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Raymond is a town in the County of Warner No. 5, Alberta, Canada. It is located in southern Alberta south of Lethbridge on Highway 52. Raymond is known for its annual rodeo during the first week of July and the large population of members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS Church).[6] The town has a rich history in high school sports, basketball, Canadian football, and women's rugby. Raymond was recently mentioned as one of the first communities in Alberta to become a net-zero solar-powered community, after having installed solar panels on most town building.[7]

Raymond
Town of Raymond
Former sugar beet processing factory, converted into a grain storage when acquired by Parrish & Heimbecker
Former sugar beet processing factory, converted into a grain storage when acquired by Parrish & Heimbecker
Nickname(s): 
Sugar City
Motto(s): 
Home of the First Stampede
Raymond is located in Alberta
Raymond
Raymond
Location of Raymond in Alberta
Coordinates: 49°27′57″N 112°39′03″W / 49.46583°N 112.65083°W / 49.46583; -112.65083Coordinates: 49°27′57″N 112°39′03″W / 49.46583°N 112.65083°W / 49.46583; -112.65083
Country Canada
Province Alberta
RegionSouthern Alberta
Census division2
Municipal districtCounty of Warner No. 5
Incorporated[1] 
 • VillageMay 30, 1902
 • TownJuly 1, 1903
Government
 • MayorJim Depew
 • Governing body
Area
 (2016)[3]
 • Land6.66 km2 (2.57 sq mi)
Elevation960 m (3,150 ft)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total3,708
 • Density557.1/km2 (1,443/sq mi)
 • Municipal census (2016)
4,202[5]
Time zoneUTC-7 (MST)
Postal code
Area code+1-403
HighwaysHighway 52
Highway 845
WaterwaysMilk River Ridge Reservoir
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

Raymond was founded in 1901 by mining magnate and industrialist Jesse Knight, who named the town after his son, Raymond. Knight's plans to build a sugar factory based on locally grown sugar beets attracted 1,500 settlers in a few years.[8]

 
Raymond's last historic grain elevator. Demolished 2009

Raymond was incorporated as a village in the Northwest Territories (NWT) on May 30, 1902.[9][10] It incorporated as a town in the NWT 13 months later on July 1, 1903.[11][10]

DemographicsEdit

The population of the Town of Raymond according to its 2017 municipal census is 4,037,[12] a change of −3.9% from its 2016 municipal census population of 4,202.[5]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Raymond recorded a population of 3,708 living in 1,134 of its 1,259 total private dwellings, a −0.9% change from its 2011 population of 3,743. With a land area of 6.66 km2 (2.57 sq mi), it had a population density of 556.8/km2 (1,442.0/sq mi) in 2016.[3]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of Raymond had a population of 3,743 living in 1,165 of its 1,235 total dwellings, a 16.1% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 3,225. With a land area of 6.85 km2 (2.64 sq mi), it had a population density of 546.4/km2 (1,415.2/sq mi) in 2011.[13]

Visible minoritiesEdit

As of 2006, approximately 3.0% of the town's population were visible minorities. Of those minorities, 50 people identified themselves as Japanese, 40 as Black, and 10 as South Asian.[14]

AboriginalsEdit

In 2006, there were 110 Aboriginal Canadians resident in the town.[14]

ReligionEdit

A majority of Raymondites are members of the LDS Church.[15] In the town, there are three LDS Church meetinghouses and ten separate congregations, composing one stake.[6] (The closest LDS Church temple, the Cardston Alberta Temple, is located 60 kilometres (37 mi) southwest in Cardston.) Raymond also has Baptist, Mennonite, and United Church of Canada congregations. Until its temple was relocated to Lethbridge in 2006, the Raymond Buddhist Church was the oldest continually used Buddhist sanctuary in Canada.[16]

Charitable givingEdit

Statistics Canada has reported that Raymond ranks among the top five communities in Canada for the highest level of charitable donations per capita, which is partially due to the town population's high rate of tithes given to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[15]

AttractionsEdit

In 1902, one year after it was founded, Raymond held an outdoor rodeo and called it a stampede; this was Canada's first organized rodeo event.[citation needed] Since the inaugural event, the Raymond Stampede has been held annually. It is currently held in conjunction with Raymond's Heritage Days celebration between June 30 and July 1 every summer.[citation needed]

Raymond Heritage Days are held annually during the first week of July to celebrate the founding of Raymond. Events and activities include family softball, fireworks, midnight golfing, a fair, a pancake breakfast, a parade and the Raymond Stampede.[17]

Raymond is home to the Raymond Judo Club, the first Judo club in Alberta. The club was formed by Yoshio Katsuta in 1943.[18]

The Raymond Aquatic Centre opened in 2010. It features two small waterslides, a junior Olympic-sized pool for lane swimming, diving boards, a climbing wall, a baby pool, and an eating area. The aquatic centre holds 1,000,000 litres of water during the summer and attracts up to 500 visitors a day.[citation needed]

The Raymond Buddhist Church is one of the oldest buildings in Raymond and the only remaining public building from the town's pioneer days.[16] The building is a designated Provincial Historic Resource. It is significant for its association with two prominent religious communities in Raymond, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and the Japanese Buddhists.[19] It is also the site of the Japanese Experience in Alberta National Historic Event.[20]

The Raymond Community Centre, also a designated Provincial Historic Resource, contains the Raymond Public Library and the Broadway Theatre.[21]

ClimateEdit

Raymond has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk) it is part of the Palliser's Triangle. Raymond is very windy this is due to the rocky mountains to the west.

Climate data for Raymond AGDM, 2016 normals, extremes 2016
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
18.0
(64.4)
20.5
(68.9)
26.9
(80.4)
28.4
(83.1)
29.5
(85.1)
30.2
(86.4)
31.3
(88.3)
28.4
(83.1)
17.7
(63.9)
23.7
(74.7)
6.7
(44.1)
31.3
(88.3)
Average high °C (°F) 1.5
(34.7)
9.0
(48.2)
11.4
(52.5)
16.0
(60.8)
17.3
(63.1)
23.1
(73.6)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
19.6
(67.3)
11.3
(52.3)
11.2
(52.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
13.8
(56.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.8
(25.2)
2.8
(37.0)
4.8
(40.6)
9.1
(48.4)
10.9
(51.6)
15.5
(59.9)
18.1
(64.6)
16.9
(62.4)
12.6
(54.7)
5.6
(42.1)
5.2
(41.4)
−10.3
(13.5)
7.3
(45.1)
Average low °C (°F) −10.1
(13.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.3
(36.1)
4.4
(39.9)
8.4
(47.1)
10.5
(50.9)
9.7
(49.5)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.1
(31.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−15.6
(3.9)
0.7
(33.3)
Record low °C (°F) −30.7
(−23.3)
−12.2
(10.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
−4.4
(24.1)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.5
(34.7)
4.1
(39.4)
3.5
(38.3)
0.3
(32.5)
−10.1
(13.8)
−12.8
(9.0)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−30.7
(−23.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.9
(0.31)
0.9
(0.04)
18.0
(0.71)
30.2
(1.19)
76.6
(3.02)
26.3
(1.04)
64.2
(2.53)
38.1
(1.50)
23.3
(0.92)
17.9
(0.70)
2.4
(0.09)
13.9
(0.55)
319.7
(12.59)
Source: Environment Canada[22][23][24][25][26][27]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Location and History Profile: Town of Raymond" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. October 7, 2016. p. 513. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
  2. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. September 22, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  4. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  5. ^ a b "2016 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3127-5. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  6. ^ a b Raymond Alberta Stake, lds.org, accessed 2011-05-20.
  7. ^ Weber, Bob. "Alberta town becomes solar-powered net zero community: 'the math makes total sense'". Global.ca. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  8. ^ Hicken, John R (1968). Events Leading to the Settlement of the Communities of Cardston, Magrath, Stirling and Raymond, Alberta. Logon, Utah: Utah State University. p. 81.
  9. ^ "Order in Council 151/02" (PDF). Government of the North-West Territories of Canada. 1902-05-30. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
  10. ^ a b "Town of Raymond – Location and History Profile". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 2011-05-13. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ "Order in Council 234/03" (PDF). Government of the North-West Territories of Canada. 1903-06-20. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
  12. ^ "2017 Municipal Affairs Population List" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4601-3652-2. Retrieved January 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  14. ^ a b Statistics Canada (2010-02-05). "2006 Community Profiles – Raymond". Retrieved 2010-09-10.
  15. ^ a b Brigham Y. Card, "Mormons", in Paul R. Magocsi ed., Encyclopedia of Canada's peoples (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999, ISBN 978-0-8020-2938-6).
  16. ^ a b Alberta Register of Historic Places: Raymond Buddhist Church.
  17. ^ "Heritage Days". Raymond Recreation. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  18. ^ "Yoshio Katusta". Alberta Sports Hall of Fame & Museum website. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  19. ^ "Raymond Buddhist Church". HERMIS. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Japanese Experience in Alberta National Historic Event". Parks Canada. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  21. ^ "Raymond Park Avenue Chapel". HERMIS. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  22. ^ "Lethbridge A, Alberta". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
  23. ^ "Lethbridge". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  24. ^ "Lethbridge CDA". Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  25. ^ "Lethbridge A, Alberta". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  26. ^ "April 1910". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  27. ^ "January 2015". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  28. ^ Lawrence Turner (ed.) (1993) Raymond Remembered : Settlers, Sugar and Stampedes : A History of the Town and People of Raymond (Raymond, AB: Town of Raymond) ISBN 0-9697655-0-9.
  29. ^ “Teddy E. Brewerton of the First Quorum of the Seventy,” Ensign, November 1978, p. 98.
  30. ^ https://www.cowboycountrymagazine.com/2013/10/suicide-ted-elder/
  31. ^ History of Raymond Archived December 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ http://cfl.ca/roster/show/id/458
  33. ^ http://cfl.ca/roster/show/id/683
  34. ^ W. Cleon Skousen: Biography Archived 2010-04-25 at the Wayback Machine
  35. ^ “Elder William R. Walker Of the Seventy,” Liahona, July 2002, p. 123.
  • Lawrence Turner (ed.) (1993) Raymond Remembered : Settlers, Sugar and Stampedes : A History of the Town and People of Raymond (Raymond, AB: Town of Raymond) ISBN 0-9697655-0-9
  • Terrence C. Smith & Reed Turner (eds.) (2001). A Planting of the Lord : A Century of the Latter-day Saints in Raymond, 1901–2001 (Raymond, AB: Raymond Alberta Stake) ISBN 0-9689691-0-0

External linksEdit