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Győr-Moson-Sopron (Hungarian: Győr-Moson-Sopron megye, pronounced [ˈɟøːr ˈmoʃon ˈʃopron ˈmɛɟɛ]; German: Komitat Raab-Wieselburg-Ödenburg; Slovak: Rábsko-mošonsko-šopronská župa) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in north-western Hungary, on the border with Slovakia (Bratislava Region, Nitra Region and Trnava Region) and Austria (Burgenland). It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Komárom-Esztergom, Veszprém and Vas. The capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron county is Győr. The county is a part of the Centrope Project.

Győr-Moson-Sopron County

Győr-Moson-Sopron megye
Pannonhalma Archabbey
Lake Neusiedl in Fertőrákos
Castle of Győr
Descending, from top: Pannonhalma Archabbey, View of Lake Neusiedl in Fertőrákos, and Castle of Győr
Flag of Győr-Moson-Sopron County
Flag
Coat of arms of Győr-Moson-Sopron County
Coat of arms
Győr-Moson-Sopron County within Hungary
Győr-Moson-Sopron County within Hungary
Country Hungary
RegionWestern Transdanubia
County seatGyőr
Districts
Government
 • President of the General AssemblyZoltán Németh (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total4,208.05 km2 (1,624.74 sq mi)
Area rank13th in Hungary
Population
 (2018)
 • Total463,201[1]
 • Rank6th in Hungary
Postal code
90xx – 94xx
Area code(s)(+36) 96, 99
ISO 3166 codeHU-GS
Websitewww.gymsmo.hu

HistoryEdit

Győr-Moson-Sopron county was created in 1950 from two counties: Győr-Moson and Sopron. Though formed as a result of the general Communist administrative reform of that year, it is the long-term result of the impact of earlier border changes on Hungary's western counties. In 1921 the counties of Moson and Sopron were each divided in two, with their western districts together forming the northern half of the Austrian province of Burgenland. Between 1921 and 1945, Győr and Moson became part of the "provisionally and administratively unified counties of Győr-Moson-Pozsony", renamed after 1945 as simply Győr-Moson. In 1947 the borders of this county were modified when Hungary lost three villages in the far north of Győr-Moson to Czechoslovakia as a consequence of the Hungarian peace treaty signed in that year. Though Győr is the capital, there is a strong rivalry between it and Sopron, historically an important cultural centre on its own right. The county also contains Hegyeshalom, Hungary's busiest international land border crossing point. Before 1990, it was officially called Győr-Sopron county.

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Győr-Moson-Sopron County (2018 census, KSH)

  Catholic Church (49%)
  Lutheranism (6%)
  Jewish (2%)
  Non-religious (3.6%)
  Atheists (1.2%)

Győr-Moson-Sopron is the only county in Hungary whose population has been increasing[when?] according to the Központi Statisztikai Hivatal (KSH). The population density[when?] was 108/km².

Year County population[2] Change
1949 374,987 n/a
1960   401,861 7.17%
1970   414,457 3.13%
1980   437,857 5.65%
1990   432,126 -1.31%
2001   438,773 1.54%
2011   447,985 2.10%
2015   452,638 1%
2016   456,159 1%
2017   459,680 1%
2018   463,201 1%

EthnicityEdit

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Germans (approx. 5,000), Roma (3,500), Croats (3,000) and Slovaks (1,500).

Ethnic groups (2011 census):[3]
Total population 447,985
Identified themselves 395,505
Hungarians 380,282 (96.15%)
Germans 5,145 (1.30%)
Others and undefinable[clarification needed] 10,078 (2.55%)
Undeclared Approx. 63,000
[doesn't balance]

Ethnic composition according to the KSH

Ethnicity in 2018 % of the county
Hungarians 94%
Germans 3.5%
Gypsies 0.4%
Others 1.1%

Ethnicities in Győr-Moson-Sopron County (2018 census, KSH)

  Hungarians (94%)
  Germans (3.5%)
  Gypsies (0.4%)
  others (1.1%)

ReligionEdit

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[4]

Roman Catholic 243,196
Greek Catholic 1,066
Total Catholic 244,355
Evangelical 21,062
Reformed 14,741
Other religions 4,263
Non-religious 41,179
Atheist 4,683
Undeclared 117,702

Regional structureEdit

 
District of Győr-Moson-Sopron County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Csorna District
Csornai járás
579.76 32,970 57 Csorna 33
2 Győr District
Győri járás
903.40 190,146 210 Győr 35
3 Kapuvár District
Kapuvári járás
372.14 23,778 64 Kapuvár 19
4 Mosonmagyaróvár District
Mosonmagyaróvári járás
899.95 72,609 81 Mosonmagyaróvár 26
5 Pannonhalma District
Pannonhalmi járás
312.34 15,227 49 Pannonhalma 17
6 Sopron District
Soproni járás
867.71 98,841 114 Sopron 39
7 Tét District
Téti járás
272.64 14,414 53 Tét 14
Győr-Moson-Sopron County 4,208.05 452,638 109 Győr 183

PoliticsEdit

The Győr-Moson-Sopron County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 21 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 14                            
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 4                            
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 2                            
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                            

Presidents of the General AssemblyEdit

List of Presidents, from 1990[6]
Zoltán Németh (Fidesz-KDNP) 2014–

MunicipalitiesEdit

Győr-Moson-Sopron County has 2 urban counties, 10 towns, 4 large villages and 167 villages.

Cities with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

  municipalities are large villages.

GalleryEdit

International relationsEdit

Győr-Moson-Sopron County has a partnership relationship with:[7]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit