Vogue is a fashion and lifestyle magazine covering many topics including fashion, beauty, culture, living, and runway. Vogue began as a weekly newspaper in 1892 in the United States, before becoming a monthly publication years later.
|Year founded||December 17, 1892|
The British Vogue was the first international edition launched in 1916, while the Italian version Vogue Italia has been called the top fashion magazine in the world. As of today, there are 23 international editions.
- 1 History
- 2 Features
- 3 Style and influence
- 4 Criticism
- 5 Media
- 6 Other editions
- 7 Editors of international editions
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
1892–1905: Early yearsEdit
In 1892, Arthur Baldwin Turnure, an American business man, founded Vogue as a weekly newspaper in the United States, sponsored by Kristoffer Wright; the first issue was published on December 17 of that year, with a cover price of 10 cents (equivalent to $2.79 in 2018). Turnure's intention was to create a publication that celebrated the "ceremonial side of life"; one that "attracts the sage as well as debutante, men of affairs as well as the belle." From its inception, the magazine targeted the new New York upper class. Vogue glamorously "recount[ed] their habits, their leisure activities, their social gatherings, the places they frequented, and the clothing they wore...and everyone who wanted to look like them and enter their exclusive circle." The magazine at this time was primarily concerned with fashion, with coverage of sports and social affairs included for its male readership. Despite the magazine's content, it grew very slowly during this period.
1905–1920: Condé NastEdit
Condé Montrose Nast purchased Vogue in 1905 one year before Turnure's death and gradually grew the publication. He changed it to a unisex magazine and started Vogue overseas in the 1910s. Under Nast, the magazine soon shifted its focus to women, and in turn the price was soon raised. The magazine's number of publications and profit increased dramatically under Nast's management. By 1911, the Vogue brand had garnered a reputation that it continues to maintain, targeting an elite audience and expanding into the coverage of weddings. According to Condé Nast Russia, after the First World War made deliveries in the Old World impossible, printing began in England. The decision to print in England proved to be successful causing Nast to release the first issue of French Vogue in 1920.
The magazine's number of subscriptions surged during the Great Depression, and again during World War II. During this time, noted critic and former Vanity Fair editor Frank Crowninshield served as its editor, having been moved over from Vanity Fair by publisher Condé Nast.
In July 1932, American Vogue placed its first color photograph on the cover of the magazine. The photograph was taken by photographer Edward Steichen and portrays a woman swimmer holding a beach ball in the air.
Laird Borrelli notes that Vogue led the decline of fashion illustration in the late 1930s, when they began to replace their celebrated illustrated covers, by artists such as Dagmar Freuchen, with photographic images.
Nast was responsible for introducing color printing and the "two-page spread." He greatly impacted the magazine and turned it into a "successful business" and the "women's magazine we recognize today" and greatly increased the sales volumes until his death in 1942.
In the 1960s, with Diana Vreeland as editor-in-chief and personality, the magazine began to appeal to the youth of the sexual revolution by focusing more on contemporary fashion and editorial features that openly discussed sexuality. Toward this end, Vogue extended coverage to include East Village boutiques such as Limbo on St. Mark's Place, as well as including features of "downtown" personalities such as Andy Warhol's "Superstar" Jane Holzer's favorite haunts. Vogue also continued making household names out of models, a practice that continued with Suzy Parker, Twiggy, Jean Shrimpton, Lauren Hutton, Veruschka, Marisa Berenson, Penelope Tree, and others.
In 1973, Vogue became a monthly publication. Under editor-in-chief Grace Mirabella, the magazine underwent extensive editorial and stylistic changes to respond to changes in the lifestyles of its target audience. Mirabella states that she was chosen to change Vogue because "women weren't interested in reading about or buying clothes that served no purpose in their changing lives." She was selected to make the magazine appeal to "the free, working, "liberated" woman of the seventies. She changed the magazine by adding text with interviews, arts coverage, and serious health pieces. When that type of stylistic change fell out of favor in the 1980s, Mirabella was brutally fired. Her take on it: "For a magazine devoted to style, this was not a very stylish way of telling me."
1988–present: Anna Wintour leadershipEdit
In July 1988, after Vogue had begun to lose ground to three-year-old upstart Elle, Anna Wintour was named editor-in-chief. Noted for her trademark bob cut and sunglasses, Wintour sought to revitalize the brand by making it younger and more approachable; she directed the focus towards new and accessible concepts of "fashion" for a wider audience. Wintour's influence allowed the magazine to maintain its high circulation, while staff discovered new trends that a broader audience could conceivably afford. For example, the inaugural cover of the magazine under Wintour's editorship featured a three-quarter-length photograph of Michaela Bercu, an Israeli model, wearing a bejeweled Christian Lacroix jacket and a pair of jeans, a departure from her predecessors' tendency to portray a woman's face alone; according to The New York Times, this gave "greater importance to both her clothing and her body". As fashion editor Grace Coddington wrote in her memoirs, the cover "endorsed a democratic new high/low attitude to dressing, added some youthful but sophisticated raciness, and garnished it with a dash of confident energy and drive that implied getting somewhere fast. It was quintessential Anna." Throughout her reign at Vogue, Wintour accomplished her goals to revitalize the magazine and managed to produce some very large editions of the magazine. In fact, the "September 2004 edition clocked in at 832 pages, the most ever for a monthly magazine." Wintour continues to be American Vogue's editor-in-chief to this day.
The contrast of Wintour's vision with that of her predecessors was noted as striking by observers, both critics and defenders. Amanda Fortini, fashion and style contributor for Slate, argues that her policy has been beneficial for Vogue:
When Wintour was appointed head of Vogue, Grace Mirabella had been editor in chief for 17 years, and the magazine had grown complacent, coasting along in what one journalist derisively called "its beige years". Beige was the color Mirabella had used to paint over the red walls in Diana Vreeland's office, and the metaphor was apt: The magazine had become boring. Among Condé Nast executives, there was worry that the grand dame of fashion publications was losing ground to upstart Elle, which in just three years had reached a paid circulation of 851,000 to Vogue's stagnant 1.2 million. And so Condé Nast publisher Si Newhouse brought in the 38-year-old Wintour, who through editor-in-chief positions at British Vogue and House & Garden, had become known not only for her cutting-edge visual sense, but also for her ability to radically revamp a magazine to shake things up.
Although she has had great impact on the magazine, throughout her career, Wintour has been pinned as being cold and difficult to work with. In an article on Biography.com, Wintour admits that she is "very driven by what [she does]," and has said "I am certainly very competitive. I like people who represent the best at what they do, and if that turns you into a perfectionist then maybe I am."
- Richard Gere, with Cindy Crawford in November 1992
- George Clooney, with Gisele Bündchen in June 2000
- LeBron James, with Gisele Bündchen in April 2008
- Ryan Lochte, with Hope Solo and Serena Williams in June 2012
- Kanye West, with Kim Kardashian in March 2014
- Ben Stiller, with Penélope Cruz in February 2016
- Ashton Eaton, with Gigi Hadid in August 2016
- Zayn Malik, with Gigi Hadid in August 2017
- Justin Bieber, with Hailey Baldwin in March 2019
Particularly noteworthy Vogue coversEdit
- December 1892: The first cover of the magazine features a debutante at her début.
- July 1932: The first cover with a color photograph, featuring Edward Steichen's image of a swimmer holding a beach ball.
- September 1933: The cover features model Toto Koopman who is both bisexual and biracial. She portrays a woman that readers during the Great Depression would dream to be like.
- May 1961: Sophia Loren covers the magazine, and is one of the first celebrities to do so.
- August 1974: Beverly Johnson becomes the first black woman to cover American Vogue.
- November 1988: Anna Wintour's first cover features Israeli model Michaela Bercu.
- April 1992: Vogue's 100th anniversary cover featuring 10 supermodels, and is the highest-selling issue ever.
- December 1998: Hillary Clinton becomes the first American first lady to cover the magazine.
- September 2012: Lady Gaga covers the largest edition of Vogue, the magazine weighing in at 4.5 pounds.
- April 2014: Kim Kardashian and Kanye West appear on the cover in one of the most controversial cover shoots for Vogue. Kardashian is the first reality television star on the cover and West is the first rapper on the cover. They are also the first interracial couple to appear on the cover of the magazine.
- August 2017: Zayn Malik appears on the cover, making him the first ever male Muslim to be on the cover of the magazine.
- September 2018: Beyoncé is given "unprecedented" total editorial control of the magazine's cover and feature. She hires 23-year-old black photographer Tyler Mitchell to shoot the cover, making him the first black photographer to shoot a cover for Vogue in its 126-year history.
Healthy body initiativeEdit
May 2013 marked the first anniversary of a healthy body initiative that was signed by the magazine's international editors—the initiative represents a commitment from the editors to promote positive body images within the content of Vogue's numerous editions. Vogue Australia editor Edwina McCann explained:
In the magazine we're moving away from those very young, very thin girls. A year down the track, we ask ourselves what can Vogue do about it? And an issue like this [June 2013 issue] is what we can do about it. If I was aware of a girl being ill on a photo shoot I wouldn't allow that shoot to go ahead, or if a girl had an eating disorder I would not shoot her.
The Australian edition's June 2013 issue was entitled Vogue Australia: "The Body Issue" and featured articles on exercise and nutrition, as well as a diverse range of models. New York-based Australian plus-size model Robyn Lawley, previously featured on the cover of Vogue Italia, also appeared in a swimwear shoot for the June issue.
Jonathan Newhouse, Condé Nast International chairman, states that "Vogue editors around the world want the magazines to reflect their commitment to the health of the models who appear on the pages and the wellbeing of their readers." Alexandra Shulman, one of the magazine's editor, comments on the initiative by stating "as one of the fashion industry's most powerful voices, Vogue has a unique opportunity to engage with relevant issues where we feel we can make a difference."
Style and influenceEdit
The name Vogue means "style" in French. Vogue was described by book critic Caroline Weber in a December 2006 edition of The New York Times as "the world's most influential fashion magazine": The publication claims to reach 11 million readers in the US and 12.5 million internationally. Furthermore, Wintour was described as one of the most powerful figures in fashion.
The Vogue September issue has become a cultural touchstone ahead of New York's Fashion Week. Seeing Glass represented so beautifully in this issue is a huge thrill for the entire Glass team.
In the September 2015 issue, technology such as Apple Music, Apple Watch, and Amazon Fashion were all featured within the issues 832 pages.
Wintour's "Fashion Night" initiative was launched in 2009 with the intention of kickstarting the economy following the financial crisis of 2007–2008, by drawing people back into the retail environment and donating proceeds to various charitable causes. The event was co-hosted by Vogue in 27 cities around the US and 15 countries worldwide, and included online retailers at the beginning of 2011. Debate occurred over the actual profitability of the event in the US, resulting in a potentially permanent hiatus in 2013; however, the event continues in 19 other locations internationally. Vogue also has the ability to lift the spirits of readers during tough times and revels that "even in bad times, someone is up for a good time." The article states that Vogue "make[s] money because they elevate the eye and sometimes the spirit, take the reader someplace special." These fantasy tomes feel a boost during economic distress—like liquor and ice cream and movie ticket sales."
In 2006, Vogue acknowledged salient political and cultural issues by featuring the burqa, as well as articles on prominent Muslim women, their approach to fashion, and the effect of different cultures on fashion and women’s lives. Vogue also sponsored the "Beauty Without Borders" initiative with a US$25,000 donation that was used to establish a cosmetology school for Afghan women. Wintour stated: "Through the school, we could not only help women in Afghanistan to look and feel better but also give them employment." A documentary by Liz Mermin, entitled The Beauty Academy of Kabul, which highlighted the proliferation of Western standards of beauty, criticized the school, suggesting that "the beauty school could not be judged a success if it did not create a demand for American cosmetics."
Leading up to the 2012 US Presidential election, Wintour used her industry clout to host several significant fundraising events in support of the Obama campaign. The first, in 2010, was a dinner with an estimated US$30,000 entry fee. The "Runway To Win" initiative recruited prominent designers to create pieces to support the campaign.
In October 2016, the magazine stated that "Vogue endorses Hillary Clinton for president of the United States". This was the first time that the magazine supported as a single voice a presidential candidate in its 120 years of history.
The Met Gala is an annual event that is hosted by Vogue to celebrate the opening of the Metropolitan Museum's fashion exhibit. The Met Gala is the most coveted event of the year in the field of fashion and is attended by A-list celebrities, politicians, designers and fashion editors. Vogue has hosted the themed event since 1971 under Editor in Chief, Diana Vreeland. In 2013, Vogue released a special edition of Vogue entitled Vogue Special Edition: The Definitive Inside Look at the 2013 Met Gala.
In 2015, Vogue listed their "15 Roots Reggae Songs You Should Know"; and in an interview with Patricia Chin of VP Records, Vogue highlighted an abbreviated list of early "reggae royalty" that recorded at Studio 17 in Kingston, Jamaica which included Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, Gregory Isaacs, Dennis Brown, Burning Spear, Toots and the Maytals, The Heptones, and Bunny Wailer. In addition to their coverage of historically significant artists, Vogue is a source for contemporary music news on artists such as Jay-Z, Eminem, Tom Petty, and Taylor Swift, as well as being an influencer that introduces new artists to the scene such as Suzi Analogue in 2017.
As Wintour came to personify the magazine's image, both she and Vogue drew critics. Wintour's one-time assistant at the magazine, Lauren Weisberger, wrote a roman à clef entitled The Devil Wears Prada. Published in 2003, the novel became a bestseller and was adapted as a highly successful, Academy Award-nominated film in 2006. The central character resembled Weisberger, and her boss was a powerful editor-in-chief of a fictionalized version of Vogue. The novel portrays a magazine ruled by "the Antichrist and her coterie of fashionistas, who exist on cigarettes, Diet Dr Pepper, and mixed green salads", according to a review in The New York Times. The editor is described by Weisberger as being "an empty, shallow, bitter woman who has tons and tons of gorgeous clothes and not much else". The success of both the novel and the film brought new attention from a wide global audience to the power and glamour of the magazine, and the industry it continues to lead.
In 2007, Vogue drew criticism from the anti-smoking group, "Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids", for carrying tobacco advertisements in the magazine. The group claims that volunteers sent the magazine more than 8,000 protest emails or faxes regarding the ads. The group also claimed that in response, they received scribbled notes faxed back on letters that had been addressed to Wintour stating, "Will you stop? You're killing trees!" In response, a spokesperson for Condé Nast released an official statement: "Vogue does carry tobacco advertising. Beyond that we have no further comment."
In April 2008, American Vogue featured a cover photo by photographer Annie Leibovitz of Gisele Bündchen and the basketball player LeBron James. This was the third time that Vogue featured a male on the cover of the American issue (the other two men were actors George Clooney and Richard Gere), and the first in which the man was black. Some observers criticized the cover as a prejudicial depiction of James because his pose with Bündchen was reminiscent of a poster for the film King Kong. Further criticism arose when the website Watching the Watchers analyzed the photo alongside the World War I recruitment poster titled Destroy This Mad Brute. James reportedly however liked the cover shoot.
In February 2011, just before the 2011 Syrian protests unfolded, Vogue published a controversial piece by Joan Juliet Buck on Asma al-Assad, wife of the Syrian president Bashar al-Assad. A number of journalists criticized the article as glossing over the poor human rights record of Bashar al-Assad. According to reports, the Syrian government paid the U.S. lobbying firm Brown Lloyd James US$5,000 per month to arrange for and manage the article.
In 2009, the feature-length documentary The September Issue was released; it was an inside view of the production of the record-breaking September 2007 issue of U.S. Vogue, directed by R. J. Cutler. The film was shot over eight months as Wintour prepared the issue, and included testy exchanges between Wintour and her creative director Grace Coddington. The issue became the largest ever published at the time; over 5 pounds in weight and 840 pages in length, a world record for a monthly magazine Since then, that record has been broken by Vogue's 2012 September issue, which came in at 916 pages.
Also in 2012, HBO released a documentary entitled In Vogue: The Editor's Eye, in conjunction with the 120th anniversary of the magazine. Drawing on Vogue's extensive archives, the film featured behind-the-scenes interviews with longtime Vogue editors, including Wintour, Coddington, Tonne Goodman, Hamish Bowles, and Phyllis Posnick. Celebrated subjects and designers in the fashion industry, such as Nicole Kidman, Sarah Jessica Parker, Linda Evangelista, Vera Wang, and Marc Jacobs, also appear in the film. The editors share personal stories about collaborating with top photographers, such as Leibovitz, and the various day-to-day responsibilities and interactions of a fashion editor at Vogue. The film was directed and produced by Fenton Bailey and Randy Barbato. In October 2012, Vogue also released a book titled Vogue: The Editor's Eye to complement the documentary.
In 2013, Vogue launched the Vogue video channel that can be accessed via their website. The channel was launched in conjunction with Conde Nast's multi-platform media initiative. Mini-series that have aired on the video channel include Vogue Weddings, The Monday Makeover, From the Vogue Closet, Fashion Week, Elettra's Goodness, Jeanius, Vintage Bowles, The Backstory, Beauty Mark, Met Gala, Voguepedia, Vogue Voices, Vogue Diaries, CFDA/Vogue Fashion Fund, and Monday's with Andre.
Books published by Vogue include In Vogue: An Illustrated History of the World's Most Famous Fashion Magazine, Vogue: The Covers, Vogue: The Editor's Eye, Vogue Living: House, Gardens, People, The World in Vogue, Vogue Weddings: Brides, Dresses, Designers, and Nostalgia in Vogue.
Launched in 2011 by Condé Nast Digital, Voguepedia is a fashion encyclopedia that also includes an archive of every issue of Vogue's American edition since 1892. Only Vogue staff are permitted to contribute to the encyclopedia, unlike the VogueEncyclo—hosted by Vogue Italia—that receives contributions from anyone. As of May 9, 2013, the site is not fully functional, as code still shows in search results and only certain search terms yield results.
Vogue has also created an easily navigable website that includes six different content categories for viewers to explore. The website includes an archive with issues from 1892 forward for those whom subscribe for the website. The magazines online are the same as those that were printed in that time and are not cut or shortened from the original content.
Vogue launched the teaser for their podcast series on September 10, 2015. The magazine announced that star André Leon Talley would host the podcasts and the inaugural twenty-one minute podcast was released on September 14, 2015, featuring Anna Wintour. Talley comments that he has "been a longtime storyteller at Vogue and it’s just another format for telling stories—as at Vogue, we love to tell the story of style, fashion, and what is absolutely a part of the culture at the moment," hence why the magazine has decided to create podcasts.
The app was introduced on April 26, 2016 as a way for the magazine to become more mobile friendly. The Vogue app displays content on mobile devices and gives people the ability to view the magazine content wherever they go. The app has new content everyday and people can choose to receive content recommended just for their taste. In addition, the app allows one to save stories for later and or read offline. Lastly, the app provides notifications for fashion outbreaks and for new stories that are published pertaining to that viewer's particular taste.
In 2005, Condé Nast launched Men's Vogue. The magazine ceased publication as an independent publication in October 2008, being the December/January 2009 their last issue. It was intended to be published as a supplement of Vogue, being the Spring 2009 the last issue of the magazine altogether.
Vogue Australia (ISSN 0042-8019) covers Australian fashion and lifestyle. Early magazines have running title: Vogue supplement for Australia (since 1952). Has occasional supplements: Vogue Business Australia, Vogue Man Australia, Vogue Fashion Week Australia. In Australia, Vogue Living was first published in 1967.
Condé Nast also publishes Teen Vogue, a version of the magazine for teenage girls in the United States. South Korea and Australia publish a Vogue Girl magazine (currently suspended from further publication), in addition to the Vogue Living and Vogue Entertaining + Travel editions.
Vogue Hommes International is an international men's fashion magazine based in Paris, France, and L'uomo Vogue is the Italian men's version. Other Italian versions of Vogue include Vogue Casa and Bambini Vogue.
Until 1961, Vogue was also the publisher of Vogue Patterns, a home sewing pattern company. It was sold to Butterick Publishing which also licensed the Vogue name. Vogue China was launched in September 2005, with Australian model Gemma Ward on the cover flanked by Chinese models. In 2007, an Arabic edition of Vogue was rejected by Condé Nast International. October 2007 saw the launch of Vogue India, and Vogue Turkey was launched in March 2010.
On March 5, 2010, 16 International editors-in-chief of Vogue met in Paris to discuss the 2nd Fashion's Night Out. Present in the meeting were the 16 International editors-in-chief of Vogue: Wintour (American Vogue), Emmanuelle Alt (French Vogue), Franca Sozzani (Italian Vogue), Alexandra Shulman (British Vogue), Kirstie Clements (Australian Vogue), Aliona Doletskaya (Russian Vogue), Angelica Cheung (Chinese Vogue), Christiane Arp (German Vogue), Priya Tanna (Indian Vogue), Rosalie Huang (Taiwanese Vogue), Paula Mateus (Portuguese Vogue), Seda Domaniç (Turkish Vogue), Yolanda Sacristan (Spanish Vogue), Eva Hughes (Mexican Vogue), Mitsuko Watanabe (Japanese Vogue), and Daniela Falcao (Brazilian Vogue).
Since 2010, seven new editors-in-chief joined Vogue: Victoria Davydova replaced Aliona Doletskaya as editor-in-chief of Russian Vogue; Emmanuelle Alt became French Vogue 's editor-in-chief after Carine Roitfeld resigned; Edwina McCann became Australian Vogue's editor-in-chief after Kirstie Clements was fired; Kelly Talamas replaced Eva Hughes at Vogue Mexico and Vogue Latin America, when Hughes was named CEO of Condé Nast Mexico and Latin America in 2012; and Karin Swerink, Kullawit Laosukrsi, and Masha Tsukanova were appointed editors-in-chief of the newly launched Netherlands, Thailand, and Ukraine editions, respectively.
At the beginning of 2013 the Japanese version, Vogue Hommes Japan, ended publication. In July 2016, the launch of Vogue Arabia was announced, first as a dual English and Arabic language website, then with a print edition to follow in spring 2017.
On January 11, 2017, it was announced that Eugenia de la Torriente will become the new editor-in-chief of Vogue Spain. On January 20, it was officially announced that Emanuele Farneti will become the new editor-in-chief of Vogue Italia, after the unexpected passing of long-time editor, Franca Sozzani in December 2016. On January 25, it was announced that Vogue British's editor-in-chief, Alexandra Shulman, will leave the magazine in June 2017, after 25 years. On April 10, 2017, it was announced that Edward Enninful will become the new editor-in-chief of British Vogue, the first male editor of the 100 years magazine. On April 13, 2017, it was revealed that Vogue Arabia's first editor-in-chief, Deena Aljuhani, was fired and a new editor it is set to be announced.
In June 2017, it was announced that the Polish edition, Vogue Polska, was in preparation, with Filip Niedenthal as editor-in-chief. The local publisher, Visteria, signed a 5-year licence deal with Condé Nast. The printed magazine and its website launched on February 14, 2018.
In February 2018, the Czech-language edition was announced. It premiered in August 2018 under license with V24 Media, and titled Vogue CS, it covers the Czech and Slovak markets.
In September 2018, it was announced that seven years after its closure, a rebooted Greek edition, Vogue Greece, was in preparation, with Thaleia Karafyllidou as the youngest-ever editor-in-chief in the history of Vogue. Karina Dobrotvorskaya, Executive Director Editorial Development at Condé Nast International commented: “We are thrilled to bring Vogue back to the country – the launch of Vogue Greece is a story of passion and it started with the choice of the editor. Thaleia was not a typical candidate for the job, previously a lawyer and a PR specialist, but she showed an incredible passion for the brand, amazing knowledge of its legacy, and a great vision of what Vogue should be in Greece. We took the risk and gave her a job in spite of her youth and lack of editing experience, and she proved us right. Vogue Greece under Thaleia is a fresh take on our most iconic brand, it is classic and elegant but modern, combining local relevance and international standards in a subtle and sophisticated way. Most importantly, it is driven by passion.” Vogue Greece debuted on March 31, 2019 and is published under license agreement with Kathimerines Ekdoseis SA.
In October 2018, the Hong Kong edition was announced, slated to lunch in 2019 under a license agreement with Rubicon Media Ltd., with digital and print presence.
In July 2019, the Polish editor of Vogue announced that two new Polish-language magazines were in preparation: Vogue Uroda (Vogue Beauty) and Vogue Polska Men, both slated to launch in the second half of 2019.
Editors of international editionsEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The following highlights circulation dates as well as individuals who have served as editor-in-chief of Vogue:
|Country||Circulation Dates||Editor-in-Chief||Start year||End year|
|United States (Vogue)||1892–present||Josephine Redding||1892||1901|
|Edna Woolman Chase||1914||1951|
|United Kingdom (Vogue)||1916–present||Elspeth Champcommunal||1916||1922|
|France (Vogue Paris)||1920–present||Cosette Vogel||1922||1927|
|Michel de Brunhoff||1929||1954|
|Françoise de Langlade||1966||1968|
|Joan Juliet Buck||1994||2001|
|New Zealand (Vogue New Zealand)||1957–1968||edited from the UK||1957||1959|
|Australia (Vogue Australia)||1959–present||Rosemary Cooper||1959||1962|
|Italy (Vogue Italia)||1964–present||Consuelo Crespi||1964||1966|
|Brazil (Vogue Brasil)||1975–present||Luis Carta||1975||1986|
|Germany (Vogue Deutsch)||1979–present||Christiane Arp||2003||present|
|Spain (Vogue España)||1988–present||Luis Carta||1988||1994|
|Eugenia de la Torriente||2017||present|
|Singapore (Vogue Singapore)||1994-1997||Nancy Pilcher||1994||1997|
|South Korea (Vogue Korea)||1996–present||Myung Hee Lee||1996||present|
|Taiwan (Vogue)||1996–present||Sky Wu||1996||present|
|Russia (Vogue Россия)||1998–present||Aliona Doletskaya||1998||2010|
|Japan (Vogue Japan)||1999–present||Hiromi Sogo||1999||2001|
|Mexico & Latin America (Vogue México and Vogue Latinoamérica)||1999–present||Eva Hughes||1999||2012|
|Greece (Vogue Hellas, since 2019 Vogue Greece)||2000–2012
|Portugal (Vogue Portugal)||2002–present||Paula Mateus||2002||2017|
|China (Vogue China)||2005–present||Angelica Cheung||2005||present|
|India (Vogue India)||2007–present||Priya Tanna||2007||present|
|Turkey (Vogue Türkiye)||2010–present||Seda Domaniç||2010||present|
|Netherlands (Vogue Nederland)||2012–present||Karin Swerink||2012||present|
|Thailand (Vogue Thailand)||2013–present||Kullawit Laosuksri||2013||present|
|Ukraine (Vogue Україна)||2013–present||Masha Tsukanova||2013||2016|
|Arabia (Vogue Arabia)||2016–present||Deena Aljuhani Abdulaziz||2016||2017|
|Poland (Vogue Polska)||2018–present||Filip Niedenthal||2018||present|
|Czech Republic & Slovakia (Vogue CS)||2018–present||Andrea Běhounková||2018||present|
|Hong Kong (Vogue Hong Kong)||2019–present||Peter Wong||2019||present|
- Didier Guérin, executive in charge of new releases
- List of Vogue (US) cover models
- List of Vogue Arabia cover models
- List of Vogue Australia cover models
- List of Vogue Brasil cover models
- List of British Vogue cover models
- List of Vogue China cover models
- List of Vogue CS cover models
- List of Vogue España cover models
- List of Vogue Deutsch cover models
- List of Vogue India cover models
- List of Vogue Italia cover models
- List of Vogue Japan cover models
- List of Vogue Korea cover models
- List of Vogue México cover models
- List of Vogue Nederland cover models
- List of Vogue Paris cover models
- List of Vogue Polska cover models
- List of Vogue Portugal cover models
- List of Vogue Russia cover models
- List of Vogue Taiwan cover models
- List of Vogue Thailand cover models
- List of Vogue Türkiye cover models
- List of Vogue Ukraine cover models
- "Consumer Magazines". Alliance for Audited Media. Archived from the original on January 23, 2017. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
- Press, Debbie (2004). Your Modeling Career: You Don't Have to Be a Superstar to Succeed. New York: Allworth Press. ISBN 978-1-58115-359-0.
- Penelope Rowlands (2008) A Dash of Daring: Carmel Snow and Her Life in Fashion, Art, and Letters Simon and Schuster, 2008
- Esfahani Smith, Emily (June 26, 2013). "The Early Years of Vogue Magazine". acculterated.com. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Ludwin, Nancy Flinn (January–February 2007). "In Vogue: The Illustrated History of the World's Most Famous Fashion Magazine". Gale Resources.
- Fine Collins, Amy. "Vanity Fair: The Early Years, 1914–1936". Vanity Fair. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
- Oloizia, Jeff. "The 10 Most Groundbreaking Covers in the History of Vogue". T Magazine. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
- Laird Borrelli (2000). Fashion Illustration Now (illustrated, reprint ed.). Thames and Hudson. ISBN 9780500282342.
Fashion Illustration has gone from being one of the sole means of fashion communication to having a very minor role. The first photographic cover of Vogue was a watershed in the history of fashion illustration and a watershed mark of its decline. Photographs, no matter how altered or retouched, will always have some association with reality and by association truth. I like to think of them [fashion Illustrations] as prose poems and having more fictional narratives. They are more obviously filtered through an individual vision than photos. Illustration lives on, but in the position of a poor relative to the fashion.
- "The Early Years of Vogue Magazine – Acculturated". Acculturated. June 26, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
- Vogue (February 15, 1968)
- Dwight, Eleanor. "The Divine Mrs. V". New York. Retrieved November 18, 2007.
- "Advertisement – Vogue Magazine". ecollections.scad.edu. Scad Libraries. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Mirabella, Grace (1995). "In and Out of Vogue". Doubleday.
- "Grace Under Pressure". Gale Resources. 1995.
- "Vogue – Editor-in-chief Bio". Condé Nast. Condé Nast. May 2013. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Anna Wintour". Biography. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
- Coddington, Grace (2012). Grace: A Memoir. New York: Random House. ISBN 0449808068.
- Orecklin, Michelle (February 9, 2004). "The Power List: Women in Fashion, No 3 Anna Wintour". Time magazine. Retrieved January 29, 2007.
- Weber, Caroline (December 3, 2006). "Fashion-Books: Review of "IN VOGUE: The Illustrated History of the World's Most Famous Fashion Magazine (Rizzoli)"". The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
- Fortini, Amanda (February 10, 2005). "Defending Vogue's Evil Genius: The Brilliance of Anna Wintour". Retrieved January 29, 2007.
- "Ryan Lochte Is the Fourth Man to ver Cover Vogue – The Cut". Nymag.com. May 14, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "LeBron becomes one of only three men to grace cover of Vogue – NBA – ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. March 13, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Vogue Olympic Cover Featuring Hope Solo, Ryan Lochte, and Serena Williams (PHOTOS)". Global Grind. May 14, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Covers, History of Fashion Magazine (February 22, 2016). "Toto Koopman on Vogue, September 1933". Covers of Fashion Magazine. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- "Beverly Johnson". Vogue. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- "Honoring the 120th Anniversary: Anna Wintour Shares Her Vogue Story". Vogue. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- Sowray, Bibby (April 9, 2014). "Kim and Kanye's Vogue cover on course to be a record seller". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- Essex, Myeisha (April 8, 2014). "Vogue's Kim K & Kanye Cover On Track To Outsell FLOTUS & Beyonce Issues". The Michigan Chronicle. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- Glamour. "Anna Wintour talks about the Kimye Vogue cover". Glamour UK. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- Park, Andrea (July 31, 2018). "Vogue reportedly gave Beyoncé editorial control of September cover and feature". Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Street, Mikelle (August 13, 2018). "The story behind Tyler Mitchell's Vogue cover of Beyoncé". Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- GLYNIS TRAILL-NASH (May 17, 2013). "Vogue eager to make an issue of 'real' women". The Australian. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Milligan, Lauren. "The Health Initiative". British Vogue. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- Vogue, Conde Nast, retrieved October 6, 2013
- "Brand". Condé Nast International. Condé Nast International. October 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Harris, Paul (March 13, 2013), Anna Wintour cements influence as Condé Nast's new artistic director, The Guardian, retrieved October 6, 2013
- Bilton, Nick (August 16, 2013), "Trying to Make Google Glass Fashionable", The New York Times, retrieved October 6, 2013
- Olanoff, Drew. "Tech's In Vogue This Year…Literally". TechCrunch. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- Garton, Christie. "Fashion's Night Out mobilized fashionistas worldwide for good". USA Today. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- Krupnick, Ellie (February 27, 2013), Fashion's Night Out mobilized fashionistas worldwide for good., Huffington Post, retrieved October 5, 2013
- Martel, Ned; Martel, Ned (August 28, 2012). "Vogue's September issue: Boosting the spirit and economy in one fell swoop". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- McLarney, Ellen (Winter 2009). "The burqa in Vogue: fashioning Afghanistan". Journal of Middle East Women's Studies. 5 (1): 1–23. doi:10.2979/mew.2009.5.1.1. JSTOR 10.2979/mew.2009.5.1.1.
- Bose, Purnima (September–October 2009). "A Cosmetic Cover for Occupation". Solidarity. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Moss, Hilary (July 28, 2010). "Anna Wintour & Barack Obama dinner: Vogue editor's fundraiser has $30,000 entry fee". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- Cowles, Charlotte (February 1, 2012). "Anna Wintour in top tier of Obama's fund-raising 'Bundlers'". New York Magazine. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- "Vogue Endorses Hillary Clinton for President of the United States". Vogue. Retrieved January 24, 2017.
- "Has Anna Wintour Crossed the Line". Ikon London Magazine. November 11, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- "Did Anna Wintour And Vogue's Hillary Clinton Advocacy Gone Too Far?". WWD. November 9, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- Vogue (June 20, 2013) Vogue.com, Vogue Special Edition: The Definitive Inside Look at the 2013 Met Gala, Retrieved on October 9, 2013 from http://www.vogue.com/vogue-daily/article/special-edition-vogue-met-gala-2013/#1 Archived October 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- Jules, Gary. “15 Roots Reggae Songs You Should Know”. Vogue magazine. October 28, 2015. <https://www.vogue.com/article/15-roots-reggae-songs-playlist> Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- Gaddis, Anicée. “The Golden Age of Reggae: An Archival Romp With Roots Pioneer Patricia Chin” Vogue magazine. October 28, 2015. <https://www.vogue.com/article/golden-age-of-reggae-photographs-patricia-chin> Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- Music. Vogue magazine. Web. 2017. <https://www.vogue.com/culture/music> Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- Hahn, Rachel. “Meet Suzi Analogue, the Producer Behind Chromat’s Bass-Heavy, Femme-Empowering Soundscape”. Vogue magazine. September 9, 2017. <https://www.vogue.com/article/suzi-analogue-chromat-nyfw-spring-2018-collection-soundtrack> Retrieved October 15, 2017.
- Frankel, David (June 30, 2006), The Devil Wears Prada, retrieved February 8, 2016
- Betts, Kate (April 13, 2003). "Anna Dearest". The New York Times. Retrieved January 29, 2007.
- Wilson, Eric (December 28, 2006). "The Devil Likes Attention". The New York Times. Retrieved January 29, 2007.
- Noveck, Jocelyn (May 30, 2007). "Fashion Mags Anger Some With Tobacco Ads". San Francisco Chronicle. Associated press. Archived from the original on May 31, 2007. Retrieved November 18, 2007.
- K. Scott, Megan (March 24, 2008). "LeBron James' 'Vogue' cover called racially insensitive". USA TODAY. Associated Press. Retrieved March 31, 2008.
- Cadenhead, Rogers (March 28, 2008). "Annie Leibovitz Monkeys Around with LeBron James". Retrieved December 30, 2009.
- Buck, Joan Juliet. "Asma al-Assad: A Rose in the Desert". Vogue. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Malone, Noreen. "The Middle East's Marie Antoinettes". Slate. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Freeland, Chrystia (March 17, 2011). "The Balance of Charm and Reality". The New York Times. Retrieved April 4, 2011.
- Fisher, Max (January 3, 2012). "The Only Remaining Online Copy of Vogue's Asma al-Assad Profile". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Bogardus, Kevin (August 3, 2011). "PR firm worked with Syria on controversial photo shoot". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Catsoulis, J. (August 27, 2009). At 'Vogue,' A Wintour And Some Discontent. NPR Movie Reviews. Retrieved October 1, 2013 from https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=112205015.
- Nisita, L. (August 25, 2012). Creating Postal Problems. Refinery 29. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from http://www.refinery29.com/2012/08/35827/vogue-september-issue.
- HBO Documentaries (2012). In Vogue: The Editor's Eye. HBO.com Retrieved October 1, 2013 from http://www.hbo.com/documentaries/in-vogue-the-editors-eye#/documentaries/in-vogue-the-editors-eye/synopsis.html
- video.vogue.com (2013). Vogue.com Retrieved October 9, 2013, from http://video.vogue.com
- Amazon.com/books Retrieved October 9, 2013
- Danica Lo (May 9, 2011) Voguepedia Soft Launches Racked
- "Main Page". Voguepedia. Conde Naste. May 2013. Archived from the original on May 18, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- MISTY WHITE SIDELL (May 9, 2013). "119 Years of Vogue, Now Available on 'Voguepedia'". Fashionista. Breaking Media. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "vogue archive". login.voguearchive.com. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
- Wilson, Julee (September 14, 2015). "Vogue Launches First-Ever Podcast, Hosted By André Leon Talley". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
- "Download the Vogue.com App, the only fashion app you'll ever need". Vogue. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
- "BREAKING NEWS: Men's Vogue To Shut Doors | Off the Cuff". offthecuffdc.com. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Robert Downey Jr Men's Vogue Spring 2009 Cover | Shallow Nation". www.shallownation.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Conde Nast Scales Back Men's Vogue". Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Vogue Australia. – National Library". www.nlb.gov.sg. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
- Anna, Anisimova, (January 12, 2018). "Vogue Australia Index 1952–2011 V20180101". figshare. doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.5771490.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Vogue Australia Index". Research Data Australia. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- "Condé Nast International | Australia | Vogue Living". www.condenastinternational.com. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Teen Vogue: Fashion, Beauty, Entertainment News for Teens". Teen Vogue. Retrieved June 9, 2018.
- VOGUE. "TEEN VOGUE to Debut; Same VOGUE Style, but Tailored for Teens". www.prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on November 16, 2016. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
- "Website and Subscription for Vogue Hommes International". Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- "In Vogue: Angelica Cheung". Stylist Magazine. Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- Ruth David (September 18, 2007). "Vogue India Launches". Forbes. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- Odell, Amy (July 28, 2010). "Victoria Davydova Confirmed for Russian Vogue". nymag.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Odell, Amy (January 7, 2011). "Emmanuelle Alt Named Editor of French Vogue". nymag.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Moss, Hilary (May 16, 2012). "Vogue Australia's Editor-in-Chief Kirstie Clements Doesn't Work There Anymore". nymag.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- "CHANGING PLACES: Kelly Talamas, Mike Lazaridis, Jim Balsillie, Thorsten Heins…". www.portada-online.com. Portada. January 23, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Rees, Alex (November 29, 2011). "Dutch Vogue's Debut Confirmed for Next Year". nymag.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved January 4, 2014.[permanent dead link]
- Moss, Hilary (January 29, 2013). "Vogue Lets Man Be in Charge of Thai Version". nymag.com. New York Magazine. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- Moss, Hilary (June 11, 2012). "Ukraine to Get Its Very Own Vogue". New York Magazine. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
- June Thomas (June 5, 2013). "An Irreverent Guide to Japanese Men's Magazines". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
- "Vogue Arabia set to launch in October, says Condé Nast". Arabian Business. July 8, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
- "Bienvenida a la familia de Condé Nast: Eugenia de la Torriente, nueva directora de 'Vogue España'". Vogue. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
- "Emanuele Farneti Named Editor-in-Chief of 'Vogue' Italia and 'L'Uomo Vogue'". fashionista.com. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Alexandra Shulman to Step Down as Editor-in-Chief of British Vogue". The Business of Fashion. January 25, 2017. Retrieved January 25, 2017.
- "Edward Enninful On His Appointment As Editor". British Vogue. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
- "Deena Aljuhani Abdulaziz Exits Vogue Arabia". The Business of Fashion. April 13, 2017. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
- "BoF Exclusive | Condé Nast to Launch Vogue Poland". The Business of Fashion. June 20, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- "„Vogue Polska" w lutym w kioskach. Za reklamę trzeba zapłacić do 280 tys. zł" (in Polish). Retrieved January 21, 2018.
- "Condé Nast to Launch Vogue in the Czech Republic and Slovakia". The Business of Fashion. February 28, 2018. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- Re-Launch of Vogue in Greece The Business of Fashion. September 11, 2018. Power moves The Business of Fashion. September 13, 2018.
- "Must Read: Condé Nast International to Launch 'Vogue' Hong Kong, Kim Jones Debuts First Campaign for Dior Homme". Fashionista. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
- "Wydawca Vogue Polska wkrótce z 'Vogue Uroda' i 'Vogue Polska Men'. Trwają prace nad aplikacją mobilną". www.wirtualnemedia.pl (in Polish). Retrieved July 5, 2019.
- "A decade of Vogue New Zealand". Vogue Australia. June 29, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
- "Vogue New Zealand ..." nznewsuk. September 20, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
- Vogue Germany, vogue.de, retrieved May 22, 2014
- "Vogue launched in Singapore". UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL. August 30, 1994. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
- "THE STORY OF VOGUE SINGAPORE AND ASIA'S FIRST SUPERMODELS". The Fashion Model Directory. April 11, 2018. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
- "Eva Hughes is the new CEO for Condé Nast Mexico and Latin America". Portada. January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- "Quienes Somos". Vogue México. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Victoria Berezhna (September 19, 2018). "Condé Nast to Re-Launch Vogue in Greece". Business of Fashion. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- "Thailand Vogue". Conde Naste International. Conde Naste International. May 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Luhn, Alec (November 1, 2018). "Ukrainian Vogue editor suspended for plagiarism of Russian authors". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- "Philipp Vlasov – new Editor-in-Chief of VOGUE UA". December 17, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
- Safronova, Valeriya (April 14, 2017). "Vogue Arabia Suddenly Changes Editors". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "Condé Nast International Takes Vogue to Hong Kong". Jing Daily. March 1, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.