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Zambia (/ˈzæmbiə, ˈzɑːm-/), officially the Republic of Zambia (Bemba: Icalo ca Zambia; Tonga: Cisi ca Zambia; Tumbuka: Chalo cha Zambia; Lozi: Naha ya Zambia; Chichewa: Dziko la Zambia), is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central, Southern and East Africa. It is typically referred to being in South-Central Africa or Southern Africa. It is bordered to the north by Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city of Zambia is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the north, the core economic hubs of the country.

Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. Following European explorers in the 18th century, the British colonised the region into the British protectorates of Barotziland–North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the 19th century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.

On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Angola, and Namibia. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation" coined by Kaunda. Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of socio-economic development and government decentralisation. Zambia has since become a multi-party state and has experienced several peaceful transitions of power.

Zambia contains abundant natural resources, including minerals, wildlife, forestry, freshwater, and arable land. In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka. (Full article...)

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Lusaka is the capital and largest financial district in Zambia.

Zambia is a developing country, and it achieved middle-income status in 2011. Through the first decade of the 21st century, the economy of Zambia was one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa, and its capital, Lusaka, the fastest-growing city in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Zambia's economic performance has stalled in recent years due to declining copper prices, significant fiscal deficits, and energy shortages.

Zambia is currently ranked 8th in Africa, 5th in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and 4th in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in terms of the ease of doing business. Furthermore, Zambia is ranked the 8th most competitive country in Africa on the Global Competitiveness Index. Recently, Zambia was ranked 7th by Forbes as the best country for doing business among 54 African countries. (Full article...)
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The waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is a large antelope found widely in sub-Saharan Africa. It is placed in the genus Kobus of the family Bovidae. It was first described by Irish naturalist William Ogilby in 1833. Its 13 subspecies are grouped under two varieties: the common or ellipsiprymnus waterbuck and the defassa waterbuck. The head-and-body length is typically between 177 and 235 cm (70 and 93 in) and the typical height is between 120 and 136 cm (47 and 54 in). In this sexually dimorphic antelope, males are taller and heavier than females. Males reach roughly 127 cm (50 in) at the shoulder, while females reach 119 cm (47 in). Males typically weigh 198–262 kg (437–578 lb) and females 161–214 kg (355–472 lb). Their coat colour varies from brown to grey. The long, spiral horns, present only on males, curve backward, then forward, and are 55–99 cm (22–39 in) long.

Waterbucks are rather sedentary in nature. As gregarious animals, they may form herds consisting of six to 30 individuals. These groups are either nursery herds with females and their offspring or bachelor herds. Males start showing territorial behaviour from the age of 5 years, but are most dominant from the six to nine. The waterbuck cannot tolerate dehydration in hot weather, and thus inhabits areas close to sources of water. Predominantly a grazer, the waterbuck is mostly found on grassland. In equatorial regions, breeding takes place throughout the year, but births are at their peak in the rainy season. The gestational period lasts 7–8 months, followed by the birth of a single calf. (Full article...)

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Cities

LusakaKitweNdolaKabweChingolaMufuliraLivingstoneLuanshyaKasamaChipataChililabombweSolwezi

History

Barotziland-North-Western RhodesiaThe Africa HouseBritish South Africa CompanyCopperbelt strike (1935)East African Campaign (World War I)Federation of Rhodesia and NyasalandGovernor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and NyasalandGovernor of Northern RhodesiaHistory of Church activities in ZambiaLuapula Province border disputeLunda EmpireMulungushiMwata YamvoNorth-Eastern RhodesiaNorthern RhodesiaNorthern Rhodesian African National CongressNorth-Western RhodesiaRhodesian ManStairs ExpeditionZambia Independence Act

Politics

Defence ForceDiplomatic missionsElectionsForeign relationsMinistry of HealthLusaka DeclarationNational AssemblyPresidentsPrime MinistersPolitical parties

Provinces

CentralCopperbeltEasternLuapulaLusakaNorth-WesternNorthernSouthernWesternMuchinga Province

Geography

BarotselandCongo PedicleDambosDistricts of ZambiaKariba GorgeMporokoso GroupNyika PlateauSouthern AfricaRift Valley lakesZambezi Escarpment

Economy

Bank of ZambiaCopperbeltList of Zambian companiesLusaka Stock ExchangeZambian kwachaMount Makulu ZambiaTazama PipelineKonkola Copper MinesZambia Consolidated Copper MinesZambia PostZambian AirwaysZamtelZambian poundRhodesia and Nyasaland pound

Languages

Bemba languageChichewa languageCilunguFanagaloKaonde languageLamba languageLozi languageLunda languageMambwe languageMbunda languageShona languageTonga language (Zambia)Tumbuka languageYauma languageLuvale language

Culture

2011 All-Africa Games Zambian traditional ceremonies

Education
Transport

Zambian AirwaysBenguela railwayTAZARA RailwayZambia RailwaysTrans–Caprivi HighwayGreat East Road (Zambia)Great North Road (Zambia)

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