Toronto—Danforth (formerly Broadview—Greenwood) is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1979. It lies to the east of Downtown Toronto. Its best-known MP was New Democratic Party (NDP) leader and Leader of the Opposition Jack Layton.
|Ontario electoral district|
|Federal electoral district|
|Legislature||House of Commons|
|District webpage||profile, map|
|Pop. density (per km²)||5,266.7|
Toronto—Danforth includes an array of ethnicities, including large Greek, Chinese, Muslim and South Asian communities. It has the highest percentage of ethnic Greeks among all Toronto ridings (7.3%).
Historically, the riding has tilted to the left, particularly since the 1990s. Most election contests take place between the NDP and the Liberal Party. Even with the end of vote-splitting on the centre-right, the Conservatives are almost nonexistent in the riding; no Conservative candidate has crossed the 15 percent mark.
The NDP held the riding for the first nine years of its existence before Liberal Dennis Mills won the seat in 1988 and held it during the long period of Liberal dominance of the federal scene. He was unseated in 2004 by Layton, who had previously run against Mills in 1997. Layton held the seat until his death on August 22, 2011. The seat was vacant until a by-election on March 29, 2012, which was won by NDP candidate and human rights lawyer Craig Scott. However, Scott was narrowly defeated by Liberal Julie Dabrusin in the 2015 election in a major upset.
Ethnic groups: 65.2% White, 12.3% Chinese, 5.0% Black, 2.3% Filipino, 2.0% Aboriginal, 1.4% Southeast Asian, 1.3% Latin American, 1.7% Multiple
Languages: 67.7% English, 6.3% Cantonese, 4.5% Greek, 2.6% French, 2.3% Mandarin, 1.4% Spanish, 1.2% Tagalog, 1.1% Italian
Religions (2011): 48.7% Christian (19.0% Catholic, 9.9% Christian Orthodox, 4.7% Anglican, 3.5% United Church, 1.4% Presbyterian, 1.5% Pentecostal, 10.2% Other), 4.6% Buddhist, 4.4% Muslim, 1.9% Jewish, 1.0% Hindu, 38.4% No religion
Median income (2015): $35,056
Average income (2015): $54,560
It consisted initially of the part of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto bounded on the south by Queen Street East, on the west by the Don River, and on the east and north by a line drawn north from Queen Street along Jones Avenue, east along Gerrard Street East, north along Greenwood Avenue, west along O'Connor Drive, north along Don Mills Road to the Don River.
In 1987, it was redefined to consist of the part of the City of Toronto and the Borough of East York bounded on the west by the Don River, on the south by Queen Street, and on the east and north by a line drawn from the lake north along Leslie Street, east along Queen Street East, north along Greenwood Avenue, east along Danforth Avenue, north along Coxwell Avenue and Coxwell Boulevard, and west along Taylor Creek and the Don River East Branch to the Don River.
In 1996, it was defined to consist of the parts of the City of Toronto and the Borough of East York north along Leslie Street, east along Queen Street East, north along Greenwood Avenue, east along Gerrard Street East, north along Coxwell Avenue and Coxwell Boulevard, west along Taylor Creek, the Don River East Branch and the Don River, northwest along Millwood Road, southwest along the Canadian Pacific Railway and the eastern limit of the City of Toronto, south along the Don River to Toronto Harbour.
The name of the electoral district was changed in 2000 to "Toronto—Danforth" on the suggestion of Dennis Mills, the riding's Member of Parliament. Many local citizens were upset at the name change, particularly because of the lack of public say in the matter. Layton sought neighbourhood input for another name change to the riding, but the name was not changed.
In 2003, it was given its current boundaries, which consist of the part of the City of Toronto bounded on the south by Lake Ontario and Toronto Harbour, on the east by Coxwell Avenue and Coxwell Boulevard, on the north by Taylor Creek and the Don River East Branch, and on the west by the Don River. This riding was unchanged after the 2012 electoral redistribution.
Members of ParliamentEdit
This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:
Riding created from Broadview, York East and Greenwood
|31st||1979–1980||Bob Rae||New Democratic|
|38th||2004–2006||Jack Layton||New Democratic|
|2021 Canadian federal election|
|** Preliminary results — Not yet official **|
|New Democratic||Clare Hacksel||15,881||33.28||+0.08|
|Animal Protection||Liz White||179||0.38||-0.02|
|Total valid votes||47,719|
|Total rejected ballots|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|2019 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Min Sook Lee||19,283||33.2||-6.97||$102,067|
|People's||Tara Dos Remedios||621||1.1||-||$3,633|
|Animal Protection||Elizabeth Abbott||261||0.4||-0.24||$2,645|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||58,059||100.0|
|Total rejected ballots||413|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|2015 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Craig Scott||22,325||40.17||-20.70||$177,088.37|
|Progressive Canadian||John Richardson||1,275||2.29||–||–|
|Animal Alliance||Elizabeth Abbott||354||0.64||–||$216.83|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||55,581||100.00||$210,111.71|
|Total rejected ballots||269||0.48||–|
|Liberal gain from New Democratic||Swing||+22.73|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|Canadian federal by-election, March 19, 2012|
Death of Jack Layton
|New Democratic||Craig Scott||19,210||59.44||−1.36||$ 82,847.22|
|Progressive Canadian||Dorian Baxter||208||0.64||–||1,473.73|
|Libertarian||John C. Recker||133||0.41||–||2,433.05|
|Canadian Action||Christopher Porter||75||0.23||–||3,163.57|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||32,319||100.00||$ 86,821.95|
|Total rejected ballots||150||0.46||−0.13|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||−6.1|
|2011 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Jack Layton||29,235||60.80||+16.02||$ 71,037.96|
|Conservative||Katarina Von Koenig||6,885||14.32||+2.67||4,113.58|
|Animal Alliance||Marie Crawford||387||0.80||+0.41||–|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||48,086||100.00||–||$ 84,621.69|
|Total rejected ballots||284||0.59||+0.17|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||+13.9|
|2008 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Jack Layton||20,323||44.78||-3.64||$ 79,280.87|
|Animal Alliance||Marie Crawford||175||0.39||–||–|
|Canadian Action||Bahman Yazdanfar||54||0.12||–||125.00|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||45,387||100.00||–||$ 82,496.98|
|Total rejected ballots||191||0.42||-0.06|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||+0.6|
|2006 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Jack Layton||24,412||48.42||+2.08||$ 74,966.33|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||50,415||100.00||–||$ 76,419.79|
|Total rejected ballots||242||0.48||-0.08|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||+4.6|
|2004 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Jack Layton||22,198||46.34||+18.69||$ 72,751.01|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||47,900||100.00||$ 75,271.84|
|Total rejected ballots||269||0.56|
|New Democratic gain from Liberal||Swing||-14.6|
Note: Change from 2000 for top three parties is based on redistributed results. Conservative Party change is based on the total of Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservative Party votes.
|2000 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Paula Turtle||10,830||27.65||-5.12|
|Progressive Conservative||Rose A. Dyson||3,138||8.01||+0.38|
|Canadian Action||William Angus Millar||202||0.52||–|
|Natural Law||Linda Martin||154||0.39||-0.09|
|Total valid votes||39,168||100.00||–|
Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.
|1997 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Jack Layton||13,903||32.77||+18.82|
|Progressive Conservative||Dianne Garrels||3,238||7.63||-1.71|
|Independent||Kevin Mark Clarke||211||0.50||–|
|Natural Law||Bob Hyman||205||0.48||-0.53|
|Total valid votes||42,423||100.00||–|
|1993 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Lynn McDonald||5,381||13.95||-22.01|
|Progressive Conservative||John Papadakis||3,601||9.34||-13.08|
|National||Barbara A. Sim||976||2.53||–|
|Natural Law||Bob Hyman||389||1.01||–|
|Total valid votes||38,575||100.00||–|
|1988 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Lynn McDonald||14,616||35.96||-9.63|
|Progressive Conservative||Wayne Allan Shillinglaw||9,112||22.42||-12.25|
|Libertarian||Byron J. Garby||431||1.06||–|
|Rhinoceros||Hank Wright Snell||243||0.60||-0.08|
|Commonwealth of Canada||David S. Moyer||137||0.34||–|
|Total valid votes||40,643||100.00||–|
|1984 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Lynn McDonald||15,066||45.59||+6.48|
|Progressive Conservative||Peter Worthington||11,455||34.67||-15.26|
|Total valid votes||33,044||100.00||–|
Note: the popular vote of Progressive Conservative candidate Peter Worthington is compared to the total popular vote in the 1982 by-election earned by the PC candidate Bill Fatsis and by Mr. Worthington running without affiliation.
|Canadian federal by-election, October 12, 1982: Toronto-Danforth|
|New Democratic||Lynn McDonald||10,967||39.11||-1.26|
|Progressive Conservative||Bill Fatsis||4,999||17.82||-6.10|
|Independent||Donald Y. Hsu||159||0.57||–|
|Rhinoceros||Terry The Pirate Roche||90||0.32||-0.29|
|Independent||Christopher R.C. Boddy||41||0.15||–|
|Total valid votes||28,045||100.00||–|
|1980 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Bob Rae||12,953||40.37||+0.65|
|Progressive Conservative||Michael Clarke||7,677||23.92||-6.16|
|Marxist–Leninist||Dorothy J. O'Donnell||53||0.17||0.00|
|Total valid votes||32,089||100.00||–|
|1979 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Bob Rae||13,187||39.72|
|Progressive Conservative||Michael Clarke||9,987||30.08|
|Marxist–Leninist||Dorothy J. O'Donnell||57||0.17|
|Total valid votes||33,204||100.00|
- Statistics Canada: 2011
- Statistics Canada: 2011
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Toronto--Danforth [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]". February 8, 2017.
- "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Federal electoral district (2013 Representation Order)". May 8, 2013.
- "List of confirmed candidates – September 20, 2021 Federal Election". Elections Canada. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
- "List of confirmed candidates". Elections Canada. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
- "Election Night Results". Elections Canada. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
- Elections Canada – Confirmed candidates for Toronto—Danforth, 30 September 2015
- Elections Canada – Preliminary Election Expenses Limits for Candidates
- "(Code 35094) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Broadview—Greenwood federal riding history from the Library of Parliament
- Toronto—Danforth federal riding history from the Library of Parliament
- Campaign expense data from Elections Canada