29 April 2016.
- "18.000 BIRAČA PONOVO NA GLASANJE Poništeni izbori na ukupno 15 biračkih mesta, neizvesna sudbina dve liste". Blic. 27 April 2016.
- "Maja Gojković na čelu parlamenta". Večernje Novosti. 6 June 2016.
- "Vucic says "someone else" may have to form new government". B92. 25 July 2016.
- "Pritisci sa istoka i zapada: Evo zašto Vučić već 3 meseca ne formira vladu" [Pressures from West and East: Here's Why Vučić Hasn't Formed The New Government for Three Months]. Radio Free Europe/Newsweek Serbia. 26 July 2016. Archived from the original on 27 July 2016.
- "Nikolić: Vučić poštuje rokove, vlada će biti formirana na vreme". Večernje Novosti. 10 July 2016.