Rachel Anne Dolezal[pron 1][fn 1] (born November 12, 1977), also known as Nkechi Amare Diallo,[pron 2][fn 1] is an American former college professor and activist known for being a white woman who identified and passed as a black woman. She is a also former National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) chapter president.
Rachel Anne Dolezal
November 12, 1977
Lincoln County, Montana, U.S.
|Education||Belhaven University (BA)|
Howard University (MFA)
|Relatives||Joshua Dolezal (brother)|
Dolezal was president of the NAACP chapter in Spokane, Washington, from 2014 until June 2015, when she resigned in the midst of controversy over her racial identity. She received public scrutiny when her white parents publicly stated that she was passing as black. The statement by Dolezal's parents followed Dolezal's reports to police and local news media that she had been the victim of race-related hate crimes; however, a subsequent police investigation had failed to substantiate her allegations. Dolezal had also identified herself as mixed-race on an application and had claimed that an African-American man was her father. In the aftermath of the controversy, Dolezal was dismissed from her position as an instructor in Africana Studies at Eastern Washington University and was removed from her post as chair of the Police Ombudsman Commission in Spokane over "a pattern of misconduct". Later in 2015, Dolezal acknowledged that she was "born white to white parents", but maintained that she self-identified as black.
The Dolezal controversy fueled a national debate in the United States about racial identity. Dolezal's critics stated that she committed cultural appropriation and fraud; Dolezal and her defenders asserted that her self-identification is genuine. In 2017, Dolezal released a memoir on her racial identity entitled In Full Color: Finding My Place in a Black and White World.
Dolezal was charged by the State of Washington with felony theft by welfare fraud and second degree perjury in May 2018. The matter was settled in a diversion agreement; Dolezal agreed to repay the welfare funds and to perform community service.
Early life, family, and educationEdit
Dolezal was born in Lincoln County, Montana, on November 12, 1977, to Ruthanne (née Schertel) and Lawrence "Larry" Dolezal, who are white and primarily of German, Czech and Swedish origin; she was born as a blue-eyed straight hair blonde. Ruthanne and Larry Dolezal were married in 1974. Dolezal has an older biological brother, Joshua Dolezal, who authored a book about their upbringing in Montana. As of 2015, Joshua Dolezal is a full Professor of English at Central College in Iowa. When Dolezal was a teenager, her parents adopted three African-American children and one Haitian child.
Dolezal has said she was born and lived in a teepee and that the family had hunted for their food with bow and arrow. Her mother stated that she and Dolezal's father briefly lived in a teepee in 1974, three years before their daughter was born, and that Dolezal's claims were "totally false". From 2002 to 2006, her parents and adopted siblings lived in South Africa as Christian missionaries. Dolezal said she lived in South Africa as a child, but her family disputes the claim.
Dolezal was raised as a Pentecostal. She has contended that her parents frequently abused her; in a 2017 interview, she claimed she was taught to believe that "everything that came naturally, instinctively was wrong"—a point that was "literally beaten into us". In a 2015 interview, Dolezal said she was "punished by skin complexion" by her mother and "white stepfather", and compared this alleged punishment to the punishment suffered by black slaves.
Dolezal was homeschooled via the Christian Liberty Academy CLASS program, achieving a 4.0 grade point average (GPA). She was one of several co-valedictorians upon graduation in 1996. She won a $2,000 scholarship for college awarded by Tandy Leather for her entry in their 1996 Leather Art contest. In 1998 she entered art works at Spokane's annual Juneteenth celebration; she expressed African-American themes through collages and mixed-media works.
Following the completion of high school, Dolezal attended Belhaven University in Jackson, Mississippi, receiving her bachelor's degree in 2000. She then attended Howard University, a historically black college in Washington, D.C.; she received a Master of Fine Arts, summa cum laude, from Howard in 2002. Her thesis at Howard was a series of paintings presented from the perspective of a black man. Dolezal later said that she was drugged and sexually assaulted by a "trusted mentor" when attending Howard University, and that "suing was nearly impossible".
Dolezal married Kevin Moore, a black man, in 2000. Moore, a medical student at Howard University at the time of their marriage, divorced Dolezal in 2004. Dolezal and Moore have a son, Franklin Moore.
In 2010, with the consent of her parents, Dolezal obtained legal guardianship of her 16-year-old adopted brother, Izaiah Dolezal. Izaiah sought to be emancipated after claiming that Larry and Ruthanne not only beat him and his siblings, but also threatened to send them to group homes if they did not obey. Her adoptive brother Ezra Dolezal later denied Izaiah's accusations in an interview with CNN; however, in an interview with BuzzFeed, he acknowledged that his adoptive parents were strict and sometimes used corporal punishment.
Dolezal gave birth to another son, Langston Attickus, in February 2016.
Lawsuit against Howard UniversityEdit
In 2002, Dolezal unsuccessfully sued Howard University for discrimination based on "race, pregnancy, family responsibilities and gender, as well as retaliation". Her lawsuit alleged that she was denied scholarship funds, a teaching assistant position, and other opportunities because she was a white woman. She also alleged that the removal of her artwork from a student exhibition at Howard in 2001 "was motivated by a discriminatory purpose to favor African-American students" over her.
Dolezal created a fountain sculpture titled "Triumph of the Human Spirit" that consisted of a tall column with troubled, sad figures at its base and dancing, celebrating figures further up the column. It was installed in downtown Spokane in June 2005 and was later auctioned off to benefit the Human Rights Education Institute.
In 2007, while working as an art teacher at School Indigo in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, Dolezal collaborated with children to make five works for a "Rights of the Child" exhibit by the Human Rights Education Institute.
In June 2015, Priscilla Frank at The Huffington Post and Sarah Cascone at artnet made accusations of plagiarism against Dolezal. A Dolezal painting titled The Shape of Our Kind was alleged to be nearly identical to J. M. W. Turner's 1840 work, The Slave Ship. Frank accused Dolezal of plagiarism for not crediting Turner. Cascone obliquely accused Dolezal of plagiarism for declining to mention Turner's painting while offering her own painting for sale.
Civil rights activismEdit
Human Rights InstituteEdit
A July 2010 newspaper article indicated that Dolezal had stepped down as education director of the Human Rights Institute in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, after having served in that capacity for two years. Dolezal indicated that she was, "for all intents and purposes", forced to resign from the organization after its board declined to hire her as its executive director.
Dolezal was elected president of the Spokane chapter of the NAACP in 2014, replacing James Wilburn. She was noted during her brief tenure for revitalizing the chapter. Her resignation from the civil rights organization was announced on June 15, 2015, after the controversy surrounding her racial identity became public.
Police Ombudsman CommissionEdit
Dolezal applied for the position of chair of the Office of the Police Ombudsman Commission in Spokane in May 2014, and was subsequently appointed by Mayor David Condon. In her application, she identified herself as having several ethnicities, including black. In June 2015, City Council President Ben Stuckart said the city had opened an investigation of the truthfulness of her application. On June 17, 2015, the investigation concluded that she had acted improperly, violated government rules and abused her authority, and the report said the evidence and interviews confirmed workplace harassment allegations and "a pattern of misconduct" by Dolezal. Dolezal was asked to resign by Condon and Stuckart due to "intimidating and harassing" behavior. On June 18, 2015, the Spokane City Council voted unanimously to remove Dolezal from her position as chair of the Police Ombudsman Commission.
Teaching and writingEdit
In 2015, Eastern Washington University stated that "since 2010, Rachel Dolezal has been hired at Eastern Washington University on a quarter by quarter basis as an instructor in the Africana Education program. This is a part-time position to address program needs. Dolezal is not a professor." She taught "The Black Woman's Struggle", "African and African American Art History", "African History", "African American Culture", and "Intro to Africana Studies". A statement by university officials on June 15, 2015, indicated that Dolezal was "no longer an employee of Eastern Washington University". Despite not being a professor, she used the title "professor" on several websites.
Dolezal released a memoir on her racial identity titled In Full Color: Finding My Place in a Black and White World in March 2017. The New York Post states that "she compares her travails to slavery" in her book.
According to her brother, Ezra, Dolezal began changing her appearance as early as 2009, when she began using hair products that she had seen Ezra's biological sister use. She began darkening her skin and perming her hair sometime around 2011. When Ezra moved in with Rachel in 2012, she told him that Spokane-area residents knew her as black and said, "Don't blow my cover."
Dolezal has claimed to be a victim of race-related harassment. Dolezal stated on September 29, 2009, to KXLY that a noose had been left on her porch. In July 2010, Dolezal resigned from Human Rights Education Institute in Kootenai County and stated to KREM 2 News that "she had been the target of discrimination". Dolezal's biography on Eastern Washington University's website stated that while she was living in Idaho, "at least eight documented hate crimes targeted (Rachel) Dolezal and her children". Dolezal reportedly made several reports of harassment and other crimes to police in Idaho and Washington, including that she had received a hate mail package at her NAACP post office box and that a swastika was placed on the door of the Human Rights Education Institute, where she had previously worked. Regarding the hate mail package, detectives said the envelope that contained the alleged threats had no postage stamps, barcodes or any other indication of having been handled by the postal service. The postal inspector said, "The only way this letter could have ended up in this P.O. box would be if it was placed there by someone with a key to that box or a USPS employee." According to the Spokesman Review, as of 2015, none of Dolezal's allegations had resulted in an arrest or in the filing of criminal charges.
Dolezal's uncle, Dan Dolezal, has stated that his niece first claimed that a black friend named Albert Wilkerson was her real father in 2012 or 2013. In another 2015 interview, Dolezal made reference to her "stepfather". Dolezal's mother has said she has never met Albert Wilkerson and that Dolezal does not have a stepfather. Following the public controversy surrounding her identity, Dolezal later acknowledged that she had met Wilkerson while living in Idaho and that she considered him her "dad".
In her 2014 application for the position of chair of the Office of the Police Ombudsman Commission in Spokane, Dolezal identified herself as having several ethnicities, including black. She has said that she is of "African American, Native American, German, Czech, Swedish, Jewish and Arabic" heritage. In an article she wrote for The Inlander in March 2015, Dolezal included herself when discussing black women through use of the "we" and "our" pronouns.
In a June 10, 2015, interview about various alleged hate crimes that Dolezal had reported, KXLY-TV reporter Jeff Humphrey asked Dolezal about a Facebook post in which Dolezal identified Albert Wilkerson as her dad. The following is a partial transcript of the exchange:
Reporter: Is that your dad?
Dolezal: Yeah. That's... that's my dad.
Reporter: This man right here is your father? Right there?
Dolezal: Do you have a question about that?
Reporter: Yes, ma'am. I was wondering if, uh, your dad really is an African American man?
Dolezal: That's a very—I mean, I don't know what you're implying.
Reporter: Are you African American?
Dolezal: I don't... I don't understand the question of—I did tell you that yes that's my dad. And he was unable to come in January.
Reporter: Are your parents—are they white?
Dolezal: [Walking away] I refuse...
On June 11, Jeff Selle and Maureen Dolan of the Coeur d'Alene Press published an article entitled "Black Like Me?" The article reported that Dolezal had "made claims in the media and elsewhere about her ethnicity, race and background that are contradicted by her biological parents", and went on to outline Dolezal's past hate crimes allegations, allegations of being abused with a baboon whip by her parents, misrepresentations about her race, and misrepresentations about the identity of her father. The article further stated that Dolezal, in a recent interview, "maintained that she is African-American. 'They can DNA test me if they want to,' she said. 'I would caution you on all of this. This is ridiculous.'" Ruthanne Dolezal was quoted in the article, stating that her daughter's allegation of being abused with a baboon whip was "a very false and malicious lie" and adding that it was "disturbing that she has become so dishonest".
People later reported on the circumstances leading up to the publication of "Black Like Me?" that Selle had learned of Dolezal's allegation that a package containing racist threats against her was delivered to the post office box of the Spokane, Washington, NAACP. Selle recalled that Dolezal had made similar allegations when she was living in Coeur d'Alene, and that the allegations were not substantiated. Sensing a potential story, Selle discovered that Dolezal had identified Wilkerson as her father; when contacted, Wilkerson contradicted this assertion. Dolan then discovered a photo of Dolezal's actual parents on the internet, and Selle made contact with them. Larry and Ruthanne Dolezal gave Selle pictures of "their naturally blond, fair-skinned daughter" and a copy of her birth certificate.
Reactions to the controversyEdit
After the controversy regarding Dolezal's racial identity became public, the NAACP released a statement in support of her leadership. However, a petition calling for her to resign her position as President of the Spokane chapter of the NAACP was launched. Dolezal stepped down from her position at the NAACP on June 15, 2015.
An investigation into Dolezal's behavior as chair of the Office of the Police Ombudsman Commission in Spokane concluded that she had engaged in "a pattern of misconduct". On June 18, 2015, the Spokane City Council voted unanimously to remove Dolezal from her position as chair.
The revelations about Dolezal's ancestry and her other claims provoked a range of reactions. Dolezal's critics argued that she committed cultural appropriation and fraud. However, others said that Dolezal's asserted identity should be respected. Angela Schwendiman, a colleague of Dolezal's at Eastern Washington University, expressed her belief that Dolezal perceived herself as black internally, and that "she was only trying to match how she felt on the inside with her outside". Similarly Cedric Bradley, a colleague of hers at Spokane's NAACP, suggested it mattered little to him whether Dolezal was actually black or not. What did matter to him was her proven track record in social justice work. "It's not about black and white", Bradley stated, "it's about what we can do for the community".
In June 2015, psychologist Halford Fairchild said, "Rachel Dolezal is black because she identifies as black. Her identity was authentic, as far as I could tell." Sociologist Ann Morning also defended Dolezal, saying: "We're getting more and more used to the idea that people's racial affiliation and identity and sense of belonging can change, or can vary, with different circumstances." Washington Post journalist Krissah Thompson described her behavior as "white guilt played to its end". Thompson discussed the issue with psychologist Derald Wing Sue, an expert on racial identity, who suggested that Dolezal had become so fascinated by racism and racial justice issues that she "over-identified" with black people.
Gender studies scholar Samantha Allen said, "Rachel Dolezal seems determined to appropriate not just blackness but the rhetoric of transgender identity as well" and called the analogy "spurious". Washington Post journalist Jonathan Capehart suggested, "blackface remains highly racist, no matter how down with the cause a white person is." Her adopted brother Ezra Dolezal also compared his sister's behavior to blackface and said "she's basically creating more racism".
Responses from DolezalEdit
Dolezal has asserted that her self-identification is genuine, even though it is not based on ancestry.
Dolezal issued a statement on June 15, 2015, asserting that "challenging the construct of race is at the core of evolving human consciousness". The following day, Dolezal told Today Show host Matt Lauer she was first described as "transracial" and "biracial" in articles about her human rights work, and chose not to correct them. In the same interview, she said the way she presented herself was "not some freak, Birth of a Nation, mockery blackface performance". Dolezal later clarified that she has never claimed to be "transracial", a term associated mainly with transracial adoption.
Dolezal alleged that the Spokane police chief had tired of dealing with her and had asked a private investigator to find out more information on her; while the private investigator in question (Ted Pulver) acknowledged having investigated Dolezal, both he and the attorney for the police chief denied that the police chief had hired Pulver.
In subsequent interviews, Dolezal stated that she considered herself to be black. In a November 2 2015 interview on The Real, Dolezal publicly acknowledged for the first time since the controversy began that she was "biologically born white to white parents", but maintained that she identified as black.
In popular cultureEdit
In 2018, a documentary entitled The Rachel Divide aired. The film was directed by Laura Brownson and distributed by Netflix. The documentary explored Dolezal's 2015 racial identity controversy, the circumstances surrounding it, and its aftermath. The documentary received mixed reviews. Vogue gave the filmmaker credit for "balanced treatment of her deeply problematic subject matter". The New Yorker noted the film's portrait of family dynamics. "Eventually, Brownson locates the real story: a primitive power game between mother and child, one that forecasts calamity. And it is in this mode that The Rachel Divide becomes a disturbing and enthralling drama of the American family, the pain of its truths and its fictions."
According to a February 2015 article in The Easterner, Dolezal said she had suffered from cervical cancer in 2006, but had recovered by 2008. Dolezal's brother, Ezra Dolezal, has stated that he does not believe this claim to be true.
In October 2016, Dolezal legally changed her name to Nkechi Amare Diallo. She later clarified that she still intends to use the name Rachel Dolezal "as her public persona", but that she changed her name to have a better chance of landing work.
Welfare fraud chargesEdit
In May 2018, Dolezal was charged with second-degree perjury and felony theft by welfare fraud by the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services. The charges were filed after it was revealed that she had received $8,847 in food and childcare assistance between August 2015 and December 2017. During that time period, she had been receiving tens of thousands of dollars in unreported income, but had told the state that her income was less than $500 per month. State investigators discovered that after her book was published, approximately $83,924 had been deposited into her bank account in monthly installments between August 2015 and September 2017. According to the Spokane County prosecutor's office, Dolezal could have received a sentence of up to 15 years in prison if she was found guilty. She entered into a diversion agreement on March 25, 2019, agreeing to repay her assistance benefits and complete 120 hours of community service to avoid a trial.
- She was born as Rachel Anne Dolezal and went by the name Rachel Anne Moore during her marriage to Kevin Moore from 2000–2005. In 2016, Dolezal legally changed her name in Washington state superior court to Nkechi Amare Diallo but continues to use her birth name in professional life.
- Rivero, Daniel (June 12, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal's art blog is something to behold". Fusion. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
The name of the piece Dolezal presented (under her married name Rachel Moore) was 'Hypocrisy: A Form of Godliness'.
- "Former Washington NAACP leader Rachel Dolezal gets new name". Associated Press. March 2, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- Oluo, Ijeoma (April 19, 2017). "The Heart of Whiteness: Ijeoma Oluo Interviews Rachel Dolezal, the White Woman Who Identifies as Black". The Stranger.
- "Because the truth matters". CDA Press. June 12, 2015.
- Malkin, Bonnie (July 21, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal making a living braiding hair". London: telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- Moyer, Justin Wm. (June 12, 2015). "'Are you an African American?' Why an NAACP official isn't saying". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Brownson, Laura (2018). The Rachel Divide (motion picture). Netflix. Event occurs at 1:39:48. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Victor, Daniel (June 12, 2015). "NAACP Leader Rachel Dolezal Posed as Black, Parents Say". The New York Times. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Selle, Jeff; Dolan, Maureen (June 11, 2015), "Black like me?", Coeur d'Alene Press, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho: Jim Thompson, retrieved June 15, 2015
- Humphrey, Jeff (June 11, 2015). "Did NAACP president lie about her race? City investigates". KXLY.
- "SPD suspends all cases involving Rachel Dolezal". Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- Ford, Dana (June 16, 2015). "Who is Rachel Dolezal?". CNN. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
- Elgot, Jessica (June 12, 2015). "Civil rights activist Rachel Dolezal misrepresented herself as black, claim parents". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Chuck, Elizabeth (June 12, 2015). "Parents of NAACP Chapter President Rachel Dolezal Say She Is Not Black". NBC News. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "NAACP official's race questioned". CNN. June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- Blidner, Rachelle; Silverstein, Jason; McShane, Larry (June 12, 2015). "NAACP leader of Washington state chapter lied about being black, parents say". Daily News. New York. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
Rachel and her older brother, Joshua, are the only white children in the...
- Johnson, Kirk; Pérez-Peña, Richard; Eligon, John (June 16, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal, in Center of Storm, Is Defiant: 'I Identify as Black'" – via NYTimes.com.
- Brumfield, Ben; Botelho, Greg (June 12, 2015). "Race of Rachel Dolezal, Spokane NAACP head, questioned". CNN.
- "NAACP leader Rachel Dolezal lied about being black". NY Daily News. New York. June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- "Civil rights activist Rachel Dolezal misrepresented herself as black, claim parents". The Guardian. June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- "Spokane NAACP leader: 'I do consider myself to be black'". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Nsenduluka, Benge (June 12, 2015). "'Black' NAACP Leader Facing Ethics Probe After Being Outed as White by Saddened Missionary Parents". Christian Post. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Aikenhead, Decca (February 25, 2017). "Rachel Dolezal: 'I'm not going to stoop and apologise and grovel'". The Guardian.
- "A Life to be Heard". easterneronline.com. February 6, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- "Spokane NAACP leader's parents: 'She's not being rational'". The Seattle Times. June 11, 2015. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- "NAACP Leader Accused of Pretending to Be Black". Daily Intelligencer. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- Marcotte, Amanda (June 17, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal Was Raised by Christian Fundamentalists. No Wonder She Wanted a New Identity". Slate.
- Herguth, Robert C. (June 5, 1996), "Hersey High School Seniors Head out with a Little Fork Fun", Daily Herald (Arlington Heights), Arlington Heights, Illinois: Douglas K. Ray – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Timmerman, Luke (June 21, 1998), "Discovering Juneteenth Spokane Festival Helps Educate Kids About Important Milestone In American History", The Spokesman-Review, Spokane, Washington: William Stacey Cowles – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- Steele, Jazmine (May 5, 2017). "Why I Thank Rachel Dolezal". Sojourners. Retrieved August 21, 2019.
- Royals, Kate (June 12, 2015). "Woman accused of lying about race has Miss. ties". The Clarion-Ledger.
- Crosley Coker, Hillary (June 12, 2015). "When Rachel Dolezal Attended Howard University, She Was Still White". Jezebel. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- McShane, Larry; Dillon, Nancy (June 14, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal's ex-husband accused her of 'poisoning' his relationship with 3-year-old son". New York Daily News.
- "Spokane NAACP president Rachel Dolezal's claims about background disputed". The Spokesman-Review. June 12, 2015.
- "Rachel Dolezal's Brother Says She Warned: "Don't Blow My Cover"". BuzzFeed News.
- Otis, Nancy Dillon, Ginger Adams. "Rachel Dolezal claimed ex-husband forced her to make sex tape, abused her during bitter custody battle". nydailynews.com.
- Koerner, Claudia; Dalrymple, Jim, II (June 13, 2015). "A Civil Rights Leader Has Disguised Herself As Black For Years, Her Parents Say". BuzzFeed. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- Ray Sanchez and Ben Brumfield. "Rachel Dolezal's biracial appearance is "blackface", brother says". CNN.
- Nashrulla, Tasneem (June 12, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal's Brother Says She Warned: "Don't Blow My Cover"". Buzzfeed News. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- "Rachel Dolezal Welcomes Son Langston Attickus, Named After Two African-American Historical Figures". PEOPLE.com.
- "Rachel Dolezal Will Break Her Silence on Tuesday". Time.
- "NAACP Imposter Sued School Over Race Claims". The Smoking Gun. June 15, 2015.
- Boggs, Alison (May 1, 2005), "Fountains will pour proceeds into nonprofits; CdA project to include up to 30 pieces", The Spokesman-Review, William Stacey Cowles, retrieved June 15, 2015
- Cuniff, Meghann M. (April 7, 2007), "The rights of children illuminated through art.", The Spokesman-Review, retrieved June 15, 2015
- "Rachel Dolezal's Artwork Is Not Only Problematic, It Might Be Plagiarized". The Huffington Post. June 15, 2015.
- Cascone, Sarah (June 16, 2015). "Did Rachel Dolezal Plagiarize J.M.W. Turner?". artnet news.
- Jones, Malcolm (January 26, 2014), "There's Nothing Wrong—and a Lot That's Right—About Copying Other Artists", The Daily Beast
- Graves, Jen (August 21, 2008), No, Not Here, That's Not Possible; Why Can't Artists Be Artists at SAM and the Frye?
- "Human rights educator Rachel Dolezal resigns - The Spokesman-Review". www.spokesman.com.
- "Rachel Dolezal's story, a study of race and identity, gets 'crazier and crazier'". LA Times. June 15, 2015.
- Jones, George. "Spokane NAACP president Rachel Dolezal resigns". WFSB Eyewitness News 3. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Culver, Nina (November 23, 2014). "Spokane NAACP elects new president". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Clarke, Kinsey (June 12, 2015). "Making Sense Of Rachel Dolezal, The Alleged White Woman Who Passed As Black". NPR. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
... Rachel Dolezal, a leader of the Human Rights Education Institute ...
- "Rachel Dolezal resigns amid race identity scandal". sbs.com.au.
- "Rachel Dolezal under pressure to quit police ombudsman board". the Guardian. Associated Press. June 18, 2015.
- "Rachel Dolezal Asked to Resign From Police Ombudsman Commission : People.com". PEOPLE.com.
- "City Council removes Dolezal from Spokane police ombudsman commission". KXLY. June 19, 2015.
- "Rachel Dolezal Removed From Police Panel". The Huffington Post. June 18, 2015.
- "EWU releases statement on Rachel Dolezal". KXLY.com. Morgan Murphy Media. June 12, 2015.
- Chitnis, Shawn; Viydo, Taylor; Nadrich, Lindsay (June 12, 2015). "EWU comments on teacher & NAACP leader outed as 'white'". KREM. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- "Dolezal out at EWU, Inlander". KXLY. Archived from the original on June 17, 2015.
- "Rachel Dolezal dismissed from local university, weekly paper". The Washington Times.
- Moncy, Shawntelle (February 5, 2015). "The Easterner: A Life to be Heard". The Easterner.
- "You Won't Believe Why Rachel Dolezal Is Writing a Book".
- "Rachel Dolezal announces new book on racial identity". Entertainment Weekly. April 12, 2016.
- Schaub, Michael. "What do you think of Rachel Dolezal's book cover?". Los Angeles Times.
- Fonrouge, Gabrielle (March 23, 2017). "Rachel Dolezal explores her 'blackness' in bizarre memoir". Nypost.com. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Italiano, Laura (June 12, 2015). "NAACP leader has pretended to be black for years: family". New York Post.
- "Family says Spokane NAACP head falsely portrays herself as black". Chicago Tribune. June 12, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
Civil rights leader Rachel Dolezal responds to claims she has misrepresented herself as African-American: "Yes, I do consider myself to be black."
- "Inside Story: How Rachel Dolezal's Cover as a Black Woman Was Blown". PEOPLE.com.
- "Human Rights Advocate Finds Noose On Porch". KXLY. June 10, 2015. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
A local human rights advocate says she's become a target of racism after she recently woke up to find a noose on her front porch.
- Humphrey, Jeff (June 10, 2015). "Questions raised about NAACP hate mail report". KXLY.
- "'Black' NAACP leader outed as white woman". 11Alive. Spokane: KREM. June 11, 2015.
- Royals, Kate. "Woman accused of lying about race has Miss. ties". The Clarion-Ledger.
- Logan, Bryan. "The NAACP stands behind one of its leaders accused of 'pretending' to be black". Business Insider.
- Dillon, Nancy; McShane, Larry (June 14, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal supporting victim who accused her brother of child molestation, suggests parents outed her as white in retaliation". New York Daily News. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- Engel, Pamela. "The NAACP leader who was recently outed as white says she identifies as black". Business Insider.
- Allahpundit (June 12, 2015). "Reporter to Rachel Dolezal: Is this African-American man really your father?". Hot Air. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- Dolezal, Rachel (March 11, 2015). "A Woman's Worth". The Inlander. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
Black women stand at the intersection of both oppressions, and when our lives are measured, the weight of our legacy will attest that we are of equal value to black men, white men, white women and every other person on the planet.
- Pérez-Peña, Richard (June 12, 2015). "Black or White? Woman's Story Stirs Up a Furor". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- "Rachel Dolezal Postpones Meeting to Discuss Her Race". ABC News.
- "What NAACP Chapter President Said About Her Father's Race". ABC News.
- Luck, Jeff Humphrey, Melissa (June 12, 2015). "Did NAACP president lie about her race? City investigates". KXLY.
- Sargent, Jordan. "Rachel Dolezal On Whether She's Black: "I Don't Understand the Question"". Gawker.
- June 11; Selle, Jeff (June 11, 2015). "Black like me?". www.cdapress.com.
- "How Rachel Dolezal's Cover as a Black Woman Was Blown". PEOPLE.com.
- Journal, Sarah Mimms, National (July 6, 2015). "What Rachel Dolezal Left Behind". The Atlantic.
- "Former NAACP leader Rachel Dolezal gets new African name". Associated Press. March 2, 2017.
- Mosendz, Polly (June 12, 2015). "Family Accuses NAACP Leader Rachel Dolezal of Falsely Portraying Herself as Black". Newsweek. Retrieved June 12, 2015.
- "Spokane officials investigating Rachel Dolezal's behavior on ombudsman panel – Spokesman.com – June 14, 2015". Spokesman.com. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
- "Rachel Dolezal calls for 'racial fluidity' to be accepted". The Independent. March 27, 2017.
- Banks, Sandy. "Getting a clearer view of a white woman's black deception". latimes.com.
- "Kareem Abdul-Jabbar: Let Rachel Dolezal Be as Black as She Wants To Be". Time.
- Schmitz, Melanie. "5 Surprising Rachel Dolezal Supporters". Bustle.
- "Rachel Dolezal Defended by Black Scholar: 'Let Her Be a Black Woman, It's Not Going to Hurt Anybody'". June 17, 2015.
- Friedland, Barrie. "Why can't Rachel Dolezal transcend race?". baltimoresun.com.
- Fieldstadt, Elisha; Lamarre, Giselle (June 13, 2015). "NAACP Chapter President Rachel Dolezal Plans to Address Race Controversy Monday". NBC News.
- Walters, Daniel; Thomas, Jake (June 11, 2015). "Media firestorm swirls around Rachel Dolezal, the local NAACP president". Inlander. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
- Holpuch, Amanda. "Rachel Dolezal identifying as African American is highly unusual, experts say". The Guardian. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- "Some People Can Be Trans-Racial, Prof. Says Of NAACP Controversy « CBS New York". cbslocal.com.
- Thompson, Krissah (June 14, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal: What the rights activist's story says about being white in modern America". The Independent.
- Allen, Samantha (June 16, 2015). "Dolezal's Damaging 'Transracial' Game". The Daily Beast.
- Capehart, Jonathan (June 12, 2015). "The damage Rachel Dolezal has done". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
Blackface remains highly racist, no matter how down with the cause a white person is.
- "Shawn Vestal: Rachel Dolezal remains unabashedly Rachel Dolezal".
- Johnson, Kirk; Pérez-Peña, Richard; Eligon, John (June 16, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal in Center of Storm, Is Defiant, 'I Identify as Black'". The New York Times.
- "Rachel Dolezal Resigns As NAACP Leader Amid Controversy". Seattle.CBSlocal.com. CBS Seattle. June 15, 2015.
- Landy, Benjamin; Wang, Joy Y. (June 16, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal: Yes, I am black". MSNBC.
- Kim, Eun Kyung (June 16, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal breaks her silence on TODAY: 'I identify as black'". Today News. Retrieved May 29, 2016.
- Moyer, Justin Wm. (June 17, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal draws ire of transracial adoptees". Washington Post.
- Hill, Kip (February 25, 2017). "Investigator who learned Spokane NAACP leader Rachel Dolezal was white says police Chief Frank Straub didn't hire him". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- Frizell, Sam (November 2, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal: I Was Born White". Time. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- Mercedes Lara, Maria (November 2, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal Admits She Was 'Biologically Born White' but Maintains That She Identifies as Black". People. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- Serico, Chris (November 2, 2015). "Former NAACP leader Rachel Dolezal: 'I was biologically born white'". Today.com. Retrieved November 2, 2015.
- "Maya Rudolph Does the Rachel Dolezal Impression You've Been Waiting for". June 23, 2015.
- "Watch Maya Rudolph's Hilarious Rachel Dolezal Impression". Time.
- Stephens, Emily L. "Lady Dynamite solves racism! Yay!". TV Club.
- "Laura Brownson". IMDb. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- "How Do You Solve a Problem Like Rachel Dolezal?". Vogue. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- St. Félix, Doreen (April 26, 2018). ""The Rachel Divide" Review: A Disturbing Portrait of Dolezal's Racial Fraudulence". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
- Lee, Esther (September 2, 2015). "Rachel Dolezal Pregnant, Former NAACP Leader Expecting Baby Boy". Us Weekly. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
- Mathews, Kelly Rae (December 6, 2015). "An interview with Rachel Dolezal, the new Spokane NAACP president". SpokaneFAVS. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- Fonrouge, Gabrielle (March 23, 2017). "The story of Rachel Dolezal gets even more bizarre".
- "Former Washington NAACP leader Rachel Dolezal gets new name". Associated Press. March 2, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- Oluo, Ijeoma (April 19, 2017). "The Heart of Whiteness: Ijeoma Oluo Interviews Rachel Dolezal, the White Woman Who Identifies as Black". The Stranger.
- Geranios, Nicholas K. (March 24, 2017). "Rachel Dolezal struggling to make ends meet after racial identity scandal". The Independent. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
- Maxwell, Peter (June 12, 2018). "Former Spokane NAACP president Rachel Dolezal facing felony theft charges for welfare fraud". KHQ-TV. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
- "Rachel Dolezal charged with welfare fraud". The Sacramento Bee. The Associated Press. May 24, 2018. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018.
- May, Ashley (May 25, 2018). "Rachel Dolezal, former NAACP leader who posed as a black woman, accused of welfare fraud". usatoday.com. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- Leah, Rachel (May 25, 2018). "Rachel Dolezal faces up to 15 years in prison if convicted of felony charges for welfare fraud Dolezal, who changed her name to Nkechi Diallo, is accused of being overpaid a total of $8,847 from social services". Retrieved May 26, 2018.
- "Rachel Dolezal agrees to pay back $8,847, complete community service to avoid trial on welfare fraud charges". Spokesman.com. April 4, 2019. Retrieved April 6, 2019.