Serbian Renewal Movement

The Serbian Renewal Movement (Serbian Cyrillic: Српски покрет обнове, romanizedSrpski pokret obnove, SPO) is a liberal and monarchist political party in Serbia.

Serbian Renewal Movement
Српски покрет обнове
Srpski pokret obnove
LeaderVuk Drašković
Founded14 March 1990 (1990-03-14)
HeadquartersKnez Mihailova Street 48, Belgrade
Paramilitary wingSerbian Guard (1991–92)
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationTogether We Can Do Everything
  •   Red
  •   Blue
  •   White
Anthem"Himna Srpskog pokreta obnove"
("Anthem of the Serbian Renewal Movement")[1]
National Assembly
2 / 250
Assembly of Vojvodina
1 / 120
City Assembly of Belgrade
1 / 110


The Serbian Renewal Movement party was founded in 1990 through the merger of Drašković's faction from the Serbian National Renewal (SNO) party and Vojislav Šešelj's Serbian Freedom Movement. Šešelj left the party in 1991 after internal quarrels and founded the Serbian Radical Party. It was initially aligned with national conservatism and supported the territorial expansion of Serbia.[2]

The Democratic Movement of Serbia was formed in May 1992 as a political alliance made up primarily of SPO, New Democracy (ND), Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS). The political alliance however broke, and was dissolved in 1993. The SPO was part of the "Together" (Zajedno) coalition in the 1996 parliamentary election which received 23.8% of the popular vote, losing to the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS). In 1997, Drašković ran twice for president but finished third in both elections. Its party won the third largest number of seats in that year's Serbian parliamentary elections. A dissident group inside the party abandoned the SPO and formed New Serbia (NS) in 1997.

In early 1999, the SPO joined the Slobodan Milošević-led government, and Drašković became a Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister. The SPO had a place in Serbia's Rambouillet Agreement delegation and held posts such as the Yugoslav Information Ministry to show a more pro-Western face to the world in the run-up to NATO's bombing campaign in 1999 against the country. In the midst of the war, Drašković and the SPO pulled out of the government, calling on Milošević to surrender to NATO.

The SPO participated in an attempt to overthrow Milošević in 1999, which faltered after Drašković broke off his alliance with opposition leader Zoran Đinđić. This caused the anti-Milošević elements to suggest that he was working for Milošević.

Party offices in Novi Sad

In 2000 presidential and parliamentary elections in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which Milošević lost, the Serbian Renewal Movement overestimated its strength and ran independently, outside of the vast Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition. Vojislav Mihajlović, grandson of Chetnik commander Draža Mihajlović, was its presidential candidate. He was opposed by Vojislav Koštunica of DOS, Slobodan Milošević of the ruling SPS and Tomislav Nikolić of the Serbian Radical Party. The SPO's vote collapsed, with its traditional voters drawn by Kostunica's conservatism and by the fact that he was their best hope to remove Milošević from power.

There was talk before the 5. October changes of dissolving the Mirko Marjanović government in Serbia and setting up a government with the Serbian Radical Party. Following the 5.October changes the SPO participated in a so-called national unity government that served effectively under DOS "coordinator" Zoran Đinđić. In December 2000, after two months of DOS rule, Serbian parliamentary elections were held. The SPO, once the strongest opposition, failed to enter the parliament.

In 2003, Drašković called for the re-establishment of a parliamentary monarchy in Serbia as the best means for its European integration.[3]

The party fought the December 2003 legislative elections in a coalition with New Serbia. The coalition received 7.7% of the popular vote and 22 seats in parliament. 13 of these were allocated to the SPO. In turn, the coalition had dispatched 8 deputies into the federal Assembly of Serbia and Montenegro.

SPO-NS became part of Vojislav Koštunica's first elected cabinet. Vuk Drašković was selected for Minister of Foreign Affairs.

Following a split in the party, 9 members of parliament joined the newly formed Serbian Democratic Renewal Movement leaving the SPO with only 4. One of the 4 was then bought off by the political tycoon Bogoljub Karić to form his party's list.[citation needed]

The SPO participated in the 2007 election independently and received 3.33% of the vote, winning no seats.

In the 2008 elections the SPO took part in the For a European Serbia coalition under President Boris Tadić, receiving 38.42% of the vote and 102 seats in parliament. Four seats were given to the SPO along with the Ministry of Diaspora portfolio.


During the 1990s, the Serbian Renewal Movement was orientated towards ultranationalism and irredentism, and it supported revisionism and anti-communism.[4][5][6] During that period, it was positioned on the right-wing on the political spectrum.[7][8] It was also characterized as a right-wing populist party, and it was backed by the Serbian Orthodox Church.[9][10] It also held conservative views.[11][12]

Although after the 2000s, the party rejected its radical nationalist past and statism, and embraced liberal-democratic elements.[13] It also shifted to liberalism,[4] and economic liberalism,[14] and it adopted a more moderate right,[15] and centre-right position.[16][17] It was also described as moderate nationalist during that period.[18]

Since its inception, it has been described as monarchist,[18][19] and it advocates for the restoration of parliamentary monarchy.[20] Since the late 2000s, it has been supportive of accession of Serbia to the European Union and NATO,[21][22] and in the early 2010s, it shifted its support towards the recognition of Kosovo.[23]

Presidents of the Serbian Renewal Movement (1990–present)Edit

# President Born-Died Term start Term end
1 Vuk Drašković   1946– 14 March 1990 Incumbent

Electoral resultsEdit

Parliamentary electionsEdit

Year Popular vote % of popular vote # of seats Seat change Coalitions Status
1990 794,789 15.79%
19 / 250
  19 opposition
1992 797.831 16.89%
30 / 250
  11 DEPOS opposition
1993 715,564 16.64%
37 / 250
  7 DEPOS opposition
1997 793,988 19.18%
45 / 250
  8 opposition
2000 141,296 3.77%
0 / 250
  45 no seats
2003 293,082 7.66%
13 / 250
  13 With NS government
2007 134,147 3.33%
0 / 250
  13 With NSSLS no seats
2008 1,590,200 38.42%
4 / 250
  4 ZES government
2012 255,546 6.53%
4 / 250
  0 Turnover! opposition
2014 1,736,920 48.35%
5 / 250
  1 SNS coalition gov′t support
2016 1,823,147 48.25%
3 / 250
  2 SNS coalition gov′t support
2020 1,953,998 60.65%
3 / 250
  0 SNS coalition gov′t support
2022 1,635,101 42.96%
2 / 250
  1 SNS coalition TBA

Years in government (1990– )Edit

Presidential electionsEdit

President of Serbia
Election year # Candidate 1st round votes % 2nd round votes % Notes
1990 2nd Vuk Drašković 824,674 16.40%
1992   2nd Milan Panić 1,516,693 32.11 Independent candidate; support
Sep 1997   3rd Vuk Drašković 852,800 20.64 Election declared invalid due to low turnout
Dec 1997   3rd Vuk Drašković 587,776 15.42
2002   4th Vuk Drašković 159,959 4.49
Election boycott
2004   4th Dragan Maršićanin 414,971 13.31 Government Coalition
2008   3rd Velimir Ilić 305,828 7.43 Support
2012   6th Čedomir Jovanović 196,668 5.03 U-Turn coalition
2017   1st Aleksandar Vučić 2,012,788 55.05 Support
2022   1st Aleksandar Vučić 2,224,555 60.01% Support
President of FR Yugoslavia
Election year # Candidate 1st round popular vote % of popular vote 2nd round popular vote % of popular vote
2000 4th Vojislav Mihailović 145,019 2.95


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  3. ^ "Monarchy is key to European integration: Draskovic". B92. 22 December 2003. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
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  13. ^ Petrović, Boban; Međedović, Janko (2017). "Temporal changes in the evaluation of political parties: Does evaluation of political parties reflect attitudinal ideologies?". Primenjena Psihologija. 10 (4): 499. doi:10.19090/pp.2017.4.499-520. ISSN 2334-7287.
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  15. ^ Duro, Joszef; Egeresi, Zoltan (2020). Political History of the Balkans (1989–2018). Budapest: Dialog Campus.
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  18. ^ a b Focus on politics and economics of Russia and Eastern Europe. Ulric R. Nichol. New York: Nova Science Publishers. 2007. p. 237. ISBN 978-1-60021-317-5. OCLC 70167615.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
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  22. ^ "Draskovic wants Serbia to "immediately join NATO"". 6 August 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  23. ^ Barlovac, Bojana (27 September 2010). "Key Parties in Serbia". Balkan Insight. Retrieved 7 February 2022.

External linksEdit