The pound was the currency of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. It was subdivided into 20 shillings, each of 12 pence.
|shilling||s or /–|
|Banknotes||10/–, £1, £5, £10|
|Coins||1⁄2d, 1d, 3d, 6d, 1/–, 2/–, 2/6|
|User(s)||Rhodesia and Nyasaland|
|Central bank||Bank of Rhodesia and Nyasaland|
|Pegged with||sterling at par|
|This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.|
The Federation was formed in 1953, and the new currency was created in 1955 to replace the Southern Rhodesian pound which had been circulating in all parts of the federation (Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia, and Nyasaland). The Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound replaced the Southern Rhodesian pound at par and was pegged at par to sterling.
The Federation broke up at the end of 1963 and the three territories reverted to being separate British colonies. In the second half of 1964, Nyasaland became independent as Malawi, Northern Rhodesia became independent as Zambia, and Southern Rhodesia declared a name change to Rhodesia. Each issued their own pounds, at par with the Rhodesia and Nyasaland pound. See Malawian pound, Zambian pound and Rhodesian pound.
The Federation also issued its own coinage. In 1955 a full new set of coins were issued with the Mary Gillick obverse of the Queen and various African animals on the reverse. The denominations followed those of sterling, namely halfpennies and pennies, which had a hole in them, threepences (known as tickeys), sixpences, shillings, a two shilling piece and a half crown. There were further full issues of all these coins in 1956 and 1957, but thereafter only pennies and half pennies were produced until some further issues of sixpences in 1962 and 1963, and threepences in 1963 and 1964. The higher denomination coins, though not particularly rare, are very popular with collectors because of their attractive reverse designs. Threepences and halfpennies were struck in 1964 despite the fact the Federation ended on 31 December 1963.
|Image||Value||Technical parameters||Description||Date of|
|Diameter||Thickness||Mass||Composition||Edge||Obverse||Reverse||first minting||last minting|
|1⁄2 penny||21 mm||3.0 g||Bronze||Smooth||Hole in center flanked by giraffes with crown above||Value around hole in center flanked by sprigs||1955||1964|
|1 penny||27 mm||6.30 g||Bronze||Smooth||Hole in center flanked by elephants with crown above||Value around hole in center flanked by sprigs||1955||1963|
|3 pence||16.3 mm||1.4 g||Copper-nickel||Reeded||Elizabeth II bust right||Flame lily divides date||1955||1964|
|6 pence||19.4 mm||2.8 g||Copper-nickel||Reeded||Elizabeth II bust right||Lion standing on rock||1955||1963|
|1 shilling||23.6 mm||5.7 g||Copper-nickel||Reeded||Elizabeth II bust right||Sable antelope||1955||1957|
|2 shillings||28.4 mm||11.2 g||Copper-nickel||Reeded||Elizabeth II bust right||Eagle with talons in fish flanked by initials||1955||1957|
|1⁄2 crown||32.3 mm||14.2 g||Copper-nickel||Reeded||Elizabeth II bust right||Coat of arms of Rhodesia and Nyasaland||1955||1957|
From 1956 to 1961, the Bank of Rhodesia and Nyasaland issued notes for 10/–, £1, £5 and £10.
|1956-1961 Elizabeth II Issue|
|10/-||Queen Elizabeth II||Zambezi River|
|||£1||Queen Elizabeth II||Great Zimbabwe ruins|
|||£5||Queen Elizabeth II||Victoria Falls|
|£10||Queen Elizabeth II||Elephants|
- ^ Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.
- ^ Linzmayer, Owen (2012). "Rhodesia and Nyasaland". The Banknote Book. San Francisco, CA: www.BanknoteNews.com.
- Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
Southern Rhodesian pound
Reason: creation of federation
Ratio: at par
|Currency of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
1956 – 1964
Ratio: at par
(formerly Southern Rhodesia)
Reason: federation break-up
Ratio: at par
(formerly Northern Rhodesia)
Ratio: at par