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  • Bruce B. Huckell; J. David Kilby (2014). Clovis Caches: Recent Discoveries and New Research. UNM Press. ISBN 978-0-8263-5483-9.
  • Claude Chapdelaine (2012). Late Pleistocene Archaeology and Ecology in the Far Northeast. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 978-1-60344-805-5.
  • Neil Asher Silberman; Alexander A. Bauer (2012). The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Oxford University Press. pp. 57–78. ISBN 978-0-19-973578-5.
  • Timothy R. Pauketat (2012). The Oxford Handbook of North American Archaeology. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-538011-8.
  • John F. Hoffecker; Scott A. Elias (2013). Human Ecology of Beringia. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-50388-4.
  • Vivien Gornitz (2009). Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-4020-4551-6.
  • Terry L. Jones; Alice A. Storey; Elizabeth A. Matisoo-Smith (2011). Polynesians in America: Pre-Columbian Contacts with the New World. Rowman Altamira. ISBN 978-0-7591-2006-8. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)
  • Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith; Lisa Matisoo-Smith; K. Ann Horsburgh (2012). DNA for Archaeologists. Left Coast Press. pp. 130–... ISBN 978-1-59874-682-2.
  • Graeme Wynn (2007). Canada and Arctic North America: An Environmental History. ABC-CLIO. p. 6. ISBN 978-1-85109-437-0.

Berigian land bridge theory dubiousEdit

The article need to reflect on this new research questioning the Bering hypothesis:

The results of a multiple-author study by Danish, Canadian, and American scientists published in Nature in February 2016 revealed that "the first Americans, whether Clovis or earlier groups in unglaciated North America before 12.6 cal. kyr BP", are "unlikely" to "have travelled to North America from Siberia via the Bering land bridge[1] "via a corridor that opened up between the melting ice sheets in what is now Alberta and B.C. about 13,000 years ago" as many anthropologists have argued for decades.[2] The lead author, Mikkel Pedersen – a PhD student from University of Copenhagen – explained, "The ice-free corridor was long considered the principal entry route for the first Americans ... Our results reveal that it simply opened up too late for that to have been possible."[2] The scientists argued that by 10,000 years ago, the ice-free corridor in what is now Alberta and B.C "was gradually taken over by a boreal forest dominated by spruce and pine trees" and that "Clovis people likely came from the south, not the north, perhaps following wild animals such as bison."[1][2]

I suggest that part of the lede to be modified, else the article will continue too look like antiquated one written by 20th century Clovis professors. Sietecolores (talk) 13:58, 24 December 2018 (UTC)

@Sietecolores: The article already covers the Clovis-first versus coastal migration debate in some depth (Settlement of the Americas#Migration routes) and correctly reflects the current scientific consensus that a coastal route is more likely. But there's no significant debate that the Americas were initially populated via a "land bridge" over the Bering Strait. That is accepted under both the Clovis-first and coastal hypotheses. The study and article you quote is about the subsequent movement of people through an ice free corridor, postulated by the Clovis-first theory. This isn't the same thing as the land bridge. There's a map in the CBC article that illustrates this quite well. – Joe (talk) 14:35, 24 December 2018 (UTC)
"entered North America from the North Asian Mammoth steppe via the Beringia land bridge" makes it all sound like Mammoth hunters walked over a landbrige. That need to be clarified for the layman. Sietecolores (talk) 15:32, 24 December 2018 (UTC)


  1. ^ a b Postglacial viability and colonization in North America's ice-free corridor. Nature (Report). August 10, 2016. Bibcode:2016Natur.537...45P. doi:10.1038/nature19085. Retrieved August 10, 2016. Mikkel W. Pedersen, Anthony Ruter, Charles Schweger, Harvey Friebe, Richard A. Staff, Kristian K. Kjeldsen, Marie L. Z. Mendoza, Alwynne B. Beaudoin, Cynthia Zutter, Nicolaj K. Larsen, Ben A. Potter, Rasmus Nielsen, Rebecca A. Rainville, Ludovic Orlando, David J. Meltzer, Kurt H. Kjær, Eske Willerslev
  2. ^ a b c Chung, Emily (10 August 2016). "Popular theory on how humans populated North America can't be right, study shows: Ice-free corridor through Alberta, B.C. not usable by humans until after Clovis people arrived". CBC News. Archived from the original on 11 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.

Old Crow newer academic sourcesEdit

[1] Bluefish Cave II (Yukon Territory, Canada): Taphonomic Study of a Bone Assemblage by Lauriane Bourgeon Pages 105-108 | Published online: 28 Jan 2015] PaleoAmerica A journal of early human migration and dispersalVolume 1, 2015 - Issue 1 and [2] "New Radiocarbon Ages on Percussion-Fractured and Flaked Proboscidean Limb Bones from Yukon, Canada" Doug Weller talk 16:20, 22 May 2019 (UTC)

New DNA findings should be incorporatedEdit

I just read this NYT article: Who Were the Ancestors of Native Americans? A Lost People in Siberia, Scientists Say ( It has some amazing insights that I think should be in Settlement of the Americas. Thoughts? Paulmlieberman (talk) 19:10, 6 June 2019 (UTC)

Return to "Settlement of the Americas" page.