Visakhapatnam district

Visakhapatnam district (formerly known as Vizagapatam district[4]) is one of the six districts in the Uttarandhra region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, headquartered at Visakhapatnam.[5]: 14  It is one of the twenty-six districts in Andhra Pradesh state.The district share broders with in the north and east, Vizianagaram district and South Anakapalli district in the south-west and Bay of Bengal in the south.[5]: 15 

Visakhapatnam district
Vizag View from Kailasagiri.jpg
Pylon at Vizag Steel Plant 01.jpg
Simhachalam temple view from the rear side hillock.jpg
View of Stupas at Bavikonda, Visakhapatnam.jpg
Clockwise from top: View of Visakhapatnam from Kailasagiri, Simhachalam Temple, Stupas at Bavikonda, pylon at Visakhapatnam Steel Plant
Nickname: 
Vizag
Location of Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh
Coordinates: 17°42′N 83°18′E / 17.7°N 83.3°E / 17.7; 83.3Coordinates: 17°42′N 83°18′E / 17.7°N 83.3°E / 17.7; 83.3
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
RegionUttarandhra
Created1 April 1936
HeadquartersVisakhapatnam
Administrative Divisions
Government
 • District collectorDr A Mallikharjuna IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesVisakhapatnam
 • Assembly constituencies06
Area
[1]: 28 
 • Total1,048 km2 (405 sq mi)
 • Urban
[1]: 28 
632.16 km2 (244.08 sq mi)
 • Rural
[1]: 28 
416 km2 (161 sq mi)
 • Rank26th
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total1,959,544
 • Rank13th
 • Density1,869.8/km2 (4,843/sq mi)
  • Rank1st
 • Sex ratio
1,006♀️/1,000♂️
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Literacy
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
530xxx
Area codes+91–891
ISO 3166 codeIN-AP
Vehicle registrationAP-31, AP–39 (from 30 January 2019)[3]
Websitevishakapatnam.ap.gov.in

HistoryEdit

During the British rule in India, Visakhapatnam emerged as a district. On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa Province was split to form Bihar Province and Orissa Province. Parts of the Vizagapatam district (i.e., Nabarangpur, Malkangiri, Koraput, Jeypore, Rayagada etc.) and the Ganjam district (excluding Ichchapuram, Palasa, Tekkali, Pathapatnam and Srikakulam) of Madras Presidency were transferred to Orissa Province along with portions of the Vizagapatam Hill Tracts Agency and Ganjam Hill Tracts Agency.[6][7][8]

Later, in 1950, Srikakulam district was carved out from the erstwhile Visakhapatnam district.[9] In 1979, part of the district was split to form Vizianagaram district.[10] Visakhapatnam district is currently a part of the Red corridor.[11]

Administratve divisionsEdit

The district has two revenue divisions, namely Bheemunipatnam and Visakhapatnam, each headed by a sub collector. These revenue divisions are divided into 11 mandals. The district consists of one municipal corporation. Visakhapatnam city is the only municipal corporation.[12]

MandalsEdit

There are 6 mandals in Visakhapatnam division and 5 in Bheemunipatnam division. The 11 mandals under their revenue divisions are listed below:

# Bheemunipatnam Division Visakhapatnam Division
1 Bheemunipatnam Gajuwaka
2 Anandapuram Pedagantyada
3 Padmanabham Gopalapatnam
4 Visakhapatnam Rural Mulagada
5 Seethammadhara Maharanipeta
6 Pendurthi

PoliticsEdit

There are two parliamentary and six assembly constituencies in Visakhapatnam district. The parliamentary constituencies are

The assembly constituencies are[13]

Constituency number Name Reserved for
(SC/ST/None)
Parliament
20 Bheemili None Visakhapatnam (Lok Sabha constituency)
21 Visakhapatnam East None Visakhapatnam (Lok Sabha constituency)
22 Visakhapatnam West None Visakhapatnam (Lok Sabha constituency)
23 Visakhapatnam North None Visakhapatnam (Lok Sabha constituency)
24 Visakhapatnam South None Visakhapatnam (Lok Sabha constituency)
25 Gajuwaka None Visakhapatnam (Lok Sabha constituency)
31 Pendurthi (partially) None Anakapalle (Lok Sabha constituency)

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901992,833—    
19111,056,683+0.63%
19211,057,223+0.01%
19311,175,984+1.07%
19411,314,362+1.12%
19511,483,653+1.22%
19611,665,213+1.16%
19712,035,831+2.03%
19812,576,474+2.38%
19913,285,092+2.46%
20013,832,336+1.55%
20114,290,589+1.14%
source:[14]

According to the 2011 census Visakhapatnam district has a population of 4,290,589. This gives it a ranking of 44 in India (out of a total of 640 districts) and 4th in the state. The district has a population density of 384 inhabitants per square kilometre (990/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 11.89%. It has a sex ratio of 1003 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.7%. After reorganization, Visakhapatnam district had a population of 1,959,544. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 167,272 (8.54%) and 22,574 (1.15%) of the population respectively.[5]

Religions in Visakhapatnam district (2011)[15]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
93.03%
Islam
3.47%
Christianity
2.82%
Other or not stated
0.68%
Distribution of religions

Hindus are the predominant community in the district. Muslims and Christians are primarily in the Visakhapatnam metropolitan area.

Languages of Visakhapatnam district (2011)[16]

  Telugu (92.93%)
  Urdu (2.47%)
  Hindi (1.96%)
  Others (2.64%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 92.93% of the population spoke Telugu, 2.47% Urdu, and 1.96% Hindi as their first language.[16]

Statistics for Old Vizag district
Total population 42,90,589
Males 21,38,910
Females 21,51,679
Growth (2001-2011) 11.89%
Rural 22,54,667 (52.55%)
Urban 20,35,922 (47.45%)
SC 1,67,272 (7.68%)
ST 622,574 (14.42%)


Notable peopleEdit

Municipalities in DistrictEdit

S.No. City / Town Civic Status of Town No.of

Wards

Municipality

Formation year

2011 Census Population
1 GVMC Municipal Corporation 98 1979 20,37,944

GeographyEdit

Visakhapatnam district occupies an area of approximately 1,048 square kilometres (405 sq mi),[17] comparatively equivalent to United States Atka Island.[18]

Climate

Climate data for Visakhapatnam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.9
(84.0)
31.3
(88.3)
33.8
(92.8)
35.3
(95.5)
36.2
(97.2)
35.3
(95.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.7
(89.1)
30.4
(86.7)
28.9
(84.0)
32.5
(90.5)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
26.1
(79.0)
27.7
(81.9)
27.3
(81.1)
26.1
(79.0)
26.0
(78.8)
25.6
(78.1)
24.3
(75.7)
21.6
(70.9)
18.6
(65.5)
23.7
(74.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.4
(0.45)
7.7
(0.30)
7.5
(0.30)
27.6
(1.09)
57.8
(2.28)
105.6
(4.16)
134.6
(5.30)
141.2
(5.56)
174.8
(6.88)
204.3
(8.04)
65.3
(2.57)
7.9
(0.31)
945.7
(37.23)
[citation needed]

EconomyEdit

The Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the district is 73,276 crore (US$9.2 billion) and it contributes 14% to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013–14, the per capita income at current prices was 124,162 (US$1,600). The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute 6,300 crore (US$790 million), 21,654 crore (US$2.7 billion) and 45,321 crore (US$5.7 billion) respectively.[19] The major products contributing to the GVA of the district from agriculture and allied services are, sugarcane, paddy, betel leaves, mango, milk, meat and fisheries. The GVA to the industrial and service sector is contributed from manufacturing, construction, minor minerals, software services and unorganised trade.[19]

TransportEdit

The total road length of state highways in the district is 964 km (599 mi).[20]

EducationEdit

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[21][22] They include 162 government, 2,793 mandal and zilla parishads, 9 residential, 1225 private, 5 model, 34 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 147 municipal and 829 other types of schools.[23] The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 609,587.[24]

TemplesEdit

There are thirty six temples under the management of Endowments Department.[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "District Census Hand Book – Visakhapatnam" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Population". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 14 June 2019.
  3. ^ "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ Pradhāna, Rāmacandra (2008). Raj to Swaraj: A Textbook on Colonialism and Nationalism in India. Macmillan India. ISBN 978-0-230-63406-0.
  5. ^ a b c "District Census Hand Book : Visakhapatnam (Part A)" (PDF). Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andhra Pradesh. 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2019.
  6. ^ Provinces of British India
  7. ^ "The Untouchables". Siddharth Books & Google ebooks. 1948. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  8. ^ April 1,1936: Odisha comes into being. Knappilly. 1 April 2018. ISBN 9788190568920. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  9. ^ "AP new districts: First formed under the empire, Andhra Pradesh's map shaped and reshaped over centuries". The Times of India. 30 March 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  11. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Adminsistrative divisions of Visakhapatnam district". Official Website of Visakhapatnam District. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  13. ^ "District-wise Assembly-Constituencies". ceoandhra.nic.in.
  14. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  15. ^ "Population by Religion - Andhra Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011.
  16. ^ a b "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
  17. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  18. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Cape Breton Island 10,311km2
  19. ^ a b "Economy of Visakhapatnam District". Andhra Pradesh Economic Development Board. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  20. ^ "Existing State Highways" (PDF). Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  21. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  22. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  23. ^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  24. ^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Child info 2015–16, District School Education – Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 22 May 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  25. ^ "Trust Boards Abstract". AP Temples Portal, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 24 July 2018.

External linksEdit