Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj (Jawi: سلطان صلاح الدين عبدالعزيز شاه الحاج إبن المرحوم سلطان حسام الدين عالم شاه الحاج; 8 March 1926 – 21 November 2001) was the 11th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and eighth Sultan of Selangor.
|Yang di-Pertuan Agong XI|
|Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Reign||26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001|
|Installation||23 September 1999|
|Predecessor||Ja’afar of Negeri Sembilan|
|Successor||Sirajuddin of Perlis|
|Prime Minister||Mahathir Mohamad|
|Sultan of Selangor|
|Reign||3 September 1960 – 21 November 2001|
|Coronation||28 June 1961|
|Born||8 March 1926|
Istana Bandar Temasha, Jugra, Kuala Langat, Selangor, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
|Died||21 November 2001 (aged 75)|
Gleneagles Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
|Burial||22 November 2001|
|Issue||Tengku Nor Halija|
Tengku Idris Shah
Tengku Puteri Sofiah
Tengku Sulaiman Shah
Tengku Puteri Zahariah
Tengku Abdul Samad
Tengku Puteri Arafiah
Tengku Puteri Aishah
Tengku Ahmad Shah
Tengku Puteri Nor Marina
Tengku Puteri Nor Zehan
|House||Opu Daeng Celak|
|Father||Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj Ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah|
|Mother||Tengku Ampuan Jemaah Binti Almarhum Raja Ahmad|
Born on at 3:30 pm. Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah on Monday 8 March 1926 at Istana Bandar Temasha, Jugra, Kuala Langat, he is the eldest son of Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah by his royal consort and wife, Tengku Ampuan Raja Jemaah binti Al-Marhum Raja Ahmad.
He received his early education at the Pengkalan Batu Malay School in Klang in 1934. In 1936, he furthered his studies at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar until 1941 when World War II began. After World War II, he went to England in 1947 and studied at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London for two years.
Upon his return from the United Kingdom, he served with the Civil Service Department as a Trainee Officer with the Selangor Survey Department. He later served as an Inspector of Schools for eight years.
In 1952, he attended a short-term course at the Malay Military Troop in Port Dickson for six months and was commissioned with the Queen Commission in the rank of captain. Thereafter, he was promoted to the rank of major.
Sultan of SelangorEdit
Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah was appointed as the Tengku Laksamana of Selangor on 1 August 1946 and as the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) of Selangor on 13 May 1950.
On the demise of his father, Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Alaeddin Sulaiman Shah, Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah became the eighth Sultan of Selangor with the title Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah on 3 September 1960 and was installed as the 28th Sultan on 28 June 1961.
On 26 April 1984, Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah was appointed as Captain-in-Chief of the Royal Navy by the Malaysian Armed Forces in place of the position of Colonel-in-Chief of the Malaysian Royal Air Force which he held since 1966.
Sultan Salahuddin was the Sultan who signed the cession of Kuala Lumpur from Selangor to the Federal Government to form a Federal Territory on 1 February 1974. The Sultan cried after the signing as he was very fond and proud of the city, but he did it for the greater good of Malaysia. The Kota Darul Ehsan arch was erected along the Federal Highway at the border of Kuala Lumpur and Selangor to commemorate the event in 1981.
Sultan Salahuddin was a founder of Shah Alam, the new Selangor state capital in 1978. He said that for Selangor to become a modern state, it would need a new state capital as Kuala Lumpur had become a Federal Territory. At that time Klang was the state capital after the cession of Kuala Lumpur when the Sultan founded Shah Alam. Many buildings and roads in Shah Alam are named after him.
Salahuddin held the rank of Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Field Marshal of the Malaysian Army and Admiral of the Fleet of the Royal Malaysian Navy as per constitutional provisions making him as the second royal military officer to become supreme commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
Yang di-Pertuan AgongEdit
He was the second oldest ruler to be elected as the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 26 April 1999 and installed on 11 September 1999.
The cession of Putrajaya, which was formerly Selangor territory, to the Federal Government in 2001 to become a Federal Territory occurred during his reign as Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah in Putrajaya was named after him.
However, after reigning for two years and 6 months, he died in office on 21 November 2001 at the Gleneagles Intan Medical Centre in Kuala Lumpur. He underwent a heart operation to put a pacemaker two months prior to his death, which he did not fully recover from. He was buried in the Royal Mausoleum near Sultan Sulaiman Mosque in Klang.
Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah married at least four wives.
His first wife and cousin, HRH Paduka Bonda Raja Raja Nur Saidatul Ihsan binti Al Marhum Raja Bendahara Tengku Badar Shah, whom he later divorced, bore:
- Tengku Nor Halija
- Tengku Idris Shah, later Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah
- Tengku Puteri Sofiah (died 8 June 2017)
- Tengku Laksamana Tengku Sulaiman Shah
- Tengku Puteri Zahariah (Ku Yah)
- Tengku Fatimah
- Tengku Panglima Besar Tengku Abdul Samad
- Tengku Puteri Arafiah
- Tengku Puteri Aishah (died 30 July 2012)
Che Maheram binti Muhammad Rais, his second wife, bore him:
- Tengku Panglima Raja Tengku Ahmad Shah
- Tengku Puteri Nor Marina
- Tengku Puteri Nor Zehan
His last wife, commoner Tuanku Siti Aishah binti Abdul Rahman, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong. Being fifty years younger than him, she was also the youngest ever occupant of that office – only 29 at her succession to the throne.
Hobbies and interestsEdit
Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah was a keen sportsman. His interest in golf is well-known within and outside the country. The Sultan also loved sailing, collecting antique cars, rearing animals and planting orchids. He also likes visiting foreign countries to widen his knowledge and experience.
Several projects and institutions were named after the Sultan, including:
- SMK Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, a secondary school in Shah Alam, Selangor
- SMK Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah, a secondary school in Kajang, Selangor
- SAMT Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, a secondary school in Sabak, Selangor
- Politeknik Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah in Shah Alam, Selangor
- Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Building, Selangor's state secretariat building in Shah Alam, Selangor
- Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Mosque, Selangor's state mosque in Shah Alam, Selangor
- Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Court Building, a court building in Shah Alam, Selangor
- Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Jamek Mosque, a mosque in Petaling Jaya, Selangor
- Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah Airport, an airport in Subang, Selangor
- KD Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah, a TLDM naval base in Pulau Indah, Klang, Selangor
- Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Power Station, a power station in Kapar, Selangor
- Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Arts and Cultural Centre at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) in Serdang, Selangor
Roads and bridgesEdit
- Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, a main thoroughfare in Putrajaya
- Jalan Sultan Salahuddin and Persiaran Sultan Salahuddin, a major road in Kuala Lumpur
- Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, a major road in Kuala Lumpur
- Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Bridge, a bridge in Kuala Selangor
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Salahuddin's full style and title was: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Alhaj ibni Almarhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Alhaj, Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Selangor Darul Ehsan Serta Segala Daerah Takluknya.
Honours of SelangorEdit
- Grand Master of the Royal Family Order of Selangor (since 6 June 1961)
- Grand Master of the Order of the Crown of Selangor (since 6 June 1961)
- Grand Master of the Order of Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah (since 30 September 1985)
- Meritorious Service Medal
Honours of MalaysiaEdit
- Malaysia (as Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 26 April 1999 to 21 November 2001) :
- Grand Master and recipient of the Order of the Royal House of Malaysia (26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001)
- Grand Master and recipient of the Order of the Crown of the Realm (28 August 1961) (26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001)
- Grand Master of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001)
- Grand Master of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001)
- Grand Master of the Order of Merit of Malaysia (26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001)
- Grand Master of the Order for Important Services (Malaysia) (26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001)
- Grand Master of the Order of the Royal Household of Malaysia (26 April 1999 – 21 November 2001)
- Pahang :
- Member 1st class of the Family Order of the Crown of Indra of Pahang (DK I) (14 July 1987)
- Johor :
- First Class of the Royal Family Order of Johor (DK I)
- Kedah :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Kedah (DK)
- Kelantan :
- Recipient of the Royal Family Order or Star of Yunus (DK) (10 July 1966)
- Negeri Sembilan :
- Member of the Royal Family Order of Negeri Sembilan (DKNS)
- Perak :
- Recipient of the Royal Family Order of Perak (DK, ) – currently : (19 April 1986)
- Perlis :
- Recipient of the Perlis Family Order of the Gallant Prince Syed Putra Jamalullail (DK)
- Terengganu :
- Member first class of the Family Order of Terengganu (DK I) (21 June 1964)
- Sabah :
- Grand Commander of the Order of Kinabalu (SPDK)
- Sarawak :
- Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of Hornbill Sarawak (DP) (29 April 1976)
- Melaka :
- Grand Commander of the Premier and Exalted Order of Malacca (DUNM) (1 August 1987)
- Alagappa, Muthiah, Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-4227-8
- Information Malaysia, Berita Publications Sdn. Bhd., 1998
- Martin, Frederick, Keltie, John Scott, Renwick, Isaac Parker Anderson, Epstein, Mortimer, Paxton, John, Steinberg, Sigfrid Henry, The Statesman's Year-book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year ; 1978–1979, St. Martin's Press, 1978
- The Making Of Galeri Diraja Sultan Abdul Aziz, Klang Archived 25 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Pertubuhan Arkitek Malaysia CPD Committee 2007, Laurent Lim Aun Giap
- Ruler with 'heart of the people' Archived 2 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine, 21 November 2001, BBC News
- King of Malaysia dies Archived 11 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, 21 November 2001, BBC News
- The Nation Mourns The Passing Of A Great Ruler Archived 30 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine 24 November 2001, MySinchew.com
- Alagappa, Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia, pg 267
- Malaysian King Aziz Shah dead Archived 13 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Kuala Lumpur, 21 November 2001, The Tribune
- Thousands mourn Malaysia's king Archived 30 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine, 22 November 2001, BBC News
- "Adinda Sultan Selangor mangkat". Harian Metro. 8 June 2017. Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 2 December 2019.
- "May Allah The Almighty Bless Our Sultan". New Straits Times. 22 December 2001. p. 3. Archived from the original on 25 May 2021. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 2001" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2016.