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Srikakulam is a city and the headquarters of Srikakulam district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[5] As of 2011 census, it was most populous city of the district with a population of 146,988. There are many other places of Buddhist Tourism such as Saalihundam, Kalinga Patnam, Dabbaka Vaani Peta, Nagari Peta, Jagati Metta etc in Srikakulam District. The Budist heritage site of Salihundam has some unique features. It has a beautifyl star atop a stupa, rock cut massive stupaas insidechaitya grihas, brick stupas with wheel pattern plan, votive stupas, inscriptions on the steps leading to the stupas and msueum housing over two dozen sculpted statue and figurines of Budha, Jain Teerthankars and other deities [6]

Srikakulam
Seven Road Junction
Seven Road Junction
Nickname(s): 
Chicacole
Srikakulam is located in Andhra Pradesh
Srikakulam
Srikakulam
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9Coordinates: 18°18′N 83°54′E / 18.3°N 83.9°E / 18.3; 83.9
CountryIndia
StateAndhra Pradesh
Incorporated (Municipality)1856
Founded byBalarama
Wards36
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodySrikakulam Municipal Corporation
Area
 • City20.89 km2 (8.07 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • City228,025
 • Rank2nd (in AP)
 • Metro147,015
Literacy
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
532001
Area code(s)+91–
Vehicle registrationAP-30 (former)
AP–39 (from 30 January 2019)[4]
Websitesrikakulam.cdma.ap.gov.in

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The city was known as Chicacole before Indian Independence.[7]

 
Buddha statue in Nagavali river, Srikakulam

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 146,988. The total population constitute, 73,077 males and 73,911 females —a sex ratio of 1011 females per 1000 males. 11,607 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 84.62% 96,744 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[8][9]

The Urban agglomeration had a population of 147,015, of which males constitute 73,077, females constitute 73,911 —a sex ratio of 931 females per 1000 males and 12,741 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 115,061 literates with an average literacy rate of 85.71%.[3]

ClimateEdit

Srikakulam has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
31.0
(87.8)
33.3
(91.9)
35.5
(95.9)
37.9
(100.2)
36.9
(98.4)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
31.3
(88.3)
29.7
(85.5)
28.6
(83.5)
32.6
(90.6)
Average low °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73.0)
25.8
(78.4)
27.9
(82.2)
27.4
(81.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
21.7
(71.1)
19.6
(67.3)
23.9
(75.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0
(0)
5
(0.2)
4
(0.2)
10
(0.4)
53
(2.1)
126
(5.0)
204
(8.0)
204
(8.0)
162
(6.4)
228
(9.0)
66
(2.6)
13
(0.5)
1,075
(42.4)
Source: en.climate-data.org

GovernanceEdit

Civic administrationEdit

Srikakulam Municipal Corporation is the civic body of the city, constituted as a municipality in the year 1856.[10] It was upgraded to corporation on 9 December 2015.[11][1] The jurisdictional area of the corporation is spread over 20.89 km2 (8.07 sq mi) with 36 election wards.[1]

The Srikakulam urban agglomeration constituents of the city include, Srikakulam municipality, census town of Balaga, fully out growths of Arasavalli, partly outgrowths of Kusulapuram, Thotapalem, Patrunivalasa and Patha Srikakulam (rural). While, Ponugutivalasa of Santhakavati mandal is now a part of Rajam Nagar Panchayat.[12]

PoliticsEdit

Srikakulam is a part of Srikakulam (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Dharmana Pradsada Rao is the present MLA of the constituency from YSR Congress Party.[13] It is also a part of Srikakulam (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Rammohan Naidu Kinjarapu of Telugu Desam Party.[14][15]

Culture and tourismEdit

 
Sri Suryanarayana Swamy Temple, Arasavalli

The Arasavalli Sun temple is the abode of Sun god, the idol of the temple was installed by sage Kasyapa and is one of the two sun temples in the country.[16]

EducationEdit

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[17][18] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

TransportEdit

 
Srikakulam bus station entrance

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Srikakulam bus station.[19] National Highway 16 (India), a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city.[20]

Srikakulam Road railway station(station code:CHE)[21] is an Indian railway station in Amudalavalasa near to Srikakulam town of Andhra Pradesh. It lies on the Khurda Road-Visakhapatnam section of Howrah-Chennai main line and is administered under Waltair railway division of East Coast Railway zone.[22]

SportsEdit

International athletes like Karnam Malleswari (weightlifting) and Korada Mrudula (running, 400 m) are from Srikakulam. Kodi Ram Murthy Stadium near Govt. Degree College is a multi-purpose sporting facility in the town. In 1991, an unofficial cricket match was played between Sunil Gavaskar XI and Kapil Dev XI with both the legends being a part of the game as well. The only swimming pool (maintained by SAAP) is located in Santhinagar.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  2. ^ "Statistical Abstract of Andhra Pradesh, 2015" (PDF). Directorate of Economics & Statistics. Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. 44. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Andhra Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
  4. ^ "New 'AP 39' code to register vehicles in Andhra Pradesh launched". The New Indian Express. Vijayawada. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b "District Census Hand Book : Vizianagaram (Part B)" (PDF). Census of India. Directorate of Census Operations, Andhra Pradesh. 2011. pp. 16, 48. Retrieved 10 June 2019. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "census" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  6. ^ Salihundam Buddhist heritage site, museum need attention, Times of India, Sulogna Mehta, Oct 17, 2016
  7. ^ "Srikakulam Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Development Department, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
  8. ^ "Srikakulam City Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh".
  9. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
  10. ^ Rao, K. Srinivasa (14 February 2019). "An enthralling voyage back in time". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Masula, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram upgraded into corporations". The Hindu. Vijayawada. 10 December 2015. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  12. ^ "District Census Handbook – Srikakulam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 27. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  13. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
  14. ^ "MP (Lok Sabha)". Government of AP. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 22,31. Retrieved 11 October 2014.
  16. ^ "::srikakulam::". www.srikakulam.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  17. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  18. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  19. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  20. ^ "National Highways Development Project Map". National Highways Authority of India. Archived from the original on 22 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017.
  21. ^ "Station Code Index" (PDF). Portal of Indian Railways. p. 2. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  22. ^ "Repalle railway station info". India Rail Info. Retrieved 23 May 2016.

External linksEdit