Open main menu

Acanthopterygii (meaning "spiny finned one") is a superorder of bony fishes in the class Actinopterygii. Members of this superorder are sometimes called ray-finned fishes for the characteristic sharp, bony rays in their fins; however this name is often given to the class Actinopterygii as a whole.

Acanthopterygii
Labidesthes sicculus.jpg
Labidesthes sicculus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
(unranked): Acanthomorpha
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Orders

See text.

TaxonomyEdit

PhylogenyEdit

The cladogram is based on Near et al., 2012[3] and Betancur-Rodriguez et al. 2016.[4]


Acanthopterygii
Berycimorphaceae

Beryciformes (alfonsinos; whalefishes)

Trachichthyiformes (pinecone fishes & slimeheads)  

Holocentrimorphaceae

Holocentriformes (Soldier fishes & squirrel fishes)

Percomorpha

Ophidiiformes (cusk-eels)  

Batrachoidiformes (toadfishes)  

Scombrimopharia

Scombroidei (tunas, mackerel)  

Syngnathiformes (seahorses)  

Gobiomopharia

Kurtiformes (cardinalfishes; nurseryfishes)

Gobiiformes (gobies)  

Carangimopharia

Synbranchiformes

Anabantiformes

Carangiformes (jacks)

Istiophoriformes (billfish)

Pleuronectiformes (flatfish)  

Ovalentariae

Cichliformes

Mugiliformes

Atherinomorphae

Beloniformes

Cyprinodontiformes

Atheriniformes

Blenniimorphae

Gobiesociformes

Blenniiformes  

Percomorpharia

Labridae (wrasses)  

Centrarchiformes (blackbasses, temperate perches)  

Perciformes (perches, seabasses, sticklebacks, etc)  

Acanthuroidei (surgeonfishes), Leiognathidae (ponyfishes), Chaetodontidae (butterflyfishes)  

Siganidae (rabbitfishes), Scatophagidae (scats)  

Lophiiformes (anglerfishes)  

Tetraodontiformes (pufferfishes)  

NotesEdit

  1. ^ In ITIS, Gobiesociformes is placed as the suborder Gobiesocoidei of the order Perciformes.
  2. ^ In ITIS, Syngnathiformes is placed as the suborder Syngnathoidei of the order Gasterosteiformes.
  3. ^ Thomas J. Near; et al. (2012). "Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification". PNAS. pp. 13698–13703. doi:10.1073/pnas.1206625109.
  4. ^ Betancur-Rodriguez; et al. (2016). "Phylogenetic Classification of Bony Fishes Version 4". Deepfin. Retrieved 30 December 2016.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit