Oberhausen (//, German: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩] (listen)) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c. 13 km or 8.1 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.
|District||Urban districts of Germany|
|• Lord mayor (2020–25)||Daniel Schranz (CDU)|
|• Total||77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||78 m (256 ft)|
|• Density||2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Website||City of Oberhausen (de)|
Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle. The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten") was a bombing target of the oil campaign of World War II, and the US forces reached the plant by 4 April 1945.
Population development since 1862:
The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:
There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014.
The unemployment rate is 10.4% (Jul 2020).
Migrant communities in Oberhausen as of 31 December 2017:
The current Mayor of Oberhausen is Daniel Schranz of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Daniel Schranz||Christian Democratic Union||30,150||45.5||28,456||62.1|
|Thorsten Berg||Social Democratic Party||19,699||29.7||17,381||37.9|
|Norbert Emil Axt||Alliance 90/The Greens||7,002||10.6|
|Wolfgang Kempkes||Alternative for Germany||4,521||6.8|
|Jens Carstensen||The Left||3,095||4.7|
|Urban Mülhausen||Open for Citizens||1,378||2.1|
|Claudia Wädlich||The Violets||468||0.7|
|Source: State Returning Officer|
The Oberhausen city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)||21,471||32.8||0.2||19||1|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||20,754||31.7||7.2||19||4|
|Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne)||9,450||14.4||5.9||8||3|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||4,995||7.6||New||4||New|
|The Left (Die Linke)||3,367||5.1||2.8||3||2|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||1,988||3.0||0.2||2||±0|
|Alliance of Obenhauser Citizens (BOB)||1,913||2.9||5.7||2||3|
|Open for Citizens (OfB)||1,153||1.8||New||1||New|
|The Violets (Die Violetten)||445||0.7||0.5||0||±0|
|Source: State Returning Officer|
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Georg Schaltenbrand (1897–1979), author, neurologist and Multiple Sclerosis specialist
- Martha Schneider-Bürger (1903 - 2001) civil engineer and author
- Reni Erkens (1909–1987), swimmer
- Wilhelm Brinkmann (1910–1991), field handball player
- Erich Kempka (1910–1975), SS-officer and Adolf Hitler's driver
- Werner Töniges (1910–1995), naval officer
- Willy Jürissen (1912–1990), footballer
- Édouard Wawrzyniak (1912–1991), French footballer
- Will Quadflieg (1914–2003), actor
- Alf Marholm (1918–2006), actor, radio plays, audio books and voice
- Arnulf Zitelmann (born 1929), writer
- Paul Lange (1931–2016), kayaker, Olympic champion
- Karl-Heinz Feldkamp (born 1934), football player and trainer
- Wilhelm Keim (1934–2018), chemist and professor for technical chemistry
- Theo Vennemann (born 1937), linguist and professor of German and theoretical linguistics
- Siegfried Jerusalem (born 1940), opera singer
- Hans Siemensmeyer (born 1940), football player and coach
- Wolf-Dieter Ahlenfelder (1944–2014), football referee
- Tilman Spengler (born 1947), writer and journalist, author and co-editor of the magazine Kursbuch
- Eckhard Stratmann-Mertens (born 1948), teacher and politician (Alliance 90/The Greens), Member of Bundestag
- Ditmar Jakobs (born 1953), footballer
- Willi Wülbeck (born 1954), athlete
- Achim Hofer (born 1955), musicologist
- Christoph Klimke (born 1959), writer
- Michael Grosse-Brömer (born 1960), politician (CDU), Member of Bundestag
- Christoph Schlingensief (1960–2010), film and theater director, radio play writer and performance artist
- Dirk Balthaus (born 1965), jazz pianist and composer
- Esther Schweins (born 1970), actress and comedian
- Markus Feldhoff (born 1974), footballer
- Mark Kleinschmidt (born 1974), rower
- Max Meyer (born 1995), footballer
- Davin Herbrüggen (born 1998), singer
CentrO shopping mall
- Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 19 June 2021.
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- "Oberhausen". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- "Oberhausen" (US) and "Oberhausen". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- "Oberhausen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
- John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
- "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen (in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- "Oberhausen – statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
- "Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen". oberhausen.de (in German). Oberhausen. Retrieved 2021-03-03.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Oberhausen.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Oberhausen.|