State Police Services (India)

The State Police Services, simply known as State Police or SPS are police services under the control of respective state governments of the States and territories of India.

The candidates selected for the SPS are usually posted as Deputy Superintendent of Police or Assistant Commissioner of Police once their probationary period ends. On prescribed satisfactory service in the SPS, the officers are nominated to the Indian Police Service.[1]


The recruitment to this service is done by the respective State Governments, usually through State Public Service Commissions. Some of the posts are recruit by the Staff Selection Commission, the staff conducted the exam all over India and recruit according to eligibility. The recruitment to SPS is also on the same pattern as that for IPS. The only difference is that the recruitment of SPS officers is made by the State Public Service Commission concerned through usually a combined competitive examination for State Civil Services which in the case of IPS is through the All-India Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission. However, in case of Union Territory, recruitment to SPS is also made by Union Public Service Commission through the Civil Services Examination as one of the Group-A(Junior Branch) Services. State police requirement in large States like Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh is greater as compared to the smaller States like Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Kerala, Sikkim and north-eastern States. After selection, which again is based upon the choice of service and merit of a candidate, selected candidates are required to undergo vigorous probationary training before getting posted as Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP) or Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP). States with large number of population are arranging a specific recruitment program for specific recruitment. In June 2017, The Madhya Pradesh state arranged the examination of police constable recruitment through the professional examination board of Madhya Pradesh.

Ranks and insignia of SPS officersEdit

Indian State Police Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia[2][3][4]
Rank Additional Superintendent of Police Deputy Superintendent of Police
Abbreviation ASP/Addl. SP DSP/Dy. SP
  • Note: Gazetted officers belonging to Indian State Police Service(s) lie between ranks DSP and SP.
  • Officers usually undergo training at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy are awarded IPS to attain Assistant SP rank (1 year of service) but this varies from state to state.
Indian State Police Non-Gazetted Officer Rank Insignia
Insignia               No Insignia¹
Rank Inspector of Police Assistant Inspector of Police2 Sub-Inspector of Police Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police Police Head Constable3 Senior Police Constable3 Police Constable
  • ¹ Police Constable has no insignia except the khaki uniform.
  • 2This rank only exists in Maharashtra Police Service
  • 3Shoulder insignia for this rank is used by Maharashtra Police Service
  • Note: Colour pattern and size of chevron may vary according to the different rules of several distinct Indian State Police Services.

Ranks of Gazetted officersEdit

Gazetted officers include all the Indian Police Service' officers and all State Police Services officers of and above the rank of Inspector in State Police and Metropolitan Police forces respectively.

  • National Emblem above one Star (same insignia and pay band as a lieutenant-colonel in the Indian Army)
  • National Emblem (same insignia and pay band as a major in the Indian Army)
  • Three Stars (same insignia as a captain in the Indian Army; pay band of a Lieutenant)

Ranks of Class 2 Gazetted officersEdit

  • One Single star in middle of shoulder strap without any ribbon bar.
  • Circle Inspector (CI) or Officer-in-Charge (OC) in the state of Assam.
  • Three stars with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps (Same insignia as a Junior Commissioned Officer in the Indian Army who wears a red and yellow ribbon bar, but more closely equivalent to the rank of Subedar-Major who dons the national emblem with similar ribbons; at same pay band)

Ranks of Non Gazetted officersEdit

  • Two stars with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps (Same insignia and pay band of a Subedar in the Indian Army)
  • One Star with a red and blue ribbon at the outer edge of the shoulder straps (Same insignia of a Naib Subedar in the Indian Army; pay band of a Havildar)
  • Three chevrons points facing downwards / Navy Blue colored epaulettes with three golden stripes on the Shoulder (Same insignia as a Havildar in the Indian Army; pay band of a Naik)
  • Two chevrons points facing downwards / Navy Blue colored epaulettes with two golden stripes on the Shoulder (Same insignia as a Naik in the Indian Army; pay band of a Sepoy)
  • No rank insignia (pay band of a Sepoy in the Indian Army)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Police Ranks" (PDF). Maharashtra Police. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  3. ^ "Governance of Kerala Police". Kerala Police. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  4. ^ "Police Ranks and Badges". Odisha Police. Retrieved August 15, 2017.