Koraput

Koraput is a town and a Municipality in Koraput district in the Indian state of Odisha. Koraput town is the district headquarter of Koraput district.

Koraput
Town
Deomali Mountain range Rail Tracks in Koraput
Deomali Mountain range

Rail tracks view at Laxmipur Road.jpg

Rail Tracks in Koraput
Nickname(s): 
Aero Engine Capital of India[1]
Koraput is located in Odisha
Koraput
Koraput
Location in Odisha, India
Koraput is located in India
Koraput
Koraput
Koraput (India)
Coordinates: 18°51′22″N 82°44′05″E / 18.8561°N 82.7347°E / 18.8561; 82.7347Coordinates: 18°51′22″N 82°44′05″E / 18.8561°N 82.7347°E / 18.8561; 82.7347
Country India
State Odisha
DistrictKoraput
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyKoraput Municipality
 • Member of ParliamentSaptagiri Ulaka (INC)
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyRaghu Ram Padal (BJD)
Elevation
870 m (2,850 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total47,468
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationOD 10
Websiteodisha.gov.in

HistoryEdit

The district of Koraput derives its name from its headquarters the present town of Koraput. In ancient times when the Nalas were ruling over this tract, Pushkari near modern Umarkot was the capital city. In the medieval period Nandapur developed as a little kingdom under the Silavamsi kings that was later expanded by the Suryavanshi kings who arrived in the region in 13th century from Kashmir. Later, Maharajah Veer Vikram Dev of shifted his capital to Jeypore and about the middle of the 17th century this town prospered under the British Administration. Koraput was chosen by the British in 1870 for better health prospects. The origin of the name of Koraput is obscure. There are several theories, none of which are convincing.

According to Mr. R.C.S.Bell the name of the town is ‘Kora-Putti’ or "the hamlet of the nux-vomica" and it is derived presumably from a tree or trees that must at one time have been prominent near the site. But today not a single tree of nux-vomica is to be found near about the town of Koraput and so the assumption or Mr. Bell is open to question.

According to second theory, Koraput is corrupted form of ‘Karaka pentho’ Karaka literally mans ‘hail-stone’. It is also believed that one ‘Khora Naiko’ laid foundation of the village during the time of Nandapur kings. He hailed probably from Ranpur and served under the Nandapur kings in the Militia, and for his faithful and meritorious services he has permitted to establish this village which was named after him as Khora Putu, and later on the name has been abbreviated to ‘Koraput’.

Koraput is also a Tourism Place. The town is surrounded by mountains, thick forests and waterfalls. This town also has many old temples.

Marking a social success for others to emulate, the past two years, around 220 tribal villagers of the non-descript Bondaguda village under Similiguda block in the district has become totally free of open defecation with each of its 45 families constructing toilets in their homes.

Adivasi communitiesEdit

 
Tribal people of Koraput, Odisha

Koraput is a part of the tribal belt in southern Odisha. As the term 'tribal' often denotes a negative connotation, the indigenous people here prefer to be known as Adivasis, i.e. "original inhabitants".[2] Many different Adivasi communities live in this district.

The traditional culture (including languages), knowledge and subsistence of the Adivasis are closely connected with local ecosystems.[3]

Most of the area was covered by thick forest until relatively recently. As a result of deforestation, industrialization and urbanization, many Adivasi communities have adopted new ways of life. However, many Adivasis maintain a tradition of selling produce (vegetables and fruit) in Sunday markets popularly known as Hat Poda (or haat).[4]

The Dongar Festival (or Parab) is held annually, ostensibly to showcase the way of life of Adivasis, in the first and second weeks of December, organised by the district administration. Many foreign tourists visit the festival.[5] There has been criticism of the festival, with allegations that Adivasis are reluctant participants, who are paraded like "museum specimens" for the benefit of the tourism industry.

Sabara Srikhetra (Jagannath Temple)Edit

 
Jagannath temple in Koraput

Koraput is mostly famous for its Jagannath Temple which is also known as Sabara Srikhetra. Srikhetra is normally referred to as Puri Jagannath, but the unique identity of the Koraput temple is because no section of society is barred entry.

Council of Analytical Tribal Studies (COATS), registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860,[6] is university–like educational institute is a successful attempt to restore and educate tribal way of life, customs, tradition, medicine, language, social structure and history. COATS has been documenting the day-today situation of poor tribals and feeding this information to the local administration in an effort to make it more efficient.

GeographyEdit

 
Kechala lake in Koraput
 
Table mountain Koraput
 
Sunset in Koraput

Koraput is located at 18°49′N 82°43′E / 18.82°N 82.72°E / 18.82; 82.72.[7] It has an average elevation of 870 m (2,850 ft).

Some major rivers of Odisha pass through the district Koraput like Machhakunda, Vamsadhara and Kolab. This district is also bestowed with waterfalls like Duduma, Bagra and Khandahati. It also contains the largest mountain of Odisha, called Deomali along with Chandragiri mountain. Koraput district is famous for the important places like Jeypur, Duduma, Bagra, Sunabeda MiG factory. Koraput holds a total area of 8,807 km2. As of 2011 census, with a total population of 13,79,647, the district has a literacy rate of 36.20%. Koraput is dependent on agricultural activities. The district has total cultivable land of 301,000 hectares (740,000 acres). With a 157 km long national highway the district is well connected to all the other districts of Odisha. Gupteswar, Neelabadi, Nandapur, Sunabeda, Duduma water fall, (Savra shrikhetra), Ankadeli forms the major interests of Koraput.

Hill stationsEdit

Being at the heart of tribal belt in South Odisha, it has also many hill stations though they are not that famous as other hill stations of India. Places like Machkund, Onukadelli, Jalaput, Chindri, Hatipathar,(Deomali) Potangi etc. are places to be visited for their scenic beauty .

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Koraput, Odisha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
28.4
(83.1)
31.7
(89.1)
33.6
(92.5)
34.3
(93.7)
30.6
(87.1)
25.9
(78.6)
25.6
(78.1)
26.6
(79.9)
27.0
(80.6)
25.7
(78.3)
24.7
(76.5)
28.3
(82.9)
Average low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
6.4
(43.5)
15.7
(60.3)
20.9
(69.6)
22.9
(73.2)
22.5
(72.5)
20.7
(69.3)
20.4
(68.7)
20.3
(68.5)
18.7
(65.7)
14.1
(57.4)
3.5
(38.3)
15.8
(60.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 8
(0.3)
3
(0.1)
19
(0.7)
53
(2.1)
84
(3.3)
213
(8.4)
437
(17.2)
391
(15.4)
247
(9.7)
116
(4.6)
27
(1.1)
8
(0.3)
1,606
(63.2)
Source: en.climate-data.org

TransportEdit

Koraput has good linkage with other parts of the state as well as some major cities of neighboring states, by means of rail and road. National highway number 26(43) passes through the town which connects it with Raipur and Visakhapatnam. Buses are a plenty from Visakhapatnam and Vijayanagaram to Koraput. Buses to Jeypore, Jagdalpur, Umerkote, etc., also passes through Koraput.

Koraput railway station connects Koraput with Rayagada, Visakhapatnam, Berhampur, Jagdalpur, Howrah, Bhubaneswar, Rourkela and Raipur.

Also new proposed Biju Expressway will connect this city with Rourkela.

AdministrationEdit

Koraput district is divided into 2 sub-divisions and 14 blocks. The 2 sub-divisions are Koraput and Jeypore

Blocks in Koraput sub-division 1. Koraput 2. Semiliguda 3. Nandapur 4. Pottangi 5. Dasmanthpur 6. Lamtaput 7. Laxmipur 8. Narayanapatna 9. Bandugaon

EducationEdit

Educational facilities in Koraput include schools and SLN Medical College and Hospital.

As far as higher studies are concerned, Koraput has got one Woman's College and a D.A.V. College, both of which are affiliated to Berhampur University.

In 2009, a central university was set up in Koraput namely Central University of Orissa. This started functioning from August 2009 providing courses on English, Oriya, mass communication, journalism, anthropology and sociology. Prof Surabhi Banarjee was appointed as the first vice-chancellor of the university.[8]

On 4 September 2017, the new government medical college was established in Koraput and named after Saheed Laxman Nayak, a great freedom fighter of that region. Classes started in September 2017.[citation needed]

PoliticsEdit

Current MP Saptagiri Ulaka and MLA from Koraput Assembly Constituency is Raghu Ram Padal who won the seat in State elections in 2019.

Koraput is part of Koraput (Lok Sabha constituency).

FestivalsEdit

PARAB (ପରବ)

A festival of festivals PARAB [9][10] – an annual tribal festival organized by the District Council of Culture, Koraput is a gala event of the state, organized in the month of November every year all over the district. The whole month of parab witnesses events on sports culture, seminar mountain trekking, boat race and artists camp. On a third day from all over the country are staged on one platform, with crafts mela and exhibitions in the Koraput Parab ground.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ PTI (6 December 2014). "Koraput to be nurtured as Aero Engine Capital of India: Raha". OdishaTV. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved 3 February 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Franco F, Merlin; Narasimhan, D (2009). "Plant names and uses as indicators of knowledge patterns" (PDF). Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 8 (4): 645–648.
  4. ^ Resource: Book on the ethnobotany of the Kondh, Poraja, Gadaba and Bonda of the Koraput region of Odisha, India « Traditional Knowledge Bulletin. Tkbulletin.wordpress.com (2012-01-18). Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  5. ^ Parab - About Archived 15 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Koraput.nic.in (2009-11-18). Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  6. ^ Tribal Women, a Gendered Utopia?: Women in the Agriculture Sector, p. 25, Asha Hans, South Asian Publishers
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. - Koraput. Fallingrain.com. Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  8. ^ Central University. Cuorissa.org. Retrieved on 2013-02-09.
  9. ^ http://parab.nic.in/
  10. ^ https://koraput.nic.in/tourist-place/parab-koraput/
  • Koraput Parikrama, (Prabandha Samkalan), Published by Banaphula Sahitya Parishad, Sunabeda and edited by Dr. Basanta Kishore Sahoo
  • Smaranika-2013 (Koraput Bisesanka), Published by Utkal Sanskrutika Parishad, Sunabeda and also edited by Dr. Basanta Kishore Sahoo

External linksEdit