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The KwaZulu-Natal Legislature is the primary legislative body of the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal. It is unicameral in its composition, and elects the premier and the provincial cabinet from among the members of the leading party or coalition in the parliament.

KwaZulu-Natal Legislature
6th Legislature
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Ntobeko Boyce, African National Congress
since 22 May 2019
Deputy Speaker
Mluleki Ndobe, African National Congress
since 22 May 2019[1]
Premier
Leader of the Opposition
Velenkosini Hlabisa, Inkatha Freedom Party
since 22 May 2019[3]
Structure
Seats80
South Africa KwaZuluNatal Legislative 2019.svg
Political groups
Government
  •      ANC (44)

Official Opposition

  •      IFP (13)

Other parties

  •      DA (11)
  •      EFF (8)
  •      NFP (1)
  •      MF (1)
  •      ATM (1)
  •      ACDP (1)
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
Last election
8 May 2019
Meeting place
KwaZulu-Natal Parliament building, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.jpg
239 Langalibalele Street, Pietermaritzburg
Website
kznlegislature.gov.za

Contents

PowersEdit

The KwaZulu-Natal Legislature chooses the Premier of KwaZulu-Natal, the head of the KwaZulu-Natal provincial executive. The legislature can impel the Premier to resign by passing a motion of no confidence. Although the members of the Executive Council (cabinet) are appointed by the Premier, the legislature may pass a motion of no confidence to force the Premier to reshuffle the Council. The legislature also designate the KwaZulu-Natal's delegates to the National Council of Provinces, allocating delegates to parties in proportion to the number of seats each party holds in the legislature.

The legislature has the power to pass legislation in numerous fields set out in the national constitution; in some fields the legislative power is shared with the national parliament, while in others it is reserved to the province alone. The fields include matters as health, education (except universities), agriculture, housing, environmental protection, and development planning.

The legislature oversees the administration of the KwaZulu-Natal provincial government, and the Premier of KwaZulu-Natal and the members of the Executive Council are required to report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities. The legislature also manages the financial affairs of the provincial government by way of the appropriation bills which determine the provincial budget.

ElectionEdit

The provincial legislature consists of 80 members, who are elected through a system of party list proportional representation with closed lists. In other words, each voter casts a vote for one political party, and seats in the legislature are allocated to the parties in proportion to the number of votes received. The seats are then filled by members in accordance with lists submitted by the parties before the election.

The legislature is elected for a term of five years, unless it is dissolved early. This may occur if the legislature votes to dissolve and it is at least three years since the last election, or if the Premiership falls vacant and the legislature fails to elect a new Premier within ninety days. By convention all nine provincial legislatures and the National Assembly are elected on the same day.

The most recent election was held on 8 May 2019. The following table summarises the results.

Party Votes Vote % Seats
African National Congress 1,950,022 54.21 44
Inkatha Freedom Party 588,000 16.35 13
Democratic Alliance 500,038 13.90 11
Economic Freedom Fighters 349,202 9.71 8
National Freedom Party 56,584 1.57 1
Minority Front 18,864 0.52 1
African Transformation Movement 17,716 0.49 1
African Christian Democratic Party 17,213 0.48 1
Other parties 99,385 2.77 0
Total 3,597,024 100 80

The following table shows the composition of the legislature after past elections and floor-crossing periods.

Event ACDP ANC ATM DP/DA EFF IFP MF NFP NP/NNP PAC UDM Others
1994 election 1 26 2 41 1 9 1 0
1999 election 1 32 7 34 2 3 0 1 0
2003 floor-crossing 1 35 6 32 2 2 0 1 1
2004 election 2 38 7 30 2 0 0 1 0
2005 floor-crossing 1 40 5 27 2 0 1 4
2007 floor-crossing 1 41 5 27 2 0 1 3
2009 election 1 51 7 18 2 0 0 1
2014 election 0 52 10 2 9 1 6 0 0 0
2019 election 1 44 1 11 8 13 1 1 0 0 0

OfficersEdit

The Speaker of the Legislature is Ntobeko Boyce, while the Deputy Speaker is Mluleki Ndobe; they are both members of the African National Congress. The following people have served as Speaker:

Name Entered Office Left Office Party
Bonga Mdletshe[4] 1994 2004 IFP
Willies Mchunu 2004 2009 ANC
Peggy Nkonyeni[5] 2009 2013 ANC
Lydia Johnson[6][7] 2013 2019 ANC
Ntobeko Boyce 2019 Incumbent ANC

MembershipEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Opposition unhappy with election of Ndobe to KZN Legislature. Retrieved on 24 May 2019.
  2. ^ ANC's Sihle Zikalala elected KZN premier, Ntobeko Boyce gets speaker nod. Retrieved on 24 May 2019.
  3. ^ New KZN Premier Sihle Zikalala vows to fight graft in provincial govt. Retrieved on 24 May 2019.
  4. ^ Speaker Mdletshe was re-elected on June 18, 1999
  5. ^ Peggy Nkonyeni appointed KZN education MEC. News24. 7 October 2013. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  6. ^ Election of the new Speaker of the KZN Legislature. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.
  7. ^ Lydia Johnson new speaker of KZN legislature - ANC KZN. Retrieved on 8 January 2019.

External linksEdit