Brahmapur, Odisha

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Brahmapur (pronounced [bɾɔhmɔpuɾ]; also known as Berhampur) is a city on the eastern coastline of Ganjam district of the Indian state of Odisha.[2]

Brahmapur
Berhampur
City
Brahmapur rail station.jpg
ଗୋପାଳପୁର ବେଳାଭୂମି Gopalpur Sea beach 1.jpg
MKCG Medical college Berhampur.jpg
Berhampur University.jpg
Gopalpur Port.jpg
Parala Maharaja Engineering College Berhampur.jpg
From Top; Left to Right: Brahmapur Railway Station, Gopalpur Sea Beach, MKCG Medical College, Berhampur University, Gopalpur Port and Parala Maharaja Engineering College
Nicknames: 
BAM
Brahmapur is located in Odisha
Brahmapur
Brahmapur
Location in Odisha, India
Brahmapur is located in India
Brahmapur
Brahmapur
Brahmapur (India)
Coordinates: 19°19′N 84°47′E / 19.32°N 84.78°E / 19.32; 84.78Coordinates: 19°19′N 84°47′E / 19.32°N 84.78°E / 19.32; 84.78
Country India
State Odisha
DistrictGanjam
First settled1672
Named forLord Brahmeshwar
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyBrahmapur Municipal Corporation (BeMC)
 • MayorSanghamitra Dalei
 • Municipal CommissionerDr. Siddeshwar Baliram Bondar, IAS
 • SP, Berhampur Police DistrictDr Sarvana Vivek M, IPS
 • Member of ParliamentChandra Sekhar Sahu, (BJD)
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyBikram Kumar Panda, (BJD)
Area
 • Total86.82 km2 (33.52 sq mi)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total355,823
 • RankIndia 126th, Odisha 4th
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Berhampuria
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
760001–760010
Telephone code0680
Vehicle registration
  • OR-07
  • OD-07
Websitewww.berhampur.gov.in

EtymologyEdit

The name of the city is said to have been derived from the name of Lord Brahmeswara, worshipped in a temple at Lathi, 4 km from the main town.[3]

HistoryEdit

Jaugada, present 35 km away from Brahmapur on the banks of the Rushikulya, was an ancient fort and city existing from 3rd century BC to 7th century AD. Its existence before and after this time period cannot be ruled out. Also called Samapa, it was a provincial headquarter of Maurya Dynasty along with Dhauli as evident from the edicts found at both places. Specific history about the place and civilisation doesn't exist after the Maurya Dynasty and the fort is now buried.[3]

The cult of Buddhi Thakurani originated along with the emergence of Brahmapur town in and around 1672 AD. Telugu Lengayat Dera (weaver) community, who came to Mahuri on the invitation of Raja Saheb of Mahuri to take up their profession of weaving, started Ghata Yatra (Pot Festival) for highlighting the divinity of Mahamayee Thakurani of his capital town Brahmapur. The Chief of the Dera community, Kota Chandramani Kubera Senapati, led his community people to migrate to Mahuri and Brahmapur who settle down into their hereditary profession of weaving tussar silken products or Patta Matha. The Ghata Yatra was initiated for the purpose of highlighting the tradition of worshiping Thakurani as well as to use it as a platform for sales promotion of their silken products.[4][5]

In April 1923, a meeting of the 'Utkal Union Conference' was held at Brahmapur under the chairmanship of Kalpataru Das. Many Congress workers took part in it. They supported the main idea of amalgamation of the Odia areas under one administration, but differed on the course of action to be taken to fulfil the objective.[3]

It's finally became a part of Orissa Province on 1 April 1936 by amalgamation of Odia-speaking lands carved out from Madras Presidency along with Ganjam district and other Southern Odisha regions.

GeographyEdit

The city is at 19° 20' N Latitude 84° 50' E Longitude. Its average elevation above mean sea level is 24 m. The town stands on a rocky ledge 78 feet above the mean sea level, surrounded by an extensive cultivated plain. In a direct line, the distance of the place from the sea is 11 km. On the east and south this plain is open and it slopes towards the sea but on the north and west, it is bounded by the Mohiri or Kerandi hills, some 2500 feet high and about 14 km from Brahmapur.[3]

Brahmapur lies 25 km away from Rushikulya river and in its basin. Several small streams including Sapua nadi and Hati nadi flow through it.

A perfect amalgamation of Odia and Telugu communities can be seen here due to its being very near to the Odisha–Andhra border which turned itself into a major financial hub in Southern Odisha.

Boundaries of the cityEdit

North: Chandaniapahad, Ambagada, Ratnapur, Jagadalpur, Nimakhandi, Luchapda, Bhabinipur, Bada Gumula, Pali Gumula, Sana Kausasthali and Narendrapur.

South: Arua Palli, Brahmapalli, Khajuria, Phulta, Haladiapadar.

East: Raghunathpur, Pathara, Dura, Mandiapalli, Aruvapalli.

West: Bendalia, Lathi, Sukunda, Chandania Pahada, Ambagada.[3]

AdministrationEdit

The city is administered by the Brahmapur Municipal Corporation (BeMC). The city used to be a first municipality which was formed in 1867, and was upgraded to a municipal corporation on 29 December 2008. The Municipal body completed its 150 years in 2017.[6]

The Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC) of Southern range is located in Brahmapur and covers the undivided Ganjam, Koraput, Kandhamal and Kalahandi districts.

The headquarters for Brahmapur Tehsil, District Education Office (Ganjam) and Brahmapur Sub-Division are also situated here.

DemographicsEdit

Literacy rates in Brahmapur
Male
93.83%
Female
85.92%
Total
90.04%

As of 2011 Census of India (provisional), the population of Berhampur was 355,823, of which 185,584 were males and 170,239 were females making it the fourth most populous urban city in Odisha state[7] and 126th in India.

The effective literacy rate of Berhampur was 90.04%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male and female literacy rates were 93.83% and 85.92%, respectively. 8.2% of the population were children ages 0–6 years. The adult and child sex ratios were 917 and 898 females per 1000 males, respectively.[7]

Religion in Brahmapur[8]
Hinduism
96.48%
Islam
2.03%
Christianity
1.18%

ConnectivityEdit

RoadEdit

Brahmapur city is connected with National Highways NH-16 (ChennaiKolkata), NH-59 (Brahmapur-Khariar), NH-516 (Narendrapur-Gopalpur), State Highway 17 (Odisha) and State Highway 22 (Odisha) which connect almost all other cities and towns of Odisha.

Three-wheeler auto taxis are the most important mode of transportation in this city, with Taxis also on the city's roads. Online "C-cabs" and "ola" taxi-service app is also available. The state government has constructed a new bus station at Haladiapadar, at the outskirts of the city. The Ganjam Urban Transport Services Limited (GUTSL) with joint partnership with Odisha State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC) have an agreement to run a city-bus service for Brahmapur to urban centres on its periphery (Chatrapur, Gopalpur and Hinjili, Taratarini, Bhairabi) since 27 February 2014.[9][10]

TrainEdit

Brahmapur Railway Station is a major railway station of Odisha and India. It was first opened in 1896. It is connected with two major stations (Howrah-Chennai) through Howrah- Chennai main route. The railway station is located at the heart of the city. It has a typical British architecture style and has 4 platforms.

It handles mostly passenger traffic while cargo is handled at the nearby Jagannathpur Station.

By AirEdit

This city has an airstrip at Rangeilunda.[11] The airstrip was in much use during British raj. However, post independence, it has lied in a dilapidated condition with no scope of expansion due to its adjacence to Berhampur University. Demands for a new greenfield airport have been echoing throughout the years but have remained futile due to government inaction.[11]

SeaEdit

The Gopalpur port was recommisioned after renovation and expansion.[12] It is a private port and handles mineral exports and imports. No passenger ships, cruises or ferries operate to or from there as of 2021.

Climate and regional settingEdit

Maximum summer temperature is 40 °C; minimum winter temperature is 22 °C. The mean daily temperature varies from 33 °C to 38 °C. May is the hottest month; December is the coldest. The average annual rainfall is 1250 mm and the region receives monsoon and torrential rainfall from July to October.

Climate data for Berhampur, Odisha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
29.1
(84.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.7
(89.1)
32.8
(91.0)
32.5
(90.5)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
31.0
(87.8)
29.2
(84.6)
27.5
(81.5)
30.5
(86.8)
Average low °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.3
(66.7)
22.4
(72.3)
25.1
(77.2)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
25.9
(78.6)
25.9
(78.6)
25.7
(78.3)
23.7
(74.7)
19.3
(66.7)
16.5
(61.7)
22.8
(73.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
16
(0.6)
21
(0.8)
17
(0.7)
42
(1.7)
151
(5.9)
208
(8.2)
227
(8.9)
193
(7.6)
232
(9.1)
68
(2.7)
5
(0.2)
1,190
(46.8)
Source: en.climate-data.org

Educational InstitutionsEdit

  • Berhampur University
  • IISER, Berhampur
  • MKCG Medical College and Hospital
  • Kaviraj Ananta Tripathy Sharma Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital[13]
  • Biju Patnaik Homeopathic Medical College & Hospital[14]
  • Khallikote Autonomous College
  • Binayak Acharya College
  • SBR (Auto.) Women's College
  • Berhampur City College
  • Parala Maharaja Engineering College (PMEC)
  • Uma Charan Pattnaik Engineering School
  • National Institute of Science & Technology (NIST)[15]
  • Kalam Institute of Technology (KIT)[16]
  • Rahul Institute of Technology[17]
  • Roland Institute of Technology[18]
  • Vignan Institute of Technology and Management[19]
  • Sanjaya Memorial Institute of Technology[20]
  • Gayatri Institute of Science & Technology[21]
  • Berhampur School of Engineering & Technology[22]
  • Bharat Institute of Engineering & Technology Polytechnic College[23]
  • Gandhi Academy of Technology and Engineering (GATE)[24]
  • Gandhi School of Engineering (GSE)[25]
  • Lingaraj Law College[26]
  • Ganjam Law College[27]
  • College of Fisheries, Rangeilunda (OUAT)[28]
  • New Hope Society School of Nursing[29]
  • School of Nursing & Health Sciences, Bijipur[29]
  • College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mohuda[30]
  • Royal College of Pharmacy And Health Sciences[31]
  • Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical Science[32]
  • Om Sai College of Pharmacy & Health Science[33]
  • Sivananda College of Pharmacy[34]
  • Imperial College of Hotel Mgt. & Tourism[35]
  • Xavier College of Hotel Management[36]
  • Shalom Institute of Management Studies[37]
  • Asian Institute of Social Science & Technology (AISST)[38]
  • PG Centre For Management Studies[39]
  • Roland Institute of Computer and Management[40]
  • Disha College of Management and Technology[41]
  • Government ITI[42]
  • Government Polytechnic
  • Biswakarma ITI[43]
  • Brundaban Nayak Memorial Industrial Training Centre[44]

Culture and Contemporary lifeEdit

Brahmapur is famous for its food and markets.

Most famous markets are Annapurna Market, Bada Bazaar, Sano Bazaar, Bhapur Bazaar, Giri Market, Hanuman Market, Ganesh Market and Sai Complex. The mango market of Brahmapur is one of the largest wholesale mango markets in India.[45] The Balunkeswara Bana Market here is one of the largest in the state.[3]

ArtsEdit

Brahmapur has been an important site of the state's culture due to its unique Odia culture and has held several national level Odia and Telugu literary meets.[46]

Sri Sitaram Vilas Talkies (SSVT) was the first cinema theatre in Odisha.[47]

There has been a critical lack of museums. The open air Scrap Museum near ITI is one of the largest in India.[48]

FestivalsEdit

The Thakurani Jatra(biennial) is the most important festival in the city and is one of the state festivals of Odisha.[4] The cult of Buddhi Thakurani originated along with the emergence of Brahmapur town in and around 1672 AD. The Ghata Yatra was initiated for the purpose of highlighting the tradition of worshiping Thakurani as well as to use it as a platform for sales promotion of silken products.

The date for Thakurani Yatra was fixed by the yatra management committee at the house of Desi Behera, Chief of the Dera community. Buddhi Thakurani is considered as the daughter of the Desi Behera and the deity stays with her father's family during the entire Yatra period.[4]

SportsEdit

Brahmapur Stadium is the largest stadium and has hosted several Ranji Trophy matches. It has a sports hostel where talented sportspersons stay and practice.

Khallikote College Stadium is another large stadium.

Notable peopleEdit

PoliticsEdit

Brahmapur city is part of Berhampur Assembly Constituency and Gopalpur Assembly Constituency.

Brahmapur is under the jurisdiction of Berhampur (Lok Sabha constituency).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Berhampur City" (PDF).
  2. ^ Mohanty, Hrusikesh (7 March 2019). "Berhampur pips Bhubaneswar to become cleanest city in state". The Times of India. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "OdishaDistrict Gazetteers Ganjam". Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Buddhi Thakurani, popularly known as 'Thakurani Yatra' commences from April 2". news.webindia123.com. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  5. ^ "About Yatra". Maa Budhi Santani Thakurani Yatra Berhampur Official Website. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Interesting watch: Captivating video celebrates 150 years of Berhampur". OdishaSunTimes.com. 20 December 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. pp. 6, 7. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  8. ^ census 2011
  9. ^ Staff Reporter (27 February 2014). "Naveen inaugurates bus service". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  10. ^ Staff Reporter (25 February 2014). "City bus service to Berhampur, urban centres soon". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  11. ^ a b "Odisha Development Forum demands for early Establishment of a Domestic Airport in Berhampur". 16 June 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  12. ^ Staff Reporter (13 December 2015). "Gopalpur port re-commissioned". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  13. ^ "KATS Ayurveda College and Hospital". Katsaycollege.nic.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Homeopathy Colleges - Department of Health & Family Welfare, Government of Orissa". Health.odisha.gov.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  15. ^ "NIST". Nist.edu. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Kalam Institute of Technology". Kit.edu.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Rahul Institute of Engineering and Technology, Behrampur". Careers360.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  18. ^ "Roland Institute of Technology". Roland.ac.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  19. ^ "Vignan Institute of Technology and Management". Vitam.edu.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  20. ^ "Home - SMIT Degree Engineering College". Smitorissa.org. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  21. ^ "Gayatri Institute of Science and Technology – GIST Berhampur". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  22. ^ "Berhampur School of Engineering & Technology(BSET), Berhampur". Bsetberhampur.ac.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  23. ^ "BHARAT INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY". Biet.edu.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  24. ^ "Gandhi Academy of Technology and Engineering - [GATE], Berhampur". Collegedunia.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  25. ^ "Gandhi School of Engineering(GSE)". Gse.ac.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  26. ^ "Lingaraj Law College, Berhampur". Careers360.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  27. ^ "Home - Ganjam Law College". Ganjamlawcollege.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  28. ^ "The College of Fisheries, Rangailunda, Berhampur". Cofouat.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  29. ^ a b "Nursing Colleges/Schools - Department of Health & Family Welfare, Government of Orissa". Health.odisha.gov.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  30. ^ "COLLEGE OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES". Cpsmohuda.org. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  31. ^ "Royal College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences-Berhampur, Ganjam- Orissa, INDIA". Royalcollegeofpharmacy.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  32. ^ "Roland Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Berhampur : 33 Years of Academic Excellence". Rips.ac.in. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  33. ^ "Om Sai College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Ganjam, Om Sai College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Ganjam, Admission, Om Sai College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, Ganjam Courses, Ranking, Contact Details". Studyguideindia.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  34. ^ "Welcome to Sivananda College of Pharmacy, Berhampur". Scpberhampur.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 February 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 February 2019. Retrieved 25 February 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  37. ^ "Shalom Institute of Management Studies (SIMS), Brahmapur". IndCareer.com. 12 June 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  38. ^ "Asian Institute of Social Science & Technology (AISST), Berhampur". IndCareer.com. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  39. ^ "PG Centre For Management Studies, Berhampur". IndCareer.com. 8 October 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  40. ^ "Roland Institute of Computer and Management, Berhampur". IndCareer.com. 9 October 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  41. ^ "Disha College of Management and Technology, Berhampur". IndCareer.com. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  42. ^ "Industrial Training Institute". Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  43. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  44. ^ "ITI's in Berhampur, Orissa India, Industrial Training Institutes in Berhampur, Orissa". Targetstudy.com. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  45. ^ "Mango season starts on dull note". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  46. ^ Narendra, Madhurantakam (29 January 2017). "The Behrampur connect". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  47. ^ "First cinema hall in Odisha: Former President of India visited". Incredible Orissa. 3 August 2019. Retrieved 24 June 2021.
  48. ^ "ITI Berhampur, Odisha Open Air Museum Enters Asia Book Of Records". Odisha Bytes. 5 November 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  49. ^ "Do You Know ? Actress Celina Jaitley Was student of Khallikote college #Brahmapur #Ganjam #Odisha #CelinaJaitley". 29 November 2016.