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Érd (Hungarian: [eːrd]; German: Hanselbeck; Croatian: Andzabeg) is a town in Pest County, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary.

Érd Megyei Jogú Város
Ottoman minaret in Érd
Coat of arms of Érd
Coat of arms
Érd is located in Hungary
Location of Érd
Érd is located in Europe
Érd (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°22′42″N 18°55′19″E / 47.37837°N 18.92200°E / 47.37837; 18.92200Coordinates: 47°22′42″N 18°55′19″E / 47.37837°N 18.92200°E / 47.37837; 18.92200
Country Hungary
 • MayorAndrás T. Mészáros (Fidesz-KDNP)
 • Total60.54 km2 (23.37 sq mi)
 • Total65,857[1] Increase
 • Rank15th in Hungary
 • Density1,041.9/km2 (2,699/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(+36) 23
MotorwaysM6, M7
Distance from Budapest20.4 km (12.7 mi) Northeast



The area has been inhabited since ancient times. Archaeological findings indicate that prehistoric men lived here 50,000 years ago.

Érd itself was first mentioned in documents in 1243. The name comes either from the word erdő ("forest") or from ér ("stream").

During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, Érd was captured by the Turks in 1543, after the castle of Székesfehérvár fell. The Turks built a motte castle and a mosque here. In these times, the place was called Hamzsabég (Hamzabey). In 1684, the army led by Charles V, Duke of Lorraine defeated the Turks near Érd.

In 1776, Érd became an oppidum (town). It is possible that it already had been oppidum before the Ottoman occupation. In the early 20th century, Érd became the property of the Károlyi family. The town grew, but remained mainly an agricultural town until 1972, when several new facilities were built and the touristic value of Érd grew.

Érd was the fastest-growing locality in Hungary between the 1991 and 2001 censuses (up 30.6%). On November 7, 2005, the Parliament decided that Érd will be granted the rank of city with county rights from the date of the next council election in autumn 2006.


The mass transit are operated by Volánbusz, with five bus lines. A lot of buses depart to nearby cities, such as Sóskút, Pusztazámor, Százhalombatta, and Budapest.

In the city, there are five railway stations (Érd, Érd alsó, Érd felső, Tétényliget, and Érdliget). Passengers can travel to Budapest, Pécs, Nagykanizsa, etc.

Tourist sightsEdit


1870 3,027—    
1880 3,188+5.3%
1890 3,343+4.9%
1900 3,480+4.1%
1910 3,953+13.6%
1920 3,990+0.9%
1930 5,632+41.2%
1941 14,523+157.9%
1949 16,444+13.2%
1960 23,047+40.2%
1970 31,205+35.4%
1980 41,330+32.4%
1990 43,327+4.8%
2001 56,567+30.6%
2011 63,631+12.5%
2019 68,211+7.2%

Population by nationalities:

Population by denominations:

List of notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Érd is twinned with:

City Country
Poynton   United Kingdom
Reghin   Romania
Lubaczów   Poland
Suzhou   China


External linksEdit