Seodaemun District

  (Redirected from Seodaemun-gu)

Seodaemun District (Korean: 서대문구, romanizedSeodaemun-gu, "Great West Gate") is one of the 25 districts of Seoul, South Korea.


서대문구 · 西大門區
A street at night in Sinchon-dong, Seodaemun
A street at night in Sinchon-dong, Seodaemun
Location of Seodaemun-gu in Seoul
Location of Seodaemun-gu in Seoul
CountrySouth Korea
Special CitySeoul
Administrative dong14
 • MayorMoon Seok-Jin (Democratic United)
 • CouncilSeodaemun District Council
 • Members of the Seoul Metropolitan Council신원철
(Democratic United)
1st Electoral District
(Democratic United)
2nd Electoral District
(Democratic United)
3rd Electoral District
(Democratic United)
4th Electoral District[1]
 • Members of the National AssemblySung Hun Lee
Seodaemun-gu Gap district
Doo-Un Chung
Seodaemun-gu Eul district[2]
 • Total17.61 km2 (6.80 sq mi)
 • Total313,814
 • Density18,000/km2 (46,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)서대문구민 (Seodaemun gumin)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Korea Standard Time)
Postal code
03600 ~ 03899
Area code+82-2,300,700,3150~
TreePine tree
BirdKorean magpie
WebsiteSeodaemun-gu official website
A sketch of the Seodaemun (Great West Gate) around 1894.

Seodaemun has a population of 313,814 (2010) and has a geographic area of 17.61 km2 (6.8 sq mi), and is divided into 14 dong (administrative neighborhoods). Seodaemun is located in northwestern Seoul, bordering the city districts of Eunpyeong to the northwest, Mapo to the southwest, Jung to the southeast, and Jongno to the east.

Seodaemun is part of the Seongjeosimni (Outer old Seoul) area and is named after Donuimun, one of the Eight Gates of Seoul which was formerly located within the district. Seodaemun is home to Seodaemun Independence Park, which contains several historic monuments and buildings such as the Seodaemun Prison museum and the Independence Gate.

Moon Seok-Jin (문석진) of the Democratic Party has been the mayor of Seodaemun since July 2010.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Administrative divisions

Seodaemun District consists of 14 "administrative dong"s (haengjeong-dong 행정동).


  • Total length of roads: 308 km
  • Pavement area: 2,641 km
  • Waterworks system: 589 km
  • Sewerage system: 396 km

Government and infrastructureEdit

At one time the Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal (KMST) had its headquarters in the district.[4]


Seobu District Office of Education under the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education operates public schools in Seodaemun District.[5]

There are also numerous private institutions in Seodaemun District offering education for primary and secondary levels.

Private primary and secondary schools:

Private institutions offering higher education in Seodaemun District are Chugye University for the Arts, Ewha Womans University, Kyonggi University, Methodist Theological University, Myongji College, Myongji University, Seoul School of Integrated Sciences & Technologies, Seoul Women's College of Nursing, and Yonsei University.

Seodaemun District also has a public library called Lee Jin Ah Memorial Library. The construction of the library was made possible through a generous donation by the parents of the namesake Lee. Lee's Parents, after losing Lee in a tragic lethal accident, wanted to commemorate the life of their daughter who enjoyed reading.[7] Since the opening on Lee's anniversary in 2005, the main library now has approximately over 76,000 books.[8]


  • Public Institutions - total 84 (1 Seodaemun-gu Office, 21 Dong offices, 1 Korean National Police Agency, 1 police station, 16 police boxes, 4 fire stations, 10 post offices, 30 others)
  • Schools - total 46 (8 universities, 6 high schools, 12 middle schools, 18 elementary schools, 2 foreign schools)
  • Medical Facilities- total 402 (2 General Hospitals, 317 hospitals and clinics including dental clinics, 83 oriental clinics)
  • Official Cultural Assets: total 32 (1 national treasure, 10 treasures, 6 historic sites, 4 important intangible cultural properties, 3 folklore materials, 8 tangible and intangible cultural properties
  • Welfare facilities: total 308 (3 social welfare centers, 173 childcare centers, 86 facilities for the aged, 36 others including study rooms)

Government and infrastructureEdit

The Korean National Police Agency has its headquarters in Migeun-dong, Seodaemun District.[9]


The district covers 17.6 square kilometers, approximately 2.9% of the total area of Seoul. Seodaemun District is populated by middle and upper-income families.[citation needed]

Seodaemun District incorporates residential areas and historical areas including Bongwon Temple, Sinchon Railway Station (the oldest train station in Seoul) and Seodaemun Prison History Hall. Also it has a historic culture site "Seodaemun Independence Park." This place located at Dongnimmun station, includes a 3.1 independence memorial statue, Independence Gate and more. This educational park is a major tourist attraction of Seodaemun District. Seodaemun District is a Rest Place together with nature surrounded by Mt. Ansan, Mt. Baengnyeonsan and Hongjecheon stream in the city. Also known as Mt. Muaksan, Mt. Ansan has many steep slopes, but because it has an altitude of only 295.5m, it is a favorite hiking trail among locals. There are about ten climbing courses. At the summit, there is Ansan Beacon Mound, with views of Mt. Bukhansan, Mt. Inwangsan, Haegjusanseong Fortress and Hangang River. Mt. Ansan is a highly popular tourist attraction of Seodaemun District. Also, on the Mt. Ansan path, the Seodaemun Museum of Natural History, built by the local governing body, exhibits various geological and biological relics and records. Named after Hongjewon, which was where Chinese envoys were greet and entertained, Hongjecheon Stream was where the women who were forcefully taken to the Qing Dynasty cleansed their bodies upon returning home. The once dried stream was restored and today there is a musical fountain, a water mill, a man-made waterfall and hiking trails.

There are shopping streets for the young, "Walking street" in Sinchon and "Fashion street" near Ewha Womans University.[10] The area has a 66m2 store of Korean cosmetics brand Skin Food, which has been opened since June 2004 in Changcheon-dong and it also sells Traditional Korean medicine or hanbang.[11]

Sister citiesEdit

Notable people from Seodaemun DistrictEdit


  1. ^ "Members of Council". Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Assembly Members". Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  3. ^ Korean Statistical Information Service (Korean) > Population and Household > Census Result (2010) > Population by Administrative district, Sex and Age / Alien by Administrative district and Sex Archived 2013-08-26 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 2010-06-02.
  4. ^ "Location." (Archive) Korean Maritime Safety Tribunal. February 9, 2005. Retrieved on January 1, 2014. "139 Chungjeong-No 3, Seodaemun-Gu, Seoul, 120-715, Republic of Korea"
  5. ^ "Educational Institutionas in District". Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  6. ^ "Overseas Chinese High School Seoul,KOREA." International School Information, Government of South Korea. Retrieved on March 30, 2016. "176 Yeonhui-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 120-110, Korea"
  7. ^ "Overview". Archived from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  8. ^ "Materials". Archived from the original on 2013-07-28. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  9. ^ Home page. Korean National Police Agency. Retrieved on April 30, 2010. "Korean National Police Agency, Uiju-ro 91 (Migeun-dong 209) Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-704."
  10. ^ "서대문구 (Seodaemun-gu 西大門區)" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-04-18.[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Destinations by Region>Seoul>Seodaemun-gu>Skin Food". Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 8 October 2012.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°34′45″N 126°56′12″E / 37.57917°N 126.93667°E / 37.57917; 126.93667