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South African general election, 2019

General elections will be held in South Africa in 2019 to elect a new National Assembly and new provincial legislatures in each province. They will be the sixth elections held in under conditions of universal adult suffrage since the end of the apartheid era in 1994 and the second election held since the death of Nelson Mandela. This election will result in the selection of the 5th President of South Africa following the end of apartheid. Incumbent president Jacob Zuma is ineligible for a third term in office as the South African Constitution limits a president to serve a maximum of two five-year terms.

South African general election, 2019
South Africa
← 2014 TBD 2019 2024 →

All 400 seats to the National Assembly of South Africa
  First party Second party Third party
  Mmusi Maimane (cropped).jpg Julius Malema 2011-09-14 cropped.jpg
Leader TBD Mmusi Maimane Julius Malema
Party African National Congress Democratic Alliance Economic Freedom Fighters
Last election 62.15% 22.23% 6.35%
Seats before 249 89 25

Contents

Lead up to the electionEdit

Jacob Zuma was re-elected to a second five year term in 2014 and is ineligible to stand for re-election as State President. Following a cabinet reshuffle in March 2017 and the country's subsequent downgrade by international investment firms, hundreds of thousands of South Africans marched across the country demanding President Zuma's resignation. Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa kicked off his own presidential campaign on April 22, 2017 alongside former Deputy Finance Minister Mcibisi Jonas. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma, the ex-wife of Jacob Zuma appeared at several ANC Women's League events and is expected to announce her candidacy in the coming months in the run up to the 2017 ANC elective conference. Ramaphosa is believed to be aligned to the Anti-Zuma faction in the ANC, while Dlamini Zuma is expected to be endorsed by most of the pro-Zuma members of the ANC. The ANC Women's League announced its endorsement of Dlamini Zuma while COSATU announced it would support Ramaphosa.[1]

Following the South African municipal elections, 2016, the Democratic Alliance and the Economic Freedom Fighters announced coalition agreements across the country. In particular the cities of Johannesburg, Tshwane and Nelson Mandela Bay giving rise to the serious possibility of national coalitions in the future. The DA achieved its best local electoral performance so far, while the EFF, contesting its first local government election, improved on its performance in the 2014 general election. The local polls were widely seen a turning point in the political landscape of South Africa, as the dominance of the ANC was greatly diminished while coalition and minority governments became more widespread.[2][3]

Ramaphosa has called for a judicial inquiry into state capture while Dlamini Zuma has based her campaign around economic transformation.[4]

On March 20, 2017 it was announced that a new political lobby group, the Freedom Movement (FM)[5] would be formed in opposition to Jacob Zuma and the ANC. The Freedom Movement was announced at the Hector Pietersen Memorial museum. It consists of the Democratic Alliance, United Democratic Movement, Congress of the People, Inkatha Freedom Party, African Christian Democratic Party, and the Economic Freedom Fighters. Union federation Fedusa and Solidarity joined the formation. Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu voiced his support on Twitter.

In June 2017, the South African Press alongside the amaBhungane Centre for Investigative Journalism released thousands of emails linking the Gupta family to state capture and mass corruption including President Zuma, his son Duduzane and senior leaders in government and the ANC. As a result, the Acting Head of the Hawks Lt-Gen Yolisa Matakata has instituted an inquiry on the leaking of thousands e-mails between members of the Gupta family and their associates. The leaks also uncovered an attempt by U.K. based PR firm, Bell-Pottinger to stir racial tension in the country on behalf of the Zuma government.[6]

Electoral systemEdit

South Africa has a parliamentary system of government; the National Assembly consists of 400 members elected by proportional representation with a closed list approach. Two hundred members are elected from national party lists; the other 200 are elected from provincial party lists in each of the nine provinces.[7] The President of South Africa is elected by the National Assembly after the election.[8]

The provincial legislatures, which vary in size from 30 to 80 members, are also elected by proportional representation with closed lists. The premiers of each province will be chosen by the winning majority in each provincial legislature.[7]

The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) consists of 90 members, ten elected by each provincial legislature. The NCOP members will be elected by the provincial legislatures in proportion to the party makeup of the legislatures.[7]

Presidential candidatesEdit

African National CongressEdit

The ANC will hold its elective conference in December 2017 where it will elect the President, Deputy President, Chairperson, Secretary General, Deputy Secretary General and Treasurer. Likely candidates for party leader and consequently also the party's candidate for President are:

Democratic AllianceEdit

The national conference of the Democratic Alliance is set to take place early in 2018.[19] Likely candidates for party leader and consequently also the party's candidate for President are:

Economic Freedom FightersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "These could be the next leaders of the ANC". Businesstech.co.za. 2017-01-13. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  2. ^ "South Africa has broken the post-colonial narrative. It's a thrilling turning point". The Guardian. 2016-08-06. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-08-08. 
  3. ^ "Political parties will have to adjust to many more coalitions". Times Live. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2016-09-04. 
  4. ^ Derrick Spies (2017-04-23). "Ramaphosa 'launches' campaign with attack on Zuma, Guptas". News24. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  5. ^ Genevieve Quintal (2017-04-20). "New lobby group Freedom Movement unites against Jacob Zuma". Businesslive.co.za. 
  6. ^ Genevieve Quintal (2017-06-05). "SUNDAY TIMES - Hawks confirm inquiry into leaked Gupta e-mails". Timeslive.co.za. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  7. ^ a b c "Election for National Assembly". ElectionGuide. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  8. ^ "Zuma elected as President of South Africa". Sowetan Live. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "6 Analysts Say Cyril Ramaphosa Is Leading The ANC Race. Could They Be Wrong?". Huffington Post South Africa. 2017-10-11. Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  10. ^ Tolsi, Niren. "Road to December conference: Pandor announced as Ramaphosa's running mate". The M&G Online. Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  11. ^ Tshidi Madia (2017-02-05). "Dlamini-Zuma launches presidential campaign". News24. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  12. ^ James de Villiers (2017-04-29). "Mathews Phosa accepts nomination for ANC president". News24. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  13. ^ http://ewn.co.za/2017/06/11/matthews-phosa-accepts-nominations-to-run-for-anc-presidency
  14. ^ "Mbete joins the race for ANC presidency". Businesstech.co.za. 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  15. ^ "Kgalema Motlanthe asks ANC not to nominate him for party president". Dispatchlive.co.za. 2017-01-24. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  16. ^ Thabiso Thakali; Bongani Hans; Lebogang Seale (2017-01-29). "Jeff Radebe throws his hat into the ring". IOL. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  17. ^ "TRAINSPOTTER: The ANC's ultimate Dark Horse candidate – an interview with Zweli Mkhize | Daily Maverick". www.dailymaverick.co.za. Retrieved 2017-11-15. 
  18. ^ "[LISTEN] Lindiwe Sisulu for ANC president?". Ewn.co.za. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  19. ^ DA set for http://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/da-set-for-bruising-contest-in-upcoming-conferences-20170218