Bottrop (German pronunciation: [ˈbɔtʁɔp] (listen)) is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia. Located in the Ruhr industrial area, Bottrop adjoins Essen, Oberhausen, Gladbeck and Dorsten. The city had been a coal-mining and rail center and contains factories producing coal-tar derivatives, chemicals, textiles, and machinery. Bottrop grew as a mining center beginning in the 1860s, was chartered as a city in 1921, and bombed during the Oil Campaign of World War II. In 1975 it unified with the neighbour communities of Gladbeck and Kirchhellen, but Gladbeck left it in 1976, leading to Kirchhellen becoming a district of Bottrop as Bottrop-Kirchhellen. It is also twinned with Blackpool, England.
|District||Urban districts of Germany|
|• Mayor||Bernd Tischler (SPD)|
|• Total||100.7 km2 (38.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||60 m (200 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Dialling codes||02041, 02045|
The total area of the municipal territory is about 101 square kilometres (39 square miles). The longest north-south distance is 17 kilometres (11 miles), and from west to east 9 kilometres (5.6 miles). The highest peak within the city's territory is 78 metres (256 feet), the lowest one being 26 metres (85 feet) above sea level.
Bottrop is divided into 3 boroughs, they are: Bottrop-Mitte (Bottrop-Center), Bottrop-Süd (Bottrop South) and Bottrop-Kirchhellen, each one having a borough representation and a borough ruler.
These boroughs are further subdivided into city parts, partly named after their traditional name, while the newly built parts are only recently named :
- Bottrop-Mitte: Eigen, Fuhlenbrock, Stadtmitte
- Bottrop-Süd: Batenbrock, Boy, Ebel, Lehmkuhle, Vonderort, Gartenstadt Welheim (Garden city Welheim) and Welheimer Mark
- Bottrop-Kirchhellen: Ekel, Feldhausen, Grafenwald, Hardinghausen, Holthausen, Im Loh, Kirchhellen, Kuhberg, Overhagen
For statistical reasons, Bottrop is also divided into statistical boroughs. They are (with their official numbering)
- 11 Altstadt
- 12 Nord-Ost (Northeast)
- 13 Süd-West (Southwest)
- 21 Fuhlenbrock-Heide (Fuhlenbrock-Heath)
- 22 Fuhlenbrock-Wald (Fuhlenbrock-Forest)
From 1919 until 1976 Kirchhellen was its own town. Following a communal reorganization reform in 1975, both Kirchhellen and Gladbeck joined the city of Bottrop. This resulted in the nickname "GlaBotKi". Gladbeck left the city in 1976 and became part of the district of Recklinghausen.
Most of Kirchhellen is Catholic (approx. 65%). It has three churches, including one Lutheran church.
Culture and attractionsEdit
Theaters, museums and buildingsEdit
- Main Post Office, constructed 1921-1923.
- The Quadrat is a Museum housing permanent exhibitis on local history and displaying works by Josef Albers as well as many temporary exhibitions.
- City Hall (Neo-Renaissance 1910–1916) is regarded as the emblem of the city.
- Schloss Beck theme park and castle (late baroque period 1766–1777)
- Villa Dickmann, constructed 1901–1903 (Art Nouveau)
- Alte Apotheke (Old Pharmacy, Wilhelminian style 1895)
- Catholic churches
- Heilige Familie
- Heilig Kreuz, built 1955–57, Windows by Georg Meistermann
- Herz Jesu, built 1929
- St. Antonius
- St. Barbara
- St. Bonifatius
- St. Cyriakus, Propstei, built 1861/62 by Emil von Manger
- St. Elisabeth, built 1954
- St. Franziskus
- St. Johannes Baptist (BOT-Boy)
- St. Johannes der Täufer (BOT-Kirchhellen)
- St. Joseph
- St. Ludger
- St. Mariä Himmelfahrt
- St. Matthias
- St. Michael
- St. Paul
- St. Peter
- St. Pius
- St. Suitbert, built 1955
- Protestant churches
- Martinskirche, erbaut 1884
- Malakow-Turm (1872) of the coal mine Prosper II.
- Coal Mining Tip Haniel with an open-air theater (Amphitheater) and the Kreuzweg designed by Tisa von der Schulenburg and Adolf Radecki and opened in 1995.
- Saalbau, convention center
- Alpincenter - the world's longest indoor ski slope
- Tetraeder - a 50 m tall walkable steel tetrahedron, placed on a 90 m slag heap. It has been the town's landmark since its construction in 1995.
- Movie Park Germany - theme park (in Bottrop-Kirchhellen)
- Schloss Beck - castle turned into an amusement park (in Bottrop-Kirchhellen)
- Indoor Skydiving Bottrop, a powerful vertical wind tunnel attracting skydivers from all over Europe
- Since September 12, 2005 so called „Stolpersteine“ have been placed by artist Gunter Demnig all over the city in remembrance of the people deported and killed by the Nazis.
- January: Festival Orgel PLUS (Music festival started in 1989)
- February: Rose Monday Parade and Carnival
- May: Horse Market
- May: Asparagus - Farmers' Market in Kirchhellen
- Brezelfest (Pretzel Festival) in Kirchhellen
- May/June/July: Schützenfeste (marksmen festivals) of Bottrops marksmen companies (BSV Bottrop Batenbrock, BSV Bottrop Eigen, BSV Bottrop Fuhlenbrock, BSV Bottrop Vonderort, BSV Andreas Hofer, Alte Allgemeine Bürgerschützengesellschaft, BSV Bottrop Boy)
- September: Michaelismarket.
- Catholic: 50% (19 churches)
- Protestant (Lutheran): 20% (8 churches)
- Atheist/Agnostic: 20%
- Muslim: 2%
- Josef Albers, (1888-1976), painter, graphic artist, designer, art teacher
- August Everding, (1928-1999), Director of the Hamburgische Staatsoper 1973-77, general director of the Bavarian State Theater rector)
- Bernhard Korte, (born 1938), mathematician and computer scientist
- Claus Spahn, (born 1940), journalist and author
- Werner Münch, (born 1940), politician (CDU), Prime Minister of Saxony-Anhalt (1991-1993)
- Andy Vine, (1948-1985), author and poet
- Theo Jörgensmann (born 1948), jazz musician and composer
- Paul Holz, (born 1952), former football player
- Martin Honert, (born 1953), artist, professor at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts
- Gisela Kinzel, (born 1961), athlete and Olympian
- Sabine Gaudzinski-Windheuser, (born 1965), archaeologist
- Kelly Trump, (born 1970), native Nicole Heyka, presenter and former porn actress
- Ulla Kock am Brink (born 1961), television presenter
- Christian Scheuß (born 1966), journalist and writer
- Da Hool (born 1968), (DJ and music producer)
Bottrop is twinned with:
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2019" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
- Evangelische Kirchen in Bottrop: http://www.kirchenkreis.org/content/e559/e3019/e2909/index_ger.html
- Past Events of Alte Allgemeine Bürgerschützengesellschaft: http://www.alte-allgemeine.de/termine/eventlist/archive
- Events BSV Bottrop Boy: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2009-08-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Media related to Bottrop at Wikimedia Commons