Gyula, Hungary

Gyula (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈɟulɒ] (listen); German: Jula; Romanian: Jula or Giula) is a town in Békés County, Hungary. The town is best known for its Medieval castle and a thermal bath. Ferenc Erkel, the composer of the Hungarian national anthem, and Albrecht Dürer the Elder, the father of Albrecht Dürer, were also born in Gyula.[3]

Gyula Castle
Gyula Castle
Flag of Gyula
Coat of Arms
Gyula is located in Békés County
Gyula is located in Hungary
Coordinates: 46°39′N 21°17′E / 46.650°N 21.283°E / 46.650; 21.283Coordinates: 46°39′N 21°17′E / 46.650°N 21.283°E / 46.650; 21.283
Country Hungary
 • Total255.8 km2 (98.8 sq mi)
 • Total30,004[1]
Population by ethnicity
 • Hungarians83.4%
 • Romanians3.1%
 • Germans3.1%
 • Gypsies0.3%
 • Slovaks0.3%
 • Others0.8%
Population by religion
 • Roman Catholic18.4%
 • Greek Catholic0.4%
 • Calvinists17.9%
 • Lutherans1.6%
 • Other4.5%
 • Non-religious28.2%
 • Unknown29.0%
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
5700, 5711
Area code(+36) 66
Downtown of Gyula
Trilingual (Hungarian, Romanian, German) table in Gyula (meaning "social health insurance")
Birth house of Ferenc Erkel, the composer of the Hungarian national anthem
Roman Catholic chapel in Gyula


Gyula is located in the Great Hungarian Plain on the River Fehér-Körös, 235 km (146 mi) southeast from Budapest and 5 km (3 mi) from the border with Romania. The Békéscsaba-Gyula-Kötegyán railway line and Highway 44 also cross the town. Highway 44 is a four-lane expressway between Gyula and the county seat Békéscsaba.[4]


Gyula is named after the medieval Hungarian warlord Gyula III.[3] Gyula was also a title among the Hungarian tribes and still a popular given name for boys.

In Turkish, the town is also known as Göle.


The first recorded reference to Gyula was in a document dated 1313 which mentions a monastery called Gyulamonostora (Julamonustra in Latin). By 1332 the settlement around the monastery was called Gyula. The construction of Gyula Castle began in the 14th century but finished only in the mid-16th century.[3] It was the property of the Maróthy family and later John Corvinus, the illegitimate son of Matthias Corvinus.[3] Turks conquered Gyula in 1566 and the town remained part of the Ottoman Empire until liberated by Christian troops in 1694.[3] Due to the wars, most of the native Hungarian population fled from Gyula and Békés County became near uninhabited.[5] The landowner János Harruckern invited German, Hungarian, and Romanian settlers, who re-established the town in the early 18th century.[3] In 1881, the town had 18,046 inhabitants, of which 12,103 were Hungarians, 2,608 Romanians, 2,124 Germans, 400 Slovaks and 811 of other ethnicities.[6] Gyula became a popular tourist destination in the 20th century. The thermal bath was established in 1942 and expanded in 1959, and the castle was restored in 1962.[3]


According to the 2011 census the total population of Gyula was 31,067, of whom there were 25,895 (83.4%) Hungarians, 974 (3.1%) Romanians, 971 (3.1%) Germans and 102 (0.3%) Romani by ethnicity. In Hungary, people can declare more than one ethnicity, so some people declared Hungarian and a minority one together.[7][8] Gyula is the center of the small native Romanian community in Hungary. It has its own newspaper published in Gyula, Foaia Românească ("The Romanian Sheet").

In 2011 there were 5,726 (18.4%) Roman Catholic, 5,560 (17.9%) Hungarian Reformed (Calvinist), 606 (2.0%) Orthodox and 507 (1.6%) Lutheran in Gyula. 8,304 people (26.7%) were irreligious and 453 (1.5%) Atheist, while 9,012 people (29.0%) did not declare their religion.[7]

Tourist attractionsEdit

  • Gyula Castle (Gyulai vár)
  • Thermal bath (Gyulai gyógyfürdő)
  • 100-year-old confectionery (100 éves cukrászda)
  • Town hall, 1861 (Városháza)
  • Birth house of Ferenc Erkel (Erkel Ferenc szülőháza)
  • Saint Michael Cathedral, 1825 (Szent Miklós katedrális)
  • Roman Catholic church, 1775-1777 (Római katolikus templom)
  • Roman Catholic chapel, 1738–1752, (Római katolikus kápolna)[3][4]


The current mayor of Gyula is Dr. Ernő István Görgényi of the Fidesz-KDNP party.

The local Municipal Assembly has 14+1 members divided into this political parties and alliances:[9]

    Party Seats 2014 Council
  Fidesz-KDNP 10                    
  Gyulai Városbarátok Köre 2                    
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 1                    
  Unity (Együtt-PM-MSZP-DK) 1                    

Notable peopleEdit

Born in GyulaEdit

Lived in GyulaEdit

Burials in GyulaEdit

Twin Towns - Sister CitiesEdit

Gyula is twinned with:


  1. ^ Gyula, KSH
  2. ^ a b KSH - Gyula, 2011
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Antal Papp: Magyarország (Hungary), Panoráma, Budapest, 1982, ISBN 963 243 241 X, p. 860, pp. 453-456
  4. ^ a b Magyarország autóatlasz, Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2004, ISBN 963-03-7576-1
  5. ^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
  6. ^ "Hungarian 1881 census" (in Hungarian). Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  7. ^ a b 2011 Hungarian census, Békés county
  8. ^ Hungarian census 2011 - final data and methodology
  9. ^ "Gyula Város".
  10. ^ "Barna Robi – Abszolút Magyar Bajnok". – A Testépítő Hírportál (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2018-04-01. Retrieved February 3, 2021.

External linksEdit