Fuenlabrada (Spanish pronunciation: [fwenlaˈβɾaða]) is a city and municipality of Spain located in the Community of Madrid. As of 2018[update], it has a population of 193,586, making it the region's fourth most populated municipality.
|Region||Community of Madrid|
|• Mayor||Javier Ayala (PSOE)|
|• Total||39.41 km2 (15.22 sq mi)|
|Elevation||664 m (2,178 ft)|
|• Density||4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The etymology of Fuenlabrada comes from the contraction of Fuente Labrada, Spanish for "carved fountain".
The highest point in the municipality (721 metres above sea level) is located in a hill to the northwest of the city proper. The city proper's altitude gently decreases from the Northwest to the Southeast; the lowest areas in the municipality (slightly over 600 metres above sea level) are located in the East, past the A-42 near the border with Getafe.
The southeast of the municipality is covered by the Polígono Cobo Calleja, a huge economic area overwhelmingly dedicated to the wholesale distribution of Chinese imports (considered the biggest one in Europe in the latter regard).
The main hydrographic feature is the Arroyo Culebro, a tributary of the Manzanares. Other parts of the municipality (including the Arroyo de Fregacedos) are however part of the Guadarrama catchment area.
There are archeological sites tracing back the human presence in the area to the Paleolithic (La Cantueña) and the Bronze Age (Casas del Cerro). Other settlements in the current municipal area, including Loranca, Albas and Fregacedos, existed during the Upper Middle Ages.
The founding of the village of Fuenlabrada has been tentatively traced to the late 14th century, populated by the dwellers of the nearby settlements of Loranca, Albas and Fregacedos, which had been simultaneously depopulated. The first mention of Fuenlabrada, which by the early 16th century was part of the Land of Madrid, was recorded later in the century, during the reign of Philip II, in the so-called Topographic Relations of Philip II. The village suffered the loss of a quarter of the population in the second half of the 18th century.
While the agricultural sector of the economy remained dominant, the making of rosquillas and buns in the municipality became renowned among the surrounding towns by the end of the 19th century. Following the end of the 1936–1939 Civil War, in which some parts of Fuenlabrada endured serious damage, the Dirección General de Regiones Devastadas undertook some building works in the municipality during the 1940s and 1950s.
The population experienced a demographic explosion in the 1970s, going from 7,369 inhabitants in 1970 to 65,181 in 1980, the biggest relative increase in Spain in that period. The demographic growth continued in the ensuing decades.
The city is linked with the M-50, A-42, M-506, M-407 and M-409 highways. It is connected as well to the neighbouring towns of Humanes de Madrid and Moraleja de Enmedio through the M-413 and M-405 local roads, respectively.
Fuenlabrada has good transport connections with Madrid, Móstoles, Getafe, Alcorcón and Leganés through the Madrid Metro line 12 (also known as Metrosur), including five stations: Loranca, Hospital de Fuenlabrada, Parque Europa, Fuenlabrada Central (transfer with Fuenlabrada Cercanías station) and Parque de los Estados.
Fuenlabrada witnessed a dramatic population explosion in the 1980s, due to large scale immigration of young workers coming from the capital city and other agrarian regions (chiefly Extremadura, Castilla-La Mancha, Andalusia and Galicia) seeking affordable prices in housing. By 1975, the municipality had already reached a population of 18,442. Foreign workers have also settled in the city, most of them coming from Latin America, Africa, the Maghreb, China and Romania.
Primary and Secondary educationEdit
The Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (URJC) has a secondary campus in the city, housing the faculties of communication sciences, telecommunications engineering, tourism, business administration, among other courses.
The National University of Distance Education (UNED) also has a branch here.
The city is home to basketball team Baloncesto Fuenlabrada, currently playing in the first tier division (Liga ACB), having competed in the top flight division of Spanish basketball for several years. Their home games are played at Fernando Martín sports centre, which has a capacity of 5,700.
CF Fuenlabrada is the local football team, playing in Segunda División (second tier in Spanish league). They play as home team at the Estadio Fernando Torres, inaugurated by the footballer's parents on 1 September 2011. The stadium has a capacity of 7,500.
Twin towns and sister citiesEdit
- Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
- García Sánchez 2008.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 388.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, pp. 388–389.
- "El polígono Cobo Calleja de Fuenlabrada celebra su medio siglo de vida". Telemadrid. 6 September 2019.
- "Cobo Calleja, el paraíso chino del 'todo a cien' al por mayor, al por menor y sin IVA". La Información. 30 June 2017.
- Santiago Rodríguez 2007, p. 28.
- Neira, Fernando (3 July 1997). "Un nuevo enlace de 2,5 y kilómetros hace más fácil el acceso a Ciudad Loranca". El País.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 389.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, pp. 389–390.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 392.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 393.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 394.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 397.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 399.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, pp. 405–407.
- Cabrero Garrido, García Lledó & García Pérez 2004, p. 408.
- "El Comité Federal del PSOE se reunirá este sábado en Fuenlabrada". La Vanguardia. 6 November 2018.
- "Alcaldes nicas España conocen de proyectos medioambiente". Radiolaprimerisima. 21 May 2009.
- Iglesias, Mar (3 December 2017). "Camino al corazón y al color de África". La Nueva Crónica.
- Cabrero Garrido, Félix; García Lledó, Fátima; García Pérez, María Cristina (2004). "Fuenlabrada". Arquitectura y desarrollo urbano Comunidad de Madrid (PDF). XI. pp. 381–588. ISBN 84-451-2697-0.
- García Sánchez, Jairo J. (28 January 2008). "La Comunidad de Madrid y sus topónimos (IV)". Rinconete. Centro Virtual Cervantes.
- Santiago Rodríguez, Eduardo de (2007). "Madrid, "ciudad única". Pautas y lógicas espaciales en la región madrileña: las grandes transformaciones estructurales; el despliegue del nuevo "paradigma único" en la región urbana de Madrid" (PDF). Urban (12): 8–33. ISSN 1138-0810.
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