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The Zeiformes are a small order of marine ray-finned fishes most notable for the dories, a group of common food fish. The order consists of about 33 species in seven families, mostly deep-sea types.

Zeiformes
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous–Recent[1]
Zeus.faber 2.jpg
Zeus faber
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Zeiformes
Families

See text

Zeiform bodies are usually thin and deep. Mouths are large, with distensible jaws, and there is no orbitosphenoid. Pelvic fins have 5-10 soft rays and possibly a spine, 5-10 dorsal fin spines and up to 4 anal fin spines. They range in size from the Dwarf Dory (Macrurocyttus acanthopodus), at 43 millimetres (1.7 in) in length, to the Cape Dory (Zeus capensis), which measures up to 90 centimetres (35 in).[1]

The boarfishes (Caproidae) have been included in this order though they are currently included in the Perciformes.

FamiliesEdit

Timeline of generaEdit

QuaternaryNeogenePaleogeneCretaceousHolocenePleistocenePlioceneMioceneOligoceneEocenePaleoceneLate CretaceousEarly CretaceousZenionZeus (fish)ZenopsisCaprosCaprovesposusCyttoidesAntigonia (fish genus)PalaeocyttusMicrocaprosQuaternaryNeogenePaleogeneCretaceousHolocenePleistocenePlioceneMioceneOligoceneEocenePaleoceneLate CretaceousEarly Cretaceous 

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Karrer, C. & John, H-C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 165–167. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link) CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)