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Elizabeth of Sicily, Queen of Hungary

Elisabeth of Sicily (1261–1303) was Queen of Hungary by marriage to Ladislaus IV of Hungary.[1]

Elizabeth of Sicily
Queen consort of Hungary
Reign1272–1290
Born1261
Naples
Died1303 (aged 41–42)
Naples
Burial
Monastery of St Peter's, Naples
SpouseLadislaus IV of Hungary
HouseAnjou-Sicily
FatherCharles I of Naples
MotherBeatrice of Provence

LifeEdit

She was the youngest child of Charles I of Naples[2] and his first wife Beatrice of Provence.

Elisabeth married Ladislaus IV of Hungary in 1270.[2] They had no children. Ladislaus had neglected Elisabeth for the sake of his semi-pagan family, The Cumans; his mother Elizabeth was a member of the Cuman tribe. Ladislaus always wore Cuman dress and many of his friends were Cumans.

QueenEdit

Ladislaus spent most of his marriage to Elisabeth chasing after the Cumans, encouraging them to come and live in Hungary. Ladislaus clearly preferred the society of the semi-heathen Cumans to that of the Christians; he wore, and made his court wear, Cumanian dress; surrounded himself with cumanian concubines, and neglected and ill-used his ill-favoured Neapolitan consort.[1] When they wanted to leave Hungary, Ladislaus used his forces to make them stay. Elisabeth was arrested in 1286 so that Ladislaus could live with a Cuman mistress. She was imprisoned at Margaret Island, where she stayed for the next three years. Ladislaus finally reconciled with Elisabeth in 1289. When he found he did not have enough power to rule over his barons, he rejoined the Cumans.

Ladislaus died in 1290, childless, and he was succeeded by Andrew III of Hungary; Andrew was a distant cousin of Ladislaus.

Later lifeEdit

After her husband's death, Elisabeth returned to Naples, but she came back to Hungary. In the year 1294 Queen Fenenna confirmed on her the privilege to collect the donations of the church in the Veszprém County. In 1301 she returned to Naples, where she became a Dominican nun at St Peter's monastery (San Pietro a Castello), which had been founded by her sister-in-law Queen Mary. Queen Elisabeth (Isabella d'Anjou) died in 1303 and was buried at the monastery of St Peter's.[3]

AncestryEdit

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ladislaus IV." . Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 59.
  2. ^ a b Steven Runciman, The Sicilian Vespers, (Cambridge University Press, 2000), 138.
  3. ^ Memoria und Repräsentation, Band 157 von Veröffentlichungen des Max-Planck-Instituts für Geschichte Kritische Studien Zur Geschichtswissenschaft, Seite 267, Tanja Michalsky, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2000. (ISBN 9783525354735)
Elizabeth of Sicily, Queen of Hungary
Born: 1261 Died: 1303
Royal titles
Preceded by
Elizabeth the Cuman
Queen consort of Hungary
1272–1290
Succeeded by
Fennena of Kujavia