The Tanzania Portal
Tanzania (; Swahili: [tanzaˈni.a]), officially the United Republic of Tanzania (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands and the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
Many important hominid fossils have been found in Tanzania, such as 6-million-year-old Pliocene hominid fossils. The genus Australopithecus ranged all over Africa 4 to 2 million years ago; and the oldest remains of the genus Homo are found near Lake Olduvai. Following the rise of Homo erectus 1.8 million years ago, humanity spread all over the Old World, and later in the New World and Australia under the species Homo sapiens. H. sapiens also overtook Africa and absorbed the older archaic species and subspecies of humanity.
German rule began in mainland Tanzania during the late 19th century when Germany formed German East Africa. This was followed by British rule after World War I. The mainland was governed as Tanganyika, with the Zanzibar Archipelago remaining a separate colonial jurisdiction. Following their respective independence in 1961 and 1963, the two entities merged in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanzania. The countries had joined the British Commonwealth in 1961 and Tanzania is still a member of the Commonwealth as one republic.
The United Nations estimated Tanzania's population at 56.31 million, which is slightly smaller than South Africa making it the second most populous country located entirely south of the Equator. The population is composed of about 120 ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The sovereign state of Tanzania is a presidential constitutional republic and since 1996 its official capital city has been Dodoma where the president's office, the National Assembly, and all government ministries are located. Dar es Salaam, the former capital, retains most government offices and is the country's largest city, principal port, and leading commercial centre. Tanzania is a de facto one-party state with the democratic socialist Chama Cha Mapinduzi party in power.
Tanzania is mountainous and densely forested in the north-east, where Mount Kilimanjaro is located. Three of Africa's Great Lakes are partly within Tanzania. To the north and west lie Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, and Lake Tanganyika, the continent's deepest lake, known for its unique species of fish. To the south lies Lake Malawi. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the Zanzibar Archipelago just offshore. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is Zanzibar's largest marine protected area. The Kalambo Falls, located on the Kalambo River at the Zambian border, is the second highest uninterrupted waterfall in Africa.
Selected article -
, or Tippu Tib
(1832 – June 14, 1905), real name Hamad bin Muhammad bin Juma bin Rajab el Murjebi
: حمد بن محمد بن جمعة بن رجب بن محمد بن سعيد المرجبي
), was an Afro-Arab
ivory and slave trader, explorer, governor and plantation
owner. He worked for a succession of the sultans of Zanzibar
. Tippu Tip traded in slaves for Zanzibar's clove
plantations. As part of the large and lucrative ivory trade
, he led many trading expeditions into Central Africa
, constructing profitable trading posts deep into the region. He bought the ivory from local suppliers and resold it for a profit at coastal ports. He was also the most well known slave trader in Africa, supplying much of the world with black slaves. (Full article...
General images -
The following are images from various Tanzania-related articles on Wikipedia.
A carved door with Arabic calligraphy in Zanzibar (from
Example of a World Food Programme parcel (from
Location of Tanzania (dark green) in eastern Africa (from
FIB Tanzanian special forces during training (from
Farmers using a rice harvester to harvest rice in Igunga District, Tanzania (from
pilau kuku (seasoned rice with chicken), mishkaki (grilled meat), ndizi (plantain), maharage (beans), mboga (vegetables), chapati (flatbread) and pili pili (hot sauce) (from Culture of Tanzania)
Traditional Tanzanian food consisting of
Plains zebras in Mikumi National Park (from
Tanzania map of Köppen climate classification (from
Kilwa, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. (from Tanzania)
A 1572 depiction of the city of
Researchers (HC) in Southern Africa per million inhabitants, 2013 or closest year (from
Scientific publications per million inhabitants in SADC countries in 2014. Source: UNESCO Science Report (2015), data from Thomson Reuters' Web of Science, Science Citation Index Expanded (from
Domestic expenditure on research in Southern Africa as a percentage of GDP, 2012 or closest year. Source: UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 (2015), Figure 20.3 (from
Nyerere Bridge in Kigamboni, Dar es Salaam, is Tanzania's only suspension bridge. (from
Kanga. (from Tanzania)
A Tanzanian woman cooks Pilau rice dish wearing traditional
This month in Tanzanian history
Wildlife of Tanzania -
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Selected panorama -
A panoramic view of the city of Dar es Salaam. Visible are the Bank of Tanzania twin towers, the PPF Towers, the Mafuta House and the Julius Nyerere Pension Tower, to the right; the Kariakoo area next with the Benjamin Mkapa National Stadium at the back, followed by the slums.
Uganda–Tanzania War -
The Battle of Tororo
was a battle of the Uganda–Tanzania War
that took place from 2 to 4 March 1979 at Tororo
and its surroundings. It was fought between Ugandan rebels loyal to Milton Obote
and Uganda Army
units loyal to President Idi Amin
. In an attempt to destabilise Amin's rule and capture weapons for an insurrection, a group of guerrillas
launched a raid from Kenya
against Tororo, whose garrison partially mutinied and joined them after a short fight. Loyalist Ugandan military forces, most importantly its air force, launched a large-scale counter-attack and completely defeated the rebels after heavy fighting. (Full article...
Selected picture -
Mount Kilimanjaro, an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania. At 5,895 metres (19,341 feet), Kilimanjaro is Africa's highest mountain and the tallest freestanding mountain in the world. It has three volcanic cones—Kibo, Mawenzi, and Shira.
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