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A city with county rights (or urban county, Hungarian: megyei jogú város) is a level of administrative subdivision in Hungary. Since 1994 all county seats are automatically awarded this status, and since 2012 this is the only way a new city may become a city with county rights. However, all cities that achieved this rank before 2012 have retained their status and there is no law that provides for the revocation of this title. As such, cities like Hódmezővásárhely or Dunaújváros that are not county seats are still cities with county rights. Since 2006, there are 23 cities with county rights.[1] Before 1950, the former so-called cities with municipal rights (törvényhatósági jogú város) had a similar status as the present urban counties.

Budapest is not considered an urban county and has a special status among the other Hungarian cities.

Every city with county rights is allowed to be subdivised into districts. The representative body is the General Assembly (közgyűlés) which elects with the County Assembly a council that takes care of different tasks related to the county.[2]

HistoryEdit

Between 1954 and 1971, the four largest regional cities received the megyei jogú város title. These were Debrecen, Miskolc, Pécs and Szeged. Then, from 1971 to 1990, the four previous cities and Győr were granted a new status known as "county city" (megyei város). This status was also extended to three other cities in 1989: Salgótarján, Nyíregyháza and Kecskemét. After the end of Communism, this status was abolished and replaced by the urban counties as before 1971. The eight megyei város and twelve additional cities became megyei jogú város.

ListEdit

Coats
of arms
City County Population
(2013)
Urban county
since
  Békéscsaba   Békés 61 046   1990
  Debrecen   Hajdú-Bihar 204 333   1990
  Dunaújváros   Fejér 46 813   1990
  Eger   Heves 54 867   1990
  Érd   Pest 63 333   2006
  Győr   Győr-Moson-Sopron 128 567   1990
  Hódmezővásárhely   Csongrád 45 700   1990
  Kaposvár   Somogy 65 337   1990
  Kecskemét   Bács-Kiskun 111 863   1990
  Miskolc   Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén 162 905   1990
  Nagykanizsa   Zala 49 070   1990
  Nyíregyháza   Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 118 185   1990
  Pécs   Baranya 147 719   1990
  Salgótarján   Nógrád 37 199   1994
  Sopron   Győr-Moson-Sopron 60 528   1990
  Szeged   Csongrád 161 837   1990
  Szekszárd   Tolna 33 599   1994
  Székesfehérvár   Fejér 99 247   1990
  Szolnok   Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok 73 193   1990
  Szombathely   Vas 77 547   1990
  Tatabánya   Komárom-Esztergom 67 406   1990
  Veszprém   Veszprém 60 876   1990
  Zalaegerszeg   Zala 59 618   1990

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cities with county rights – Central Bureau of Statistics" (PDF). ksh.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  2. ^ "2011/CLXXXIX. Legislation about the Local Councils in Hungary". njt.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2014.

External linksEdit