Order of Boyaca
The Order of Boyacá (Spanish: Orden de Boyacá) is the highest peacetime decoration of Colombia. The order is awarded for exceptional service to distinguished Colombian military officers and civilians as well as foreign citizens of friendly nations. Established in 1922, the Order of Boyacá traces its origin to a Cruz de Boyacá that was awarded to the generals who led their forces to victory in the Battle of Boyaca in 1819. Reestablished in 1919 as an award for military personnel the order has undergone revisions and expansions into its current form, with the biggest change happening in 1922 where civilians became eligible to be awarded the Order of Boyaca.
|Order of Boyacá|
Orden de Boyacá
Grand Cross of the Order of Boyacá
|Awarded by Colombia|
|Awarded for||Exceptional service to Colombia|
|Grand Master||President of Colombia|
|Grades||Gran Collar, Gran Cruz Extraordinaria, Gran Cruz, Gran Official, Cruz de Plata, Comendador, Oficial, and Caballero|
|Next (higher)||Military Order of St. Matthew|
|Next (lower)||Order of San Carlos|
Ribbon bar of the Order of Boyacá
The Order of Boyacá is awarded in eight different grades:
- Grand Collar (Gran Collar), awarded to heads of state and to the President of Colombia upon his election.
- Grand Cross Extraordinary (Gran Cruz Extraordinaria), awarded to former heads of state and Colombian Cardinals.
- Grand Cross (Gran Cruz), awarded to Cardinals, Ambassadors, Ministers of State, Marshals, Generals of the Armed Forces, Lieutenant Generals, Admirals, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Grand Officer (Gran Oficial), awarded to Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary, Archbishops, Major Generals, Brigadier Generals, Admirals, Vice Admirals, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata), awarded to individuals and organizations as recognition for tenure and length of service.
- Commander (Comendador), awarded to Ministers Residents, business owners and managers, Bishops, Colonels, Lieutenant colonels, Majors, Captains, Commanders, Lieutenant Commanders, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Officer (Oficial), Chargé d'affaires ad interim, Counselors, First Secretaries, Consul Generals, Captains, Lieutenants, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Knight (Caballero), awarded to Second and Third Secretaries, Consuls and Vice-Consuls, Attachés to embassies and legations, Lieutenants and Second Lieutenants, Lieutenants (junior grade) and Ensigns, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
|Ribbon bars of the Order of Boyacá|
Grand Cross Extraordinary
- 1946: William Halsey, Jr., Fleet Admiral, United States Navy 
- 1946: Byron F. Johnson, Major General, United States Marine Corps
- 1948: George Marshall
- 1952: Hector José Botero Tobón, H.J. Hooijberg
- 1982: Eduardo Lemaitre Román
- 1992: Rodolfo R. Llinás
- 1993: Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom
- 1999: Juan Pablo Montoya
- 2004: Alejandro Toledo
- 2004: Julio Mario Santo Domingo
- 2004: Luis Carlos Sarmiento Angulo
- 2006: Supreme Court
- 2009: Rafael García Herreros (posthumouous)
- 2010: Adolfo Arango Montoya, Juan Gómez Martínez, Juan Manuel Santos, Sebastián Piñera
- 2011: Radamel Falcao, Tony Blair
- 2012: Mariana Pajón, Rigoberto Urán, Óscar Figueroa, Carlos Oquendo, Yuri Alvear, Caterine Ibargüen, Óscar Muñoz, Jackeline Rentería
- 2013: Nairo Quintana
- 2018: Juan Fernando Fonseca
- 2018: José Pékerman
- Unknown: King Albert II of Belgium, Henry H. Arnold (GO), Charles Lyon Chandler, Lyman Lemnitzer (GO), Ray E. Porter (GO), Matthew Ridgway (GO), Maxwell D. Taylor (GO), Harold C. Train (GO), James Van Fleet
- "DECRETO 4444 DE 2010 (noviembre 29) Diario Oficial No. 47.908 de 29 de noviembre de 2010". http://www.cancilleria.gov.co/. Cancilleria Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Retrieved 4 July 2014. External link in
- "ORDEN DE BOYACÁ". Cancilleria Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- Bull Halsey biography
- Avenius, Sheldon H. Jr. (April 1967). "Charles Lyon Chandler: A Forgotten Man of Inter-American Cultural Relations". Journal of Inter-American Studies. 9 (2): 169–183. doi:10.2307/165091.
’Cocaine’ by Dominic Streatfeild pg.453