2007 Spanish local elections
The 2007 Spanish local elections were held on Sunday, 27 May 2007, to elect all 66,131 councillors in the 8,111 municipalities of Spain and all 1,038 seats in 38 provincial deputations. The elections were held simultaneously with regional elections in thirteen autonomous communities, as well as local elections in the three foral deputations of the Basque Country and the ten island councils in the Balearic and Canary Islands.
66,131 councillors in 8,111 municipal councils
1,038 seats in 38 provincial deputations
Provincial results map for municipal elections
The results saw few changes overall; most incumbent governments retained their majority, with only a few exceptions. The PP government in the Balearics fell, and a coalition led by PSOE took power. While the elections were seen as a first indication of how the 2008 Spanish general election might turn out, the results proved to be inconclusive. In 2003, the PSOE had a slight edge with 34.8 against the PP's 34.3; in this election, the PP had 35.6 to the PSOE's 34.9. Turnout was slightly lower, with 63.8 instead of 67.7 four years earlier.
- Municipal elections
Municipalities in Spain were local corporations with independent legal personality. They had a governing body, the municipal council or corporation, composed of a mayor, deputy mayors and a plenary assembly of councillors. Voting for the local assemblies was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the corresponding municipality and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. The mayor was in turn elected by the plenary assembly, with a legal clause providing for the candidate of the most-voted party to be automatically elected to the post in the event no other candidate was to gather an absolute majority of votes.
Local councillors were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each local council. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Councillors were allocated to municipal councils based on the following scale:
|>100,001||+1 per each 100,000 inhabitants or fraction|
+1 if total is an even number
Councillors of municipalities with populations between 100 and 250 inhabitants were elected under an open list partial block voting, with electors voting for individual candidates instead of parties and for up to four candidates. Additionally, municipalities below 100 inhabitants, as well as those whose geographical location or the best management of municipal interests or other circumstances made it advisable, were to be organized through the open council system (Spanish: régimen de concejo abierto), in which voters would directly elect the local major.
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of a determined amount of the electors registered in the municipality for which they sought election:
- At least 1 percent of the electors in municipalities below 5,000 inhabitants, provided that the number of signers was more than double that of councillors at stake.
- At least 100 signatures in municipalities between 5,001 and 10,000.
- At least 500 signatures in municipalities between 10,001 and 50,000.
- At least 1,500 signatures in municipalities between 50,001 and 150,000.
- At least 3,000 signatures in municipalities between 150,001 and 300,000.
- At least 5,000 signatures in municipalities between 300,001 and 1,000,000.
- At least 8,000 signatures in municipalities over 1,000,001.
Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
- Deputations and island councils
Provincial deputations were the governing bodies of provinces in Spain, having an administration role of municipal activities and composed of a provincial president, an administrative body, and a plenary. Basque provinces had foral deputations instead—called Juntas Generales—, whereas deputations for single-province autonomous communities were abolished: their functions transferred to the corresponding regional parliaments. For insular provinces, such as the Balearic and Canary Islands, deputations were replaced by island councils in each of the islands or group of islands. For Majorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera this figure was referred to in Spanish as consejo insular (Catalan: consell insular), whereas for Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, El Hierro, Lanzarote and La Palma its name was cabildo insular.
Most deputations were indirectly elected by local councillors from municipalities in each judicial district. Seats were allocated to provincial deputations based on the following scale:
|Polling firm/Commissioner||Fieldwork date||Sample size||Turnout||Lead|
|2007 local elections||27 May 2007||N/A||64.0||34.9||35.6||5.4||3.3||0.7|
|Metroscopia/ABC[p 1]||16–18 Apr 2007||1,002||65||38.3||36.2||5.7||–||2.1|
|2003 local elections||25 May 2003||N/A||64.0||34.8||34.3||6.1||3.4||0.5|
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Councillors|
|People's Party and allies (PP–UPN–EU)||7,916,075||35.62||+1.28||23,348||–322|
|Navarrese People's Union (UPN)||110,910||0.50||+0.06||336||+1|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party and allies (PSOE–PSC–ExC)||7,760,865||34.92||+0.02||24,029||+772|
|PSOE–Ibiza for Change (PSOE–ExC)3||15,415||0.07||±0.00||22||–11|
|United Left and allies (IU–ICV–EUiA–Aralar)||1,559,774||7.02||–0.51||2,628||+4|
|Ceutan Democratic Union–United Left (UDCE–IU)6||5,659||0.03||+0.01||4||+1|
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||723,325||3.25||–0.20||3,387||–300|
|Republican Left of Catalonia–Municipal Agreement (ERC–AM)||347,601||1.56||–0.27||1,591||+309|
|Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)||315,279||1.42||±0.00||661||+66|
|Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)7||310,036||1.39||–0.85||1,043||–628|
|Andalusian Party (PA)||237,098||1.07||–0.42||527||–166|
|Canarian Coalition–Canarian Nationalist Party (CC–PNC)8||217,407||0.98||–0.32||404||–65|
|Valencian Nationalist Bloc–The Greens Ecologist Left (Bloc–EVEE)||105,754||0.48||–0.13||277||–21|
|Basque Nationalist Action (EAE/ANV)9 10||94,253||0.42||+0.36||432||+369|
|Aragonese Party (PAR)||94,079||0.42||+0.05||983||+76|
|Regionalist Party of Cantabria (PRC)||73,657||0.33||+0.04||303||+27|
|Basque Solidarity (EA)||72,590||0.33||New||255||+255|
|The Greens (LV)11||72,297||0.33||–0.18||24||+5|
|Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's)||71,226||0.32||New||13||+13|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||58,463||0.26||–0.13||228||+32|
|New Canaries (NC)||57,624||0.26||New||61||+61|
|Navarre Yes (NaBai)12||52,387||0.24||+0.07||133||+32|
|Canarian Centre–Lanzarote Independents Party (CCN–PIL–IF)||48,969||0.22||+0.16||69||+37|
|Lanzarote Independents Party (PIL)||8,646||0.04||–0.01||22||–5|
|Socialist Party of Andalusia (PSA)||48,365||0.22||–0.04||64||+7|
|Majorcan Union (UM)||36,558||0.16||±0.00||99||–4|
|Bloc–PSM–The Greens (Bloc–PSM–EV)||35,512||0.16||–0.09||67||–41|
|PSM–Nationalist Agreement–The Greens of Menorca (PSM–EN, EV–Me)||1,800||0.01||±0.00||5||–1|
|Leonese People's Union–United Zamora (UPL–ZU)15||34,044||0.15||–0.06||188||–77|
|Galician Land (TeGa)||33,626||0.15||New||66||+66|
|Party of Almería (PdeAL)||22,554||0.10||New||61||+61|
|Popular Unity Candidacy (CUP)||21,803||0.10||+0.07||24||+18|
|Valencian Coalition (CVa)||21,304||0.10||New||20||+20|
|Independent Candidacy–The Party of Castile and León (CI–PCL)||19,885||0.09||+0.03||149||+84|
|Galicianist Party (PG)||19,739||0.09||New||10||+10|
|Valencian Union–The Eco-pacifist Greens (UV–LVEP)||19,419||0.09||–0.29||29||–102|
|Federation of Independents of Catalonia (FIC)||17,478||0.08||–0.02||86||–18|
|Social Democratic Party (PSD)||14,634||0.07||New||16||+16|
|Commoners' Land (TC)||14,331||0.06||–0.01||93||+51|
|Vallès Alternative Candidacies (CAV)||13,471||0.06||New||13||+13|
|Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL)||12,705||0.06||New||38||+38|
|Independents for Extremadura (IPEx)||12,693||0.06||New||85||+85|
|Platform for Catalonia (PxC)||12,425||0.06||+0.05||17||+13|
|Asturian Renewal Union–Asturianist Party (URAS–PAS)16||11,513||0.05||–0.06||11||–21|
|Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA)||11,148||0.05||New||0||±0|
|Riojan Party (PR)||11,085||0.05||–0.01||43||–22|
|Commitment for Gran Canaria (CGCa)||10,688||0.05||New||2||+2|
|Union of the Salamancan People (UPSa)||10,179||0.05||+0.02||85||+27|
|The Greens of the Community of Madrid (LVCM)||10,061||0.05||–0.04||5||+3|
|Independent Group for Almería (GIAL)||9,727||0.04||–0.04||31||±0|
|Citizen Movement of Cartagena (MCC)||9,572||0.04||+0.02||5||+4|
|Andalusian Convergence (CAnda)||9,250||0.04||New||20||±0|
|Roque Aguayro (RA)||9,035||0.04||±0.00||15||±0|
|Independent Solution (SI)||8,039||0.04||±0.00||34||+24|
|Votes cast / turnout||22,488,232||63.97||–3.70|
The following table lists party control in provincial capitals, as well as in municipalities above or around 75,000. Gains for a party are highlighted in that party's colour.
|Parties and coalitions||Seats|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party and allies (PSOE–PSC)||465||+6|
|People's Party and allies (PP–EU)||438||+9|
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||51||+1|
|United Left and allies (IU–ICV–EUiA–Aralar)||29||–10|
|Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG)||17||+2|
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||13||±0|
|Aragonese Party (PAR)||11||+2|
|Andalusian Party (PA)||4||–3|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||3||–1|
|Party of Almería (PdeAL)||2||+2|
|Valencian Nationalist Bloc–The Greens Ecologist Left (Bloc–EVEE)||1||±0|
|Leonese People's Union (UPL)||1||–1|
|Zamoran Independent Electors–Zamoran People's Union (ADEIZA–UPZ)||1||+1|
|Independent Solution (SI)||1||±0|
The following table lists party control in provincial deputations. Gains for a party are highlighted in that party's colour.
- Opinion poll sources
- "El PP mantiene el empate técnico con el PSOE a un mes de las elecciones locales". ABC (in Spanish). 22 April 2007.
- "Municipal elections in Spain 1979-2011". interior.gob.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- "Provincial deputation elections since 1979" (in Spanish). historiaelectoral.com. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- "Regulation of the Basis of Local Regimes Law of 1985". Law No. 7 of 2 April 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 August 2017.
- "Electoral Results Consultation. Municipal. May 2007. National totals". infoelectoral.mir.es (in Spanish). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Municipal elections (overall results 1979-2011)" (in Spanish). historiaelectoral.com. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Municipal elections (city majors by party)". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Historia Electoral. Retrieved 24 February 2018.