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Oberhausen (/ˈbərˌhzən/,[2][3][4] German: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩] (About this soundlisten)) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c. 13 km or 8.1 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

View over Oberhausen
View over Oberhausen
Flag of Oberhausen
Coat of arms of Oberhausen
Coat of arms
Location of Oberhausen
Oberhausen is located in Germany
Oberhausen is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban districts of Germany
 • Lord MayorDaniel Schranz (CDU)
 • Total77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)
78 m (256 ft)
 • Total211,422
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes0208
Vehicle registrationOB
WebsiteCity of Oberhausen (de)



Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle (German: Schloss Oberhausen). The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten")[5] was a bombing target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, and the US Forces had reached the plant by 4 April 1945.

In 1973 Thyssen employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000.[6]

In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.


The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:[7]

<18 years 15.6%
18–64 years 63.3%
>64 years 21.1%

There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014.[8]

The unemployment rate is 10.0% (Dec 2015).[9]

Migrant communities in Oberhausen by 31.12.2017:

  Turkey 8,560
  Syria 2,315
  Serbia 2,090
  Italy 2,005
  Poland 1,840


International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Oberhausen is twinned with:[10]

Notable residentsEdit

Born before 1935Edit

Born after 1935Edit


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2017" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-09-21.
  2. ^ "Oberhausen". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Oberhausen" (US) and "Oberhausen". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Oberhausen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  5. ^ Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
  6. ^ John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  7. ^ "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
  8. ^ "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen (in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  9. ^ "Oberhausen –". Retrieved 2016-01-29.
  10. ^ "Ratsangelegenheiten: Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen" (in German). Büro für Interkultur, Stadt Oberhausen. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Town Twinning". Middlesbrough Council. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  12. ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 7 August 2013.

External linksEdit