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Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok (Hungarian: Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye, pronounced [ˈjaːs ˈnɒckun ˈsolnok]) is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Hungary. It lies in central Hungary and shares borders with the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves, Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Hajdú-Bihar, Békés, Csongrád, and Bács-Kiskun. The rivers Tisza and Körös flow through the county. The capital of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok county is Szolnok. Its area is 5582 km². The county is named after the Ossetians (Jasz) and Cumans (Kun) who settled there, along with Szolnok. The county was part of the Danube–Criș–Mureș–Tisa Euroregion between 1997 and 2004.

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye
Counties of Hungary
Windmill near Kengyel
A mayfly is hatching on Tisza
Gallery of Szolnok
Descending, from top: Windmill near Kengyel, A mayfly is hatching on Tisza, and Gallery of Szolnok
Flag of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
Flag
Coat of arms of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
Coat of arms
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County within Hungary
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County within Hungary
Country Hungary
RegionNorthern Great Plain
County seatSzolnok
Districts
Government
 • President of the General AssemblyDr. Sándor Kovács (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total5,581.61 km2 (2,155.07 sq mi)
Area rank8th in Hungary
Population (2015)
 • Total379,897[1]
 • Rank9th in Hungary
Postal code50xx – 54xx
Area code(s)(+36) 56, 57, 59
ISO 3166 codeHU-JN
Websitewww.jnszm.hu

Contents

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 5,582 km2 (2,155 sq mi) – 6,00% of Hungary.

Neighbouring countiesEdit

SymbolsEdit

Coat of arms and flagEdit

The county's coat of arms was recreated in 1991 from the coats of arms of the former Jászkun periphery, with the crown and frame decoration on it. It consists of the unification of the coat of arms of Jászság, Nagykunság and former Exterior-Szolnok County. The upper part is divided into two equally spaced vertices from top to bottom.[2]

  • The upper-left field is a natural colored stork, on a silver (white) background. It means the formerly Exterior-Szolnok County.
  • The top-right coat of arms shows a dark brown lion, with red crescent and star above it, on a gold (yellow) background. It means the Nagykunság.
  • Bottom, with the coat of arms is divided into two parts and it is divided into a lower part in a blue box on a white-knight fighter, his right hand with the Lehel's horn, his left hand holding a shield. It symbolizes the Jászság.
  • Above the rider, three wavy silver bars represent the three rivers (Tisza, Zagyva and Körös) of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County.

The flag is vertically divided into two equal sections (blue and white), with the coat of arms on it, and the county's name embroidered with gold thread under the coat of arms. Its ratio is 2:1. The use of both coat of arms and flag is regulated by the county council.[3]

HistoryEdit

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County (2011 census)

  Catholic Church (31.9%)
  Calvinism (11.1%)
  Lutheranism (0.3%)
  Other religions (1.1%)
  Non-religious (28.0%)
  Atheists (1.2%)
  Undeclared (26.1%)

In 2015, it had a population of 379,897 and the population density was 68/km².

Year County population[4] Change
1949 449,551 n/a
1960   461,307 (record) 2.62%
1970   437,879 -5.08%
1980   445,624 1.77%
1990   425,583 -4.50%
2001   415,917 -2.27%
2011   386,594 -7.05%

EthnicityEdit

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 19,000), German and Romanian (500).

Total population (2011 census): 386,594
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[5] Identified themselves: 344,488 persons:

  • Hungarians: 323,293 (93.85%)
  • Gypsies: 18,935 (5.50%)
  • Others and indefinable: 2,260 (0.66%)

Approx. 56,000 persons in Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

ReligionEdit

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[6]

Regional structureEdit

 
District of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Jászapáti District
Jászapáti járás
544.45 33,172 61 Jászapáti 9
2 Jászberény District
Jászberényi járás
617.01 51,274 83 Jászberény 9
3 Karcag District
Karcagi járás
857.26 43,226 50 Karcag 5
4 Kunhegyes District
Kunhegyesi járás
464.58 20,045 43 Kunhegyes 7
5 Kunszentmárton District
Kunszentmártoni járás
576.49 36,147 63 Kunszentmárton 11
6 Mezőtúr District
Mezőtúri járás
725.74 28,191 39 Mezőtúr 5
7 Szolnok District
Szolnoki járás
914.48 118,241 129 Szolnok 18
8 Tiszafüred District
Tiszafüredi járás
417.05 19,559 47 Tiszafüred 7
9 Törökszentmiklós District
Törökszentmiklósi járás
464.54 36,739 79 Törökszentmiklós 7
Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County 5,581.61 386,594 69 Szolnok 78

TransportEdit

Road networkEdit

In 2012, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County has a dense network of public roads, in total length of 1,330 km, of which 112 km are primary and 283 km are secondary main roads.[7] Inland, connections are provided by 935 km of county and communal roads and 14 km are covered with light road surfaces.

Highway network
Road network

Rail networkEdit

At county level, double railway lines have a share of 35%, and the degree of electrification is over 45% (243 km) of existing railway lines. The length of railways that cross the county is 503 km.

PoliticsEdit

 
Countyhall of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok.

The Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 19 counselors, with the following party composition:[8]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 11                      
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 5                      
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 2                      
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                      

Presidents of the General AssemblyEdit

List of Presidents, from 1990[9]
Lajos Boros (MDF) 1990–1994
Imre Iváncsik (MSZP) 1994–1998
Lajos Búsi (Fidesz) 1998–2002
István Tokár (MSZP) 2002–2006
Andor Fejér (Fidesz-KDNP) 2006–2010
Sándor Kovács (Fidesz-KDNP) 2010–

MunicipalitiesEdit

GalleryEdit

Notable peopleEdit

Many famous people have been born or lived in present-day Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County:

International relationsEdit

 
Mezőtúr - City hall - aerial photo

Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County has a partnership relationship with:[10]

See alsoEdit

  • Cumans - the ancient nomadic warriors after whom the county is named

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. ^ magyarcimerek.hu, "Coat of arms of Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County"
  3. ^ Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Megye lobogója (in Hungarian)
  4. ^ népesség.com, "Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye népessége 1870-2015"
  5. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  6. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.11 Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye, (in Hungarian) [1]
  7. ^ "Tájékoztató JÁSZ-NAGYKUN-SZOLNOK MEGYE állami közúthálózatának állapotáról és fejlesztlési lehetőségeiről" (PDF) (in Hungarian).
  8. ^ Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok Megyei Közgyűlés tagjai 2014 - 2019, (in Hungarian) [2]
  9. ^ Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)
  10. ^ A testvérmegyék rövid bemutatása (Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok megye)

External linksEdit