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Baranya (Hungarian: Baranya megye, pronounced [ˈbɒrɒɲɒ]); is the name of an administrative county (comitatus or megye) in Hungary, in the Baranya region, and also in the former Kingdom of Hungary (see: Baranya (former county)).

Baranya County

Baranya megye
Hills in Baranya county, near Mecseknádasd
Vineyards of Kistótfalus
Szechenyi Square, Pécs
Descending, from top: Hills near Mecseknádasd, Vineyards of Kistótfalu, and Downtown of Pécs
Flag of Baranya County
Flag
Coat of arms of Baranya County
Coat of arms
Baranya County within Hungary
Baranya County within Hungary
Coordinates: 46°04′06″N 18°12′19″E / 46.06833°N 18.20528°E / 46.06833; 18.20528Coordinates: 46°04′06″N 18°12′19″E / 46.06833°N 18.20528°E / 46.06833; 18.20528
Country Hungary
RegionSouthern Transdanubia
County seatPécs
Districts
Government
 • President of the General AssemblyCsaba Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total4,429.59 km2 (1,710.27 sq mi)
Area rank10th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
 • Total371,110[1]
 • Rank10th in Hungary
Postal code
73xx, 75xx – 79xx
Area code(s)(+36) 69, 72, 73
ISO 3166 codeHU-BA
Websitebaranya.hu

The county lies in southern Hungary, on the border with Croatia. The River Drava forms part of its southern border, and the River Danube its eastern border. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Somogy, Tolna, and Bács-Kiskun. The capital of Baranya county is Pécs.

Contents

EtymologyEdit

In German, it is known as Komitat Branau, and in Croatian as Baranjska županija (Baranja).

The county is name after the Slavic word 'bara', which means 'marsh', 'bog'[citation needed], thus the name of Baranya means 'marshland'. Even today large parts of the region are swamps, such as the natural reservation Kopački Rit in its southeast. Another theory states that the name of the region come from the Slavic and Hungarian word 'bárány', which means 'lamb'.

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 4,430 km2 (1,710 sq mi) – 4.76% of Hungary.

The northern part of the county is a mountain area with large forests, the Mecsek Mountains. The central areas are shared between the Baranya Hills and Villány Mountains. The very eastern and southern parts are flat.

The highest point in the county is Zengő in the Mecsek Mountains, at 682 metres. This is also the highest point of the mountain range.

The climate is Mediterranean, with a high number of sunshine hours. Baranya has the highest amount of rainfall in the country. Baranya is rich in mineral and thermal water, and also in other resources. 98% of Hungary's coal resources are found here.

NeighboursEdit

HistoryEdit

The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Before the Hungarian tribes conquered the area, it was inhabited by Slavs and Avars. Stephen I founded an episcopal seat here.

In 1526, the county was occupied by Ottomans and was freed in 1689. Its medieval borders remained unchanged until 1919. According to the peace treaty of Trianon, the southern part of the county (1163 km²) reverted to Slavic rule (present-day Croatia). The re-organizing of the counties (1950) brought only minor changes (town of Szigetvár got there).

Baranya has the largest number of minorities in Hungary (more than twice the country average), providing home to 34% of the German minority and 32% of the Southern Slav minorities in Hungary.

Electoral historyEdit

2010 Election
  Party Votes % Seats Change
  Fidesz-KDNP (joint) 104,928 54,53 4 -
  Hungarian Socialist Party 40,532 21,07 1 -
  Jobbik 24,397 12,68 1 -
  Politics Can Be Different 7,119 8,9 0 -
  Hungarian Democratic Forum 5,436 2,83 0 -
  Total 182,412 100 6 -

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Baranya County (2011 census)

  Catholic Church (46.8%)
  Calvinism (6.4%)
  Lutheranism (1.2%)
  Orthodoxy (0.1%)
  Other religions (1.5%)
  Non-religious (16.2%)
  Atheists (1.5%)
  Undeclared (26.0%)

In 2015, it had a population of 371,110 and the population density was 84/km².

Year County population[2] Change
1949 356,533 n/a
1960   395,342 10.89%
1970   421,765 6.68%
1980   432,617 (record) 2.57%
1990   417,400 -3.52%
2001   407,448 -2.38%
2011   386,441 -5.16%

EthnicityEdit

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Germans (approx. 22,000), Roma (17,000), Croats (6,000), and Serbs (500).

Total population (2011 census): 386,441
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[3] Identified themselves: 364,801 persons:

Approx. 58,000 persons in Baranya County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

ReligionEdit

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[4]

Regional structureEdit

 
Districts of Baranya County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Bóly District
Bólyi járás
220.03 11,956 54 Bóly 16
2 Hegyhát District
Hegyháti járás
360.72 12,744 35 Sásd 25
3 Komló District
Komlói járás
292.48 35,489 121 Komló 20
4 Mohács District
Mohácsi járás
600.98 35,164 59 Mohács 26
5 Pécs District
Pécsi járás
623.07 189,036 303 Pécs 40
6 Pécsvárad District
Pécsváradi járás
246.44 11,931 48 Pécsvárad 17
7 Sellye District
Sellyei járás
493.69 14,192 29 Sellye 38
8 Siklós District
Siklósi járás
652.99 35,929 55 Siklós 53
9 Szentlőrinc District
Szentlőrinci járás
282.43 14,998 53 Szentlőrinc 21
10 Szigetvár District
Szigetvári járás
656.76 25,002 38 Szigetvár 45
Baranya County 4,429.59 386,446 87 Pécs 301

PoliticsEdit

 
Countyhall of Baranya.

The Baranya County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 19 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 11                      
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 3                      
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 3                      
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                      
  Politics Can Be Different (LMP) 1                      

Presidents of the General AssemblyEdit

List of Presidents, from 1990[6]
Csaba Nagy (Fidesz-KDNP) 2014–

Municipalities[7][8]Edit

Baranya County has 1 urban county, 13 towns, 3 large villages and 284 villages.

 
Hosszúhetény - Temple from above

Like Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Baranya is a county of extremes when it comes to regional structure. The county seat is one of the five largest cities (and three largest agglomerations) of Hungary, but more than 2/3 of the municipalities are small hamlets with a population under 500. Half of the county's population lives in the county seat or in its immediate vicinity, while 22% of the population lives in villages that have less than 1000 inhabitants.

Cities with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

  • Pécs (156,049) – county seat
Towns
Villages

  municipalities are large villages.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. ^ népesség.com, "Baranya megye népessége 1870-2015"
  3. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office ‹See Tfd›(in Hungarian)
  4. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.3 Baranya megye, ‹See Tfd›(in Hungarian) [1]
  5. ^ Képviselőtestület, ‹See Tfd›(in Hungarian) [2]
  6. ^ Önkormányzati választások eredményei ‹See Tfd›(in Hungarian)
  7. ^ "Baranya (Hungary): County, Towns and Villages - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
  8. ^ Jimenez, Suzanne Somodi. "BARANYA County - Megye - Varmegye - Placenames". www.hungarianvillagefinder.com. Retrieved 2016-08-04.

External linksEdit