Russell M. Nelson
Russell Marion Nelson Sr. (born September 9, 1924) is an American religious leader and former surgeon who is the 17th and current president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Nelson was a member of the LDS Church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles for nearly 34 years, and was the quorum president from 2015 to 2018. As church president, Nelson is accepted by the church as a prophet, seer, and revelator.
|Russell M. Nelson|
Nelson in 2012
|17th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints|
|January 14, 2018– present|
|Predecessor||Thomas S. Monson|
|President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|July 3, 2015 – January 14, 2018|
|Predecessor||Boyd K. Packer|
|Successor||Dallin H. Oaks|
|End reason||Became President of the Church|
|Quorum of the Twelve Apostles|
|April 7, 1984– January 14, 2018|
|Called by||Spencer W. Kimball|
|End reason||Became President of the Church|
|LDS Church Apostle|
|April 12, 1984|
|Called by||Spencer W. Kimball|
|Reason||Deaths of LeGrand Richards and Mark E. Petersen|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Unit||Army Medical Corps|
|Born||Russell Marion Nelson|
September 9, 1924
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Utah (B.A., M.D.)|
University of Minnesota (Ph.D.)
|Spouse(s)||Dantzel White (1945–2005; deceased)|
Wendy L. Watson (2006–present)
|Children||10 (with Dantzel)|
A native of Salt Lake City, Utah, Nelson attended the University of Utah for his undergraduate and medical school education. He then did further surgical training and earned a Ph.D. at the University of Minnesota, where he worked on the research team developing the heart-lung machine that in 1951 supported the first ever human open-heart surgery using mechanical takeover of heart and lungs (cardiopulmonary bypass). He served for two years in the U.S. Army Medical Corps during the Korean War, then did a year of surgical training at Massachusetts General Hospital. In 1955, Nelson returned to Salt Lake City and accepted a professorship at the University of Utah School of Medicine. He spent the next 29 years working in the field of cardiothoracic surgery. Nelson became a noted heart surgeon, and served as president of the Society for Vascular Surgery and the Utah Medical Association.
Nelson also served in a variety of lay LDS leadership positions during his surgical career, beginning locally in Salt Lake City and then as the LDS Church's Sunday School General President from 1971 to 1979. In 1984, Nelson and the American jurist Dallin H. Oaks were selected to fill the two vacancies in the LDS Church's Quorum of the Twelve Apostles created by the deaths of LeGrand Richards and Mark E. Petersen. LDS apostles serve for life, and so Nelson retired from all of his prior professional positions.
Early life and education
Russell M. Nelson was born on September 9, 1924, in Salt Lake City, Utah, to Marion Clavar Nelson (1897–1990) and his wife, Floss Edna Nelson (née Anderson; 1893–1983). Marion C. Nelson was a reporter for the Deseret News and later general manager of Gillham Advertising Agency.
Nelson has two sisters, Marjory E. (1920–2016) and Enid (b. 1926), and a brother, Robert H. (1931–2014). Nelson's parents were not active in the Latter-day Saint faith while he was a youth, but they did send him to Sunday School, and he was baptized a member of the LDS Church at age 16.
Nelson studied at LDS Business College in his mid-teens (concurrently with high school enrollment) and worked as an assistant secretary at a bank. He graduated from high school at age 16, then enrolled at the University of Utah. He earned a B.A. in 1945 and an M.D. in 1947. Nelson began his first year of medical school prior to finishing his bachelor's degree, and completed the four-year M.D. program in only three years of study.
After completing medical school, Nelson went to the University of Minnesota for surgical training and doctoral studies. He received a Ph.D. in 1951, and worked on the research team responsible for developing the heart-lung machine that in March 1951 supported the first-ever human open-heart surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. He served a two-year term of duty in the U.S. Army Medical Corps during the Korean War, and was stationed in Korea, Japan, and at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C.. He then did a year of work and surgical training at Harvard Medical School's Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.
Nelson returned to Salt Lake City in 1955 and accepted a faculty position at the University of Utah School of Medicine. There he built his own heart-lung bypass machine and employed it to support the first open-heart surgery in the state of Utah. That operation was performed at the Salt Lake General Hospital (SLGH) on an adult with an atrial septal defect. Nelson was also the director of the University of Utah thoracic surgery residency program.
This would mark the first of many career achievements for Nelson. In March 1956, he performed the first successful pediatric cardiac operation at the SLGH, a total repair of tetralogy of Fallot in a four-year-old girl. He was at the forefront of surgeons focusing attention on coronary artery disease, and contributed to the advance of valvular surgery as well. In 1960, he performed one of the first-ever repairs of tricuspid valve regurgitation. His patient was a Latter-day Saint stake patriarch. In an indication of his surgical skill, a 1968 case series of his aortic valve replacements demonstrated an exceptionally low peri-operative mortality. Later, he performed the same operation on future LDS Church president Spencer W. Kimball, replacing his damaged aortic valve. In 1985, Nelson along with his colleague, Conrad B. Jenson, performed a quadruple bypass surgery on the Chinese opera performer Fang Rongxiang (方荣翔); 1925–1989).
In 1965, the University of Chicago offered Nelson the position as head of their department of thoracic surgery. Dallin H. Oaks, then a law professor at Chicago and a fellow Latter-day Saint, actively worked to recruit Nelson. However, after consulting with David O. McKay, Nelson turned down the offer.
Nelson became involved with the administrative aspects of medicine and was elected president of the Utah State Medical Association. He was chair of the Division of Thoracic Surgery at LDS Hospital.
Nelson was honored nationally by being elected president of the Society for Vascular Surgery for the year 1975. He was also a director of the American Board of Thoracic Surgery. Nelson traveled extensively as a medical doctor and addressed conferences in many parts of Latin America and Africa, as well as in India and China.
LDS Church service
In addition to his medical work, Nelson served frequently as a leader in the LDS Church. Over the early years of his marriage he served in several callings, including as a counselor in bishoprics and as a member of a stake high council. Before being appointed an apostle, he served as a stake president in Salt Lake City from 1964 to 1971, with Joseph B. Wirthlin serving as his second counselor. Nelson also served for eight years as the church's Sunday School General President, and four years as a regional representative.
Nelson was called as an apostle by church president Spencer W. Kimball, to whom he had served as a personal physician for many years. Nelson was sustained as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles on April 7, 1984, during the church's general conference. He was ordained an apostle on April 12, 1984, by Gordon B. Hinckley. At the same conference, Dallin H. Oaks was sustained as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve. Nelson and Oaks filled the vacancies in the Quorum created by the deaths of LeGrand Richards and Mark E. Petersen. Early in his service as an apostle, Nelson was an adviser to the church's Young Women organization and was supportive of the developing of the Young Women values and Personal Progress program.
In 1991, Nelson served as the negotiator for the LDS Church with the Internal Revenue Service over whether contributions to support missionaries serving would be tax deductible. In 1992, he was the church's lead delegate to the Parliament on World Religions. For a time he was also the church's representative to a US State Department committee on international religious freedom.
Nelson's assignments as an apostle have included supervisory responsibility for the LDS Church in Africa. In 2009, he, along with his wife and others, were attacked while in Mozambique. He also made several other visits to that continent, including one to Kenya in 2011.
From 2007 to 2015, Nelson was as a member of the Church Boards of Trustees/Education, the governing body of the Church Educational System, and the chairman of its Executive Committee. He was succeeded as chairman of the Executive Committee by Oaks.
Following the death of Boyd K. Packer on July 3, 2015, Nelson became the most senior member of the Quorum of the Twelve and the quorum's president. Nelson was set apart as the quorum president on July 15, 2015, by Thomas S. Monson.
Nelson made his first international trip as quorum president to Central America from August 20–31, 2015. The following month, Nelson dedicated the renovated Aaronic Priesthood Restoration Site in Pennsylvania, where LDS Church members believe the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthoods were restored.
After Monson's call to the First Presidency in 1985, Nelson was assigned as the apostle to oversee the work of the church in Eastern Europe. In this assignment, he worked closely with Dennis B. Neuenschwander and Hans B. Ringger. Nelson was involved in the first meetings between LDS Church leaders and government officials of Bulgaria, Romania, and the Soviet Union, and worked to continue LDS expansion and recognition efforts in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Poland.
In August 2010, Nelson journeyed to the dedication of the Kiev Ukraine Temple. Afterwards, in September, he traveled to church meetings in several European countries. He pronounced blessings upon Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo while visiting each of those countries; these serve as addendums to Monson's 1985 dedication of Yugoslavia for the preaching of the gospel.
In August 2003, Nelson became the first member of the Quorum of the Twelve to visit Kazakhstan. While there, Nelson visited government officials, was interviewed by Yuzhnaya Stalitsa television, and dedicated that country for the preaching of the gospel.
When he was Sunday School General President, Nelson attended a meeting where Kimball urged those present to learn Chinese. Nelson took up this challenge and developed elementary proficiency in Mandarin. He developed ties with the medical community in China and made several trips there to train surgeons. In 1985, Nelson was the first person ever made an honorary professor of Shandong Medical College. In 1995, Nelson went to Beijing, along with Neal A. Maxwell and other LDS Church leaders, on an official invitation of Li Lanqing, the Vice Premier of China.
President of the Church
With the death of Monson on January 2, 2018, Nelson became the anticipated successor to the church's presidency. With the dissolution of the First Presidency upon Monson's death, the church announced on January 9, 2018, that Nelson had signed 1,150 mission calls as the presiding apostle. After being ordained and set apart as church president on January 14, 2018, Nelson was introduced to church members and the media two days later, along with Oaks as his First Counselor and Henry B. Eyring as Second Counselor. Nelson chose not to retain Dieter F. Uchtdorf, who had served as Monson's Second Counselor, in the new First Presidency. This marked the first time since 1985 that a new church president had not retained a previously-serving counselor.
The first few months of Nelson's leadership of the LDS Church saw many significant changes to church policy, although many had at least been heavily discussed before he became church president, and some were continuations of policies instituted by his predecessors. Nelson begin his presidency two days after his ordination with a short broadcast to church members in January 2018 before then holding a press conference. This broadcast ahead of the press conference was unprecedented and provided the new leaders an opportunity to briefly address the entire church immediately.
His first travel as church president outside of Utah was to visit a young adult conference in Las Vegas, Nevada. In March 2018, the First Presidency issued a letter on preventing and responding to abuse. This letter reiterated existing policies, but also explicitly stated that no one should ever be counseled against reporting abuse to legal authorities. The guidance also had a clear emphasis on using counseling to assist in healing from abuse. It also provided more clear policies mandating all interviews with women and youth be done with another person in the general area, and made it clear that youth and women could have a parent or other adult present for an interview. It also adjusted previous policies forbidding adult males to teach classes of children or youth alone to apply to all adults.
During the church's April general conference, Nelson made several more announcements, including the calls of Asian-American Gerrit W. Gong and Brazilian Ulisses Soares to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, both of whom had been serving in the Presidency of the Seventy. By most measures, Gong was the first apostle who was not white, although some consider neither Soares nor Gong to be white. These calls were recognized as adding diversity to the Quorum of the Twelve.
Nelson also announced major changes in church organization during the April general conference. First he announced that high priests groups would be dissolved at the ward level, that all Melchizedek Priesthood holders in wards and branches would be jointly part of the elders quorum. The high priest quorum of stakes now only has current members of stake presidencies, high councils, bishoprics and functioning patriarchs. Next, Nelson announced the church would end home teaching and visiting teaching, renaming the programs ministering, and shifting both the focus and methods of tracking them. As part of this change, young women ages 14-18 may be assigned as ministering sisters, similar to the long standing policies of young men ages 14-18 serving as home teachers. At the end of the conference Nelson announced that the church would construct 7 new temples, including the first in Nicaragua, Russia, India, and the US state of Virginia.
Later in April 2018, Nelson along with his wife, and Jeffrey R. Holland and his wife, went on a global ministry tour. They met with Latter-day Saints in London, England; Jerusalem; Nairobi, Kenya; Harare, Zimbabwe; Bengaluru, India; Bangkok, Thailand; Hong Kong; and Laie, Hawaii.
In May 2018, the church announced that at the end of 2019 the LDS Church would end its sponsorship of scouting troops. As part of this announcement, it was stated that all Young Men, Young Women, and Primary programs for those age 8-18 would be replaced by a new, unified worldwide program.
June 2018 began with a First Presidency-sponsored celebration of the 40th anniversary of the revelation extending priesthood and temple blessing to all worthy members without regard to race, in which Nelson gave concluding remarks. A few days before this Nelson and his counselors had met with the national leaders of the NAACP. That same weekend Nelson gave a devotional to LDS youth in which he urged them to more fully commit to the church. He also encouraged them to choose a set of seven days together to avoid the use of social media.
On June 18, 2018 it was announced that the First Presidency had created committees with the assignment to form a unified hymnbook and children's songbook for the worldwide church membership, with each language edition having the same hymns (and songs) in the same order, and that these committees would be taking submissions and collecting surveys until July 2019. It is anticipated that the process of creating the new unified hymnbook and children's songbook will take several years.
In August 2018, Nelson issued a statement urging the use of the full name of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. At the church's General Conference in October 2018, he reiterated his position, declaring, "It is the command of the Lord." Nelson told members that the use of nicknames such as Mormon or LDS was "a major victory for Satan."
In September 2018, Nelson visited the Dominican Republic, where he gave an entire talk in Spanish, which was believed to be the first time a church president had given an extended talk in a formal setting in a language other than English. On the same trip, he visited Puerto Rico.
Marriages and children
While a student at the University of Utah, Nelson met and began dating fellow Utah student Dantzel White (1926–2005). They dated for three years, then were married on August 31, 1945, in the Salt Lake Temple. Together they had nine daughters—one of whom died of cancer in 1995 at age 37—and one son. Dantzel Nelson died unexpectedly at the Nelson home in Salt Lake City on February 12, 2005, at age 78. The following year, Nelson married the Canadian nurse and educator Wendy L. Watson (b. 1950) in the Salt Lake Temple. Watson, originally from Raymond, Alberta, was a professor of marriage and family therapy at BYU prior to her retirement in 2006. Her marriage to Nelson is her first.
Positions and awards
- President of the Thoracic Surgical Directors Association
- President of the Society for Vascular Surgery
- President of the Utah State Medical Association
- Director of the American Board of Thoracic Surgery
- Chairman of the Council on Cardiovascular Surgery for the American Heart Association
- Chairman of the Division of Thoracic Surgery at the LDS Hospital
- Vice-chairman of the board of governors at the LDS Hospital
- "Citation for International Service", American Heart Association
- "Heart of Gold Award", American Heart Association
- "Golden Plate Award", American Academy of Achievement
- "Distinguished Alumni Award", University of Utah
- "Surgical Alumnus of the Year Award", University of Minnesota Medical School
- "Governor's Medal of Science: Lifetime Achievement Award", Utah Technology Innovation Summit
In June 2018 the University of Utah endowed a chair in cardiothoracic surgery named after Nelson and his first wife Dantzel.
- Nelson, Russell M. (2015), Accomplishing the Impossible: What God Does, What We Can Do, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-62972-125-5, OCLC 1629721255
- —— (2010), Wise Men and Women Still Adore Him, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-60641-835-2, OCLC 672405152
- —— (2009), Hope in Our Hearts, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-60641-201-5, OCLC 426253825
- —— (1998), Perfection Pending: And Other Favorite Discourses, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-1-57345-405-6, OCLC 39256877
- —— (1998), The Magnificence of Man and Truth--and More, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-985-8, OCLC 40197958
- —— (1995), The Gateway We Call Death, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-953-7, OCLC 31901270
- —— (1993), Lessons from Mother Eve: A Mother's Day Message, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-734-2, OCLC 32969712
- —— (1988), The Power Within Us, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-154-8, OCLC 18164244
- —— (1987), Motherhood, Deseret Book, ISBN 978-0-87579-087-9, OCLC 20469710
- —— (1979), From Heart to Heart: An Autobiography, Nelson, OCLC 6144971
- With the death of Boyd K. Packer on July 3, 2015, Nelson became the second most senior apostle among the ranks of the church, resulting in him being the de facto President of the Quorum. He was officially set apart in that capacity July 15, 2015.
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (July 15, 2015). "Russell M. Nelson: New President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles". MormonNewsroom.org.
- Nelson and Dallin H. Oaks were ordained to fill the vacancies in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles caused by the deaths of Richards and Petersen.
- Leader Biography: President Russell M. Nelson, LDS Church, MormonNewsroom.org
- See, e.g., "The Sustaining of Church Officers", April 2015 General Conference.
- Johnson, Alex (16 January 2018). "Noted heart surgeon unlikely to transform Mormon church as new president". NBC News. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Hemingway, Heather (October 12, 2013). Cohen, Jeff, ed. "Mormons Worldwide Tune in to Semiannual General Conference". blog.chron.com. Jack Sweeney. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
Russell M. Nelson, an apostle and internationally renowned cardiothoracic surgeon ...
- "Marion Clavar Nelson". Geni.com.
- "Edna Nelson". Geni.com.
- article on the father's of members of the LDS First Presidency in the Deseret News
- Williams, Carter (January 16, 2018). "How President Nelson's faith forged his path for service in the LDS Church". ksl.com. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Poffenbarger, Jenny. "11 Things You Didn't Know about President Nelson". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Church News, October 17, 2009.[full citation needed]
- "Elder Russell M. Nelson", lds.org, accessed June 12, 2011.
- Condie, Spencer J. (2003). Russell M. Nelson: Father, Surgeon, Apostle. Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book. p. 105. ISBN 1570089477.
- Dennis, Clarence; Spreng, Dwight; Nelson, George; Karlson, Karl; Nelson, Russell; Thomas, John; Eder, Walter Phillip; Varco, Richard (October 1951). "Development of a Pump-oxygenator to Replace the Heart and Lungs: An Apparatus Applicable to Human Patients and Application to One Case". Annals of Surgery. 134 (4): 709–721. doi:10.1097/00000658-195110000-00017. PMC 1802968. PMID 14878382.
- "Celebrating 60 Years of Cardiac Surgery in Utah With Russell M. Nelson, M.D." The University of Utah Health. October 19, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Robinson, Austin; Hunter, Curtis. "Discovering a Surgical First: Russell M. Nelson and Tricuspid Valve Annuloplasty". BYU Studies Quarterly. 54 (1).
- Condie, Spencer J. (2003). Russell M. Nelson: Father, Surgeon, Apostle. Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book. p. 132. ISBN 1570089477.
- "U of U Health - Celebrating 60 Years of Cardiac Surgery in Utah With Russell M. Nelson, M.D." Utah.edu. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- Nelson, Russell (1979). From Heart to Heart. Salt Lake City, Utah: Nelson. p. 318.
- Nelson, Russell. "Sweet Power of Prayer". lds.org. LDS Church.
- Nelson, RM; Jenson, CB; Jones, KW (October 1968). "Aortic valve replacement". The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 6 (4): 343–50. doi:10.1016/s0003-4975(10)66034-1. PMID 5742671.
- Condie, Spencer J. (2003). Russell M. Nelson: Father, Surgeon, Apostle. Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book. p. 155. ISBN 1570089477.
- Weaver, Sarah Jane (January 16, 2018). "Meet LDS Church President Russell M. Nelson, a Renaissance man with perfect pitch and pure faith". DeseretNews.com. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- Gardner, Marvin K. (June 1984). "Elder Russell M. Nelson: Applying Divine Laws". Ensign: 9. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- Listing of presidents of the Society for Vascular Surgery
- "Pamela Atkinson: President Nelson's work has been saving lives and souls". DeseretNews.com. January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- "President Nelson Honored as "Pioneer" of Heart Surgery - Church News and Events". LDS.org. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- "Elder Russell M. Nelson Of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles". www.LDS.org. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- President Russell M. Nelson: 5 Fun Facts, Aggieland Mormons, August 4, 2015.
- article by Ardeth Kapp on Nelson's role as Young Women Adviser
- "Elder Russell M. Nelson Celebrates 90th Birthday - Church News and Events". LDS.org. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- "LDS Church Apostle, his wife and 2 other couples attacked in Mozambique - KSL.com". KSL.com. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- "Elder Nelson Completes Trip to Africa in Kenya - Church News and Events". LDS.org. Retrieved January 22, 2018.
- Wendy Leonard, "LDS Business College appoints new president", Deseret Morning News, December 9, 2008.
- Holman Prescott, Marianne (October 20, 2017), "Inauguration for LDS Business College's 13th president", Deseret News
- "President Boyd K. Packer Dies At Age 90", Newsroom, LDS Church, July 3, 2015
- "Russell M. Nelson: New President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles", Mormon Newsroom, July 15, 2015.
- President Nelson counsels Central American members to claim the blessings of the temple, live the gospel, Church News, September 10, 2015.
- LDS Apostle dedicates newly developed Priesthood Restoration Site, Church News, September 19, 2015.
- Gary Browning, "Russia and the Restoration", Out of Obscurity: The LDS Church in the 20th Century (Salt Lake City, Utah: Deseret Book, 2000) p. 67
- "Moscow Russia Stake organized", Church News, June 11, 2011.
- "Bulgaria", Church News.
- Da Silva, Chantal. "New Mormon President: Who is Russell M. Nelson, set to become 17th Leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints?". Newsweek. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- "Elder Nelson pronounces blessings on six Balkan nations", Church News September 23, 2010.
- "Country information: Kazakhstan". LDS Church. Church News. January 29, 2010. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- Spencer J. Condie, Biography of Russell M. Nelson.[full citation needed]
- "China", Church News.
- "Elders Maxwell, Nelson welcomed in China", Church News, April 29, 1995.
- "President Nelson Signs Mission Calls as Presiding Apostle", Newsroom, LDS Church, January 9, 2018
- Walch, Tad (January 16, 2018). "President Russell M. Nelson introduced as 17th LDS president, vows to serve, discusses diversity". Deseret News. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- report on Nelson's broadcast to the Church
- report on March first presidency letter
- article about new apostles
- article on announcements at general conference
- article on the global ministry tour
- article on LDS Church ending scouting, announcing new youth program
- article on Nelson's statement at meeting
- article on Nelson meeting with NAACP leadership
- report on Nelson's remarks in youth devotional
- LDS Church news article on Nelson's visit to Canada.
- article on new hymnbook announcement
- New York Times, Aug 18, 2018
- Peggy Fletcher Stack; Scott D. Pierce; David Noyce (7 October 2018). "Members 'offend' Jesus and please the devil when they use the term 'Mormon,' President Nelson says". SLTrib.com. The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- "General Conference, October 2018, Russell M. Nelson". LDS.org. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- Deseret News article on Nelson's tour of Caribbean
- "Elder Nelson's wife, Dantzel, dies at age 78". Deseret News. February 13, 2005. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Nelson, Russell M. (February 23, 1993). "Integrity of Heart". BYU Speeches. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
- "DEATH: EMILY NELSON WITTWER". DeseretNews.com. 30 January 1995.
- "Elder Russell M. Nelson Marries Wendy L. Watson", Newsroom, LDS Church, April 6, 2006
- Carrie A. Moore, "Elder Nelson marries BYU Professor", Deseret News, April 7, 2006.
- "LDS Church News - Elder Nelson, pioneer heart surgeon, honored". Ldschurchnewsarchive.com. April 20, 2002. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 1, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- All cited in Russell M. Nelson
- "Elder Russell M. Nelson Counsels New Doctors to Read Scriptures - Church News and Events". Lds.org. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
- "A 'true medical pioneer,' President Nelson honored with lifetime achievement medal for innovation". Deseret News. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
- Deseret News article
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. "President Russell M. Nelson". Mormonnewsroom.org. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
- "President Russell M. Nelson", Leader Biographies: Official Biographies for leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, LDS Church, Newsroom.LDS.org
- Plenk, Henry P.; McMurrin, Trudy, eds. (1992). Medicine in the Beehive State, 1940-1990. LDS Hospital-Deseret Foundation, University of Utah. Health Sciences Center, Utah Medical Association. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press and Utah Medical Association. ISBN 0874803969.
- Gardner, Marvin K. (June 1984). "Elder Russell M. Nelson: Applying Divine Laws". Ensign: 9. Retrieved September 11, 2014.
- "Church News". LDS Church. July 17, 1971. p. 7.[full citation needed]
- "Church News". LDS Church. July 3, 1971. p. 7.[full citation needed]
- Nelson, Russell M. (January 1, 1979). From Heart to Heart: An Autobiography Hardcover. Nelson. p. 344. ASIN B0006E28AU.
- "General Authorities: Elder Russell M. Nelson", lds.org
- Grampa Bill's G.A. Pages: Russell M. Nelson
- Nelson on Special Witnesses of Christ
|The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints titles|
Thomas S. Monson
| President of the Church
January 14, 2018 – present
Boyd K. Packer
| President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
July 3, 2015 – January 14, 2018
Dallin H. Oaks
Neal A. Maxwell
| Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
April 12, 1984 – January 14, 2018
Dallin H. Oaks