Villány

Villány (German: Wieland, Croatian: Viljan, Biljan, Vilanje,[1] Serbian: Виљан, romanizedViljan) is a town in Baranya county, Hungary that is famous for its wine. Residents are Hungarians, with minority of Serbs.

Villány

Wieland (in German)
Villány: the wine region
Villány: the wine region
Flag of Villány
Flag
Coat of arms of Villány
Coat of arms
Villány is located in Hungary
Villány
Villány
Location of Villány
Coordinates: 45°52′10″N 18°27′20″E / 45.86951°N 18.45562°E / 45.86951; 18.45562Coordinates: 45°52′10″N 18°27′20″E / 45.86951°N 18.45562°E / 45.86951; 18.45562
Country Hungary
CountyBaranya
DistrictSiklós
Area
 • Total22.02 km2 (8.50 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total2,517
 • Density114.30/km2 (296.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7773
Area code(+36) 72
Websitewww.villany.hu

EtymologyEdit

The name derives from the Hungarian word for lightning, villám. Formerly (centuries ago), the settlement was recorded under this form of name.

HistoryEdit

 
Cancelled in 1900 in the Kingdom of Hungary

After the Ottoman occupation until 1918, VILLÁNY was part of the Austrian monarchy, province of Hungary;[2] in Transleithania after the compromise of 1867 in the Kingdom of Hungary. A post-office was opened end of 1867 (depending from Oedenburg Post Directorate).[3]

GeographyEdit

The city is located in the encounter of three large geographical regions: the Great Hungarian Plain from the south, Baranya Hills from the north, and finally Villány Mountains border it from the west. On the plain, agricultural activity is common. The mountains and the hills provide a suitable place for wine producing.

A fossil site known as "Villány locality 6" or "Villány-Kalkberg Süd" has yielded many vertebrate fossils from Lower Pleistocene.[4]

DemographicsEdit

 
A scene in Villány Mountains
 
Winehouses of Villány

The settlement's population, divided to age groups:

Group 2006
0–5 years old 108
6–13 years old 204
14–17 years old 143
18–54 years old 1450
55–69 years old 328
over 70 404

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Villány is twinned with:[5]

Wine regionEdit

Villány is the most famous red wine region in Hungary. The southernmost wine region has the highest number of sunshine hours. Hungary's climate is continental. However, the Villány wine region is characterized by its sub-Mediterranean climate because of its location. Here's a great, full-bodied Bordeaux-style red wine cuvee. French varieties Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot have a great time here. There is also Portugieser, Kékfrankos but we can also meet Kadarka and Syrah grapes. Of course, white grapes are also cultivated by winemakers such as Italian Riesling, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Green Veltelini.

Híres borászatok:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Folia onomastica croatica 14/2005" (in Croatian). (462 KB) Živko Mandić: Hrvatska imena naseljenih mjesta u Madžarskoj,
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
  3. ^ Die Poststempel auf der Freimarken-Ausgabe 1867 von Österreich und Ungarn, Edwin Mueller, 1930 (in German)
  4. ^ "Villany locality 6 (Pleistocene of Hungary)". Paleobiology Database. Fossilworks. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  5. ^ "Testvértelepülések". villany.hu (in Hungarian). Villány. Retrieved 2021-03-31.

External linksEdit