Percomorpha

The Percomorpha (Latin perca ("perch") + Ancient Greek μορφή (morphḗ, “shape, appearance”)) is a large clade of bony fish that includes the tuna, seahorses, gobies, cichlids, flatfish, wrasse, perches, anglerfish, and pufferfish.[1][2][3][4][5]

Percomorpha
Rose fish.jpg
Rose fish
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Clade: Percomorpha
Cope 1871 sensu Miya et al. 2003
Type species
Perca fluviatilis
Series
  • Ophidiimorpharia
  • Batrachoidimorpharia
  • Gobiomorpharia
  • Scombrimorpharia
  • Carangimorpharia
  • Percomorpharia
Synonyms

EvolutionEdit

The cladogram is based on Betancur-R et al., 2017.[4]

Percomorpha
Ophidiimorpharia

Ophidiiformes (cusk-eels)  

Batrachoidimorpharia

Batrachoididae (toadfishes)  

Gobiomorpharia

Gobiiformes (gobies)  

Kurtiformes (nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes)

Scombrimorpharia

Scombriformes (tunas, mackerel)  

Syngnathiformes (seahorses, goatfishes)  

Carangimorpharia
Anabantomorphariae

Synbranchiformes

Anabantiformes

Carangaromorphariae

Sphyraenidae (barracudas)

Carangiformes (jacks)

Istiophoriformes (billfish)

Centropomidae (snooks)

Pleuronectiformes (flatfish)  

Ovalentariae
Cichlomorphae

Cichliformes

Atherinomorphae

Beloniformes

Cyprinodontiformes

Atheriniformes

Ambassidae (Asiatic glassfishes)

Congrogadidae (eel blenny)

Pomacentridae (damselfishes)

Embiotocidae (surfperches)

Mugiliformes (mullets)

Lipogramma

Plesiopidae (roundheads)

Pseudochromidae (dottybacks)

Blenniimorphae

Grammatidae (basslets)

Opistognathidae (jawfishes)

Gobiesociformes

Blenniiformes  

Percomorpharia

Gerreidae {Gerreiformes}

Uranoscopiformes (stargazers)

Centrogenyidae

Labridae {Labriformes} (wrasses)  

Centrarchiformes (blackbasses, temperate perches)  

Pempheriformes

Perciformes (perches, seabasses, sticklebacks, etc)  

Sillaginidae (smelt-whitings)

Moronidae {Moroniformes} (temperate basses)

Ephippiformes

Chaetodontiformes (butterflyfishes)

Sciaenidae (drums; croakers)

Monodactylidae (moonfishes, fingerfishes)

Acanthuriformes (surgeonfishes, ponyfishes)  

Emmelichthyidae (rovers)

Pomacanthidae (angelfishes)

Lutjaniformes

Callanthiidae (splendid perches)

Malacanthidae (tilefishes)

Lobotiformes

Spariformes (sea breams)

Siganidae (rabbitfishes)

Scatophagidae {Scatophagiformes} (scats)  

Priacanthiformes

Caproidae {Caproiformes}

Lophiiformes (anglerfishes)  

Tetraodontiformes (pufferfishes)  

(=Eupercaria)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Thomas J. Near; et al. (2012). "Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification". PNAS. 109 (34): 13698–13703. doi:10.1073/pnas.1206625109. PMC 3427055. PMID 22869754.
  2. ^ Betancur-R, Ricardo; et al. (2013). "The Tree of Life and a New Classification of Bony Fishes". PLOS Currents Tree of Life. 5 (Edition 1). doi:10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288. PMC 3644299. PMID 23653398. Archived from the original on 2013-10-13.
  3. ^ Laurin, M.; Reisz, R.R. (1995). "A reevaluation of early amniote phylogeny". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 113 (2): 165–223. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1995.tb00932.x.
  4. ^ a b Betancur-R (2017). "Phylogenetic Classification of Bony Fishes Version 4".
  5. ^ Nelson, Joseph S.; Grande, Terry C.; Wilson, Mark V. H. (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons. pp. 314–526. doi:10.1002/9781119174844. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.