Ganjam district is a district in the Indian state of Odisha. Ganjam's total area is 8,206 km² (3,168 mi²). The district headquarters is Chhatrapur. Ganjam is divided into three sub-divisions Chhatrapur, Berhampur, and Bhanjanagar. The Imperial Gazetteer of India 1908 lists Ganjam, along with the Thanjavur and South Canara districts, as the three districts of the Madras Presidency where Brahmins were most numerous. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Odisha (out of 30).
|Established||March 31, 1936|
|• Collector & District Magistrate||Dibya Jyoti Parida, IAS|
|• Total||8,206 km2 (3,168 sq mi)|
|• Density||600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
761 xxx / 760 xxx
|Vehicle registration||OD-07(for Ganjam)|
OD-32 (for Bhanjanagar)
|Sex ratio||0.981 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Berhampur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||13|
|Precipitation||1,295.6 millimetres (51.01 in)|
Ganjam was a part of ancient Dakshina Kalinga. The Mauryan emperor Ashoka inscribed his message at Jaugada near the banks of the Rushikulya, in the present-day Ganjam district. Scholars thus conclude that a significant part of Ganjam was under the rule of Ashoka. There are multiple theories regarding the name 'Ganjam'. During the 7th century, the region was known as Kangoda or Kongoda. Some scholars believe the word evolved from this ancient name while others suggest the name of the region likely derives from the Persian word "Ganj", meaning 'granary' or 'market' thus signifying the importance of historical ports and being the respective center of trade and commerce.
Ganjam district is one of the oldest administrative units of Odisha. It was part of Madras presidency during British rule.
Administrative setup edit
The 23 Tahasils in Ganjam district under three sub-divisions are listed in the following table.
The 22 Blocks in Ganjam district under three sub-divisions are listed in the following table.
|#||Chhatrapur Sub-Division||Berhampur Sub-Division||Bhanjanagar Sub-Division|
There are 39 Police Stations under the two Police Districts in Ganjam Administrative district are listed in the following table.
|Ganjam Police District||Berhampur Police District|
|1||Chhatrapur P.S.||Berhampur Town P.S., Berhampur|
|2||Chamakhandi P.S.||Baidyanathpur P.S., Berhampur|
|3||Ganjam P.S.||Bada Bazar P.S., Berhampur|
|4||Rambha P.S.||Gosaninuagaon P.S., Berhampur|
|5||Khallikote P.S.||Mahila P.S., Berhampur|
|6||Marine P.S., Arjyapalli||Sadar P.S., Berhampur|
|7||Energy P.S., Chhatrapur||Gopalpur P.S.|
|8||Purushottampur P.S.||Golanthara P.S.|
|9||Kabisuryanagar P.S.||K. Nuagaon P.S.|
|10||Kodala P.S.||Jarada P.S.|
|11||Polasara P.S.||Digapahandi P.S.|
|12||Aska P.S.||Energy P.S., Berhampur|
|13||Hinjili P.S.||Cyber P.S., Berhampur|
|14||Pattapur P.S.||Traffic P.S., Berhampur|
|25||Energy P.S., Bhanjanagar|
An important contributor to the local economy is production of extracts from Ganjam Kewda Rooh, which are used in perfumery.
Since Ganjam is a coastal district, it is well equipped with Port facilities. Port at Gopalpur and nearby industries cater economic activities of the district and Odisha state.
According to the 2011 census Ganjam district has a population of 3,529,031, roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 83rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 430 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,100/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 11.37%. Ganjam has a sex ratio of 983 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 71.88%. 21.76% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 19.50% and 3.37% of the population respectively.
Vidhan Sabha constituencies edit
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)||Member of 16th Assembly||Party|
|123||Bhanjanagar||None||Bhanjanagar (NAC), Bhanjanagar, Jagannathprasad||Bikram Keshari Arukha||BJD|
|124||Polasara||None||Buguda (NAC), Polasara (NAC), Buguda, Polasara||Srikanta Sahu||BJD|
|125||Kabisuryanagar||None||Kabisuryanagar (NAC), Kodala (NAC), Beguniapada, Kabisuryanagar (part), Purusottampur (part)||Smt. Latika Pradhan||BJD|
|126||Khalikote||SC||Khalikote(NAC), Purusottampur (NAC), Khalikote, Purusottampur (part)||Smt. Suryamani Baidya||BJD|
|127||Chhatrapur||SC||Chhatrapur (NAC), Ganjam (NAC), Rambha (NAC), Ganjam, Chhatrapur||Subash Chandra Pradhan||BJD|
|128||Aska||None||Aska (NAC), Aska, Kabisuryanagar (part)||Smt. Manjula Swain||BJD|
|129||Surada||None||Surada (NAC), Bellaguntha (NAC), Surada, Bellaguntha,||Purna Chandra Swain||BJD|
|130||Sanakhemundi||None||Sanakhemundi, Dharakote||Ramesh Chandra Jena||INC|
|131||Hinjili||None||Hinjilicut (Municipality), Hinjilicut, Hinjili Sheragada||Naveen Patnaik||BJD|
|132||Gopalpur||None||Gopalpur (NAC), Rangailunda, Kukudakhandi (part), Berhampur (M) (part)||Pradeep Kumar Panigrahy||BJD|
|133||Berhampur||None||Berhampur (Municipal Corporation) (Part),||Bikram Kumar Panda||BJD|
|134||Digapahandi||None||Digapahandi (NAC), Digapahandi, Kukudakhandi (Part)||Surjya Narayana Patro||BJD|
|135||Chikiti||None||Chikiti (NAC), Chikiti Block, Patrapur Block||Smt. Usha Devi||BJD|
Lok Sabha constituencies edit
Berhampur seat earlier Ganjam (Lok Sabha constituency) exist in 1952 and 1957 general elections as two seat constituency and Chatarpur (Lok Sabha constituency) exist in 1962, 1967 and 1971 general elections and later Berhanpur seat exist since 1977 general elections.
Aska seat exist since 1977 general elections and earlier as Bhanjanagar (Lok Sabha constituency) seat in 1962, 1967 and 1971 general elections 
People from Ganjam district edit
- Kabi Samrat Upendra Bhanja, Greatest Poet
- Kabisurjya Baladeb Rath, Poet
- Bharat Ratna V.V. Giri, former President of India (4th)
- P. V. Narasimha Rao, former Prime Minister of India, elected as a member of parliament from Bramhapur constituency
- Kalinga Vira Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha and former Union Cabinet minister of India
- Naveen Patnaik : The current & 14th Chief Minister of Odisha, is also MLA(Member of Legislative Assembly) from Hinjilicut, Ganjam District, Odisha
- Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati, 1st Prime Minister of Odisha, regarded as architect of an Independent united Odisha State. He was a king of Eastern Ganga Dynasty (Paralakhemundi Branch of Gajapati district but previously it was a part of Ganjam District)
- Bishwanath Das, 2nd Prime Minister of Odisha former Governor of Uttar Pradesh and former Chief Minister of Odisha.
- Binayak Acharya, former Chief Minister of Odisha
- Padma Shri Kota Harinarayana, scientist, former Programme Director and Chief Designer of India's Light Combat Aircraft Tejas programme and former Vice chancellor of University of Hyderabad
- Padma Shri Sanjukta Panigrahi, Most famous Odissi dancer
- Padma Bhushan Waheeda Rehman, regarded as all time greatest actress of Indian cinema and dancer started her career at Ganjam Kala Parishad, Berhampur
- Siddhanta Mahapatra, most famous & successful actor and two times member of parliament from Bramhapur constituency
- Celina Jaitly, actress and model, studied at Khallikote Autonomous College (Now Khallikote University)
- Padma Shri Sisir Mishra, Hindi/Odia film director
- Pandit Tarini Charan Patra, Prominent Odissi musician, Guru, singer, scholar, poet, composer & Binākara (exponent of Odissi Bina)
- Pandit Ramarao patro, great Odissi musician, compose, Bina player, vocalist
- Lisa Mishra, singer
- Sulagna Panigrahi, actress
- K Ravi Kumar, won gold in weightlifting at 2010 Commonwealth Games and also participated in 2012 London Olympics
- Padma Shri P. V. S. Rao, Computer scientist
- Justice B. Jagannadha Das, former Chief Justice of Orissa High Court
- Justice Lingaraj Panigrahi, former Chief Justice of Orissa High Court and former Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly
- Somanath Rath, former Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly
- Biswanath Pattnaik was a legendary veteran Gandhian, Sarvodaya and Bhoodan leader
- Arun K. Pati, quantum physicist
- W. V. V. B. Ramalingam, mathematics teacher and freedom fighter
- Thapi Dharma Rao, journalist, writer
- Chandra Sekhar Sahu, member of parliament of Bramhapur constituency and former union Rural Development minister
- Ram Krushna Patnaik, Former cabinet Finance minister of Odisha and former Member of legislative of Odisha. He was one of the founding member of Biju Janata Dal (BJD)
- Smt. A. Laxmibai, first Woman Deputy Speaker of Odisha Legislative Assembly
- Sashi Bhusan Rath, Social reformer & Politician
- Raja Harihar Mardaraj, Former king of Khallikote and freedom fighter
- Nikhilanand panigrahy, writer
- Aneppu Parasuramdas Patro: Justice Party leader and Education Minister in the Raja of Panagal Government
- Gopalakrusna Pattanayaka, poet & composer of Odissi music
- Padma Shri Krishna Mohan Pathi, orthopedic surgeon
- Harihar Panda, freedom fighter
- G. S. Melkote, freedom fighter and parliamentarian
- Goparaju Ramachandra Rao, Atheist, Freedom Fighter, Social Activist, Social Reformer
- Raja Bahadur Ramachandra Mardaraj Deo, king and freedom fighter
- Sanskaraka Shribastha panda, freedom fighter
- Laxmi Narayan Pattnaik, freedom fighter
- Chakara Bisoyi, freedom fighter
- Padma shri Bhagaban Sahu, folk dancer and choreographer
- Soubhagya Kumar Misra, Sahitya Akademi Award winner for his writing
- Gouri Kumar Brahma, Academician, literary critic, orator and writer
- Dr. Dinanath Pathy, Indian painter, author and art historian
- "Odisha: 11 districts get new collectors; new commissioners in three municipal corporations | Bhubaneswar News - Times of India". The Times of India.
- "District Census Handbook 2011 - Ganjam" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
- Chakraborty, Yogabrata (28 June 2023). "পুরীধাম ও জগন্নাথদেবের ব্রহ্মরূপ বৃত্তান্ত" [Puridham and the tale of lord Jagannath's legendary 'Bramharup']. dainikstatesmannews.com (in Bengali). Kolkata: Dainik Statesman (The Statesman Group). p. 4. Archived from the original on 28 June 2023. Retrieved 28 June 2023.
- ODISHA DISTRICT GAZETTEERS GANJAM (PDF), GAD, Govt of Odisha, 1991, p. 1
- Panda, Dr. Sanjay Kumar (2014). Chiktira Sahitya O Sahityika [Chikiti's literature & litterateurs] (in Odia). Bhubaneswar: Sahitya Swetapadma. pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-93-80759-65-4.
- Maltby, T.J.; Leman, G.D. (1882). The Ganjam District Manual (in Indonesian). W.H. Moore, Lawrence Asylum Press. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
- "Subdivision | District Ganjam, Government of Odisha | India".
- "Tehsil List | District Ganjam, Government of Odisha | India".
- "Block List | District Ganjam, Government of Odisha | India".
- "Gopalpur Port". Gopalpurports.in. 2015-12-12. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
- "Table C-01 Population by Religious Community: Odisha". Census of India, 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Odisha". Census of India 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
- Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
- Seats of Odisha
- "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- "All Members of Lok Sabha (Since 1952) Members Biographical Sketches". Retrieved 21 December 2017.