Seoul Subway Line 3

Seoul Subway Line 3 (dubbed The Orange Line) of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway is a rapid transit service that connects Eunpyeong District to Gangnam and southeastern Seoul. Most trains head further northwest to serve Goyang via the Ilsan Line.[2] In 2019, the Seoul Metro operated section had an annual ridership of 330 million or about 900,000 passengers per day.[3]

Line 3
South Korea subway logo.svg Seoul Metro Line 3.svg
SMSC EMU3000 VVVF 301.jpg
Overview
Native name3호선(三號線)
Sam Hoseon
StatusOperational
TerminiJichuk
Ogeum
Stations34
Service
TypeRapid transit
SystemSeoul Metropolitan Subway
Operator(s)Seoul Metro
History
OpenedJuly 12, 1985
Technical
Line length38.2 km (23.7 mi)[1]
Number of tracks2

In December 2010 the line is recorded as having the second highest WiFi data consumption in the Seoul Metropolitan area. It averaged 1.8 times more than the other 14 subway lines fitted with WiFi service zones.[4]

HistoryEdit

Construction began in 1980, and the first section of Line 3 opened (Gupabal–Yangjae; Jichuk opened in 1990) after the completion of work in two stages during 1985, along with subway Line 4. In October 1993, a second extension to the south was opened (Yangjae–Suseo).

In March 1996, the Korail Ilsan Line opened and allowed Line 3 trains to through operate all the way to the city of Goyang. There are 2 depots near Jichuk station and Suseo station, which are for both Korail and Seoul Metro.

A 3 km extension opened on February 18, 2010, stretching from Suseo to Garak Market (Line 8) and Ogeum (Line 5).

On December 27, 2014, Wonheung station opened between Wondang and Samsong stations.

TourismEdit

In January 2013, the Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation, published free guidebooks in three languages: English, Japanese and Chinese (simplified and traditional), which features eight tours as well as recommendations for accommodations, restaurants and shopping centers. The tours are designed with different themes for travel along the subway lines, e.g. Korean traditional culture. Which goes from Jongno 3-ga station to Anguk station and Gyeongbokgung station on this line that showcases antique shops and art galleries of Insa-dong.[5]

StationsEdit

Station
Number
Station Name
English
Station Name
Hangul
Station Name
Hanja
Transfer Distance
in km
Total
Distance
Location
↑ Through-service to/from Daehwa via the Korail Ilsan Line
320
Gupabal 구파발
1.5
20.7
Seoul
Eunpyeong-gu
321
Yeonsinnae 연신내 연신내  
2.0
22.7
322
Bulgwang 불광  
1.3
24.0
323
Nokbeon 녹번
1.1
25.1
324
Hongje
(Seoul Culture Arts Univ.)
홍제
1.6
26.7
Seodaemun-gu
325
Muakjae 무악재
0.9
27.6
326
Dongnimmun 독립문
1.1
28.7
327
Gyeongbokgung
(Government Complex-Seoul)
경복궁
1.6
30.3
Jongno-gu
328
Anguk 안국
1.1
31.4
329
Jongno 3(sam)-ga 종로3가 3    
1.0
32.4
330
Euljiro 3(sam)-ga 을지로3가 3  
0.6
33.0
Jung-gu
331
Chungmuro 충무로  
0.7
33.7
332
Dongguk University
(The Shilla Duty Free)
동대입구
0.9
34.6
333
Yaksu 약수  
0.7
35.3
334
Geumho 금호
0.8
36.1
Seongdong-gu
335
Oksu 옥수  
0.8
36.9
336
Apgujeong
(Hyundai Department Store)
압구정
2.1
39.0
Gangnam-gu
337
Sinsa 신사   (2022)
1.5
40.5
338
Jamwon 잠원
0.9
41.4
Seocho-gu
339
Express Bus Terminal 고속터미널 터미널    
1.2
42.6
340
Seoul Nat'l Univ. of Education
(Court & Public Prosecutor's Office)
교대  
1.6
44.2
341
Nambu Bus Terminal
(Seoul Arts Center)
남부터미널 터미널
0.9
45.1
342
Yangjae
(Seocho-gu Office)
양재  
1.8
46.9
343
Maebong 매봉 매봉
1.2
48.1
Gangnam-gu
344
Dogok 도곡  
0.8
48.9
345
Daechi 대치
0.8
49.7
346
Hangnyeoul 학여울 학여울
0.8
50.5
347
Daecheong 대청 大淸
0.9
51.4
348
Irwon 일원
1.2
52.6
349
Suseo 수서 西  
 
1.8
54.4
350
Garak Market 가락시장  
1.2
55.6
Songpa-gu
351
National Police Hospital 경찰병원
0.8
56.4
352
Ogeum 오금  
0.6
57.0

Rolling stockEdit

CurrentEdit

  • Seoul Metro 3000 series
    • Chopper-controlled from GEC electric car – since 1989
      • Chopper-controlled from GEC electric car (rebuilt cars) – since 2010
    • VVVF inverter-controlled electric car
      • First generation – since 2009
      • Second generation – since 2022
        • Not yet in service.
  • Korail Class 3000 (ko)
    • First generation – since 1995
    • Second generation – since 2022
      • Not yet in service.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 지하철건설현황 [Status of Subway Construction] (in Korean). Seoul City Government. Retrieved February 22, 2014.
  2. ^ "서울교통공사 블로그 : 네이버 블로그". blog.naver.com. Retrieved May 31, 2021.
  3. ^ "서울시 지하철수송 통계". data.seoul.go.kr (in Korean). Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  4. ^ "Seoul Subway Line No. 2 Becomes Major WiFi Hotspot". Chosun Ilbo. December 24, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2012.
  5. ^ Kwon, Sang-soo (January 26, 2013). "Free guide for Seoul's subway riders". Joongang Daily. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved January 27, 2013.

External linksEdit