Veszprém (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈvɛspreːm]; German: Weißbrunn, Slovene: Belomost) is one of the oldest urban areas in Hungary, and a city with county rights. It lies approximately 15 km (9 mi) north of the Lake Balaton. It is the administrative center of the county (comitatus or 'megye') of the same name.
|Veszprém Megyei Jogú Város|
City of Queens
|Established||9th century AD|
|• Mayor||Gyula Porga (Fidesz-KDNP)|
|• Deputy Mayor|
|• Town Notary||Dr Gábor Mohos|
|• City with county rights||126.93 km2 (49.01 sq mi)|
|Elevation||266 m (873 ft)|
(January 1, 2017)
|• City with county rights||56,927|
|• Density||448.49/km2 (1,161.6/sq mi)|
|• Urban||133,880 (13th)|
|Population by ethnicity|
|Population by religion|
|• Roman Catholic||38.9%|
|• Greek Catholic||0.3%|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code||(+36) 88|
|Motorways||M8 Motorway (planned)|
|NUTS 3 code||HU213|
|Distance from Budapest||109 km (68 mi) Northeast|
|MP||Péter Ovádi (Fidesz)|
The name of the city originates from a Slavic personal name Bezprem or Bezprym (Proto-Slavic Bezprěmъ) meaning "stubborn", "self-confident, not willing to retreat". Besprem (before 1002), Vezprem (1086), Bezpremensis (1109). The form Vezprem originates in early medieval scribal habits and frequent exchange of B and V under the influence of Greek.
The city was named either after a chieftain, or the son of Princess Judith (elder sister of St. Stephen of Hungary), who settled here after her husband Boleslaus I of Poland expelled her and her son.
Location and legendEdit
Veszprém lies on both sides of the Séd creek, approximately 110 km (68 mi) from Budapest (via the M7 highway and Road 8). It can also be reached from Győr via Road 82 and from Székesfehérvár via Road 8.
According to legend, Veszprém was founded on seven hills. The seven hills are Várhegy (Castle Hill), Benedek-hegy (St. Benedict Hill), Jeruzsálem-hegy (Jerusalem Hill), Temetőhegy (Cemetery Hill), Gulyadomb (Herd Hill), Kálvária-domb (Calvary Hill), and Cserhát.
Anonymus Belæ Regis Notarius (the anonymous notary of King Béla III) wrote that a castle already stood here when the Hungarians first occupied the area. The castle was probably a 9th-century Frankish fortress. The castles of Veszprém, Esztergom and Székesfehérvár, were the earliest Hungarian stone castles, which had already been built during the reign of High Prince Géza, a time when motte castles were much more common.
Veszprém had an important religious role during the struggle to make Christianity the official religion of Hungary - Stephen I of Hungary defeated the armies of his chief opponent, Koppány, near Veszprém. The city became the first episcopal seat of Hungary in 1009 and an archiepiscopal seat in 1993. Comitatus Veszprém was one of the earliest historical counties of Hungary.
During the 13th century Mongol invasion of Hungary, Veszprém was protected by its castle.
Veszprém was the favorite city of Queen Gisela, the wife of St. Stephen. For centuries, the queens of Hungary were crowned by the bishop of Veszprém. The city is still often called "the city of queens". In the year 1294 Queen Fenenna confirmed that, at that time, the former(!) Queen Elizabeth had the privilege to collect the donations of the church in the Veszprém County.
Veszprém was among the first Hungarian cities to have a university - students studied law and arts here for several centuries. The university was destroyed by fire in 1276, when Peter I Csák invaded and devastated the Diocese of Veszprém. Veszprém became a university town again in the 20th century.
Veszprém changed hands between Austrians and Ottomans until 1684 after the Battle of Mohács in 1526. It was known as "Pespirim" and was a sanjak centre in Budin Province during Ottoman rule.
The town was plundered by the Turks in 1552, but they could not maintain occupation: the region north of lake Balaton remained in the Kingdom of Hungary (1538–1867) (captaincy between Balaton and Drava). The castle was demolished in 1706. Until 1918, VESZPRIM (also named WESZPRIM and WESPRIM near 1850, and WEISSBRUNN in German) was part of the Austrian monarchy, province of Hungary; in Transleithania after the compromise of 1867 in the Kingdom of Hungary.
The Hungarian automotive plastic spare parts manufacturer Videoton Plastic (part of Videoton), the Hungarian kiosk manufacturer Kiosksystems, the Hungarian shutter manufacturer Roll-Lux, the Hungarian label manufacturer Imprenta, the Hungarian tool manufacturer Solidsteel, the Hungarian technical ceramics manufacturer Bakony Ipari Kerámia, the Hungarian furniture manufacturer Balaton Bútor, the Hungarian machine manufacturer Flexmont, the Hungarian watermanagement company PureAqua, the Hungarian automotive spare parts manufacturer Win-Pres, the Hungarian construction company VEMÉVSZER, the Hungarian metal manufacturer Ferro-Trio, the Hungarian OOK Printhouse, the Hungarian toolmanufacturer Plasticor, the Hungarian machine manufacturer Transmoduls, the Hungarian Prospektus Printhouse have both their headquarters and main production facilities in Veszprém.
The French pharmaceutical company Citoxlab, the Austrian plaster manufacturer Lasselsberger-Knauf, the Swiss electric motor manufacturer Maxon Motor, the Austrian tile manufacturer Bramac, the French automotive spare parts manufacturer Valeo, the German electromagnetical controlsystems manufacturer nass magnet, the German automotive spare parts manufacturer Continental AG, the German automotive spare parts manufacturer Thun, the German sensor manufacturer Pepperl+Fuchs, the Austrian chimney and ventilation system manufacturer Schiedel, the American power supply security company CoreComm, the German sensor manufacturer Balluff, the German automotive spare parts manufacturer Jost, the German health devices manufacturer Beurer, the British-Dutch food producer Unilever and the Hungarian dairy product manufacturer Pannontej operate production plants in the city.
The Hungarian owned Vöröskő electrical retailer (holder of the brand Euronics in Hungary) is also based in the city.
According to the 2011 census beside the 83.9% Hungarian majority the city has a historical German minority numbering 2.4% of the population. The second largest ethnic group is the Roma with 0.7%. The others are all marginal.
The religious affiliation of the citizens has a Catholic majority with 38.9% Roman Catholic and 0.3% Greek Catholic. The Calvinists (7.0%) have the second, the Lutherans (2.1%) the third largest denomination in the city. 20.6% are not religious.
- Péter Andorka (born in 1984), Hungarian footballer
- Leopold Auer (1845–1930), violinist, academic, conductor and composer
- Marian Cozma (1982–2009), handball player
- Tamás Kádár (born 1990), footballer (Dynamo Kyiv)
- Attila Mesterházy (born 1974), politician (MSZP)
- Tibor Navracsics (born 1966), politician, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth (2014–present)
- Leopold Óváry (1833-1919), historian and archivist
- Csaba Vastag (born 1982), singer
- Tamás Vastag (born 1991), singer
- Dr.Reszö Rupert (born 1880), politician
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
- [http://nepesseg.com/veszprem/veszprem#3 2017. év: Magyarország állandó lakosságának száma az év első napján (2017. január 1.) XLS táblázat. Nyilvantarto.hu (Hozzáférés: 2017. április 6.)
- Veszprém - Alpolgármesterek
- Eurostat, 2016
- KSH - Veszprém, 2011
- Krajčovič, Rudolf (2005). Živé kroniky slovenských dejín [Living Chronicles of the Slovak History] (in Slovak). Bratislava: Literárne informačné centrum. p. 61. ISBN 80-88878-99-3.
- There were two 13th century Mongol invasions of Hungary, in 1241-42 and in 1285-86. It is unclear whether Veszprém was attacked during both invasions or only one of them, and when the castle was built. King Béla IV organised the building of many stone fortresses after the first invasion.
- German Wikipedia.
- Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
- Videoton plastic
- Kiosksystems - Cégünkről - Bemutatkozás
- Roll-Lux - Történetünk
- Imprenta - Cégtörténet
- Solidsteel - Főoldal
- Bakony Ipari Kerámia - veol.hu - HIRDETÉS March 1, 2018
- Balaton Bútor
- - Flexmont
- OOK Nyomda - Rólunk
- Plasticor - About Us
- Transmoduls - About Us
- Prospektus Nyomda - Company profile - History
- Citoxlab - Contact Us
- Lasselsberger-Knauf - Húsz éve nem ugrott ekkorát a veszprémi építőipari gyártó - August 3, 2017
- Maxon Motors - Production sites
- Bramac - Rólunk - Cégkrónika
- nass magnet
- - Continental AG - Veszprém
- Thun - Locations
- CoreComm - Cégünkről
- Jost - Vállalat - Cégtörénet
- Beurer - Company - sites
- Unilever - Ice Cream Factory
- Pannontej - Rólunk
- 59 üzletet szolgál ki új veszprémi logisztikai központjából a Penny Market - October 17, 2017
- Persped - Rólunk
- Veszprém Aréna
- "Nemzetközi kapcsolatok". Retrieved 1 May 2014.
- Kursk guide
- "Miasta Partnerskie". Retrieved 1 May 2014.