A chartered company is an association with investors or shareholders and incorporated and granted (often exclusive) rights by royal charter (or similar instrument of government) for the purpose of trade, exploration, and colonization.
Notable chartered companies and their years of formationEdit
English crown chartersEdit
- 1407 Company of Merchant Adventurers of London
- 1552 Bristol Society of Merchant Venturers
- 1553 Company of Merchant Adventurers to New Lands
- 1555 Muscovy Company
- 1577 Spanish Company
- 1579 Eastland Company
- 1581 Turkey Company
- 1588 Morocco Company
- 1600 East India Company (HEIC)[note 1]
- 1604 New River Company
- 1605 Levant Company[note 2]
- 1606 Virginia Company
- 1606 Plymouth Company
- 1609 French Company
- 1610 London and Bristol Company
- 1616 Somers Isles Company
- 1618 Guinea Company
- 1629 Massachusetts Bay Company
- 1629 Providence Island Company
- 1635 Courteen association
- 1664–1674 Royal West Indian Company
- 1670 Hudson's Bay Company
- 1672 Royal African Company
- 1691 Hollow Sword Blade Company
- 1693 Greenland Company
British crown chartersEdit
- 1711 South Sea Company
- 1752 African Company of Merchants (abolished 1821)
- 1792 Sierra Leone Company
- 1824 Van Diemen's Land Company
- 1825 New Zealand Company
- 1835 South Australian Company
- 1840 Fiji Company
- 1847 Eastern Archipelago Company
- 1881 British North Borneo Company
- 1886 Royal Niger Company
- 1888 Imperial British East Africa Company
- 1889 British South Africa Company
- 1625 Compagnie de Saint-Christophe
- 1627 Company of One Hundred Associates
- 1664 Compagnie de l'Occident
- 1717 Mississippi Company (Compagnie du Mississippi)
- 1635 Compagnie des Îles de l'Amérique
- 1660 Compagnie de Chine
- 1664 French East India Company (Compagnie des Indes Orientales)
- 1664 French West India Company (Compagnie des Indes occidentales)
- 1799–1867 Russian-American Company
- 1347 or earlier Stora Enso
- 1616 Danish East India Company[note 3]
- 1626–1680 Swedish South Company, also called New Sweden Company[note 4]
- 1649–1667 Swedish Africa Company[note 5]
- 1671 Danish West India Company
- 1721 Bergen Greenland Company
- 1731–1813 Swedish East India Company
- 1749 General Trade Company
- 1774 Royal Greenland Trading Department
- 1786–1805 Swedish West India Company[note 6]
- 1738 Swedish Levant Company[note 7]
- Became the largest colonial empire in the 19th century.
- Merger of the Turkey company and Venice Company.
- Governed Danish India from Trankebar.
- Created in connection with the Swedish colony New Sweden (Nya Sverige); absorbed by the Dutch; presently in Delaware.
- On the short-lived Swedish Gold Coast.
- Created in connection with the colonisation of Saint Barthélemy.
- A failed attempt to organise Swedish trade in the eastern Mediterranean region.
- Tony Webster (25 May 2015). "British and Dutch Chartered Companies". Oxford Bibliographics. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
- The Austrian Netherlands (now Belgium), active in India.
- Björn Hallerdt (1994). Sankt Eriks årsbok 1994: Yppighet och armod i 1700-talets Stockholm (in Swedish). Stockholm: Samfundet S:t Erik. pp. 9–10. ISBN 91-972165-0-X.
- Ferguson, Niall (2003). Empire—How Britain Made the Modern World. London, United Kingdom: Allan Lane.
- Micklethwait, John; Wooldridge, Adrian (2003). The company: A short history of a revolutionary idea. New York: Modern Library.
- Ross, R. (1999). A Concise History of South Africa. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.