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The Order of Boyacá (Spanish: Orden de Boyacá) is the highest peacetime decoration of Colombia. The order is awarded for exceptional service to distinguished Colombian military officers and civilians as well as foreign citizens of friendly nations. Established in 1922, the Order of Boyacá traces its origin to a Cruz de Boyacá that was awarded to the generals who led their forces to victory in the Battle of Boyaca in 1819. Reestablished in 1919 as an award for military personnel the order has undergone revisions and expansions into its current form, with the biggest change happening in 1922 where civilians became eligible to be awarded the Order of Boyaca.

Order of Boyacá
Orden de Boyacá
Grand cross badge, star and sash of the Order of Boyacá
Grand Cross of the Order of Boyacá
Awarded by  Colombia
Awarded forExceptional service to Colombia
StatusCurrently constituted
Grand MasterPresident of Colombia
GradesGran Collar, Gran Cruz Extraordinaria, Gran Cruz, Gran Official, Cruz de Plata, Comendador, Oficial, and Caballero
Precedence
Next (higher)Military Order of St. Matthew[1]
Next (lower)Order of San Carlos[1]
Order of Boyacá ribbon bar
Ribbon bar of the Order of Boyacá

GradesEdit

The Order of Boyacá is awarded in eight different grades:[2]

Ribbon bars of the Order of Boyacá
 
Grand Collar
 
Grand Cross Extraordinary
 
Grand Cross
 
Grand Officer
 
Silver Cross
 
Commander
 
Officer
 
Knight

Notable recipientsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "DECRETO 4444 DE 2010 (noviembre 29) Diario Oficial No. 47.908 de 29 de noviembre de 2010". http://www.cancilleria.gov.co/. Cancilleria Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Retrieved 4 July 2014. External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ "ORDEN DE BOYACÁ". Cancilleria Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  3. ^ Bull Halsey biography
  4. ^ Avenius, Sheldon H. Jr. (April 1967). "Charles Lyon Chandler: A Forgotten Man of Inter-American Cultural Relations". Journal of Inter-American Studies. 9 (2): 169–183. doi:10.2307/165091.

’Cocaine’ by Dominic Streatfeild pg.453

External linksEdit