Order of Boyacá
(Redirected from Order of Boyaca)
The Order of Boyacá (Spanish: Orden de Boyacá) is the highest peacetime decoration of Colombia. The order is awarded for exceptional service to distinguished Colombian military officers and civilians as well as foreign citizens of friendly nations. Established in 1922, the Order of Boyacá traces its origin to a Cruz de Boyacá that was awarded to the generals who led their forces to victory in the Battle of Boyaca in 1819. Reestablished in 1919 as an award for military personnel the order has undergone revisions and expansions into its current form, with the biggest change happening in 1922 where civilians became eligible to be awarded the Order of Boyaca.
|Order of Boyacá|
Orden de Boyacá
|Awarded by Colombia|
|Awarded for||Exceptional service to Colombia|
|Grand Master||President of Colombia|
|Grades||Gran Collar, Gran Cruz Extraordinaria, Gran Cruz, Gran Official, Cruz de Plata, Comendador, Oficial, and Caballero|
|Next (higher)||Military Order of St. Matthew|
|Next (lower)||Order of San Carlos|
Ribbon bar of the Order of Boyacá
The Order of Boyacá is awarded in eight different grades:
- Grand Collar (Gran Collar), awarded to heads of state and to the President of Colombia upon his election.
- Grand Cross Extraordinary (Gran Cruz Extraordinaria), awarded to former heads of state and Colombian Cardinals.
- Grand Cross (Gran Cruz), awarded to Cardinals, Ambassadors, Ministers of State, Marshals, Generals of the Armed Forces, Lieutenant Generals, Admirals, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Grand Officer (Gran Oficial), awarded to Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary, Archbishops, Major Generals, Brigadier Generals, Admirals, Vice Admirals, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata), awarded to individuals and organizations as recognition for tenure and length of service.
- Commander (Comendador), awarded to Ministers Residents, business owners and managers, Bishops, Colonels, Lieutenant colonels, Majors, Captains, Commanders, Lieutenant Commanders, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Officer (Oficial), Chargé d'affaires ad interim, Counselors, First Secretaries, Consul Generals, Captains, Lieutenants, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
- Knight (Caballero), awarded to Second and Third Secretaries, Consuls and Vice-Consuls, Attachés to embassies and legations, Lieutenants and Second Lieutenants, Lieutenants (junior grade) and Ensigns, or individuals of an equal or similar rank.
|Ribbon bars of the Order of Boyacá|
Grand Cross Extraordinary
- 1925 – Spain: King Alfonso XIII
- 1925 – Spain: Queen Victoria Eugenie
- 1925 – Venezuela: Juan Vicente Gómez, President of Venezuela
- 1937 – Czechoslovakia: Tomáš Masaryk, 1st President of Czechoslovakia
- 1937 – Czechoslovakia: Edvard Beneš, 2nd President of Czechoslovakia
- 1963 – Republic of China: Chiang Kai-shek, 1st President of the Republic of China
- 1980 – Finland: Urho Kekkonen, President of Finland
- 1992 – Poland: Mieczyslaw Biernacki
- 1992 – Morocco: Youssef Fassi Fihri
- 1993 – United Kingdom: Queen Elizabeth II
- 2010 - Chile: Sebastián Piñera, 34th and 36th President of Chile
- 2015 - Spain: Felipe VI, King of Spain
- 2016 - United States: Joe Biden, 46th President of the United States
- 2021 - South Korea: Moon Jae-in, President of South Korea
- 2022 - Dominican Republic: Luis Abinader, 54th President of the Dominican Republic
- 2023 - Chile: Gabriel Boric, 35th President of Chile
- ^ a b "DECRETO 4444 DE 2010 (noviembre 29) Diario Oficial No. 47.908 de 29 de noviembre de 2010". cancilleria.gov.co/. Cancilleria Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- ^ "ORDEN DE BOYACÁ". Cancilleria Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- ^ a b "NOTICIAS DE PALACIO". 20 May 1925.
- ^ https://hemerotecadigital.bne.es/hd/viewer?oid=0031063257&page=3
- ^ a b "Řády a vyznamenání prezidentů republiky" (in Czech). vyznamenani.net. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
- ^ "kunniamerkki; Kolumbian Boyaga ritarikunnan suurristi rintatähden kera". Finna (in Finnish). Coin Chamber, The National Museum of Finland. Retrieved 25 February 2021.
- ^ "DECRETO 305 DE 1992 por medio del cual se confiere una condecoración de la Orden de Boyacá". Diario Oficial De Colombia (40343). 19 February 1992.
- ^ "DECRETO 584 DE 1992 por medio del cual se confiere una condecoración de la Orden de Boyacá". Diario Oficial De Colombia (40412). 6 April 1992.
- ^ "Titles and Orders of HM Queen Elizabeth II". Archived from the original on 2009-12-01. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
- ^ "Presidente Santos hará visitas de Estado en Chile y Argentina". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-06.
- ^ "La Orden de Boyacá. La máxima distinción de la República de Colombia". Gabinete de Protocolo (in Spanish). 2015-03-03. Retrieved 2022-08-06.
- ^ "Santos le entregó la Cruz de Boyacá al vicepresidente Joe Biden". El Tiempo (in Spanish). 2016-11-17. Retrieved 2022-08-06.
- ^ 이재열 (2021-08-25). "Intercambio de medallas entre Corea del Sur y Colombia". Agencia de Noticias Yonhap (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-08-25.
- ^ Castillo, Laura (2022-04-29). "Duque y Abinader se condecoran mutuamente y sus gobiernos firman 6 documentos". Listín Diario (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-06.
- ^ "Presidente Boric recibe a mandatario colombiano Gustavo Petro en el Palacio de La Moneda" [President Boric receive to colombian president at Palacio de la Moneda] (in Spanish). el Mostrador. 9 January 2023. Archived from the original on 11 January 2023. Retrieved 11 January 2023.
- Decorations, Cancilleria Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores.
- World Awards